Caroline R. Russell is the Deputy Director of the Office of Counterproliferation Initiatives (CPI) in the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN). She focuses on tracking and shutting down procurement networks that are supplying sensitive items to weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs in countries of proliferation concern and on expanding U.S. counterproliferation relationships with critical transshipment and supplier countries. She has worked on nonproliferation issues at the Department and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) for nineteen years. For much of that time, she developed and implemented U.S. nonproliferation policies in South Asia and sought to identify ways to reduce nuclear tensions in the region. She also led Department efforts related to shutting down the A.Q. Khan nuclear network and has worked to ensure that loopholes exploited by the network are closed. She has travelled extensively in South and Southeast Asia, as well as in Europe and parts of the Middle East.
Previously, Ms. Russell served as the Acting Director of the Office of Regional Affairs in the Bureau of Nonproliferation. That office formulated U.S. Government policy on regional nonproliferation issues including Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Libya, India, Pakistan, and China. Before joining ACDA, Ms. Russell was an arms control analyst at System Planning Corporation and worked at a number of nonprofit organizations on issues such as the ABM and INF Treaties, the U.S. – Soviet Nuclear Risk Reduction Center, and CWC verification.
Ms. Russell received her master's degree in Russian history and military studies from the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1987. She received her B.A., cum laude, in American history from Hollins College in Roanoke, VA.