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Strategic Goal 10: Humanitarian Response


FY 2005 Performance and Accountability Highlights
Bureau of Resource Management
November 2005
Report
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STRATEGIC GOAL 10: HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE

Minimize the human costs of displacement, conflicts, and natural disasters

 

I. Public Benefit

 

The United States commitment to humanitarian response demonstrates America's compassion for victims of armed conflict, landmines, forced migration, human rights violations, widespread health and food insecurity, and other threats. The strength of this commitment derives from both our compassion and our responsibility as a global leader. The Department actively participates in the multilateral response to humanitarian crises and regularly monitors and evaluates humanitarian programs to ensure that the needs of refugees, internally displaced persons, and other victims of conflict or natural disasters are met. The Department's management and support of overseas refugee admissions programs provide an important durable solution for refugees, and serve as a leading model for other resettlement countries. The United States' leadership and humanitarian response provides a positive standard for the donor community and hope for a better future for the people suffering as a result of natural or human-made disasters.

Photo showing trucks carrying U.S. humanitarian aid through the Libyan desert on a 2,800 kilometer journey to refugee camps in Chad.

Trucks carry U.S. humanitarian aid through the Libyan desert on a 2,800 kilometer journey to refugee camps in Chad. State Department Photo

II. Performance Summary

The table below shows the performance rating distribution of the FY 2005 results for the Humanitarian Response strategic goal.

 

Strategic Goal Results Achieved for FY 2005

  Significantly Below Target Below Target On Target Above Target Significantly Above Target Totals
Number of Results 0 1 6 3 0 10
Percent of Total 0% 10% 60% 30% 0% 100%

 

III. Resources Invested

 

Human Resources
(Direct Funded Positions)

Performance Goal FY 2004 FY 2005
Assistance for Refugees and Other Victims 282 552
Disaster Prevention and Response Through Capacity Building
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
265 0
Total 547 552

Budget Authority
(Dollars in Millions)

Performance Goal FY 2004 FY 2005
Assistance for Refugees and Other Victims $974 $1,179
Disaster Prevention and Response Through Capacity Building
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
$152 $0
Total $1,126 $1,179

 

IV. Performance Analysis

Performance Trends. Three significant performance trends in the area of Humanitarian Response are worthy of note: (1) administrative and program management costs have declined over a four-year period; (2) the range and impact of the Department's response to crises and disasters has increased - for example, in FY 2005, the Department assisted refugees, asylum seekers, and displaced persons in dozens of countries worldwide; and (3) inter-agency and international cooperation have increased, as evidenced by the unprecedented scale and complexity of the Indian Ocean Tsunami relief and reconstruction program.

Outcome-level Results. The Department made demonstrable progress toward high-level outcomes such as assisting and protecting refugees, carrying out humanitarian demining operations, and responding to humanitarian crises. All of the programs in these areas performed at or above target in FY 2005, with the exception of our efforts to prevent global acute malnutrition, which was rated below target.

Results Significantly Above or Below Target. There were no results significantly above or below target, although the Department continues to face challenges in reducing crude mortality rates and improving the nutritional status of children in complex humanitarian emergencies. The Department alone cannot affect these outcomes and works in close partnership with host governments, other U.S. Government agencies, international organizations and non-governmental organizations to achieve the desired outcomes.

Resources Invested. Although performance has improved in Humanitarian Response, funding levels for some activities have declined. For example, funding for migration and refugee assistance, which is provided to international organizations such as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), declined by 2% from $780 million to $763 million.

 

FY 2005 Performance Report Card

The indicators below are representative of the Department's priorities and overall performance for this Strategic Goal. The FY 2005 PAR contains all indicators with detailed performance information.

