More information about Romania is available on the Romania Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
Romania is a steadfast strategic partner in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and it has provided significant contributions of troops, equipment, and other assistance in Afghanistan and Kosovo. Romania’s efforts to promote greater cooperation among its Black Sea neighbors in the areas of defense, law enforcement, energy, economic development, and environment, complement the U.S. goal of enhancing stability in this sensitive and important region. In addition, the United States and Romania have a mutual commitment to supporting human rights, the rule of law, and peace and freedom for all. The two countries are bound together through myriad people-to-people contacts in business, the arts, scholarship, and a host of other exchanges.
Romania continues to improve its capabilities for NATO and multinational operations, and has repeatedly demonstrated its willingness to provide forces and assets in support of shared national security interests.
Romania has agreed to host elements of the U.S. Phased Adaptive Approach to European missile defense in the 2015 timeframe. The two countries signed a ballistic missile defense agreement in 2011 allowing the deployment of U.S. personnel, equipment, and anti-missile interceptors to Romania over the next five years. The United States and Romania also have adopted the bilateral Joint Declaration on Strategic Partnership for the 21st Century.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Romania in 1880 following its independence from the Ottoman Empire. Diplomatic relations were severed when Romania declared war on the United States in 1941 during World War II; they were reestablished following the war in 1946. A communist regime took power in 1947, and U.S. relations with Romania were cold during the early post-war period. A 1989 revolution ended communist rule in Romania. As Romania's policies became unequivocally pro-Western, the United States moved to deepen relationsby increasing cooperation on shared goals, including economic and political development, defense reform, and non-traditional threats such as transborder crime and non-proliferation.
U.S. Assistance to Romania
U.S. assistance seeks to support Romania in completing its military modernization, improving its interoperability with U.S. and NATO forces, and increasing its expeditionary deployment capabilities in support of NATO’s collective defense and coalition operations with the United States.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Following the 1989 revolution that ended communist rule, Romania's economy began a transition from state control. The country has worked to create a legal framework consistent with a market economy and investment promotion; it became a member of the European Union (EU) in 2007. The United States and Romania have a bilateral investment treaty, which was amended prior to Romania's accession to the EU. Favored areas for U.S. investment include information technology and telecommunications, energy, services, manufacturing, and consumer products. Major Romanian exports to the United States include chemicals, steel and metallic items, plastics and rubber items, and clothing.
Romania's Membership in International Organizations
Romania and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Romania also is an observer to the Organization of American States.
The position of U.S. Ambassador to Romania is currently vacant; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.
Romania maintains an embassy in the United States at 1607 23rd St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-332-4846).
More information about Romania is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Romania Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Romania Page
U.S. Embassy: Romania
History of U.S. Relations With Romania
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information