|STRATEGIC GOAL 1: REGIONAL STABILITY|
Avert and resolve local and regional conflicts to preserve peace and minimize
The United States must provide for the safety of Americans at home and abroad, protect against threats to its interests worldwide, and honor commitments to its allies and friends. The Department works with international partners to enhance and ensure stability in all regions of the world so that Americans are less threatened by the ripple effects of regional volatility and global violence. Failed or failing states become voids that may be filled by terrorism, trade in narcotics, trafficking in people, and other illegal activities that threaten our national interests. Early action to address failing, failed, and recovering states, or "fragile states," is central to promoting regional stability and addressing the source of one of our nation's most pressing security threats. Department activities are designed to assess and respond early to the causes and consequences of violent conflict and fragile states. Through diplomacy and development assistance, the U.S. builds and strengthens relations with neighbors and allies worldwide to prevent, manage, and mitigate conflicts, and reduce state fragility. Building capacity of bilateral and coalition partners through military assistance to 120 countries is key to enhancing regional stability and reducing demand on U.S. forces. The engagement of foreign partners also substantially contributes and provides legitimacy to our stabilization and reconstruction efforts.
Secretary Rice speaking at NATO headquarters in Brussels, February 2005. AP/Wide World Photo
The table below shows the performance rating distribution of the FY 2005 results for the Regional Stability strategic goal.
|Significantly Below Target||Below Target||On Target||Above Target||Significantly Above Target||Totals|
|Number of Results||1||4||11||1||0||17|
|Percent of Total||6%||23%||65%||6%||0%||100%|
Performance Trends.Three significant performance trends in Regional Stability are noteworthy: (1) the number of foreign military officers participating in International Military Education and Training (IMET) programs has steadily increased, surpassing the FY 2005 targets by 216 individuals; (2) the number of U.S.-trained African military units deployed to Peace Support/Humanitarian Response has increased by 53% since FY 2004; (3) the per-battalion cost of training African peacekeepers has decreased by 15% from FY 2004 to FY 2005.
Outcome-level Results. The Department made demonstrable progress toward achieving desired outcomes in promoting strong and effective ties with transatlantic allies, training and equipping foreign military personnel, and working with partner countries to restrict conventional weapon transfers. All of the programs in these areas performed at or above target in FY 2005.
Results Significantly Above or Below Target. While no indicator was rated significantly above target, one indicator was rated significantly below target. Indicator three, of initiative/program #7 (An Enhanced and Expanded Euro-Atlantic Partnership), monitors the progress on the implementation of the Adapted Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty. This indicator required Russia to make progress toward fulfilling its remaining Istanbul commitments by withdrawing military forces from Moldova and Georgia. Once Russia did so, the U.S. would ratify the Adapted CFE Treaty. This indicator was rated significantly below target because Russia has yet to make the political decisions necessary to withdraw its forces from Moldova.
Resources Invested. In FY 2005, the Department allocated an estimated 28.2% of its budget to this strategic goal. This percentage allocation equates to $7.092 billion, an increase of 6.8% from FY 2004.
The indicators below are representative of the Department's priorities and overall performance for this Strategic Goal. The FY 2005 PAR contains all indicators with detailed performance information.
