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Supplementals


FY 2008 Budget in Brief
Bureau of Resource Management
February 5, 2007
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FY 2007 SUPPLEMENTAL REQUEST

Resource Summary
($ in thousands)


Appropriations

FY 2007 Supplemental

Request

Administration of Foreign Affairs

967,996

Diplomatic & Consular Programs

912,996

Iraq Operations

823,941

Ongoing Operations

21,900

Worldwide Security Upgrades

67,155

Office of Inspector General (1)

35,000

Educational & Cultural Exchange Programs

20,000

International Organizations

200,000

Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities

200,000

Total, State Department Appropriations Act

1,167,996

Migration & Refugee Assistance (2)

71,500

U.S. Emergency Refugee & Migration Assistance (2)

30,000

Other State Department Authorization Act

1,269,496


(1) Funds requested for transfer to the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction.

(2) Funds requested in Foreign Operations.




Diplomatic and Consular Programs - $912,996,000


Iraq Operations - $823,941,000

The United States remains actively and constantly engaged in supporting the desire of Iraqis for the speedy formation of an inclusive government that serves the interests of all Iraqis and continues to play a key role in helping Iraqis to build a free nation that is an ally against terrorism. U.S. Embassy Baghdad faces extraordinary challenges in assisting with this effort. Much work remains to be done in building a free and stable Iraq - and this work will require the commitment of significant resources.

FY 2007 supplemental funding of $823.9 million is requested for personnel, logistical, security, and other costs associated with operating the U.S. Mission in Iraq, including expansion of Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) operations throughout Iraq.

U.S. Mission Operations/Other Support Activities - $47,646,000
This requested funding will finance the costs of basic allowances and operations support for the State Department's direct hire staff; the physical move to and related expenses of the New Embassy Compound (NEC); salaries, allowances, and other requirements for the Iraq Reconstruction Management Office (IRMO); and salaries, allowances, and other support requirements such as travel for the Department's direct hire personnel in the Regional Embassy Offices (REOs) and on PRTs.

Logistics Support - $72,505,000
These funds will be used to continue life support services for the U.S. Mission provided under the Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) contract, covering the initial six months of a new operations and maintenance contract for the NEC; for temporary housing on the NEC grounds for direct hire personnel; and for the construction of temporary housing for non-direct hire support personnel who cannot be accommodated in NEC residential housing.

Security - $265,827,000
At present there are 12 U.S. agencies conducting business in Baghdad and regional sites under Chief of Mission (COM) authority. The requested funds will help protect lives and ensure continuity of operations through the local guard force and special protective details. Funds will also pay for equipment for operations support such as armored vehicles and x-ray machines and for personal protection equipment such as bulletproof vests and masks.

Information Technology - $8,874,000
These supplemental funds support the maintenance, repair, and replacement of all secure and non-secure voice and data communications equipment and associated infrastructure for the Chancery, the Palace Annex, the regional offices, and remote outposts. Available telephone service continues to be inadequate for the Mission, and the Embassy remains fully reliant on satellite dishes for data and voice transmission.

Overhead Cover - $15,000,000
This funding will support the continued construction and installation of overhead cover and other physical security measures for facilities at regional sites and in Baghdad.

Provincial Reconstruction Teams - $414,089,000
These supplemental funds will be used to stand up new PRTs and to support and augment existing PRTs through the remainder of FY 2007. Specifically, the funds will cover the costs of personnel and support to the extent not covered by other agencies. Funding will also cover security costs for the stand-alone PRTs that will not be co-located with a brigade combat team or on a forward operating base.

PRTs are a key element of the new U.S. strategy for Iraq, aimed at accelerating the transition to Iraqi self-reliance. PRTs will be used for a decentralized approach to bolster moderates, promote reconciliation, support the U.S. Government's counterinsurgency strategy, foster economic development, and build provincial capacity. Expanded PRTs will be a powerful tool for making real America's commitment to stand firmly beside moderates as they struggle to hold extremists at bay while building a new Iraq.

There are currently 10 PRTs deployed across Iraq. The Department intends to expand to at least 18 and as many as 21 PRTs, with new PRTs in Baghdad and Anbar as the priority. This expansion will be an intensive interagency effort with civilian and military personnel working side-by-side targeting both civilian and military resources against a common strategic plan. While the Department will have the lead in recruiting and hiring staff for all of the PRTs, full interagency support will be necessary to deploy the new staff to Iraq as quickly as possible.

Ongoing Operations - $21,900,000

Public Diplomacy: Combating Violent Extremism - $20,000,000
FY 2007 supplemental funding of $20 million is requested to expand public diplomacy international information programs to combat violent extremism. These programs will engage Muslim communities, promote democracy and good governance, refute the idea that the West is at war with Islam, and isolate and discredit terrorist leaders and organizations. The funding will support increased interaction with exchange alumni and deepened relationships; summer youth camps in Muslim regions; small grants by posts to intensify local outreach to influential people in sectors such as youth, religious leaders, women, educators, and cultural icons; and public-private partnerships. Funding will also support foreign language websites to supply credible information about the United States and TV programming to promote dialogue between Muslim and American communities.

