1:28 p.m. EDTMR. CROWLEY:
Good afternoon. I’m sorry for the delay, but we thought it was useful not to step on the President of the United States. To begin, a couple of announcements.
Secretary Clinton met with His Highness Sheikh Salman, Crown Prince of the Kingdom of
Bahrain, today. They talked about a variety of regional issues, including the situation in
Iran, Iraq, and the status of the Middle East peace process. The Secretary then went to the White House where she participated in the bilateral between the President and the chancellor of Germany.
Yesterday, a number of you had interest in the situation in Somalia, so we thought we would bring a senior State Department official down at 4:15 to give you a background briefing on the current situation there.QUESTION:
Why can’t you do it on the record? MR. CROWLEY
: We’re going to do a background briefing. You have your choice: You can choose to attend or not. QUESTION
: I’m just asking why – why --MR. CROWLEY
: We’re going to give you a background briefing. That’s what we’re offering you.
And finally, from
Trieste today, Under Secretary Burns had a full day of meetings starting off with the G-8 foreign ministers meeting, followed by a press conference that you might have seen some coverage of, and there is a lengthy chairman’s statement. He attended a working lunch with foreign ministers, including the foreign ministers of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Special Representative Holbrooke joined him there. After lunch, he and Special Envoy Mitchell attended a meeting of the Quartet, and obviously, a lengthy Quartet statement on the current situation. And the Quartet welcomed the commitment of both the Prime Minister Netanyahu and President Abbas towards a two-state solution and also encouraged the parties, all parties, to continue to take meaningful steps to support the two-state solution.
With that, I’ll take your questions. QUESTION
: I just want to go to the Quartet and the – one of the most notable aspects of the statement was reiterating the longstanding position that Israel should abide by the Roadmap, and in particular, on settlement activity. And I want to know – I remember well what Secretary Clinton said about this recently, you know, no natural growth, sort of no nothing. But I wonder if the Administration is open to some kind of formula under which you would acknowledge that some construction, for example, where there are contractual obligations that have already been entered into, would have to – would go forward; in other words, they’d finish building x or y or z, because they’ve already broken ground or whatever, and they’ve signed contracts. So it wouldn’t be an absolute immediate, full, total, incontrovertible cessation, but that there would be some kind of wiggle room so that they could finish up certain contracts and then stop, as it were. Or is your view that, whenever the day comes, they should just, you know, put down the pick axes and lay down the bricks and stop full stop? MR. CROWLEY
: Well, I think that what the Quartet statement reiterated is what the President has said, the Secretary of State has said, and Special Envoy Mitchell have all said recently, which is we believe that all settlements should stop, full stop.
Now, we note that next week, Senator Mitchell will meet with Minister of Defense Ehud Barak, and we’re going to continue this conversation. But I think when George Mitchell was here the other day, he was asked about this kind of buzz regarding a deal, and he said there is a story in the replays, and had called that particular day and said, hey, that’s not where we are. So I think the United States position on this is clear. It’s reflected today in the Quartet.
But obviously, we’re going to continue to talk to both Israel and the other parties. And we are encouraging and strongly suggesting that all parties, not only the Palestinians, not only Israelis, but other countries in the region, all have a significant role to play to get us back to meaningful negotiation that moves us towards a permanent settlement and two-state solution.QUESTION:
That’s a full and total, immediate stop --MR. CROWLEY:
Arshad, I think the President, the Secretary, and Special Envoy Mitchell have all made pretty categorical statements on this, and that’s reflected in the Quartet statement today.QUESTION:
Will you be discussing settlements? Will George Mitchell be discussing settlements with Ehud Barak? And what is there left to discuss?MR. CROWLEY:
I’m certain that that will be one of the issues discussed.QUESTION:
So what is left to discuss then if the U.S. doesn’t have any wiggle room on that?MR. CROWLEY:
Well, we have a process that we hope to get restarted. So there are a number of issues; settlements are one of them. And the real question is how you can move in a meaningful way back towards a formal negotiation. So we are about setting the conditions where we think a negotiation can get restarted, and then all parties can begin to take the kinds of actions necessary for us to move towards the two-state solution that everyone believes is the right answer.