PERFORMANCE GOAL ONE: Effective Protection, Assistance, and Durable Solutions for Refugees, Internally Displaced Persons, and Conflict Victims
Crude Mortality Rates (CMR)
Rating On Target
Target Complex humanitarian emergencies do not exceed a CMR of 1/10,000 people/day. Support efforts to improve data collection, e.g., expand pilot data collection effort to other countries and partner organizations, and to take other measures to address any problems of excess mortality.
Results
  1. Where data are available, CMR does not exceed regional emergency thresholds in over 98% of targeted refugee sites. In FY 2005, CMR was reported above the regional emergency threshold in four sites (three in Chad and one in Kenya) out of over 225 refugee camps and settlements worldwide. There has been a decline in CMR among Sudanese refugees from Darfur, although it remains an issue of concern in selected sites in Chad.
  2. The Complex Emergencies Database (CE-DAT) is operational and contains data on mortality, nutritional status, morbidity and vaccination coverage for sixteen pilot countries. It is expanding data coverage and improving its online interface.
Impact The Department's contributions to international humanitarian efforts saved refugee lives, as indicated by CMR below emergency thresholds. In a few cases, CMR exceeded emergency thresholds. In complex humanitarian crises, this is typically due to high rates of malnutrition, outbreaks of disease, and in some cases, insecurity in refugee camps and settlements. In some Sudanese refugee camps in Chad, for example, severe acute malnutrition (including Kwashiorkor) and outbreaks of Hepatitis E caused deaths at a rate that exceeded acceptable levels. In these cases, the Department will target funding and programming to address these major causes of death and bolster health and nutrition services.
Nutritional Status of Children Under 5 Years of Age
Rating Below Target
Target In complex humanitarian emergencies, less than 10 percent of children under five suffer from Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM).
Results In 7% of targeted sites (16 sites out of over 225 refugee camps and settlements worldwide), more than 10% of children under age five suffered from global acute malnutrition.
Impact Elevated rates of GAM directly contribute to increased rates of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age. Malnutrition may also threaten refugee protection in terms of camp security, vulnerability to exploitation, and in extreme cases, involuntary return.
Reason for Shortfall
  1. Inadequate resources for the World Food Program's (WFP) refugee feeding operations frequently result in reduced food rations or pipeline breaks.
  2. Malnutrition may be endemic in refugee hosting communities, where food security, water, sanitation and health conditions are poor; an influx of refugees may strain existing coping mechanisms and resources.
Steps to Improve
  1. Work with WFP, UNHCR, and non-governmental partners to develop an urgent and coordinated emergency response to reduce GAM to below 10 percent in all refugee sites.
  2. Prioritize funding therapeutic and supplementary feeding, as well as other health and nutrition programs in refugee sites where GAM exceeds acceptable levels.
Refugees Resettled in the U.S. (PART Program)1
Rating Above Target
Target 100% of the regionally allocated ceiling of 50,000 refugees. This number is set by the President for each fiscal year.
Results 107% of the regionally allocated ceiling of 50,000 refugees (53,813) have been resettled to the U.S. as of September 30, 2005.
Impact Refugees and their families achieved a durable solution and started new lives in communities across the United States.

1 The annual ceiling is established by Presidential determination each year through consultations with voluntary agencies, Congress, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of Health and Human Services. (back to text)

 

PERFORMANCE GOAL TWO: Disaster Prevention and Response Through Capacity Building
The U.S. Agency for International Development is reporting results for this goal.

 

Protecting Women from Violence in Sudan

The United States remains gravely concerned about sexual violence against women in the Darfur region of Sudan and the Government of Sudan's refusal to address the problem and protect the lives of its people. Secretary Rice and Deputy Secretary Zoellick have both urged the government to bolster its efforts to stop the violence, to hold perpetrators accountable, and to provide help for victims. In FY 2005, the United States initiated a two-year project to fund eight centers for displaced women living in camps in the Darfur region. The centers provide a safe haven for women and a range of services, including literacy classes, health education, income-generating activities, and treatment for sexual violence. Victims of rape and other forms of sexual violence also receive medical, psychosocial and case management services that protect their privacy.


Sudanese women distribute American vegetable oil in Zalengie, West Darfur. State Department Photo

Photo showing Sudanese women distributing American vegetable oil in Zalengie, West Darfur.

 


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