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Diplomacy in Action

Strategic Goal 4: Weapons of Mass Destruction

FY 2005 Performance and Accountability Highlights
Bureau of Resource Management
November 2005



Reduce the threat of weapons of mass destruction to the United States, our allies, and our friends


I. Public Benefit


Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) including nuclear, chemical, biological and radiological weapons and their delivery systems threaten our territory and citizens, our armed forces, our national interests, and our allies and friends overseas - especially if such weapons ever find their way into the hands of terrorists. The Department combats this threat by working with other countries to fight WMD and missile proliferation, to defend against WMD attack, and to deny them to terrorist groups and outlaw states. The Department's efforts protect the safety and security of the United States and its friends and allies by lowering the risk of conflict; minimizing the destruction caused by an attack or conflict; denying outlaw state and terrorist groups access to such indiscriminate weapons and the expertise necessary to develop them; and preventing potentially devastating WMD-related accidents.

Photo showing South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moon, left, shakeing hands with Christopher Hill, the U.S. assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, during their meeting to discuss six-way talks aimed at curbing North Korea's nuclear program, at the foreign ministry in Seoul, April 2005.

South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moon, left, shakes hands with Christopher Hill, the U.S. assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, during their meeting to discuss six-way talks aimed at curbing North Korea's nuclear program, at the foreign ministry in Seoul, April 2005. AP/Wide World Photo

II. Performance Summary

The table below shows the performance rating distribution of the FY 2005 results for the Weapons of Mass Destruction strategic goal.


Strategic Goal Results Achieved for FY 2005

  Significantly Below Target Below Target On Target Above Target Significantly Above Target Totals
Number of Results 0 6 10 0 0 16
Percent of Total 0% 37% 63% 0% 0% 100%


III. Resources Invested


Human Resources
(Direct Funded Positions)

Performance Goal FY 2004 FY 2005
Bilateral Measures 211 213
Multilateral Agreements and Nuclear Safety 217 219
Verification and Compliance 86 87
Total 514 519

Budget Authority
(Dollars in Millions)

Performance Goal FY 2004 FY 2005
Bilateral Measures $141 $122
Multilateral Agreements and Nuclear Safety $272 $279
Verification and Compliance $18 $21
Total $431 $422


IV. Performance Analysis

Performance Trends. Two significant performance trends in the area of Weapons of Mass Destruction are noteworthy: (1) the number of States-Parties in the Chemical Weapons Convention increased from 164 in FY 2004 to 174 in FY 2005; (2) the number of countries that have signed the IAEA Additional Protocol has steadily increased from 52 in FY 2001 to 104 in FY 2005.

Outcome-level Results. The Department made demonstrable progress toward achieving high-level outcomes in such areas as working with allies to develop cooperation on missile defense and promoting safe and secure nuclear cooperation. Both of the programs in these areas performed at or above target in FY 2005.

Results Significantly Above or Below Target. There were no results significantly above or below target, although the Department continues to face challenges in strengthening the implementation of arms control, nonproliferation and disarmament treaties, ensuring international agreements reduce current nuclear weapon stockpiles and improving export controls which prohibit illicit WMD trafficking. The Department must continue to work in close partnership with other U.S. Government agencies, international organizations, and host governments to confront these challenges.

Resources Invested. The Department allocated an estimated 1.7% of the FY 2005 budget to Strategic Goal 4, Weapons of Mass Destruction. This equates to $422 million, as well as an increase of 7.9% from FY 2004.


FY 2005 Performance Report Card

The indicators below are representative of the Department's priorities and overall performance for this Strategic Goal. The FY 2005 PAR contains all indicators with detailed performance information.

