printable banner

U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Strategic Goal 2: Counterterrorism


FY 2006 Performance and Accountability Highlights
Bureau of Resource Management
November 2006
Report
Share

 

STRATEGIC GOAL 2: COUNTERTERRORISM

Prevent Attacks Against the United States, our Allies, and our Friends, and Strengthen
Alliances and International Arrangements to Defeat Global Terrorism

 

I. Public Benefit

Photo showing a theater troupe member reading stories of 9/11 victims in front of ground zero in New York to commemorate the anniversary of the attacks.

A theater troupe member reads stories of 9/11 victims in front of ground zero in New York to commemorate the anniversary of the attacks. AP/Wide World

The tragic events of September 11, 2001, demonstrated the gravity of the threat international terrorists pose to the United States and its citizens, at home and abroad. The Global War on Terrorism remains the U.S. Government's top priority. The Department of State and USAID, in partnership with other U.S. Government agencies, international organizations, and countries around the world, work to combat terrorist networks wherever they exist and prevent attacks against Americans and our friends. This includes support for extending protection of the homeland beyond America's borders, through programs such as the Container Security Initiative, Immigration Security Initiative, Proliferation Security Initiative, Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism, and sharing of terrorist watch list information. To date, the Department has mobilized some 180 countries and territories in the war on terrorism to identify, disrupt and destroy international terrorist organizations. Key to the ability to mobilize effective action by our foreign partners is the provision of training to those who want to help but lack the means. Since 9/11, programs such as anti-terrorist assistance, terrorist interdiction, and antiterrorist finance, combined with long term efforts to increase stability, have significantly improved U.S. global partners' counterterrorism.

 

II. Performance Summary

The table below summarizes Department of State and USAID performance ratings for the Counterterrorism strategic goal.

 

Strategic Goal Results Achieved for FY 2006
  Significantly Below Target Below Target On Target Above Target Significantly Above Target Totals
Number of Results 0 3 3 2 0 8
Percent of Total 0% 37% 37% 25% 0% 100%

 

III. Resources Invested

 

Human Resources
(Direct Funded Positions)
Performance Goal FY 2005 FY 2006
Active Anti-Terrorist Coalitions 214 216
Frozen Terrorist Financing 50 51
Prevention and Response to Terrorism 642 649
Stable Conditions in Fragile/Failing States
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
0 0
Total 906 916
Budget Authority
(Dollars in Millions)
Performance Goal FY 2005 FY 2006
Active Anti-Terrorist Coalitions $158 $312
Frozen Terrorist Financing $15 $553
Prevention and Response to Terrorism $1,595 $794
Stable Conditions in Fragile/Failing States
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
$0 $0
Total $1,768 $1,659

 

IV. Performance Analysis

Performance Trends. One noteworthy trend under the Counterterrorism Strategic Goal is the steady increase in the percentage of travelers screened around the world using the Terrorist Interdiction Program's watch listing system. The number of sites at which the system is installed has increased from 58% in FY 2003 to 80% in FY 2006. The number of foreign man portable air defense systems (MANPADS) destroyed or secured by foreign governments trended downward in FY 2006. The Department continues to press implementing partners to honor commitments and schedules to destroy MANPADS.

KEY INITIATIVES AND PROGRAMS. In FY 2006, of the $410 million appropriated for nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining and related programs, $136 million was allocated to anti-terrorism assistance, the terrorist interdiction program, counterterrorism financing, and engagement with allies.

 

U.S. Anti-Terrorism Assistance to Indonesia

Photo showing a bomb squad member removing a mock explosive device from a hijacked passenger plane during a September 2006 anti-terror drill at Juanda airport in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.The Department provided assistance in FY 2006 to train and equip a special Indonesian counterterrorism police unit called Special Detachment 88. SD-88 was launched in 2003 in response to the October 2005 bombings in Bali. In November 2005, SD 88 located Indonesia's most wanted terrorist, Azahari bin Husin, who was linked to the Bali bombings and to bombings in Jakarta. SD 88 planned and executed a successful assault on Azahari's stronghold, killing him and securing valuable intelligence to help prevent other attacks.


A bomb squad member removes a mock explosive device from a hijacked passenger plane during a September 2006 anti-terror drill at Juanda airport in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. AP/Wide World

 

V. FY 2006 Performance Results

 

INDICATOR: Number of Participant Countries That Achieve and Sustain a Capability to Effectively Deter,
Detect, and Counter Terrorist Organizations and Threats
Department of State seal PART Output
JUSTIFICATION: Anti-Terrorism Assistance (ATA) not only provides quality training to priority counterterrorism countries but enables each country to achieve sustainment by providing them with the capability to incorporate anti-terrorism curriculum into their own training methods over a set course of time, thereby optimizing USG cost efficiency of each nation's participation in the ATA program.
FY 2006 PERFORMANCE Target
Two new countries (6 total) ascend from basic through advanced training and have attained competence in countering terrorist activities.
Results
The Department conducted counterterrorism training for 77 partner nations and performed 269 training events. Two new countries ascended from basic through advanced training and attained competence in countering terrorist activities.
Rating
On Target
Impact
The ATA program continues to serve as the U.S. Government's primary provider of anti-terrorism training to partner nations by delivering a wide range of courses to strengthen critical counterterrorism capacities. ATA alumni have served as the lead investigators of a number of recent terrorist attacks and have utilized their training in tracking down and arresting perpetrators.

