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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Illustrative Examples of FY 2002 Results by Strategic Goal


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REGIONAL STABILITY

Afghanistan

The Department provided the leadership, resources, and expertise needed to support Afghanistan's efforts to rebuild its institutions, as well as restore stability, security, and democracy to the country. This effort began with a broad range of diplomatic support for Operation Enduring Freedom by obtaining military forces from nearly sixty countries and negotiating airspace use, landing rights, and military assistance from one hundred thirty-six countries. Neighboring countries in Central Asia, such as Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, that did not previously play a regional security role, joined in the effort that provided basing, troop support, and other contributions critical to military operations. The Department also orchestrated intensive reconstruction and humanitarian assistance in the areas of food security; refugee assistance; education; and the human rights, judicial, and constitutional commissions. The Department was instrumental in formulating plans and working with the Department of Defense to establish the new Afghan National Army and in providing training to the Afghan National Police, critical elements for preserving the physical security necessary to allow other societal institutions to take hold.

[Text version of a photo: Standing left to right are Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdullah and Secretary Powell; U.S. Department of State photo. Caption reads: "Secretary of State Colin Powell speaks to the press with His Excellency, Abdullah Abdullah, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Afghan Transitional Authority of Afghanistan, on July 25, 2002."]

WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

U.S. - Russian Strategic Offensive Weapons Reductions

In May 2002, Presidents Bush and Putin signed the Moscow Treaty, reflecting the dramatic shift from Cold War rivalry to partnership based on the principles of mutual security, trust, openness, and cooperation. The treaty legally binds both the United States and Russia to reduce the level of its own strategic nuclear warheads to between 1,700 and 2,200 warheads by the end of 2012 - about one-third of current levels.

[Text version of a photo: Standing left to right are President Putin and President Bush. Caption/credit reads: "President George W. Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin exchange documents after signing a nuclear arms reduction agreement on May 24, 2002 inside the Kremlin in Moscow. AFP Photo/Paul J. Richards."]

Iraq Export Control

In May 2002, the Department negotiated a new Goods Review List, as part of the new Iraq export control regime, to help ensure that Iraq is fully disarmed pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 687. The Department led diplomatic efforts with the five permanent Security Council members to sustain a Security Council consensus that UNMOVIC and IAEA inspectors will have unambiguous rights to inspect anywhere, anytime in order to verify Iraq's disarmament.

COUNTERING TERRORISM

Terrorist Interdiction Program

In February 2002, the Department deployed a mobile Terrorist Interdiction Program Unit to Afghanistan to process travelers making the Haj (pilgrimage) to Mecca. With Operation Enduring Freedom still going on, the high volume of travelers and lack of border security infrastructure created an opportunity for Al Qaeda and Taliban to escape from Afghanistan undetected. The Department therefore provided the Afghan Interim Government with a mobile database system that allowed Afghan security and border control officials to record traveler information quickly and check it against a list of individuals of concern. The Department's efforts helped prevent the escape of Al Qaeda and Taliban forces, without imposing undue restrictions on religious practices and the normal flow of travel.

[Text version of a photo: Col. Lengenfelder, standing with microphone, gestures at a poster. Caption/credit reads: "U.S. Colonel Douglas Lengenfelder briefs journalists on the strategy of counter-insurgency adopted by the joint U.S.-Philippine Special Operation Task Force during a press conference at the U.S. embassy in Manila January 28, 2003. Lengenfelder, commander of U.S. troops in the Philippines, said a possible U.S. military strike in Iraq will not affect counterterrorism operations in the Philippines where the United States is committed to helping Manila against local Islamic "terrorist groups" for the long term. AFP Photo/Romeo Gacad."]

OPEN MARKETS

The World Trade Organization ( WTO ) - Doha Development Agenda

The mandate for the WTO's Doha Development Agenda negotiations launched in November 2001 lays the groundwork for an ambitious agenda to improve market access, reduce export subsidies and price supports, lower tariff and nontariff barriers, open markets in sectors of key interest to the United States, and stimulate growth of the global economy. It calls for enhanced efforts to enable the poorest and least-developed nations to secure the benefits of trade by giving them the tools and training needed to participate more effectively in the international trading system. In the Doha round of WTO negotiations, the United States is advocating the elimination of tariffs that cost world consumers $6 trillion per year.