Sudan - $1,900,000
FY 2007 supplemental funding of $1.9 million is requested to support diplomatic efforts in Sudan, a high-conflict area that is critical in the effort to counteract the influence of terrorist organizations such as Al-Qaeda and Hizbollah. This funding will support diplomatic operations, including expansion of activities in Juba and El Fasher, as well as reconstruction and stabilization efforts. Funds will cover personnel and operating costs, including security, related to the peace process.

Worldwide Security Upgrades - $67,155,000

Afghanistan - $47,155,000
Afghanistan is one of the key countries in which the United States is fighting the Global War on Terror (GWOT). Taliban forces have increased the number of attacks in recent months. Additional security is required for State Department personnel to safely execute their critical role in advancing the National Security Strategy of the United States and in supporting the GWOT. FY 2007 supplemental funding of $13 million will provide armored vehicles for guard force movements to/from the guard force man-camp, as well as other security equipment for guard forces and high threat protection assets. The request also includes $34 million to continue to cover through FY 2007 the security requirements of other USG agencies supporting this emerging democracy.


Sudan - $20,000,000
State Department personnel are working diligently to find diplomatic solutions to stop the violence in Sudan, end the humanitarian crisis, and facilitate the efforts of humanitarian workers. Adequate security must be provided for the personnel working in the difficult environment in Sudan. FY 2007 supplemental funding of $20 million is requested for high threat protection for Department officials in Sudan, including in Darfur and Juba, as well as security support for the Special Envoy and other VIP visitors. The funds will also be used to provide security for reconstruction and stabilization efforts, including guard services and physical security upgrades to facilities and residences of Department personnel.

Office of Inspector General - $35,000,000

FY 2007 supplemental funding of $35,000,000 is requested for transfer to the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR) for reconstruction oversight. The request will fund salaries, travel, and contract costs for SIGIR.

Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs - $20,000,000

FY 2007 supplemental funding of $20,000,000 is requested for expanded academic programs and professional and cultural exchanges aimed at combating violent extremism.


Exchanges reverse negative perceptions and counter the spread of hatred by bringing people together and exposing them to new ideas. Evaluations of exchange participants have shown that a wide majority improve their understanding of American society and identify American values with their own aspirations for peace, opportunity, and freedom.

Of the total request, $10.6 million will be used for academic programs, $8.2 million for professional and cultural exchanges, and $1.2 million for cover support and overhead costs associated with the programs.


Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities - $200,000,000

United Nations peacekeeping plays a key part in the Global War on Terror. FY 2007 supplemental funding of $200 million is requested to fund unforeseen UN peacekeeping expenses. These costs include $184 million for increased support costs for the expanded UN peacekeeping operation in Lebanon and $16 million for support costs for the UN mission in Timor Leste to provide stability and policing capacity.

The United Nations peacekeeping force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) is an essential element of the U.S. strategy in the war on terror. The UNIFIL mission - expanded in August 2006 to an authorized strength of 15,000 troops by UN Security Council Resolution 1701 - helps to mitigate the Hizbollah threat to Israel, the entire Middle East, and U.S. national security interests. If Hizbollah were allowed to succeed, it could create an explosive situation on the border with Israel. In addition, such an event would encourage like-minded organizations to undertake provocative acts of terror. The expansion of UNIFIL was a response to the unanticipated events in Lebanon during the summer of 2006.

In Timor Leste, UN peacekeeping is of strong interest to the U.S. in the fight against terrorism. Unstable countries in Asia have afforded bases for enemy operations and facilitated attacks against U.S. interests and those of allies, as exemplified by the terrorist attacks in Bali and against U.S. Embassies in East Africa. The mission in Timor Leste was established in August 2006 to address continuing instability in that country.


Migration and Refugee Assistance - $71,500,000

FY 2007 supplemental funding for this account is requested in Foreign Operations.

U.S. Emergency Migration and Refugee Assistance - $30,000,000

FY 2007 supplemental funding for this account is requested in Foreign Operations.



ADDITIONAL FY 2008 FUNDING REQUEST


Resource Summary
($ in thousands)


Appropriations

Additional FY 2008

Funding Request

Administration of Foreign Affairs

1,881,608

Diplomatic & Consular Programs

1,881,608

Iraq Operations

1,881,608

International Organizations

53,000

Contributions to International Organizations

53,000

Total, State Department Appropriations Act

1,934,608

Migration & Refugee Assistance (1)

35,000

Other State Department Authorization Act

1,969,608


(1) Funds requested in Foreign Operations.



Diplomatic and Consular Programs - $1,881,608,000

Iraq Operations - $1,881,608,000

Additional FY 2008 funding is requested for the full year of personnel, logistical, security, and other costs associated with operating the U.S. Mission in Iraq, including funding to continue expansion of operations at Provincial Reconstruction Teams throughout Iraq.

