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Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference Final Document


Fact Sheet
Office of the Spokesman
Washington, DC
May 28, 2010

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The consensus Final Document adopted today at the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference advances the President’s vision for the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons and a realistic path to achieve that goal. It includes calls for substantive measures to strengthen the nonproliferation regime and establishes benchmarks for future progress. This Final Document reaffirms the strong support of the international community for the Treaty as the cornerstone of the international nonproliferation regime.

Specific text adopted in the Final Document includes:

Non-Proliferation:

  • For the first time in an NPT document, endorses the Additional Protocol, together with a comprehensive IAEA safeguards agreement, as the enhanced standard for verification of the NPT. Paragraph 19 and 25 in the President’s Statement
  • Encourages all parties to conclude and bring into force additional protocols. Action 28
  • Emphasizes resolving all cases of noncompliance with safeguards obligations in full conformity with the IAEA statute. (Only one state party in attendance has been found to be in noncompliance with its safeguards obligations.) Action 27
  • Underscores the importance of the IAEA exercising fully its mandate and authority to verify states’ nuclear activities, including the absence of undeclared activities. Paragraph 24
  • Supports strengthening the IAEA and assuring it has sufficient resources to effectively meet its safeguards responsibilities, a key priority of the United States. Paragraphs 24 and 25 and Action 33
  • Calls for strengthened export controls, including whether a recipient has brought into force IAEA safeguards obligations when making decisions on exports of nuclear technology. Actions 35-37
  • Urges parties to improve standards to combat illicit trafficking in nuclear materials and become parties to the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. Action 45

Compliance:

  • Underscores the importance of addressing compliance matters in order to uphold the integrity of the NPT and IAEA safeguards system. Action 26
  • Reinforces the role of the UN Security Council to take appropriate measures in cases of violations reported to it. Paragraph 11 in the President’s Statement
  • For the first time in any NPT final document, the Review Conference has addressed abuse of the Treaty’s withdrawal provisions, a major stated U.S. objective, recognizing the view that withdrawing parties are responsible for violations committed while a party to the treaty and that nuclear suppliers should incorporate dismantling and/or return clauses in the event of withdrawal. Paragraphs 118-122 in the President’s Statement

Disarmament:

  • Supports the President’s vision of working for a world without nuclear weapons. Action 3 “…to undertake further efforts to reduce and ultimately eliminate all types of nuclear weapons….”
  • Applauds the achievement of the U.S.-Russian New START agreement and the goal of pursuing deeper reductions of all types of nuclear weapons. Paragraph 90 and Action 4
  • Supports the start of negotiations, without delay, of a fissile material cutoff treaty – a top U.S. priority. Paragraph E.i and Action 15
  • Reaffirms the importance of the early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, calls upon all states to refrain from nuclear weapon test explosions in the meanwhile, and supports the full development of the CTBTO’s verification regime. Actions 10- 14

Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology:

  • Emphasizes that peaceful uses of nuclear energy should be made available to all Parties in conformity with the NPT’s nonproliferation provisions. Action 57
  • Encourages all to contribute to the U.S. Peaceful Uses Initiative, a Presidential initiative announced by Secretary Clinton in the U.S. opening statement at the Review Conference General Debate on May 3. Action 55
  • Supports efforts to pursue agreement on international fuel banks and related multilateral mechanisms for assurance of nuclear supply and related nuclear fuel services. Action 58

Nuclear Security:

Acknowledges the Nuclear Security Summit and carries forward its recommendations, including recognition of the IAEA’s role in promoting nuclear security cooperation and best practices and the need to minimize the use of highly enriched uranium in the civilian sector. Paragraphs 66-70 and Action 61



PRN: 2010/697



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