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Strategic Goal 2: Counterterrorism


FY 2005 Performance and Accountability Highlights
Bureau of Resource Management
November 2005
Report
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STRATEGIC GOAL 2: COUNTERTERRORISM

Prevent attacks against the United States, our allies, and our friends, and strengthen
alliances and international arrangements to defeat global terrorism

 

I. Public Benefit

 

The tragic events of 9/11 demonstrated the gravity of the threat international terrorists pose to the United States and its citizens at home and abroad. The Department is the lead on foreign policies and programs to combat global terrorism. Across the globe, the Secretary, the USAID Administrator, other senior officials, Ambassadors, and USAID mission directors have pressed their counterparts for expanded cooperation and intensified efforts against terrorists. This has included support for protection of the homeland beyond America's borders; programs such as the Container Security Initiative, Immigration Security Initiative, and Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism; inspections of foreign ports; sharing of terrorist watchlist information; and other counterterrorism efforts. To date, the Department has mobilized 180 countries and territories in the war on terrorism to identify, disrupt and destroy international terrorist organizations. Over 3,000 terrorist suspects have been arrested and over $138 million in terrorists' assets have been blocked by forty foreign governments. Since 9/11, these programs, including antiterrorist assistance, terrorist interdiction, and anti-terrorist finance have significantly improved our partners' counterterrorism capabilities.

 

Photo showing friends and relatives of the victims of the September 11 attacks, holding up signs before the September 11th Commemoration Ceremony at the World Trade Center in New York, September 2005.

Friends and relatives of the victims of the September 11 attacks, hold up signs before the September 11th Commemoration Ceremony at the World Trade Center in New York, September 2005. AP/Wide World Photo

II. Performance Summary

The table below shows the performance rating distribution of the FY 2005 results for the Counterterrorism strategic goal.

 

Strategic Goal Results Achieved for FY 2005

  Significantly Below Target Below Target On Target Above Target Significantly Above Target Totals
Number of Results 0 5 11 0 0 16
Percent of Total 0% 31% 69% 0% 0% 100%

 

III. Resources Invested

 

Human Resources
(Direct Funded Positions)

Performance Goal FY 2004 FY 2005
Active Anti-Terrorist Coalitions 202 214
Frozen Terrorist Financing 47 50
Prevention and Response to Terrorism 608 642
Stable Conditions in Fragile/Failing States
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
41 0
Total 898 906

Budget Authority
(Dollars in Millions)

Performance Goal FY 2004 FY 2005
Active Anti-Terrorist Coalitions
$102
$158
Frozen Terrorist Financing
$10
$15
Prevention and Response to Terrorism
$956
$1,595
Stable Conditions in Fragile/Failing States
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
$92
$0
Total
$1,160
$1,768

 

IV. Performance Analysis

Performance Trends. Two significant performance trends in the area of Counterterrorism are noteworthy: (1) the number of groups designated as Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) has steadily increased since FY 2001; (2) the number of Terrorist Interdiction Program Installations has increased, from 18 in FY 2004 to 23 in FY 2005.

Outcome-level Results. The Department made demonstrable progress toward achieving high-level outcomes in such areas as training partner countries to monitor and combat terrorist financing activities and identifying terrorist groups and subjecting such groups to UN sanctions. Programs in these areas performed at or above target in FY 2005.

Results Significantly Above or Below Target. While no single indicator was rated significantly above target, a component of one indicator was rated significantly below target. Indicator four, of initiative/program five (Combating Terrorist Financing), evaluates the number and effectiveness of training and assistance programs in combating terrorist financing. This indicator rated part three, the number of countries that have fully implemented technical assistance and training plans, significantly below target. This was due to the fact that only one country out of seven has fully implemented such plans. Overall, the initiative/program was rated Below Target.

Resources Invested. In FY 2005, financial allocations to Counterterrorism were estimated to be 7% of the entire State Department budget, or $1.768 billion. Budget allocations to this strategic goal increased approximately 52% from FY 2004 to FY 2005.

