More information about Mongolia is available on the Mongolia Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Mongolia in 1987. Located between Russia and China, Mongolia describes the United States as a “third neighbor.” Mongolia adopted democracy in 1990 and has since conducted five presidential and six legislative elections. The United States has sought to assist Mongolia's market-oriented reforms and to expand relations with Mongolia, primarily in the cultural and economic fields. The two countries have signed a cultural accord, Peace Corps accord, and consular convention. U.S. and Mongolian parliamentarians participate in exchange programs, and Mongolian participants have risen in prominence and spearheaded reforms. Mongolia deployed troops to Iraq from 2003 through October 2008, and now has about 345 troops in Afghanistan supporting Coalition operations.
U.S. Assistance to Mongolia
Mongolia’s rate of economic growth is one of the highest in the world. Substantially increased income for both the Mongolian government and the private sector, primarily from mining, brings increased opportunities for economic diversification, improvements in education, infrastructure development, and boosted social programs and will allow Mongolia to expand its role in the international arena. Such fast income growth also brings the challenges of mismanagement and corruption. U.S. Government assistance seeks to promote private-sector-led growth and long-term capital investment as well as other activities to aid the Mongolian government in strengthening the implementation of its laws, creating greater transparency and accountability, and addressing corruption. Training and equipment provided by the U.S. Government support the professionalization of Mongolia’s defense forces and their continued support for United Nations peacekeeping operations. Because of Mongolia’s long and highly porous borders, U.S. assistance also aims to support nonproliferation activities.
The U.S. Agency for International Development program and the Peace Corps both have programs in Mongolia. The United States and Mongolia have signed a Millennium Challenge Compact for September 2008 through September 2013.
Bilateral Economic Relations
U.S. exports to Mongolia, while modest, are rapidly increasing and include vehicles, machinery, optical and medical instruments, and agricultural products. U.S. imports from Mongolia include tungsten ore, art and antiques, knit apparel, jewelry, and agricultural products. The United States and Mongolia have signed an Overseas Private Investment Corporation agreement, a trade agreement, a bilateral investment treaty, and a trade and investment framework agreement.
Mongolia's Membership in International Organizations
Mongolia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, ASEAN Regional Forum, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Mongolia also is a Partner for Cooperation with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. In July 2011, Mongolia assumed the chairmanship of the Community of Democracies, a group of democratic nations focused on strengthening democratic institutions globally. In this latter role, Mongolia leads efforts to advance democracy education in emerging democracies.
The U.S. Ambassador to Mongolia is Piper Campbell.
Mongolia maintains an embassy in the United States at 2833 M Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20007; tel. (202) 333-7117.
More information about Mongolia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Mongolia Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Mongolia Page
U.S. Embassy: Mongolia
USAID Mongolia Page
History of U.S. Relations with Mongolia
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information