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Diplomacy in Action

Strategic Goal 1: Regional Stability


FY 2006 Performance and Accountability Highlights
Bureau of Resource Management
November 2006
Report
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STRATEGIC GOAL 1: REGIONAL STABILITY

Avert and Resolve Local and Regional Conflicts to Preserve Peace and Minimize
Harm to the National Interests of the United States

 

I. Public Benefit

Photo showing Secretary Rice gesturing while speaking during a media conference after a NATO foreign ministers meeting at the National Palace of Culture in Sofia, April 2006.

Secretary Rice gestures while speaking during a media conference after a NATO foreign ministers meeting at the National Palace of Culture in Sofia, April 2006. AP/Wide World

The United States Government seeks to provide security for American citizens and their interests through international treaties, alliances, and the active promotion of freedom, democracy, and prosperity around the world. Employing diplomacy and development assistance, the U.S. builds and strengthens relations with neighbors and allies worldwide to promote shared values and prevent, manage, and mitigate conflicts and human suffering. The Department of State and USAID work with international partners to alleviate regional instability by: promoting good governance and sustainable civil institutions; fighting terrorism and the proliferation of dangerous weapons; targeting criminal activities that undermine legitimate governments; and by developing professional, responsible, and accountable police and military forces. Engagement of like-minded foreign partners contributes to and enhances the legitimacy of U.S. stabilization and reconstruction efforts. Success can be seen in the expansion of NATO missions into Afghanistan, strong and growing security relationships with Japan, South Korea, India and Australia, and steady improvements in the capability of the African Union to respond to crises on the African continent. These and related efforts reduce threats created by regional instability and thereby protect the security of Americans and our interests at home and abroad.

 

 

II. Performance Summary

The table below summarizes Department of State and USAID performance ratings for the Regional Stability strategic goal.

 

Strategic Goal Results Achieved for FY 2006
  Significantly Below Target Below Target On Target Above Target Significantly Above Target Totals
Number of Results 1 5 4 0 1 11
Percent of Total 9% 45% 36% 0% 9% 100%

 

III. Resources Invested

 

Human Resources
(Direct Funded Positions)
Performance Goal FY 2005 FY 2006
Close Ties with Allies and Friends 794 802
Resolution of Regional Conflicts 488 493
Total 1,282 1,295
Budget Authority
(Dollars in Millions)
Performance Goal FY 2005 FY 2006
Close Ties with Allies and Friends $3,572 $4,461
Resolution of Regional Conflicts $3,520 $2,300
Total $7,092 $6,761

 

IV. Performance Analysis

PERFORMANCE TRENDS. There have been a number of significant trends under the Regional Stability goal. One trend is the steady increase since FY 2003 in the percentage of U.S. trained African units deployed to peace support/humanitarian response operations. Another trend is the decrease in the number of foreign military officers participating in International Military Education and Training (IMET) programs from FY 2003 to FY 2006, attributable in part to fewer training opportunities available for foreign military officers due to military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. A final notable trend is USAID's positive results in supporting local peace-building initiatives, conflict sensitivity training and conflict mitigation-focused media campaigns. USAID's grassroots approach has advanced USG efforts toward peace and regional stability.

KEY INITIATIVES AND PROGRAMS. For FY 2006, Congress appropriated $86.7 million to the Department of State for international military education and training, $4.5 billion for foreign military financing, and more than $1.2 billion to fund international peacekeeping operations.

 

Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century

Photo showing a German ISAF patrolling in northern Afghanistan, October 2005.NATO's role in building security in Afghanistan, far outside the traditional NATO area of operations, is a clear indication of NATO's commitment to combat increasingly global threats in the 21st century. NATO has over 19,000 soldiers from 36 countries under its command in Afghanistan, demonstrating the enhanced security posture and international commitment to continue fighting the war on terrorism. Since 2005, NATO has trained over 2,000 Iraqi officers and has provided airlift and other logistical and training support to the African Union's Darfur mission. NATO has also played a key role in maintaining peace and stability in the Balkans.


A German ISAF patrols in northern Afghanistan, October 2005. AP/Wide World

 

V. FY 2006 Performance Results

 

INDICATOR: Status of Chinese Cooperation on Regional Stability
Department of State seal Outcome
JUSTIFICATION: China is capable of playing a significant role in reducing tension in the East Asia and Pacific region.
FY 2006 PERFORMANCE Target
China continues to host and participate in Six-Party settlement of the North Korea nuclear issue.
Results
China continues to prioritize the Six-Party Talks as the best venue to resolve the North Korea nuclear issue, and urges further participation in the talks by all parties. A fifth round of the talks took place in Beijing in November, but North Korea has refused to participate in subsequent sessions.
Rating On Target
Impact
Chinese assistance in limiting North Korea's WMD proliferation is critical to our greater nonproliferation objectives.