[Text version of a photo: Walking left to right are two unidentified men and Ambassador Quinn. Caption/credit reads: "U.S. ambassador to Qatar Maureen Quinn arrives at Doha's Sheraton hotel on November 8, 2001, where the WTO began five days of talks on November 9. AFP Photo/Kaim Jaafar."]

U.S. EXPORTS

U.S. Foreign Investments

As a key part of the interagency advocacy and outreach process, the Department helped U.S. companies secure contracts and investments, including investments by PSEG Global in Peru ($227 million), General Electric in Kenya ($6 million) and Noble America in Colombia ($4 million). The Department supported the Export-Import Bank's $252-million financing for export of a satellite launch servicer project to Thailand. Working with OPIC, the Department helped resolve an expropriation dispute in Indonesia on a $350 million oil and gas project.

ECONOMIC GROWTH

Debt Negotiations

The Department led fourteen multilateral debt re-scheduling talks - with a combined value of $39 billion - with key countries such as Pakistan, the Ukraine,Yugoslavia, and Indonesia. The Department collected the data needed for these multilateral debt negotiations, led the negotiations, and drafted the bilateral debt agreements. These debt treatments were critical to these countries' recovery from conflict and economic mismanagement, returning them to economic growth and contributing to world economic prosperity.

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The Monterrey Conference

As a result of strenuous efforts by the United States, more than fifty heads of state/government and two hundred ministers adopted the Monterrey Consensus at the UN Conference on Financing for Development in Monterrey, Mexico in March 2002. This groundbreaking document states, "Each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social development, and the role of national policies and developmental strategies cannot be overemphasized." Monterrey launched a new international partnership for development. The World Summit on Sustainable Development, held in September 2002 in Johannesburg, affirmed the key role of focused public/private partnerships in achieving sustainable growth, thereby furthering economic and social development.

[Text version of a photo: President Bush speaking at podium with other officials in background. Caption/credit reads: "President George W. Bush speaks at the International Conference on Financing for Development March 22, 2002 in Monterrey, Mexico. Bush urged leaders at the UN anti-poverty summit to make political, economic, and legal reforms conditions for enhanced aid to poor nations. AFP Photo/Mauricio Lima."]

AMERICAN CITIZENS

Federal Benefits

After an anthrax attack shut down the Department's Dulles Airport mail facility and impeded the timely delivery of monthly U.S. federal benefits checks to overseas recipients, the Department worked with the Treasury Department and benefit-paying agencies to arrange alternative methods for delivering checks to recipients. What could have been an acute financial hardship for thousands of beneficiaries and a management nightmare for embassies around the world was instead a stellar example of interagency cooperation, customer service, and efficiency.

[Text version of a photo: People loading bundles into the back of a truck. Caption/credit reads: "Employees of the international airport in Rio de Janeiro wear protective masks and gloves as they load a truck with outgoing mail from the U.S. consulate in Rio on October 17, 2001. The anthrax scare which has touched many parts of the world also reached Brazil, at the U.S. consulate in Rio, where two people were given antibiotics after they handled an envelope containing powder. AFP Photo/Vanderlei Almeida."]

TRAVEL AND MIGRATION

Visa Denials

The Department recommended that forty Chinese nationals, several of whom sought to conduct cutting-edge medical research in the United States, be found ineligible for visas under INA section 212(a)(3)(A), due to technology transfer concerns. The interviewing consular officers developed information linking the applicants to Chinese institutions known to be developing biological or chemical weapons, and therefore prevented them from entering the United States.

INTERNATIONAL CRIME

Pakistani Border Control

To help stop the flow of drug traffickers, terrorists, and other illegal combatants along Pakistan's porous, 1,500-mile border with Afghanistan and to prevent Pakistan's border provinces from being used as staging areas for terrorist groups in the aftermath of the events of 9/11, the Department provided urgent assistance to Pakistan's border guard and other law enforcement units. This aid included vehicles, communications equipment, pilot training, and the setting up of aircraft maintenance facilities. By August 2002, five Huey-II helicopters had been delivered, providing much needed mobility for police units.