Yes, just for clarification, is the meeting on Monday in New York?MR. CROWLEY:
I’m not sure that all of the details are squared away, whether it’s Monday, Tuesday. But I think we’ll – there is the meeting early this week. But I just – it’s a question of when the defense minister will actually arrive.QUESTION:
Will you advise us --MR. CROWLEY:
-- where the meeting is?MR. CROWLEY:
Just to go back to the settlements (inaudible) resuming negotiation issue. Senate Mitchell, as you well know from the G-8 transcript, said that he hoped that negotiations could resume soon. Do you know what is the basis? He’s a cautious man and careful with his words. Do you know what is the basis for that hope?MR. CROWLEY:
He also said he is an optimistic man. As I seem to recall when he was here with you recently, he said if he wasn’t an optimist, he wouldn’t take this job.
I mean, obviously, you have to have the right conditions that lead to a negotiation. And we are probing all sides in this. And certainly, the Secretary’s conversation with Sheikh Salman is part of this, which is not only do you have the right conditions, do you have the right understandings, do we understand the starting positions that the Israelis would have, the Palestinians would have, to begin a formal negotiation, and are we confident that if that negotiation started is there going to be adequate support within the region to help get the kind of progress that we’re anticipating.
So we do reflect a sense of urgency here. We want to get this process restarted. But we obviously have recognized that we have to make sure that the conditions are right so that the negotiation can both get restarted and show the kind of progress that is necessary.QUESTION:
Did her conversation with the Crown Prince today specifically address that point of seeking explicit Arab support in the region for resuming negotiations? And secondly, any gestures from those Arab countries that do not have peace agreements with Israel to begin to make the steps toward normalization?MR. CROWLEY:
I was not at that bilateral, so I don’t have a real sense of the texture. But I think that we have a recognition that the Israelis, the Palestinians, all parties in this process have a significant role to play. It’s one of the reasons earlier this week we announced a resumption of – replacing an ambassador in Damascus, because we recognize that there are a variety of countries here that will have roles to play. We want to make sure that we have the right conditions in the region so that this negotiation can be restarted.QUESTION:
But even if you don’t the texture of the meeting, do you know – and you weren’t in it, do you know if those two issues were raised: seeking Arab support and seeking steps toward normalization with Arab states?MR. CROWLEY:
Let’s see if we – I’ll see – if I have anything else I can tell you, I will.QUESTION:
There are two Palestinian American boys in
Gaza who are trying to get their passports renewed. Apparently, they can’t leave Gaza to go to Israel to renew that because there are no U.S. consular services in Gaza. I was curious to see what the – if you had any statement on either their case or on the case generally of Palestinian Americans who are trying to leave that territory.MR. CROWLEY:
I do not. We’ll take the question.QUESTION:
Do you know when the Secretary will resume her normal activities, how she feels, when we will be able to see her?MR. CROWLEY:
Well, I believe I can say that she has, in fact, resumed an aggressive schedule, you know, with her bilateral today and her participation in the meeting at the White House. She was over at the White House yesterday, as well. She is also doing a significant amount of work at home. During the course of her time at home, she’s made a number of phone calls this week to her counterparts. I think today she had a conversation with the foreign minister from Argentina. So I think she is, obviously, given the reality of the – her injury and the operation, she is fast, working her way back to integrating herself into the daily activity of the bureau. I think we have travel coming up in the near future, so I think she will be visible as we continue on. But –QUESTION:
But next week, maybe not?MR. CROWLEY:
We’ll see. We’ll see.QUESTION:
Is she accompanying the President to the – to Moscow and to – in July?MR CROWLEY:
I’ll take that question. I mean, it’s just a matter of what -- any kind of formal announcement. I’m not prepared to make that at this time.QUESTION:
Okay. But when you were alluding to travel coming up, is that what you were thinking of, or has she got something else?MR. CROWLEY:
She’s got a number of trips coming up to all parts of the world in the next two months.QUESTION:
But, P.J., on the Argentina call, was this anything related to the Sanford trip and anything with – regarding his --MR. CROWLEY:
I do not know. I wouldn’t lead you to that conclusion. QUESTION:
On Iran, the – regarding the statement by the cleric Khatami of advising judges to deal cruelly with protestors, do you have any reaction to that? Any response to --MR. CROWLEY:
What statement is that?QUESTION:
This is a cleric in Iran who was calling on judges to take severe action on any protestors and deal with them – he used the term cruel –MR. CROWLEY:
I’m sorry, I’m not familiar with that particular statement. Obviously, the –QUESTION:
(Inaudible) sermon (inaudible) Friday prayer. MR. CROWLEY:
Yes, but I mean the President talked about this. Obviously, as he said and the Secretary has said and we will continue to reiterate that ultimately, this situation should be resolved peacefully.
