The U.S. Department of State’s 2009 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report was mandated by the U.S. Congress through the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000. The annual Report seeks to increase global awareness of human trafficking, to highlight national and international efforts to combat it, and to encourage foreign governments to take action against all forms of modern-day slavery.
The past year, marked by the onset of a global financial crisis, has raised the specter of increased human trafficking around the world. Two concurrent trends – a shrinking global demand for labor and a growing supply of workers willing to take ever greater risks for economic opportunities – seem a recipe for greater forced labor of migrant workers and commercial sexual exploitation of women in prostitution.
Major Forms of Trafficking in Persons
Traffickers use force, fraud or coercion to exploit a person for profit, whether through labor exploitation – which claims the largest number of victims – or through commercial sexual exploitation.
Victims of Trafficking
(UN International Labor Organization Estimates)
The 2009 TIP Report
The ninth annual TIP Report covers the period April 2008 to March 2009. The Report uses a four-tier ranking system to register improvement and decline in governments’ efforts to combat trafficking.
2009 Report Highlights
During the reporting period, 26 countries enacted new antitrafficking legislation. More than half the world’s countries now have enacted criminal legislation prohibiting all forms of trafficking in persons.