PERFORMANCE GOAL ONE: Bilateral Measures, Including the Promotion of New Technologies, Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Reduce Stockpiles
Number of Institutes and Scientists Graduated Into Commercially Sustainable Ventures
Rating On Target
  1. Gain access to at least two new previously inaccessible biological weapons and/or chemical weapons institutes in Russia/Eurasia via the Bio-Chem Redirect Program, and at least four new high-priority former WMD institute in member countries Azerbaijan and Tajikistan.
  2. Graduate 2-3 institutes or groups of scientists from Nonproliferation/Science Center Program assistance. Identify candidates among chemical and biological institutes for graduation in FY 2006.
  1. First-ever access obtained to formerly closed Pavlodar Chemical Plant in Kazakhstan in November 2004. First ever U.S. Government access to an additional eight bio-chem institutes in Azerbaijan. First ever Science and Technology Center in Ukraine project funding granted to an additional high-priority institute in Ukraine. Engagement of five high-priority institutes the Kyrgyz Republic.
  2. Three bio institutes and one chemical institute graduated in 2005, one year ahead of schedule for the Bio-Chem Redirect program. That brings the cumulative total of WMD institutes graduated to commercially sustainable ventures to 22.
Impact This indicator measures the success in re-directing WMD expertise toward legitimate non-lethal enterprises. This is expertise that might otherwise be available for exploitation by terrorists and rogue nations.


PERFORMANCE GOAL TWO: Strengthened Multilateral WMD Agreements and Nuclear Energy Cooperation Under Appropriate Condition
Number of States-Parties That Incorporate U.S. Proposals in Their National Approaches to Controlling the Biological Weapons Threat
Rating On Target
Target Forty to forty-five of the 150 total States-Parties incorporate U.S. alternative proposals in their national approaches to controlling the BW threat.
Results The 2003-2005 work program, derived from U.S. proposals, has been remarkably successful in raising awareness of States-Parties to the urgency of establishing and/or strengthening national measures to combat the growing biological weapons threat. 40 countries incorporated U.S. proposals into their national efforts.
Impact Traditional inspection regimes are not effective in determining compliance with bans on biological weapons. The U.S. therefore devised alternative ways to improve BWC implementation, focusing on coordinating and expanding national implementation efforts through a multi-year work program. In 2004, the focus changed to disease surveillance, suspicious outbreaks, and alleged use. In 2005 the focus was on codes of conduct. The fact that all States-Parties are acknowledging the need for improvement in national implementation holds promise that the BWC will be strengthened.


PERFORMANCE GOAL THREE: Verification Integrated Throughout the Negotiation and Implementation of Nonproliferation and Arms Control Agreements and Commitments and Rigorous Enforcement of Compliance With Implementation and Inspection Regimes
Status of Implementation of a Global Norm of Adherence to and Compliance with Arms Control and Nonproliferation Agreements and Commitments
Rating On Target
Target Continue coordination of U.S. efforts to assist Libya in ensuring and verifying the elimination of its weapons of mass destruction and Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)-class missile programs.
Results Libya — Destruction of its chemical stockpile continues. Chemical Weapons Destruction Facility construction completed. Conversion of production facilities to non-WMD use continues. Adherence to its December 19, 2003 commitment, limiting its missile programs to missile systems below Category 1 specifications is monitored according to the long-term monitoring plan. The complete, verifiable, and irreversible dismantlement of its declared weapons-related nuclear program concluded.
Impact The Department's efforts to focus on the process of making compliance determinations and the collection of objective information, together with the responsibility by all States Parties to enforce compliance, present a significant opportunity to enhance the global norm of adherence to and compliance with arms control and nonproliferation agreements and commitments.


Libya Eliminates Weapons of Mass Destruction

Since December 2003, Libya has taken several steps to eliminate its nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, and its long-range missiles. Libya has cooperated with the U.S. and U.K. to remove equipment from its nuclear weapons program, acceded to the Chemical Weapons Convention, destroyed chemical weapon munitions, eliminated its SCUD-C missile force, and agreed to ultimately eliminate its SCUD-B missiles. The Department launched the Scientist Engagement Initiative to integrate former weapons experts into the global science community and deter them from transferring their expertise to terrorists or states of concern. Libya's strategic decision to forego and dismantle weapons of mass destruction has resulted in positive benefits accruing to Libya. This "Libyan model" of dismantlement offers the promise of a better future for other states that make a similar strategic decision.

Destroyed Libyan Missles AP/Wide World Photo

Photo showing destroyed Libyan missles.


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