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Diplomacy in Action

Strategic Goal 9: Social and Environmental Issues


FY 2005 Performance and Accountability Highlights
Bureau of Resource Management
November 2005
Report
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STRATEGIC GOAL 9: SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Improve health, education, environment, and other conditions for the global population

 

I. Public Benefit

 

Strengthening international cooperation to ensure stable, prosperous societies is critical to U.S. national security. Disease, poverty, displacement, lack of education, and environmental degradation destroy lives, ravage societies, destabilize regions, and cheat future generations of prosperity. By integrating economic growth with social development and environmental stewardship worldwide, we are extending to the international community the basic values American citizens hold dear: prosperity in balance with sustainable management of our land-based and marine natural resources, healthy lifestyles, an informed society, and cooperation to advance research frontiers and stimulate innovation.


Children participate in a rally in New Delhi, India for debt relief and resources for education, July, 2005. AP/Wide World Photo

Photo showing children participating in a rally in New Delhi, India for debt relief and resources for education, July, 2005.

II. Performance Summary

The table below shows the performance rating distribution of the FY 2005 results for the Social and Environmental Issues strategic goal.

 

Strategic Goal Results Achieved for FY 2005

  Significantly Below Target Below Target On Target Above Target Significantly Above Target Totals
Number of Results 0 0 10 5 1 16
Percent of Total 0% 0% 63% 31% 6% 100%

 

III. Resources Invested

 

Human Resources
(Direct Funded Positions)

Performance Goal FY 2004 FY 2005
Global Health 132 157
Environmental Protection 92 109
Access to Quality Education
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
42 0
Migration Policies and Systems 15 18
Total 281 284

Budget Authority
(Dollars in Millions)

Performance Goal FY 2004 FY 2005
Global Health $1,601 $1,803
Environmental Protection $343 $378
Access to Quality Education
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
$310 $0
Migration Policies and Systems $113 $125
Total $2,367 $2,306

 

IV. Performance Analysis

Performance Trends. Performance under the President's Emergency Program for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has exceeded expectations for treatment (235,000 were treated during the first half of 2005, versus the June 2005 target of 200,000). In addition, more than 120 million people have been reached with HIV/AIDS prevention messages/programs, exceeding the year one goal of reaching 47.8 million people with prevention messages/programs by 250 percent. The percentage of the world's population with access to tuberculosis care and treatment continued its steady three-year increase from 63% to 75%. There has also been an unmistakable trend toward more effective implementation of treaties and agreements on natural resources management (marine, forest, climate, etc), as demonstrated by an increase in partners, cooperation, transparency, standards, and assessments.

Outcome-level Results. The Department has made significant progress toward PEPFAR's five-year goals of supporting treatment for 2 million people infected with HIV, prevention of 7 million new HIV infections, and care for 10 million people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS, including orphans and vulnerable children. As a result of the U.S. Water for the Poor Initiative (launched at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development), over 12 million people have received improved access to water and more than 12 million people have received improved access to adequate sanitation. Other outcome-level results were achieved in FY 2005 in sustainable development and climate change.

Results Significantly Above or Below Target. The Department significantly exceeded its performance target for international cooperation to reduce persistent organic pollutants, an important global health issue. We expected twenty additional countries to ratify the Stockholm Convention in 2005 and 31 actually did so, bringing the number of States-Parties to 110 countries, a remarkably fast pace for a global environmental agreement. There were no results significantly below target in this strategic goal area in 2005.

Resources Invested. The U.S. Government continued to invest significant resources in social and environmental programs in 2005. In FY 2005, the Department allocated an estimated 9.1% of its budget to this strategic goal, or $2.3 billion. This represents a slight decrease of 3% from FY 2004.

 

FY 2005 Performance Report Card

The indicators below are representative of the Department's priorities and overall performance for this Strategic Goal. The FY 2005 PAR contains all indicators with detailed performance information.