I mean, Iran has a credibility problem. The problem they face is self-inflicted. It’s not a matter of something that was brought in from the outside. It’s a matter of something that clearly has developed from the inside of Iran. A significant segment of the Iranian population believes that their voices have not been heard, and that the results that Iran – the government has announced do not reflect the will of the people.
This is – but this is ultimately something that has to be resolved inside Iran by the Iranian Government, and, obviously, respecting the will of its people. For us, the United States, we’ve obviously had concerns about Iran in a number of areas. There’s obviously, within the international community, a lack of confidence in Iran, particularly in the declarations it has made in recent years regarding its nuclear ambitions. Clearly, this current situation does not add to the international community’s confidence or their credibility.
So I think it’s important for officials in Iran, as the President said a while ago, to meet the obligations that they have to their own people.QUESTION:
Do you see the protests in Iran ebbing?MR. CROWLEY:
I can’t characterize, James, what the current situation is. I mean, we obviously – what we have seen in recent days is active attempts by the government to intimidate the population, restrict the ability of people to express themselves, reflecting that universal right of both freedom of expression, freedom of assembly. As you have characterized very well, the restrictions that the government has placed on the media and its ability to cover what’s happening in Iran.
Obviously, that intimidation has probably had an effect on the ground. They’re putting pressure on these candidates and the people, trying to restrict their ability to gather, to communicate, and to express their views. But as the President said a short time ago, we have concerns about the behavior of the government. We have concerns about what they’ve done inside their country. And we’re just going to have to see how this plays out.QUESTION:
Just a related question. Is the United States denying visas to Iranian officials who are attempting to attend a UN conference here in the United States?MR. CROWLEY:
I’ll take the question. We just spent a few minutes trying to ascertain the answer, and thus far, the answer has been elusive.QUESTION:
You just spoke about – you just said that the Iranian Government is intimidating the people, and before that you said that they should resolve the issue peacefully. But at the Friday prayers today, they just said specifically that death penalty is what will wait for those who participate in any demonstration. Now, don’t you think that would call for some sort of intervention by the international community? MR. CROWLEY:
I think as the President and others have said, ultimately, this has to be resolved inside Iran. This is about the relationship between the Iranian Government and the Iranian people. I don’t see how you can impose some sort of result from outside the country. In fact, as the President has said, we have made a conscious effort to make sure that it’s clear that this is about what’s happening – about government actions, about the will of the people. We have not interfered in this process, and nor should we.
But when you think about governance in the 21st
century, what Iran is doing, what other countries are doing, is inconsistent with what we see as being both the challenges that we face in the world and the responsibilities that – and obligations that government have to pursue the interests of their people. Ultimately, a government that tries to intimidate its people will not be successful. A government that tries to suppress information will not be successful. Governments that use information to empower their people in the 21st
century will be successful. And that’s where our focus will be.
We obviously have a range of programs to both support democracy around the world, civil society around the world. The Secretary has spoken on a number of occasions about how to employ technology to foster communication and to open up processes of government to greater participation, and in the process of doing so, hold the government to – hold these governments to account. If that process succeeds, then you have what we consider to be responsible governments around the world. It’s one of the reasons why we’ve focused on social media and new media such as Facebook, Twitter, other things, because we’ve seen on the ground in Iran that this has, in fact, created a different kind of political dynamic and one that ultimately will be beneficial to Iran and other countries. And we hope that as Iran seeks to resolve its current situation, it will again heed the will of its people. QUESTION:
Is engagement – how would you characterize the status of the U.S. policy of engagement toward Iran right now?MR. CROWLEY:
I think I would say the President has made clear, the Secretary has made clear that we are willing to engage countries around the world. It’s not that we do a favor to these countries. Engagement is a means to an end. Engagement is not a favor to a country. Engagement is a means by which the United States can pursue its national interest. We seek engagement with Iran through a variety of means. We’ve – as we’ve said here many times, interested in having a dialogue, a more active dialogue with Iran together with our international partners through the P-5+1 process to actually address Iran’s nuclear ambitions, its nuclear programs, and clarify what it has done and where it intends to take that program. That’s not doing a favor to Iran. It’s because we recognize that the current trend is very concerning to us, as the President said a short time ago.