 

INDICATOR: Capacity of the Afghan National Army to Defend the Afghan Government
and Its Territory from External and Internal Threats
Department of State seal Outcome

JUSTIFICATION: The training and deployment of, and expansion of influence by, the Afghan National Army (ANA) indicates progress toward establishing sustainable security in Afghanistan, without which the war on terrorism will not succeed.

FY 2006 PERFORMANCE Target
  • Afghan National Army (ANA) units conduct routine operational deployments throughout Afghanistan as needed; continued fielding of regional corps with at least one brigade at each location.
  • Ministry of Defense and General Staff assumes, with limited international community support, policy, planning, budget and operational responsibilities; institutional training base completed; functional commands provide increasing support for regional commands. Ministry of defense personnel reform process complete; includes ethnically balanced and increasingly professional staff.
  • Afghan National Police, Highway Patrol and Border Police are increasingly capable of enforcing law and securing transportation routes and borders. All Border Police brigades have undergone training and been provided with individual and basic unit equipment.
Results
  • 30,400 Afghan National Army forces trained and equipped and partially capable of conducting counterinsurgency operations in conjunction with Coalition units.
  • Minor improvements to Ministry of Defense and General Staff action process are being initiated despite the delay in assigning personnel to key leadership positions. Assistant Minister for Defense for Personnel and Education office beginning to take on a more active role in policy development. Operational Planning Guidance complete; staff beginning to develop the seven operational plans based on this guidance.
  • 48,100 Afghan National Police trained and equipped.
Rating Below Target
Impact
The training and deployment of the ANA to defend the credibly elected Afghan government from internal and external threats contributes to the fight against the global war on terror.
Reason for Shortfall
  • The international community has had to remain engaged in developing the capacity of the Afghan National Police more than expected and the reconstituted enemy is more lethal than expected.
Steps to Improve
  • The Department will continue to develop and expand the capacity of the Afghan National Army and Afghan National Police, with a focus on strengthening the policy, planning, and budget operations of those institutions.

 

INDICATOR: Number and Effectiveness of U.S. Training and Assistance Programs and Assessments
Delivered to Priority States to Help Combat the Financing of Terrorists
Department of State seal Output
JUSTIFICATION: Counterterrorism finance capacity building is one mechanism for the U.S. to engage its allies to provide early warning, detection and interdiction of terrorist financing.
FY 2006 PERFORMANCE Target
  • Three countries assessed by financial systems assessment teams and three training and technical assistance plans developed.
  • Six countries at least partially implement technical assistance and training plans (training received in at least three of the five functional areas).
  • Eight countries fully implement technical assistance and training plans (training received in at least all five of the functional areas).
  • At least five countries undergo comprehensive review of the effectiveness of technical assistance and training.
Results
  • One country assessed by financial systems assessment teams and one training and technical assistance plans developed.
  • Five countries at least partially implemented technical assistance and training plans (training received in at least three of the five functional areas).
  • Three countries fully implemented technical assistance and training plans (training received in at least all five of the functional areas).
  • No countries have undergone comprehensive review of the effectiveness of technical assistance and training.
Rating Below Target
Impact
Even though the results for the indicator are below target, continued yet slow progress has been made in the establishment and improvement of counterterrorist financing regimes, particularly with respect to the passage of new laws, regulations and reporting requirements.
Reason for Shortfall
  • Two countries were not assessed due to serious security considerations.
  • Three countries that received training were unable to partially implement technical assistance and training plans.
  • Five countries did not fully implement technical assistance and training plans.
  • The interagency task force is in the process of developing criteria and a database to conduct comprehensive reviews for effectiveness of training.
Steps to Improve
  • The Department will reinforce the necessity for countries to demonstrate political will and live up to their international commitments.
  • On a tactical level, depending on host nation sensitivity, the Department will encourage Resident Legal Advisors to engage with legislative drafting committees and experts and other stakeholders to explain international legal obligations and legal strategies for compliance with UN Security Council Resolutions, conventions, treaties, Financial Action Task Force (FATF) recommendations and other obligations.

 


< Go to Previous Page        Go to Next Page >



Back to Top
Sign-in

Do you already have an account on one of these sites? Click the logo to sign in and create your own customized State Department page. Want to learn more? Check out our FAQ!

OpenID is a service that allows you to sign in to many different websites using a single identity. Find out more about OpenID and how to get an OpenID-enabled account.