More information about Poland is available on the Poland Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
Poland is a stalwart ally in Central Europe and one of the United States’ strongest partners on the continent in fostering transatlantic security and prosperity and in promoting democracy in Eastern Europe and around the world. The United States and Poland partner closely on issues such as NATO capabilities, democratization, counterterrorism, nonproliferation, missile defense, human rights, economic growth and innovation, energy security, and regional cooperation in Central and Eastern Europe. Poland jointly hosts the NATO Multinational Corps Northeast in its territory, is a framework nation under the very high readiness joint task force (VJTF), and is scheduled to host the 2016 NATO Summit in Warsaw. Poland has contributed to operations in Afghanistan, Iraq and Kosovo. Poland hosts a U.S. aviation detachment and will host a NATO ballistic missile defense site under the European Phased Adaptive Approach scheduled for completion in 2018. Poland facilitates numerous military exercises, and, in 2015, over 5,000 U.S. military personnel will have participated in exercises there under Operation Atlantic Resolve and other NATO exercises. The strong U.S.-Poland relationship and shared commitment to freedom date back to the American Revolution, when Polish heroes such as Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Casimir Pulaski aided our cause. The United States established diplomatic relations with the newly formed Polish Republic in 1919. Poland was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. A communist regime took power in 1947 following the war. In 2014, Poland celebrated the 25th anniversary of the 1989 end of communist rule, the 15th anniversary of its membership in NATO, and the 10th anniversary of its membership in the European Union.
U.S. Assistance to Poland
Poland graduated from USAID assistance in 2000 and capitalized on its successful transition experience to become a provider of assistance to other countries in the region. The U.S.-Poland Democracy Dialogue is a unique framework for U.S. partnership with Poland on democracy promotion. Poland is active in the EU’s Eastern Partnership and spearheaded the launch of the European Endowment for Democracy.
U.S. security assistance enhances Poland’s capability to meet its NATO obligations and to deploy and sustain professional forces in multilateral operations, often in support of U.S. deployments in places like Iraq and Afghanistan.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Strong economic growth potential, a large domestic market, tariff-free access to the European Union (EU), and political stability are prime reasons that U.S. companies do business in Poland. Opportunities for trade and investment have attracted foreign investors into all sectors, and the United States is one of Poland's top investors. Poland is the leading trade partner of the United States in Central Europe. As an EU member, Poland applies the EU's common external tariff to goods from other countries, including the United States. The United States and Poland have signed a double taxation treaty, an agreement pursuant to the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), and a bilateral treaty on business and economic relations. The U.S. and Poland have a robust Economic and Commercial Dialogue and in 2014 jointly launched the U.S.-Poland Innovation Program (PLUS-IP), a public private partnership that will benefit both countries by promoting innovation through U.S.-Polish joint ventures and joint research and development projects.
Poland's Membership in International Organizations
Poland and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Poland is an observer to the Organization of American States.
Poland maintains an embassy in the United States at 2640 16th St. NW, Washington, DC 20009 (tel. 202-234-3800)..
More information about Poland is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Poland Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Poland Page
U.S. Embassy: Poland
History of U.S. Relations With Poland
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information