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U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action


Robert Wood
Acting Department Spokesman
Daily Press Briefing
Washington, DC
March 9, 2009


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Index for Today's Briefing
  • CHINA
    • Chinese Ships Inappropriately Harassed U.S. Vessel / Embassy Beijing Lodged a Protest with the Chinese Government
    • Chinese FM Visit to U.S.
    • Human Rights Violation in Tibet / Secretary Clinton will not Hesitate to Raise Concerns About Human Rights Issues
  • IRAN
    • Two-Year Anniversary of the Disappearance of Robert Levinson
    • Roxana Saberi / U.S. Request Swiss as Our Protecting Power to Get More Information / U.S. Wants Her Released / Requests Transparency of Judicial Process
    • U.S. Has Offered Hand to the Government of Iran / Engagement Depends on Iran's Willingness to Change Behavior
  • AFGHANISTAN
    • Possible U.S. Talks with Taliban / In Midst of Policy Review/ Secretary Clinton Feels Very Strongly About Treatment of Women in Afghanistan
  • SUDAN
    • Condemn Expulsion of International Humanitarian Organizations / U.S. Engaged in Diplomatic Discussions to Try to Get Decision Reversed
  • INDIA
    • Secretary Clinton Meeting with Indian Foreign Secretary
  • TURKEY
    • Secretary Clinton Had Very Good Discussions with Turkish Government
  • ZIMBABWE
    • Morgan Tsvangirai Car Crash / U.S. Sends Condolences / Unfortunate Accident
  • SYRIA
    • Acting A/S Feltman and Dan Shapiro Meetings with Syrian Officials / Very Productive
    • Agenda Addressed Concerns with Syrian Behavior Around the World
  • NORTH KOREA
    • Rhetoric Coming out of Pyongyang is Provocative / Further Destabilizes the Region
    • U.S. Working with Other Parties towards Denuclearization
  • CUBA
    • No Decision Has Been Made on Easing Travel Restrictions


TRANSCRIPT:

11:35 a.m. EDT

MR. WOOD: Good morning, everybody. Welcome. Happy Monday. Yeah, I’m back and refreshed.

QUESTION: (Inaudible.)

MR. WOOD: I don’t have anything for you.

QUESTION: The situation – the incident involving the Chinese and the merchant ship in the South China Sea, can you give us – tell us what’s going on on that in terms of your protest to the Chinese Government? Is this going to affect the visit of the foreign minister, that kind of thing?

MR. WOOD: The only thing I can tell you, Matt, is that Embassy Beijing lodged a protest over the weekend with the Chinese Government. The Chinese ships had inappropriately harassed a U.S. vessel. I don’t have any more detail than that. I’d probably have to refer you to the Pentagon to get more details. That’s really all I have.

QUESTION: Is the foreign minister still coming?

MR. WOOD: As far as I know, we’re just trying to work out the details.

QUESTION: Well, the foreign ministry announced on Saturday that he’d be here from – tomorrow until the 13th.

MR. WOOD: Look, there’s no – he’s coming, and we’re just working out the details.

Yes, Nina.

QUESTION: Two years today since Robert Levinson disappeared. Do you have any statements or any updates on that?

MR. WOOD: Well, we issued a statement, I think you saw, over the week – or did you guys not – okay, well, let me give you what I have on that.

MR. DUGUID: It came out yesterday.

MR. WOOD: Yeah, that’s what – I thought it did. I mean, I – apparently. But if you want, I’m more than happy to read it again. And this is effective March 8. So we are marking the two-year anniversary of the disappearance of American citizen Robert Levinson, a retired FBI agent who went missing in Iran during a business trip to Kish Island in 2007.

We reiterate our commitment to determining Mr. Levinson’s welfare and whereabouts, and reuniting him with his family. Mr. Levinson is the father of seven children and grandfather of two; his second grandchild was born in his absence. The Levinson family misses him desperately. In December 2007, Mrs. Levinson traveled to Iran, accompanied by her son and sister, where she met with Iranian officials, who expressed a willingness to share information about their investigation into her husband’s disappearance with the family.

However, to date, no information has been forthcoming. We continue to call on Iran to stand by its commitment by providing details about the authorities’ investigation both to his family and to the Swiss Embassy in Tehran, which looks after U.S. interests in the absence of normal diplomatic relations.