 

FY 2005 Performance Report Card

The indicators below are representative of the Department's priorities and overall performance for this Strategic Goal. The FY 2005 PAR contains all indicators with detailed performance information.

PERFORMANCE GOAL ONE: Coalition Partners Identify, Deter, Apprehend, and Prosecute Terrorists
Number of Countries with a System for Measuring Counterterrorism Capacity
(PART Program)
Rating On Target
Target
  1. Quantifiable needs assessment and program review rating system is applied to 12 countries.
  2. Country Assistance Plans are developed with 12 countries.
Results Needs assessment programs and country assistance plans were completed in the twelve identified priority countries for the year.
Impact Initial FY 2005 findings determined that the anti-terrorism assistance training programs teaches effective ways to counter terrorist threats in the countries participating in the basic training program.

 

PERFORMANCE GOAL TWO: U.S. and Foreign Governments Actively Combat Terrorist Financing
Number and Effectiveness of U.S. Training and Assistance Programs and Assessments Delivered to Priority States to Help Combat the Financing of Terrorists
Rating
  1. Below Target
  2. Above Target
  3. Significantly Below Target
Target
  1. Six countries assessed by Financial Systems Assessment Teams (FSATs) and six training assistance plans developed.
  2. Eight countries at least partially implement technical assistance and training plans.
  3. Seven countries fully implement technical assistance and training plans (training received in at least all five of the functional areas).
Results
  1. One country assessed by an FSAT and 1 training and technical assistance plan developed.
  2. Ten countries have at least partially implemented technical assistance and training plans.
  3. One country has fully implemented technical assistance and training plans (training received in at least all 5 of the functional areas).
Impact
  1. This will not have a major affect on the Department's eventually achieving this goal. Training and technical assistance programs have been delivered or offered to some of the countries that were not assessed.
  2. This has enhanced the Department's success and bodes well for the program overall. The success of the programs has resulted in more requests for assistance from priority and non-priority countries alike.
  3. This will not have an adverse impact on the Department's eventual success. Training and technical assistance programs are adjusted to ensure maximum effect and to address immediate needs of recipient countries.
Reason for Shortfall
  1. Due to the dynamic nature of the threat and increased demand for training and technical assistance, we added additional countries to our list. However, it took longer to amend the priority country list than expected, and funding did not become available for assessments until September 2005.
  2. Lack of funding and lack of participation by some countries to attend or schedule necessary training.
Steps to Improve
  1. Get funding earlier and obligate it quicker.
  2. Continue working closely with post to coordinate host nation participation.

 

PERFORMANCE GOAL THREE: Coordinated International Prevention and Response to Terrorism, Including Bioterrorism
Implementation of Counterterrorism Financing Regimes in the 19 Countries Most Involved in al Qaeda Financing
Rating On Target
Target Develop comprehensive anti-money laundering regimes (AML) in five terrorist financing priority countries designated in FY 2002.
Results The five countries will implement comprehensive anti-money laundering regimes by the end of the calendar year.
Impact Training to these five countries will help achieve the Department's progress towards its goal of combating terrorist financing abroad and receiving assistance from our allies overseas.

 

PERFORMANCE GOAL FOUR: Diminished Political and Economic Conditions That Permit Terrorism to Flourish
The U.S. Agency for International Development is reporting results for this goal.

 

Terrorist Interdiction

In some countries, the Terrorist Interdiction Program serves as the cornerstone of the U.S. mission's counterterrorism relationship with the host government, fostering increased counterterrorism cooperation and action around the world. The program provides host country immigration authorities - front line defenders against terrorism - with a computer database system that enables identification of suspected terrorists attempting to transit air, land or sea ports of entry. For example, in FY 2005, three suspects in the July 7 U.K. bombings, all from the northern England area of Leeds, were located by the terrorist interdiction database in Pakistan when they entered into that country.


President Bush greets Pakistani President General Pervez Musharraf, left, during their meeting in the Oval Office of the White House, December, 2004 in Washington. AP/Wide World Photo

Photo showing President Bush greeting Pakistani President General Pervez Musharraf, left, during their meeting in the Oval Office of the White House, December, 2004 in Washington.

 


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