PERFORMANCE GOAL ONE: Improved Global Health, Including Child, Maternal, And Reproductive Health, and the Reduction of Abortion and Disease, Especially HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Tuberculosis
The Number of People Receiving HIV/AIDS Treatment in the 15 Focus Countries
(PART Program)
Rating On Target
Target 470,000
Results Data collected for the first half of FY 2005 shows that the Emergency Plan is supporting treatment to 235,000 individuals. The Emergency Plan is on target to achieving its FY 2005 treatment goal. Updated end of FY 2005 result data will be available no later than November 30, 2005.
Impact With its severe social, economic, and political consequences, HIV/AIDS presents a security threat and violates a basic principle of development that each generation do better than the one before. HIV/AIDS treatment mitigates the consequences of HIV/AIDS by dramatically improving health and therefore productivity. With every person receiving treatment, life is extended, families are held intact, and nations move forward with development.

 

PERFORMANCE GOAL TWO: Partnerships, Initiatives, and Implemented International Treaties and Agreements that Protect the Environment and Promote Efficient Energy Use and Resource Management
Status of Bilateral Regional, and Global Climate Change Partnerships and Initiatives1
Rating Above Target
Target
  1. Establish partnerships with additional targeted countries as necessary and strengthen existing partnerships, with particular emphasis on activities and deliverables related to international initiatives on adaptation, science, and energy technologies.
  2. Continued implementation of U.S. initiatives on earth observation, carbon capture and storage, and the hydrogen economy.
Results
  1. Each of the existing bilateral partnerships involves multiple discrete initiatives, and we are meeting timelines and deliverables established in previous years in order to continue advancing them. Cooperative activities under the bilateral partnerships now total over 400, and within each partnership the number of activities has tended to grow at a gradual and manageable pace. Reviews of partnerships are ongoing, and activities are being adjusted to enhance effectiveness. The U.S. initiated its 15th bilateral working group on climate change with the implementation of the "U.S.-Germany Working Group on Energy, Development, and Climate Change."
  2. The U.S. announced the launch of a new Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate Change that currently encompasses countries that in addition to the U.S. represent approximately 50% of global economic activity and greenhouse gas emissions (China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea).
  3. Work on multilateral partnerships focused on observation, carbon capture and storage, and the hydrogen economy continues to develop with international meetings and workshops.
  4. Second Asian regional workshop on climate and energy convened, working in collaboration with a number of bilateral partners as well as with APEC.
Impact Our climate change partnerships assist key developing countries to build capacity on a full range of technical aspects that are essential to permit them to undertake meaningful commitments to address global climate change, while advancing the development of new technologies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and address global climate change in a manner consistent with economic growth.

1 Climate change partnerships defined as officially established bilateral relationships on climate change. (back to text)

 

PERFORMANCE GOAL THREE: Broader Access to Quality Education with Emphasis on Primary School Completion
The U.S. Agency for International Development is reporting results for this goal.

 

PERFORMANCE GOAL FOUR: Effective and Humane Migration Policies and Systems
Percentage of Initiatives Agreed Upon at Regional Migration Dialogues that are Implemented
Rating On Target
Target Seventy percent of activities agreed to in the Regional Conference on Migration in North and Central America (RCM) are implemented.
Results Approximately 80% (17 of 21) activities agreed to by RCM member states have been implemented or are in the process of implementation in FY 2005. Nearly 100% of the activities agreed upon by members of the Intergovernmental Consultations on Asylum, Refugee and Migration Policies in Europe, North America and Australia have been implemented or are in the process of implementation.
Impact An increased number of governments committed to pursuing regional migration dialogues helps pave the way for humane and effective migration regimes for the 150 million migrants in the world today.

 

Photo showing President Bush and First Lady Laura Bush greeting children at the AIDS Support Organization in Entebbe, Uganda.

HIV/AIDS

As President Bush has said, "Confronting HIV/AIDS is the responsibility of every nation and a moral imperative for the United States." HIV/AIDS is not only a human tragedy of enormous magnitude, it is also a threat to the stability of entire countries and to entire regions of the world. To turn the tide against this devastating pandemic, President Bush launched his historic $15 billion Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief—the largest commitment any nation has ever made to an international health initiative. The Emergency Plan is combating HIV/AIDS in 123 countries around the world through prevention, treatment, and care, placing special emphasis on 15 countries where the need is most urgent. Assistance is also provided for HIV/AIDS research and to multilateral organizations such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. In FY 2005, the Emergency Plan supported over 235,000 people on treatment, well exceeding its June 2005 target.


President Bush and First Lady Laura Bush greet children at the AIDS Support Organization in Entebbe, Uganda. AP/Wide World Photo

 


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