The size and scope of U.S. Embassy operations in FY 2008 will be impacted by two major considerations: the move into the New Embassy Compound (NEC) and ongoing support requirements for security and reconstruction efforts to rebuild Iraq.

U.S. Mission Operations/Other Support Activities - $167,958,000
FY 2008 will mark a major transition, as the move into the NEC is scheduled to be completed in the first quarter of the fiscal year. All the support and infrastructure for this large mission will be continued at the current levels, including support for the Regional Embassy Offices (REOs). In addition to normal activities, the Mission must provide its own utilities, fire protection, and other support in the absence of a government able to provide such basic services. Because of conditions in Iraq, the State Department also has greater than normal responsibilities for the support of its own personnel, as well as for the support of other agency and contractor personnel.

Additional "off-shore" operational support will continue to be provided by a special unit in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, and in embassies in Jordan and Kuwait, to minimize the number of personnel that must be stationed in Baghdad. The Department is examining other strategies for providing this support through regionalization and enhanced automation. The Iraq Reconstruction Management Office will continue to exist in FY 2008 for the coordination of reconstruction efforts.

Logistics Support - $204,000,000
Day-to-day life support is provided by the large Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) contract that provides life support to most USG personnel in Iraq. This request assumes that as the military decreases its presence, LOGCAP will be discontinued and new life support contracts will be put into place. The estimate also assumes that the current 60/40 funding split with the military will continue until such time as LOGCAP is phased out. During the transition, life support may require double coverage under both LOGCAP and the new life support contracts for a period of time to ensure that LOGCAP can be safely and successfully discontinued.

Security - $802,657,000
Additional FY 2008 funding will provide for the continuation of the local guard program and Chief of Mission (COM) security support in Baghdad and regional sites. Coverage includes the 12 U.S. agencies currently conducting programs under COM authority. The main components of the security request include: physical and technical security measures to protect the Baghdad Embassy and the REOs ($15.1 million); the local guard protection of the embassy operations in Baghdad ($151.6 million); protective security services to support the personnel traveling outside the Embassy ($440.6 million); protection of the REOs ($167.3 million); and other security-related issues, including personal protection equipment such as bulletproof vests, clearance support for personnel going to Iraq, and diplomatic courier support ($28.1 million).

Information Technology - $12,806,000
These funds will support the maintenance, repair, and replacement of all secure and non-secure voice and data communications equipment and associated infrastructure for the Chancery, the Palace Annex, the regional offices, and remote outposts. The request supports connectivity, security, and regional support for all agencies under COM authority.

Overhead Cover - $15,000,000
The request will support the continued construction and installation of overhead cover and other physical security measures for facilities at regional sites and in Baghdad.

Provincial Reconstruction Teams - $679,187,000
The FY 2008 estimate for PRT costs is $679.2 million, including surge funding of $449 million. Funds will be used to stand up new PRTs and to support and augment existing PRTs. The funds requested will be used to cover the costs of salaries, life and other operational support, offices and housing (and furnishings for both), vehicles, communications, and leases not covered by other agencies. This funding also will cover security costs for the stand-alone PRTs that will not be co-located with a brigade combat team or on a forward operating base.

PRTs are a key element of the new U.S. strategy for Iraq, aimed at accelerating the transition to Iraqi self-reliance. PRTs will be used for a decentralized approach to bolster moderates, promote reconciliation, support the U.S. Government's counterinsurgency strategy, foster economic development, and build provincial capacity. Expanded PRTs will be a powerful tool for making real America's commitment to stand firmly beside moderates as they struggle to hold extremists at bay while building a new Iraq.

There are currently 10 PRTs deployed across Iraq of which 7 are American and 3 are Coalition. The Department intends to expand from 10 to at least 18 and as many as 21 PRTs. The new PRTs will roll out in phases, beginning in the second quarter of FY 2007 with Baghdad and Anbar. The augmentation of existing PRTs will begin in the summer and will continue into FY 2008.

PRTs will include both civilian and military personnel working side-by-side in a joint mission. They will target civilian and military resources against a common strategic plan. Expanding the PRTs will be an intensive interagency effort. Although State will have the lead in recruiting and hiring staff for all of the PRTs, full interagency support will be necessary to deploy the new staff to Iraq as quickly as possible.


Contributions to International Organizations - $53,000,000


The United Nations (UN) promotes peace and security through the work of the Security Council, including so-called special political missions (SPMs) that oversee elections and coordinate the UN's work in troubled areas. The two largest of such missions are the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the UN Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI). The missions support U.S. efforts in the Global War on Terror. They coordinate such diverse issues such as human rights, rule of law, drugs, legal, and police and military issues. Through the UN's efforts in these key countries, the United States is able to leverage contributions from across the international community to support stabilization activities. The United States pays 22 percent of the UN regular budget, including the cost of these missions, with all other UN members paying the balance.


Additional FY 2008 funding of $53 million will pay U.S. assessments toward the costs of UNAMA and UNAMI in 2007.


Migration and Refugee Assistance - $35,000,000

Additional FY 2008 funding for this account is requested in Foreign Operations.



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