We ask anyone who may have information about the case to contact us or the Levinson family via their website, www.help – let me read that again -- helpboblevinson.com. I’ll spell it out for you. h-e-l-p-b-o-b-l-e-v-i-n-s-o-n.com. [www.helpboblevinson.com]

Yes.

QUESTION: Getting back to the Chinese incident, what exactly did you protest? What was the contents of the protest, and what was your understanding of what happened?

MR. WOOD: Well, we felt that our vessel was inappropriately harassed. That was the point of our protest to the Chinese Government.

Yes.

QUESTION: And what exactly is your understanding of what happened?

MR. WOOD: Well, again, I have to refer you to the Pentagon for the details of that.

QUESTION: What will be the main topics between Secretary Clinton and Minister Yang Jiechi when he come to Washington, D.C.?

MR. WOOD: Well, there will be a whole host of issues. North Korea will certainly be one of those issues, but a whole range of bilateral issues that we will have, the Secretary will have in discussions with the Chinese foreign minister.

QUESTION: But if the new framework of a strategic dialogue will be a topic?

MR. WOOD: Well, we will certainly talk about the dialogues and, you know, what we hope to be able to achieve with China on a whole host of issues. So I don’t want to just limit it to that. There are a number of other issues in the international realm that we will have discussions with the Chinese about.

QUESTION: Does it mean the State Department will play a dominant role in new dialogue between the two countries?

MR. WOOD: The State Department is going to play a dominant role with regard to the U.S.-China bilateral relationship. That goes without question.

Let me go – Elise.

QUESTION: New topic? It’s on Afghanistan. There’s been a lot of talk about whether the U.S. should talk to the Taliban. Over the weekend, President Obama said in an interview in The New York Times that he’s willing to talk to some members of the Taliban that – and is exploring that option. And I was just thinking, given that it’s Women’s History Month and Senator – Secretary Clinton has spoken a lot about how – violence against women by the Taliban, I was wondering how you can square talking to the Taliban but not, you know, having opposition to the way that they treat women?

MR. WOOD: Well, first and foremost, the President’s remarks stand for themselves. As you know, we have a review ongoing with regard to Afghanistan and Pakistan, so I don’t have much further on that subject than that. But as you know very well, the Secretary feels very strongly about how women are treated in Afghanistan, and that’s an important subject to her. But again, we’re in the midst of an overall policy review, so I really don’t want to get beyond what the President has said.

QUESTION: Can I go back to China, but --

QUESTION: Well, actually --

MR. WOOD: Why don’t we stay on this and then go back. Please. Somebody else had a question on that?

QUESTION: Yeah, but I mean, how – you said the President’s comments stand for themselves.

MR. WOOD: Right.

QUESTION: Okay, so I’m not asking you to parse them. But how does that fit below with what Secretary Clinton said in her confirmation hearing, talking about women against – violence against women by the Taliban, talking that it’s heartbreaking beyond words when young girls are attacked on their way to school by Taliban sympathizers, and speaking in very harsh terms about how they treat women?

MR. WOOD: I don’t see the problem there. Yes, she has spoken very clearly about that. The President cares very deeply about that as well. The President’s remarks, I think, were very – clearly pointed out that Afghanistan is – the situation there is problematic, and we are engaged in a review so that we can figure out the best way forward. I don’t see any contradiction at all there. I mean, the Secretary spoke very clearly in her confirmation hearing about how she feels about the treatment of women in Afghanistan. I don’t see any connection.

QUESTION: You don’t see any connection between negotiating with members of the Taliban and abhorring the way --

MR. WOOD: Well, first of all, no decision has been made to engage --

QUESTION: See, his comments seem to be pretty explicit that he will be talking to --

MR. WOOD: Well, I think you have to wait until our policy review is done before, you know, drawing any conclusions on anything.

QUESTION: Well, if – will women’s issues, you know, become an issue if this – if you indeed do talk to the Taliban?

MR. WOOD: Women’s issues are going to be a part, an integral part, of our overall policy with regard to Afghanistan in terms of how we go forward. But you know, again, Elise, we’re involved in a review. I don’t have anything more to add to what the President said.

Let me go to somebody there – Michel.

QUESTION: Sudan. On Sudan. President Omar Bashir has warned yesterday diplomatic missions, the NGOs, and the peacekeepers in Sudan to obey Sudan law or face expulsion. Do you have any comment on that?

