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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

U.S. Relations With Indonesia

Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
Fact Sheet
February 3, 2014


More information about Indonesia is available on the Indonesia Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.


The United States established diplomatic relations with Indonesia in 1949, following its independence from the Netherlands. Indonesia’s democratization and reform process since 1998 has increased its stability and security, and resulted in strengthened U.S.-Indonesia relations. In 2010, Presidents Obama and Yudhoyono inaugurated the U.S.-Indonesia Comprehensive Partnership, which has fostered consistent high-level engagement on issues related to democracy and civil society, education, security, climate and environment, energy, and trade issues, among others.

U.S. Assistance to Indonesia

Indonesia faces domestic development challenges; uneven benefits from democratic and economic progress; fragile institutions that are lack capacity to adequately address its social service needs; and risks from climate change and environmental degradation. The U.S.-Indonesia Comprehensive Partnership focuses on a forward-looking agenda that promotes cooperation across a wide range of key development areas: strengthening education and professional ties, improving governance, building public support for shared values, improving trade and investment, advancing security, partnering on international issues, cooperating on health, and supporting environmental sustainability. The United States is investing $165 million over five years under the Higher Education Partnership, resulting in a 15% increase in the number of Indonesians studying in America and a 67% increase in the number of Americans studying in Indonesians since the Partnership was formed in 2010.

U.S. development assistance is delivered through U.S. Agency for International Development programs, Millennium Challenge Corporation funding, and Peace Corps projects.

Bilateral Economic Relations

Indonesia has a market-based economy in which the government plays a significant role. Indonesia’s large and youthful population and need for massive new infrastructure projects makes it an important potential market for U.S. products and investment. U.S. bilateral goods trade with Indonesia exceeded $27 billion in 2013. Boeing has also begun delivering some of the 230 commercial aircraft sold in Indonesia as part of a $22.4 billion deal signed in 2011, the largest commercial sale in Boeing’s history. Challenges to our bilateral economic relationship include the implementation of protectionist laws and regulations in Indonesia and unevenly applied legal structure.

Indonesia's Membership in International Organizations

Indonesia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations and forums, including the United Nations, ASEAN Regional Forum, the East Asia Summit, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, G-20, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Indonesia also cooperates with the United States on issues of regional and global concern. The Government of Indonesia has boosted its international peacekeeping capacity, strived to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, increased its support for international non-proliferation efforts, and assumed a leadership role in the Global Counterterrorism Forum.

Bilateral Representation

The U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia is Robert Blake; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

Indonesia maintains an embassy in the United States at 2020 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036 (tel. 202-775-5200).

More information about Indonesia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Indonesia Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
U.S. Embassy: Indonesia
USAID Indonesia Page
History of U.S. Relations With Indonesia
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics International Offices Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information

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