So, obviously, we are willing to engage Iran. We’re willing to enter into dialogue in a variety of settings. But clearly, how current events and future events transpire and Iran’s willingness to enter into this dialogue, which we’ll just wait and see. But so far, despite the President’s offers of engagement, we haven’t seen a meaningful response from Iran materialize.QUESTION:
I know that – I understand your rationale for engagement, but the question I’m asking, I guess, is whether you think recent events have damaged the prospect.MR. CROWLEY:
Well, I think as the President said today, we’re going to wait and see how this plays out. And depending on how this plays out, it will influence what we do in the days, weeks, and months ahead.
Yes. What’s the purpose of the visit of the Crown Prince of Bahrain? He is here with a large delegation, and he met today with Secretary of Defense. Are you conducting the strategic dialogue with Bahrain? MR. CROWLEY:
I mean, Bahrain is a very important partner within the Middle East. We have had long and successful workings with Bahrain. Obviously, they host one of our more important military commands in the region. We believe going forward – we’ve gone through consultations at a variety of levels with all of the countries in the Gulf to help understand how they see the situation in Iraq, Iran, other issues in the region, and it’s very beneficial.
North Korea, Ambassador Goldberg is leading a delegation to Asia in regards to North Korea on what they’ve been up to. And I was wondering if you could provide any more – I think they’re leaving this weekend – but I was wondering if you could provide any more information of the itinerary. MR. CROWLEY:
I’m not sure. QUESTION:
And –MR. CROWLEY:
I’m not sure his travel that – is that immediate. QUESTION:
Okay. MR. CROWLEY:
I’ve got – obviously, there was a detailed background briefing at the White House this morning, talked about Ambassador Goldberg. And he has been appointed to lead an interagency effort to implement UN Security Council Resolutions 1874 and 1718. He will be traveling in the near term with an interagency team, but I’ve got no travel announcements to make at this point. QUESTION:
Change of subject?
Lebanon? The son of Rafiq Hariri, Saad Hariri has been chosen to be the next prime minister. Is it good news? MR. CROWLEY:
Well, again, there was a recent and very successful election process in Lebanon. Obviously, it stands in remarkable contrast to what has occurred in Iran. By every indication, it was a free and fair election. And this is the – it represents the logical outcome of that effort. So I think we congratulate him for being named as prime minister. We look forward to working with him and his government, and we’re happy to see the political process yield a stable government in Lebanon and we look forward to working with him. QUESTION:
(Inaudible) government. I’m not suggesting it’s unstable, but governments in Lebanon in recent years have had considerable internal tensions between the March 8th
and the March 14th
Sure. And obviously, there is by definition a history. But this appears to be a process that has worked effectively. It was a peaceful outcome. It appears that the result here represents the will of the people and a successful outcome of an election. Obviously, I’m not trying to minimize the challenges that Lebanon faces. But obviously, you had a successful political process that has yielded in a short term the emergence of a new government, and we look forward to working with him. QUESTION:
The two American journalists in North Korea, have you got any information about Laura Ling and Euna Lee’s health conditions? MR. CROWLEY:
Other than we continue to communicate through our protecting power and with the families. But since the recent meeting with the ambassador, we’ve got no new information that I’m aware of. QUESTION:
Laura Ling’s husband said yesterday he received her health report, talking about her health’s really bad, you know, talking about they both have bad situations. MR. CROWLEY:
Yeah, and I just have nothing to add, no.
Honduras, there’s been some political unrest there and it might get even worse over the weekend. Do you have anything to say about that? And what is your Embassy doing with regard to any sort of violence that might erupt? MR. CROWLEY:
Yeah, we are concerned about the breakdown in the political dialogue among Honduran politicians over the proposed June 28 poll on constitutional reform. We urge all sides to seek a consensual democratic resolution in the current political impasse that adheres to the Honduran constitution and to Honduran laws consistent with the principles of the Inter-American Democratic Charter. And we think that the OAS has an important role to play here, and we urge the OAS to take all appropriate actions necessary to uphold the provisions in the charter. QUESTION:
Is your Embassy doing anything to prepare for what might be a violent weekend?MR. CROWLEY:
I’ll see if we have any additional information on that. QUESTION:
Thank you. MR. CROWLEY:
(The briefing was concluded at 1:53 p.m.)
DPB # 107