MR. WOOD: Well, as we said in our statement, we condemn the expulsions of international humanitarian organizations from Sudan, and we’re engaged right now in diplomatic efforts to try to get the Sudanese to reverse their decision. We’re very concerned about the impact of this decision out of Khartoum on the people of Darfur, and we’re very concerned about what comes next for them. So we’re actively engaged, as I said, in diplomatic activity to try to bring about a reversal of this decision.

QUESTION: On Roxana Saberi, she’s still being held in detention in Iran, and that’s just by officials saying that she would be released within days. And over the weekend, her lawyer went to meet her in court and said that she’d been held basically in virtual solitary confinement. Are you concerned about these reports, and do you have any updates?

MR. WOOD: What I can tell you is that the Swiss, as our protecting power in Tehran, have – we have requested that they go in and seek additional information from the Government of Iran on this particular case. And I understand that, as you pointed out, that she’s had access to legal counselor, but we also want – legal counsel. But we also want to see – we want our Swiss protecting power to have consular access, to be granted consular access, and that there be a transparent judicial process along the way.

But as the Secretary said previously, we want to do everything we can in our power to bring her home. And that’s the latest I have on that. We’re working with the Swiss to try to see what we can do in terms of getting more information.

QUESTION: Robert, on that, as a follow-up, did the – when the Secretary met with the Swiss foreign minister, was that topic discussed? And if so, did the Swiss have any information other than just the Secretary asking him to do something?

MR. WOOD: Well, certainly, Charlie, that issue is something that we have discussed with the Swiss. I don’t want to get into much more details because this is a sensitive issue. We want to try to resolve this case as quickly as possible. I think you’ll understand why I don’t want to really go beyond that.

QUESTION: Iran?

QUESTION: Well, can I – on this?

MR. WOOD: Sure.

QUESTION: You said you wanted transparency in the judicial process? So you’re not calling for her release?

MR. WOOD: I mean, that goes without saying we want her released. But --

QUESTION: Well --

MR. WOOD: Without question. But if indeed there is going to be some kind of a process with regard to, you know, expediting her return in some way, we want to make sure that it’s transparent. It’s what we would want in all of these cases.

QUESTION: On Iran?

MR. WOOD: On Iran. Yes, please.

QUESTION: The Turkish prime – I’m sorry, foreign minister has said that, if asked, Turkey might consider mediating the talks between Iran and the U.S. Is that something that you might have considered, or might the U.S. Government go – the Syrian way, just go directly and talk to them?

MR. WOOD: Well, again, we’re still in the midst of that review. I don’t want to speculate as to what we might do. But let us just say that – let me just say that we have offered our hand to the Government of Iran, and we hope to be able to engage this government on a whole range of issues. But a lot of it’s going to depend on, you know, Iran and its willingness to engage and its willingness to change its behavior in a number of areas where we have concern.

QUESTION: Can I follow up on Turkey, please?

MR. WOOD: Sure.

QUESTION: The Turkish Foreign Minister Babacan said Ankara would look favorably on a U.S. request – I guess that hasn’t been made, but you tell me if it has – for U.S. troops to transit through Turkey as they withdraw from Iraq.

MR. WOOD: I haven’t seen this report, but I don’t have anything further than just that I’ve[1]seen the report.

QUESTION: Okay.

MR. WOOD: Let me go back here.

QUESTION: Yeah, India’s foreign secretary is here, and he’s having a couple of a meetings in the State Department today and tomorrow. Can you give us a sense of the issue that the U.S. wants to take up with the Indian Government?

MR. WOOD: Well, we have a – you know, a host of issues that we will be – the Secretary will be discussing with Foreign Secretary Menon. I don’t need to go into them with you. I’m sure you’re quite well aware of them. We value the relationship between the United States and India. As you know, Foreign Secretary Menon was a key player in terms of helping bring about or brokering the U.S.-India Nuclear – Civil Nuclear Accord. And so we’ll try to get you a readout after the meeting, but that’s all I have.

QUESTION: Will Ambassador Holbrooke be at that meeting?

MR. WOOD: I don’t know. I don’t know.

QUESTION: Can you find out, please?

MR. WOOD: Yeah, I’ll check and see if we can provide you with that, but I don’t see that that’s relevant.

QUESTION: You don’t see that that’s relevant?

MR. WOOD: Well, his portfolio, as I’ve said to you is –

QUESTION: (Inaudible.)