[Text version of a photo: Soldier points a gun from behind stacked sandbags. Caption/credit reads: "Pakistan army troopers stay alert in their picket in Eysha post near Miran Shah, close to the Afghanistan border, June 18, 2002. Pakistani army troops and paramilitary forces have been deployed along the border with Afghanistan to prevent fleeing members of Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda network seeking refuge in Pakistan following the U.S. attacks on their hide-outs in eastern Afghanistan. AFP Photo/ Tariq Mahmood."]

COUNTERING ILLEGAL DRUGS

Afghanistan

Following the fall of the Taliban, the Department spearheaded a successful international campaign to convince the new Afghan Interim Administration to include counternarcotics as one of its early priorities and to ban the cultivation of opium poppies. Although the ban came too late to prevent the poppy crop that was harvested in the spring of 2002, this political and legal commitment by the new government, which will require future U.S. counternarcotics and other assistance, provides an historic window of opportunity to curb significantly the opium trade in Afghanistan, the world's leading producer of heroin.

DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS

Cuba

With strong U.S. support, Latin American members of the UN Commission on Human Rights introduced and helped pass a resolution on Cuba, the only non-democratic state in the Western Hemisphere. Over 10,000 Cubans signed petitions calling for a referendum on democratic change, known as the Varela Project. The Administration's new Cuba initiative will lead to greater outreach to the Cuban people.

HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE

Afghan Refugees

In Afghanistan, the ousting of the Taliban regime made it possible for over two million refugees (mostly living in Pakistan and Iran) and over six hundred thousand internally displaced persons (IDPs) to return home. The Department contributed over $140 million to international and NGO partner organizations, including the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the International Committee of the Red Cross. These organizations were then able to respond to the Afghan emergency and meet the immediate protection and reintegration needs of returning refugees and IDPs, including return transportation, shelter, public health, water, sanitation, and education. These funds also assisted refugees who remained in neighboring countries of asylum.

[Text version of a photo: Adults carrying bundles walk with child. Caption/credit reads: "A newly arrived Afghan refugee family with their belongings returns from Pakistan on their way to get relief at a refugee camp on the outskirts of Kabul, July 29, 2002. More than 1.1 million refugees have returned from Pakistan since March 2002 and the UNHCR estimates around 2 million refugees will have returned from countries neighboring Afghanistan by the end 2002. AFP Photo/Jewel Samad."]

ENVIRONMENT

Global Fisheries

Illegal, unregulated, and unreported (IUU) fishing activities undermine sustainable management of fishery resources, often contributing to collapse of fish stocks, penalization of legal fishermen, and, in some cases, the facilitation of other illegal activities. The Department led international efforts to develop a voluntary international plan of action to address IUU fishing. Under the plan, countries agreed to develop national plans by 2004 to prevent, deter, and eliminate IUU fishing. The plan also provides recommendations on vessel monitoring, information sharing, and the use of market-based control and surveillance measures to combat IUU fishing.

The Department also helped establish a voluntary network of fisheries' law enforcement officials, enhanced developing countries' capacities for implementing the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, and led a fisheries law enforcement training workshop in East Africa.

[Text version of a photo: Trawlers at dockside. Caption/credit reads: "Two trawlers pictured April 18, 2002 in the port of Brest, into which they were escorted after officials found they were using illegal nets. They were inspected off the Ile d'Yeu on France's Atlantic coast and found to be using a mesh banned under EU rules for fishing mackerel and sardines. AFP Photo/ Fred Tanneau."]

POPULATION

Oversight of the UN Population Fund

The United States used its position on the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Executive Board to press for reforms that would minimize programmatic redundancies in UN development agencies and maximize efforts by these agencies to achieve a healthy and sustainable world population. The United States did not provide funding to UNFPA in 2002 because the Secretary determined that UNFPA provided funds and other support to the Chinese governmental entities charged with enforcing China's birth limitation program, which relies upon coercive laws and practices that can lead to coercive abortion. The United States is working to encourage UNFPA to reform, and cease its involvement with coercion, so that future U.S. funding of UNFPA will be legally possible.

