More information about Saudi Arabia is available on the Saudi Arabia Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-SAUDI ARABIA RELATIONS
The United States and Saudi Arabia established full diplomatic relations in 1940. Saudi Arabia's unique role in the Arab and Islamic worlds, its possession of the world's largest reserves of oil, and its strategic location make its friendship important to the United States. The two countries share common concerns and consult closely on regional security, oil exports and imports, and sustainable development, including issues such as the Middle East peace process and shared interests in the Persian Gulf. Saudi Arabia is a strong partner in counterterrorism efforts, providing military, diplomatic, and financial cooperation. It works closely with U.S. law enforcement to safeguard both countries' national security interests.
U.S. Assistance to Saudi Arabia
The United States and Saudi Arabia have a longstanding security relationship. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers plays a role in military and civilian construction activities in Saudi Arabia. Three security assistance organizations are funded through the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program: to provide training and support in the use of weapons and other security-related services to the Saudi armed forces; to assist in the modernization of the Saudi Arabian National Guard; and to train and equip a Facility Security Force, part of the Ministry of Interior. The United States has sold Saudi Arabia military aircraft, air defense weaponry, armored vehicles, and other equipment.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States is Saudi Arabia's largest trading partner, and Saudi Arabia is one of the largest U.S. export markets in the Middle East. The United States and Saudi Arabia have signed a Trade Investment Framework Agreement. The continued availability of reliable sources of oil, particularly from Saudi Arabia, is important to the prosperity of the United States as well as Europe and Japan. Saudi Arabia is one of the leading sources of imported oil for the United States, providing more than one million barrels per day of oil to the U.S. market.
Saudi Arabia's Membership in International Organizations
Saudi foreign policy objectives are to maintain its security and its paramount position on the Arabian Peninsula, defend general Arab and Islamic interests, promote solidarity among Muslim countries, and maintain cooperative relations with other oil-producing and major oil-consuming countries. Saudi Arabia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Saudi Arabia also is an observer to the Organization of American States.
Saudi Arabia maintains an embassy in the United States at 601 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037; tel. 202-342-3800.
More information about Saudi Arabia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Saudi Arabia Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
U.S. Embassy: Saudi Arabia
History of U.S. Relations With Saudi Arabia
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information