MR. WOOD: -- no, no, as I’ve said many times, is Afghanistan-Pakistan. So --

QUESTION: Robert, I believe which is why – which is why it would be interesting if he was in a meeting with the Indian foreign secretary. There are some mutual concerns --

MR. WOOD: Well, we don’t get into --

QUESTION: --between India and – you know, between the United States and India about the situation in Pakistan --

MR. WOOD: Oh, absolutely. And as you – that’s right. And as you know, Ambassador Holbrooke was in India, had discussions with the Indians. So --

QUESTION: So it shouldn’t be a problem to say if he’s sitting in on the meeting.

MR. WOOD: No, but I don’t want to get in the habit of revealing everybody who attends a particular meeting.

QUESTION: Well, the foreign secretary of India has also been hosted in Islamabad and quite familiar with the Pakistan situation, which puts him in a fairly rare position in India.

MR. WOOD: Yes. Certainly, the Secretary will be talking with Foreign Secretary Menon about that subject – you know, the subject of Afghanistan, so that’s certainly expected. But you know, whether or not Richard Holbrooke is in a meeting – in this type of a meeting, I mean, I’ll – I’m happy to look and see if we can – want to provide you an answer, but --

QUESTION: If you want to provide us an answer?

MR. WOOD: Yeah, I don’t want to get in the habit of, you know, telling you who is in every meeting that takes place. I just don’t want to set that precedent.

QUESTION: Well --

MR. WOOD: If it’s relevant, absolutely, but --

QUESTION: I think it’s highly relevant. I mean, he has been – he was in meetings, you know, last week, so (inaudible) --

MR. WOOD: I just don’t want to talk about them.

QUESTION: And he certainly made no secret of his visit to India.

MR. WOOD: I’ll take a look at it.

QUESTION: A follow-up on the same subject?

MR. WOOD: Sure.

QUESTION: So there’s still a strongly perceived notion in India that Pakistan is not doing enough to follow up on Mumbai in terms of the investigations and in terms of the judicial process. Do you think that’s going to be one of the main issues that comes up?

MR. WOOD: It’s hard for me to speculate on all the issues that may come up. Certainly, the Secretary is going to want to hear from the foreign secretary about how things are progressing with regard to the Mumbai investigation. But you know, I can’t guarantee that that will come up. I certainly expect that it would, and we’ll be very interested in hearing how things are going on that front.

QUESTION: What’s the State Department’s sort of perception of how things are going in Pakistan with regards to Mumbai?

MR. WOOD: Well, I think, overall, our assessment has been that Pakistan has been providing some helpful information. But clearly, you know, more can be done. And what’s critical here is that we do everything in our power to try to bring the folks who are responsible for those attacks to justice.

Lambros, you had your hand up.

QUESTION: Okay. Mr. Wood, any readout of Mrs. Clinton talks in Ankara on Greek-Turkish disputes and Cyprus issue only?

MR. WOOD: I don’t have much of a readout for you, Mr. Lambros, other than the Secretary had very good discussions with, you know, officials of the Turkish Government. There are a range of issues that we’re cooperating with Turkey on. And the Secretary came away with, I think, a very positive feeling about those meetings.

QUESTION: Did they discuss the Greek-Turkish disputes and the Cyprus issue, nothing more?

MR. WOOD: You know, to be honest, there were a lot of meetings. I don’t recall. I will take a look for that – take a look at that and see if I can get you an answer on it.

QUESTION: The reasons of which Mrs. Clinton announced President Obama trip to Turkey next month for the first time in history on a bilateral level? The reasons?

MR. WOOD: I’m sorry.

QUESTION: The reasons of which Mrs. Clinton proposed Obama trip to Ankara next month for the first time in U.S.-Turkish history on a bilateral level?

MR. WOOD: Well, I think it’s quite significant that the President – President Obama will be going to Turkey. They’re working out the details of that visit. But Turkey is an important ally, and there’s a lot of business to do with Turkey, and we think it is significant that the President has decided to go.

QUESTION: Did Mrs. Clinton discuss the Armenian issues of genocide with the Turks?

MR. WOOD: All right, look, that issue certainly was a subject that was discussed, but I’m not going to get into the details of the discussion.

QUESTION: Robert, a follow-up on this?

MR. WOOD: Yes.

QUESTION: Is the President also planning to go to Greece?

MR. WOOD: Well, I don’t think he’s scheduled to, but I’m not going to – I’d have to refer you to the White House in terms of future presidential travel.

QUESTION: And what about the Secretary? Does she have any plans to go to Greece?

MR. WOOD: I think, at some point, she’ll be going to Greece.