HEALTH

The Global Fund To Fight AIDS , Tuberculosis , and Malaria

In April 2001, the UN Secretary General issued a call for a Global Fund to combat the three great killer diseases: AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. The United States was the first government to pledge, before the Fund was even operational. With strong U.S. diplomatic involvement in the negotiations, the Fund was operational and had approved its first grants by April 2002. The Fund works through public- private partnerships and complements bilateral and multilateral assistance programs already underway.

[Text version of a photo: Standing left to right are President Bush and Secretary Powell. Caption/credit reads: "President George W. Bush waves goodbye with Secretary of State Colin Powell to Nigerian President Olusegun Obsanjo, who earlier met with Bush on May 11, 2001. Bush outlined a new Global Fund to fight HIV, AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. AFP Photo Stephen Jaffe."]

MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING

ECA and U S - Afghan Women's Council Partner for First Post - Taliban Visit or Project

Fourteen women representing five Afghan government ministries and the Kabul Public Security Court participated in a monthlong "U.S. Leadership Management and Computer Education" program. The project gave women working in the new Afghan government the opportunity to prepare to reenter the social, political and economic life of a liberated and reconstructed Afghanistan. Project goals included computer, grant writing, and English-language training. The project was tailored to the specific needs of the participants, taking into account their background and previous experience. The program also includes follow-up training with the expectation that participants will train others in their respective ministries.

HUMAN RESOURCES

Diplomatic Readiness Task Force

The "Diplomatic Readiness Initiative" strategic human capital plan depends on increased productivity through the human resources chain—from recruitment to testing to clearances to intake. Every element of the system must work as a whole to make the process function. During FY 2002, all these elements came together to produce results characteristic of a highperforming workforce. Oral assessments were administered to more candidates in less time than in FY 2001. The Diplomatic Security "Surge Team" accelerated security clearances, reducing clearance time by half. In a change from standard business procedures, contract security investigators worked "after-hours" at the seven nationwide testing sites to reduce the six-month application collection process to a 24-hour period. The Department reduced the time necessary to complete medical clearances, and the Foreign Service Institute met the challenge of training 25 percent more students under new mandatory training standards, creatively managing space and classroom assignments in its limited space.

INFORMATION RESOURCES

Open Net Plus

With its the OpenNet Plus program, the Department is accomplishing the Secretary's highest IT priority of worldwide desktop Internet access for over 40,000 Department users. When completed in FY 2003, all sites will have Internet services and augmented bandwidth to handle increased workload. OpenNet Plus will provide an appropriate level of security against cyber intruders, consistent with good risk management practices. Open access to the Internet enables employees to take full advantage of its tremendous capability, and to facilitate communication and collaboration internally as well as with the public, business, other agencies, and foreign governments. Using the Department's existing OpenNet infrastructure, instead of installing a new network, has enabled this initiative to be implemented rapidly in a cost-effective manner.

[Text version of a photo: Two employees work at computer terminal. Caption/credit reads: Bureau of Public Affairs, Office of Electronic Information web editors work on the State.gov website. December 2002 State Department photo by Michael Gross."]

INFRASTRUCTURE AND OPERATIONS

Diplomatic Security

The minimal damage from the June 2002 bombing at the U.S. Consulate General in Karachi demonstrated how improved security awareness, training, and physical and technical security investments mitigate terrorist attacks.

Resource Management Consolidation

The Department consolidated financial management, strategic planning, and budgeting under a new Assistant Secretary for Resource Management (RM), bringing all resource management and planning activities together in one bureau, thereby significantly improving coordination between policy and resources.

Long Range Overseas Building Plan

In FY 2002, the Department completed two capital projects - the new Doha Embassy and the Lima USAID building. Congressional approval allowed the Department to award new capital construction projects in Abidjan, Abuja, Beijing, Cape Town, Conakry, Kabul, Phnom Penh, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Yaounde, Dushanbe, Sao Paulo, and Seoul.

Improved Administrative Services

OMB approved the Department's competitive sourcing plan, which also includes quality sourcing. The amount of business available through the Statebuy Interactive Platform for e-Commerce (www.statebuy.gov) has been expanded, and projects are under way to provide web-enabled quality of life services to employees.

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