|Number of Individuals Receiving Training Under IMET|
|Results||Approximately 11,700 individuals.|
|Impact||The increase in IMET students has increased the likelihood that future leaders will be drawn from these students and will therefore possess an appreciation for the interests of the United States.|
|Status of Chinese Cooperation on Regional Stability|
|Target||Full Chinese cooperation with U.S. and international community in reaching settlement of Korean peninsula, South China Sea and Burma issues.|
|Results||China's active diplomacy continues to result in forward progress in Six-Party talks. China-ASEAN enhanced confidence-building measures on trade and maritime ties; and China, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and UN promoted Burma political opening.|
|Impact||China hosted several rounds of Six-Party talks and played a major positive role in facilitating negotiations that led to an agreement in September 2005. China increased visits of high-level officials to Pyongyang to urge North Korea to follow through on implementation of its commitments. China publicly supports and remains a host for the talks process, but needs to exert the full range of its influence in talks with North Korea. China has not been willing to join in isolating the regime in Burma.|
|Free, Democratic, and Whole Iraq at Peace with Itself and Its Neighbors|
|Target||Elections for constitutional convention held; constitution drafted and ratified; elections for new, permanent government held; rule of law and civil society take root; free media serves as responsible watchdog on governmental power; Iraq assumes primary responsibility for its own security, able to defend itself without being a threat to its neighbors.|
|Results||Credible elections for Transitional National Assembly (TNA) and local governments were held on time; the change of government occurred in an orderly fashion and ahead of schedule; preparations are on track for constitutional referendum and December election; the rule of law and civil society are being established more firmly as time goes on; free media has been a responsible watchdog on governmental power; Iraq has progressively assumed increasing responsibility for own security.|
|Impact||Promoting democracy and enhancing security in Iraq has contributed to increased security, economic and social development, and political reform in the region.|
|Reason for Shortfall||Two of the political targets (constitution drafting and ratification) have been met, and the third (elections for a government under the constitution) is clearly on target to happen by December 15, 2005. With regard to rule of law, civil society, and media development, progress is also being made. It is only in the security field that the USG could be considered to be below target and that is largely because the target established in 2003 was unrealistic since it did not take into account the persistence of the insurgency and foreign terrorists. Iraq is making progress toward assuming full responsibility for its security, but this will not happen in 2005, and indeed any assessment of transition must be based on conditions, not timetables.|
|Steps to Improve||Over the past two years, the USG has shifted resources toward addressing these fundamental security concerns, and has made significant strides in integrating its political, economic and security strategies to bring about the desired end state. Specific and recent progress includes a continued increase in the number of Iraqi units able to take the lead in combat operations against the insurgency. In addition, 88 Iraqi Army and special operations battalions are conducting operations against the enemy, with 36 of them assessed to be "in the lead" or fully independent. There are 28 Special Police Force battalions capable of combat operations and the Iraqis have the lead in roughly 87 square miles in Baghdad and over 450 square miles in other provinces.|
|Implementation of Sudan Peace Process|
|Target||A sustained international aid and development program is established to support the implementation of the peace agreement leading up to elections. Refugees and IDPs returning home.|
|Results||The Comprehensive Peace Agreement was concluded in January 2005. The donors conference in April succeeded in obtaining pledges to support the Comprehensive Peace Agreement above request. The UN Mission in Sudan is deploying. Despite the untimely death of former Vice President John Garang in late July, the process continues to move forward under new leadership. Violence in Darfur and disruption of humanitarian assistance continue, despite some improvements. In spite of some difficulty, Darfur peace talks in Abuja continue.|
|Impact||Failure to implement the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and bring a political settlement to Darfur will likely result in a return to wholesale civil conflict, causing humanitarian suffering and providing an opportunity for harmful elements to once again operate with great strength in Sudan.|
Security in Haiti
In response to the urgent need for security and stability in Haiti, a total of eleven countries in the Western Hemisphere have contributed troops, police, or both. The Hemispheric community has embraced this mission as an opportunity to provide security and stability in the region. Brazil, for example, is providing the military commander to the U.N. Stabilization Mission to Haiti, while Canada leads the mission's police contingent. U.S. leadership has been essential to the international response to the Haiti Crisis. Our political engagement through multilateral organizations, our role as the leading international donor, and our strong support for the electoral process and democratic transition is a key element to returning Haiti to stability after the departure of ex-president Aristide. The on-going commitment to Haiti of the U.S. and our partners in the Hemisphere will provide the Haitian people with the opportunity to hold free and fair elections and pursue economic development.
People wait in line to register to vote while a U.N. peacekeeper stands guard in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, July, 2005. AP/Wide World Photo