QUESTION: They are, of course, a NATO ally as well as --

MR. WOOD: Oh, absolutely. I think you’re trying to read something into this, and Greece is an important ally --

QUESTION: I’m not trying to read anything into it. I think it’s already been read by others.

MR. WOOD: Well, all I can tell you is that Greece is an important ally of the United States. Foreign Minister Bakoyannis was here last week to meet with the Secretary, and we’ve got a lot of business as well to do with the Greek Government. And so I wouldn’t – folks, I wouldn’t draw conclusions about this so --

QUESTION: How does Mrs. Clinton feel on the Armenia genocide since President Barack Obama is very supportive?

MR. WOOD: Look, I’m not going to get into a discussion of that issue here from the podium.

QUESTION: A quick question on Zimbabwe. The truck that was involved in the car crash of the Prime Minister last week was apparently belonging to a contractor working for USAID. Has there been any discussion between our Embassy in Harare and the Zimbabwean Government as far as that issue?

MR. WOOD: Not that I’m aware of. We obviously send our condolences to the friends and family of Morgan Tsvangirai. This is a real tragedy and – you know, an unspeakable tragedy. And nothing beyond that in terms of discussions. From all the reports we’ve seen, and I believe even Mr. Tsvangirai has commented on it, this appears to have been just an unfortunate accident.

Nina.

QUESTION: Just on Syria. I know we had the call over the weekend. I know it’s hard to get into specifics, but just, you know, for the sake of on camera, can you just give a general kind of sense of tone of those meetings over the weekend?

MR. WOOD: Well, I think the meetings that Acting Assistant Secretary Feltman and Dan Shapiro at the NSC had were very constructive. You know, I don’t want to get beyond this initial characterization, but there still remain a number of issues that we need to resolve with the Government of Syria. And I know that we here in the Department will continue to engage the Syrians on these issues of concern. But I don’t have a readout beyond that. Jeff – I haven’t had a chance to talk to him. I don’t know that he’s even back. I didn’t see him this morning. But once he’s back, I can get, you know, a further readout.

QUESTION: Yeah. But a sense of – sorry – could you give any sense of next steps? I mean, are the Syrians asking that this ambassador be appointed soon? Is that number one? Is that top of the agenda – what’s?

MR. WOOD: Well, the agenda are a number of concerns that we have about Syrian behavior around the world. You’re aware of all of those issues. But I don’t – again, until I have a chance to speak with Jeff, I don’t have much more to provide you.

QUESTION: Well, it sounds like – you keep saying that the engagement is to resolve these issues of concern that you have.

MR. WOOD: Mm-hmm.

QUESTION: But it sounds like you’re engaging the Syrians as well to help to get them to help you in the region to play, you know, a kind of constructive role. So it’s not really just about getting them to, like, improve their behavior, but working together in the region for all of your policies.

MR. WOOD: Well, look, we’ve said for quite some time that Syria – Syrian behavior in the region has been of great concern to us, and we want to work with Syria. But it does take, you know, two to tango here. And up until now, Syria hasn’t played that positive role that we’ve wanted to see in a number of areas with regard to foreign fighters in Iraq, with regards to interference in Lebanese affairs. We hope to see Syria take a different path.

And I think the fact that we decided to reach out to the Syrians and engage them shows that we believe that they can play a productive role should they want to. And so what our goal here is to try to get Syria to walk down that path, change its behavior, and you know, be a more positive element in the region and not be part of the problem. We want them to be part of the solution.

QUESTION: So would you say at this point, now that you’ve had the meeting with the ambassador and Feltman and Shapiro have gone to Damascus, would you say that you would expect a kind of resumption of diplomatic dialogue on a regular basis now?

MR. WOOD: Well, again, it will depend. I don’t want to lock us into some kind of a regular, you know, dialogue. I mean, we’ll clearly be talking to the Syrians in the future. We do on a daily basis, frankly, with regard to our Embassy in Damascus. So let’s just see how things play out. I’m not ready to go beyond what I’ve said on the subject.

QUESTION: Well, are you waiting for some kind of deliverable from Syria before you kind of take it to another level or --

MR. WOOD: Syria knows what it needs to do to satisfy some of our concerns. We hope that they will meet – you know, they will satisfy some of those concerns. But I don’t want to get ahead of the process. Let Jeff come back and Mr. Shapiro and then we will have, you know – they’ll be able to give us a better assessment of how we’re going to go forward.

