More information about Liberia is available on the Liberia Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Liberia in 1864 following its independence from the American Colonization Society, an organization that resettled free African-Americans and freed slaves in Liberia. A 1980 coup ended the one-party rule that dated from independence in 1847. From 1989 to 2003, the country saw civil war, misrule, and rebellion. Elections held in 2005 and 2011 were declared free and fair.
U.S. assistance and engagement is critical to Liberia’s short-term stability and long-term development. National elections in 2011 drew broad participation from the electorate, and paved the way for a peaceful transition to the incumbent president's second administration. But opposition and unrest surrounding the elections showed that security, political, and social conditions remain fragile, and that the government must continue to make progress in building and solidifying confidence in public governance, re-energizing reforms, and fostering tangible improvements in the lives of average Liberians.
U.S. Assistance to Liberia
U.S. assistance seeks to focus on professionalizing Liberia’s military and civilian security forces; consolidating democratic progress; improving capacity, transparency, and accountability of governance institutions; promoting broad-based and environmentally sustainable economic growth; improving access to high-quality educational and health services; and responding to the problem of narcotics trafficking in West Africa, while helping Liberia build capacity to plan, implement, and sustain its own development efforts in each sector.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Liberia is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. The country's revenues come primarily from rubber exports and revenues from its maritime registry program. Liberia’s U.S.-owned and operated shipping and corporate registry is the world’s second-largest. U.S. exports to Liberia include agricultural products (with rice as the leading category), vehicles, machinery, optic and medical instruments, and textiles. The main imports from Liberia to the United States are rubber and allied products; other imports include wood, palm oil, and diamonds. The United States and Liberia have signed a trade and investment framework agreement.
Liberia's Membership in International Organizations
Liberia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. Liberia also is an observer to the World Trade Organization.
Liberia maintains an embassy in the United States at 5201 16th Street, NW, Washington DC, 202-723-0437.
More information about Liberia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Liberia Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Liberia Page
U.S. Embassy: Liberia
USAID Liberia Page
History of U.S. Relations With Liberia
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation
Office of Foreign Assets Control Sanctions Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information