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Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials: Convention at a Glance


Fact Sheet
Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
April 17, 2009

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The Organization of American States (OAS) on November 14, 1997, adopted the Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials. This is the first multilateral convention designed to prevent, combat, and eradicate illegal transnational trafficking in firearms, ammunition and explosives. The treaty entered into force on July 1, 1998.

CONVENTION AT A GLANCE

Article I

"Definitions"

Article II

"Purpose"

Article III

"Sovereignty"

Article IV

"Legislative Measures"

Article V

"Jurisdiction"

Article VI

"Marking of Firearms"

Article VII

"Confiscation or Forfeiture"

Article VIII

"Security Measures"

Article IX

"Export, Import, and Transit Licenses or Authorizations"

Article X

"Strengthening of Controls at Export Points"

Article XI

"Recordkeeping"

Article XII

"Confidentiality"

Article XIII

"Exchange of Information"

Article XIV

"Cooperation"

Article XV

"Exchange of Experience and Training"

Article XVI

"Technical Assistance"

Article XVII

"Mutual Legal Assistance"

Article XVIII

"Controlled Delivery"

Article XIX

"Extradition"

Article XX

"Establishment and Functions of the Consultative Committee"

Article XXI

"Structure and Meetings of the Consultative Committee"

Article XXII

"Signature"

Article XXIII

"Ratification"

Article XXIV

"Reservations"

Article XXV

"Entry into Force"

Article XXVI

"Denunciation"

Article XXVII

"Other Agreements and Practices"

Article XXVIII

"Conference of States Parties"

Article XXIX

"Dispute Settlement"

Article XXX

"Deposit"



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