QUESTION: What about – I mean, I think some officials over the weekend have said, and – I think maybe even from this – I mean, Syria has concerns on the United States. So what about addressing some of their concerns?

MR. WOOD: Well, again, at the meeting that was held over the weekend, I can assure you that Syria raised some of its concerns. And so what we’re trying to do is, as I said, work out some kind of a pathway that will, you know, ensure that Syria plays a much more positive role in the region. I know they have concerns about the U.S., and obviously, the fact that we’ve agreed to sit down with them at a high level says a lot. So let’s just wait until, you know, Ambassador Feltman and Dan Shapiro come back, so we can give a further assessment.

QUESTION: A follow-up on that?

MR. WOOD: Yes, Kim.

QUESTION: What exactly do you want from the Syrians? You list the issues of – that are of concern to you. But what do you want them to do and at what point are you satisfied that they’ve addressed those concerns? I mean, do you want them to stop supporting Hezbollah and Hamas?

MR. WOOD: Well, I just gave you a few examples of things that have concerned us. And part of that dialogue --

QUESTION: But what does it require for them to do?

MR. WOOD: Well, I’m not going to spell out, you know, all the specifics that we have asked them to do, beyond what I’ve said. But again, our priority is trying to address Syrian behavior in an important part of the world where we have important national interests, and we want Syria to take steps to address those concerns. They’re certainly well aware of them. They were well aware of them before this meeting that took place in Damascus. And so we want to see some – we want to see if Syria is going to be willing to meet some of those concerns. And if they do, then obviously the dialogue will continue and go further and strengthen.

QUESTION: Well, are you sensing that there is any shift in their position? I mean, they’ve held fast for the last five years.

MR. WOOD: Not ready to give an assessment yet, as I said, until Jeff Feltman and Dan Shapiro come back, and then we can give you a better assessment.

QUESTION: Just one last question.

MR. WOOD: Sure.

QUESTION: Any sense of the reviews – policy towards Afghanistan and Pakistan and Iran might be coming up?

MR. WOOD: The Afghanistan policy reviews, I think we’ve said we expect to be done some time, fairly soon, I’d say within –you know, and I think we’ve said mid-March. But the Iran review – I don’t have a timeframe on that for you at this point.

Lach.

QUESTION: On North Korea. As the drumbeat of belligerent rhetoric continues, are you concerned, seriously concerned, that it could result in armed conflict?

MR. WOOD: Well, I mean, look, I certainly hope not. Certainly, the rhetoric coming out of Pyongyang is unwarranted and counterproductive. North Korea needs to refrain from provocative rhetoric and actions that only further destabilize the region. And that’s all I have on it.

QUESTION: But you said you don’t always understand what’s going on in North Korea, and it seems though, in general, you accept what is widely believed to be analysts who interpret it as trying to grab attention from the Obama Administration, that the Obama Administration has competing priorities and they don’t want to be forgotten. Secretary Clinton made similar statements: North Korea is not going to get a different relationship with the United States while insulting and refusing dialogue with the Republic of Korea.

Well, let’s say you’re misinterpreting what they feel. I mean, do they think these military exercises are designed at regime change?

MR. WOOD: Our military exercises with the Republic of Korea are not a threat to the North. What is a threat to the region is this bellicose rhetoric coming out of the North. What we’re trying to do, as I’ve said many times, Lach, is to get the North back to the table within the Six-Party framework, denuclearize the Korean Peninsula. And this type of rhetoric is just not helpful. Provocative actions don’t lead to stability in the region. We want to have a different type of relationship with the North, but the North knows what it needs to do, and we want to get them back, as I said, in that framework of the Six-Party Talks and go forward on denuclearization.

QUESTION: Robert, you’ve often said that – and others have said as well, that actions speak louder than words. In this case, you’re seeming to suggest that words are more powerful than actions. You’re talking about a major military exercise, which is an actual action, is going to take place, and you’re saying that that is not a threat; and yet, North Korea’s bombast, which is typical – it’s nothing – you know, nothing unusual –

MR. WOOD: As I said --

QUESTION: -- that that somehow is a threat?

MR. WOOD: Matt, as I said, the U.S.-ROK exercises are not a threat to the North. The Republic of Korea has not been threatening the North. The North is the party that is, you know, prepared to launch missiles, has launched missiles in the past. Its actions are of concern, not just to the United States and the Republic of Korea, but to the entire international community.