 

INDICATOR: Free, Democratic, and Whole Iraq at Peace with Itself and Its Neighbors
Department of State seal Outcome
JUSTIFICATION: A free and democratic Iraq would contribute to economic and political stability in the region.
FY 2006 PERFORMANCE Target
  • Draft permanent constitution successfully adopted in October 2005 referendum.
  • Law enforcement institutions begin to enforce and the judiciary begins to uphold civil liberties protections in the new constitution.
  • Political parties announce coalitions and register for December elections, offering voters real choices. Parties and coalitions campaign peacefully. December 2005 elections successfully held. Results of elections receive broad public support.
  • Newly elected government takes power peacefully in early 2006 with broad domestic and international legitimacy and support.
  • Iraq assumes primary responsibility for its own security, able to defend itself without being a threat to its neighbors.
Results
Recognizing progress in establishing a democratic society, international donors have increased assistance for Iraq, announcing $900 million in new pledges since the Madrid conferences. International recognition of and exchanges with Iraq have increased, including through opening of Embassies.
Rating Below Target
Impact Success will contribute to security, economic and social development, and political reform in the region.
Reason for Shortfall
  • Governance capacity shortfalls have resulted from inadequate training resources, and the Iraqi failure to obligate and spend a large majority of ministerial budgets.
  • Development of civil society institutions has been inhibited due to a perilous security environment, and a lack of devoted Iraqi resources and attention.
  • Security forces are failing to achieve levels of quality and quantity required to allow Government of Iraq to assume primary responsibility in the current security environment.
  • High attrition retards the rate of Iraqi Security Forces growth while corruption and infiltration by militias and others loyal to parties instead of the Government of Iraq is resulting in the Iraqi Security Forces, especially police, being part of the problem in many areas instead of a solution; the Minister of Interior recently stated that 2/3 of MOI forces should be fired.
Steps to Improve
  • Accelerate National Capacity Development Program across central ministries, and focus enhanced Mission field resources to develop provincial ministry capacity.
  • Put in place defined processes and requirements to obligate and execute 2007 Iraqi budget.
  • Support programs to promote Iraqi national reconciliation efforts, which will reduce politically driven violence and intimidation.
  • Significantly enhanced focus is required on present-for-duty strength of Iraqi Security Forces units, versus numbers initially trained and equipped, and upon developing true capability and readiness.

 

INDICATOR: Progress of Implementation of Sudan Peace Process
Department of State seal Outcome
JUSTIFICATION: A peaceful Sudan with an inclusive government based on the rule of law could be a hedge against regional instability and an important partner in the global war on terrorism. Ending the conflict would also alleviate one of the world's worst humanitarian situations and stimulate regional economic prospects.
FY 2006 PERFORMANCE Target
  • Regional democratic elections are planned; non-violent transitions to appropriate new government in Sudan or at minimum, preparation activities toward a program of democratic elections are put in place.
  • Military reform continues with additional assistance provided to the southern Army.
  • Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) on both sides results in force reduction of 40% globally.
  • 40% of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) return home. Darfur IDPs and refugees return home.
  • UN authorizes extension of UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) in Darfur.
Results
  • Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) implementation showed progress in security arrangements; less progress on power- and wealth-sharing protocols.
  • Darfur Peace Agreement signed in Abuja, Nigeria and Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement completed. Both agreements complement framework of CPA.
  • Planning for elections barely in preliminary phase; however, technical preparations for a national census, a precursor to elections, are on schedule.
  • Military transformation and U.S. support for Security Sector Transformation have slowly begun in the South.
  • UNMIS verified redeployment on schedule with 63% Sudanese Armed Forces redeployed and 65% Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) forces redeployed.
  • The National Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration (DDR) Commission has not met since it was established in February 2006. The Northern Sudan DDR Commission started preliminary assessment work in Darfur.
  • Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) are returning in the South, but displacements are increasing in Darfur.
  • UNSCR 1706 authorizes the extension of UNMIS to Darfur and expansion by up to 17,300 troops, 3,300 UN Police, and 16 Formed Police Units.
Rating Below Target
Impact
The crisis in Darfur and Sudanese military offensive in Darfur have hindered progress on the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Implementation of the Darfur Peace Agreement and Comprehensive Peace Agreements are closely linked, and resolving the Darfur crisis is key not only to those affected by the crisis directly, but for all Sudanese whose future depends on the full and sustainable implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
Reason for Shortfall
Non-signatories to the Darfur Peace Agreement as well as the Sudanese Government continue to escalate violence and further embroil the Darfur region in conflict. Additionally, both the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and particularly the National Congress Party have been slow to act on key aspects of the CPA which require direct cooperation among members of the Government of National Unity.
Steps to Improve
Resolving the Darfur crisis through a two-tracked diplomatic and security strategy will be crucial to progress on CPA implementation. This includes broadening support for the Darfur Peace Agreement among non-signatories, full and expeditious implementation of the agreement, and deployment of a UN peacekeeping force to Darfur respectively.

 


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