And so you’re not going to – the responsibility lies with the North. The North has verification responsibilities in the Six-Party framework. As you know, they were not willing to provide in writing some of the verification requirements that are needed to get us to the next phase. The onus is on the North. And again, as I said, this type of rhetoric coming out of the North is not helpful, it’s provocative, and we want to see it stop.

QUESTION: Is there any risk, though, that this isolated regime perceives the actions by the U.S. and by South Korea as a military threat to them? They’ve heard about regime change in the previous administration. Do they see changes in government the way we see them?

MR. WOOD: I can’t tell you how they see things, Lach.

QUESTION: You have to know, though.

MR. WOOD: It’s hard to know. As I’ve said, it’s hard to get into the mindset of the North Korean regime. But what we have said to them, and they have agreed to this, is that we need to find a way to get to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. They agreed to a number of steps. There’s been a lot of work in this area that’s been quite successful. We still have a ways to go. And we hope that the North will live up to its responsibilities.

But we are not creating an environment that’s threatening to North Korea. What we are trying to do is work with the North and the other parties to eventually get to that goal of denuclearization.

QUESTION: And do you think that this rhetoric that’s going on is actually delaying the whole negotiating process? Because that was the kind of implication of what --

MR. WOOD: I would just say it’s not helpful to the process. What we want the North to do, as I said, is to get back to the table so that we can go forward on denuclearization.

QUESTION: Mr. Wood, on Turkey.

MR. WOOD: Sure.

QUESTION: Turkey did not allow U.S. troops to go in Iraq in 2003 up to the present. Why Mrs. Clinton, when she was in Ankara, wants American troops to leave Iraq via Turkey and not via Kuwait, the way they entered?

MR. WOOD: I would probably refer you to the Pentagon for questions about troop removal.

QUESTION: She proposed that. Forget the Pentagon.

MR. WOOD: Well --

QUESTION: She proposed that.

MR. WOOD: No, I – look, you’ve seen the remarks from the Secretary coming out of Turkey. I don’t have anything more to add to that, Mr. Lambros.

QUESTION: Do you know – do you know how much money Mrs. Clinton promised to the Turks for this kind of services?

MR. WOOD: I’m not aware that any kind of money was promised for anything, Mr. Lambros.

Let me go to another --

QUESTION: One more question, one more.

MR. WOOD: One more.

QUESTION: Do you know if Mrs. Clinton promised to the Turks to abandon Turkey all the U.S. equipment in Iraq, as Ambassador Morton Abramowitz did in the end of the Persian war, and he has been fired by the Department of Defense?

MR. WOOD: I’m not aware of that, Mr. Lambros. I’m sorry.

Please.

QUESTION: Yes. In regards to the possibility of easing trade and travel restrictions on Cuba, I was wondering what role the State Department would play in that process.

MR. WOOD: Well, again, I don’t think any decisions have been made yet, so why don’t we wait and see --

QUESTION: But if they were to be made, what --

MR. WOOD: Well, I’m not going to speculate.

QUESTION: Okay.

MR. WOOD: Okay. Matt.

QUESTION: Yeah, I just wanted to go back to China, but a different subject than the ship. This week is the 50th anniversary of the uprising in Tibet. Tensions are high in Tibet now. You have the foreign minister coming to see the Secretary. How high up on her agenda will this be, along with other human rights issues?

MR. WOOD: Well, we’ve spoken up for quite some time about our concerns about the situation in Tibet, and we have said that dialogue between – a substantive dialogue between the Government of China and the Dalai Lama’s representatives are really what’s going to be key to trying to resolve some of these longstanding issues. And the Secretary will not hesitate to raise her concerns with regard to the situation in Tibet, as she has with regard to other human rights issues in China. So --

QUESTION: In the past, the State Department – whoever, the White House or the State Department has done something to commemorate the anniversary – a statement, that kind of thing. Do you know if there are plans to do that this year? And if not, why not?

MR. WOOD: I don’t know at this point, Matt. I’ll look --

QUESTION: (Inaudible) coming up soon?

MR. WOOD: I’ll look (inaudible).

QUESTION: Tomorrow?

MR. WOOD: I’ll look into it.

QUESTION: And you don’t have any – there’s not --

MR. WOOD: I don’t have anything beyond what I’ve said about with regard to our policy on Tibet.

Okay, thank you all.

QUESTION: Thanks.

(The briefing was concluded at 12:06 p.m.)


[1]I haven’t



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