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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Strategic Goal 9: Social and Environmental Issues


FY 2006 Performance and Accountability Highlights
Bureau of Resource Management
November 2006
Report
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STRATEGIC GOAL 9: SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Improve Health, Education, Environment, and Other Conditions for the Global Population

 

I. Public Benefit

Photo showing Chad Country Manager for Ambassadors Girls' Scholarship Program, Alexandra Zekas, talking to girls in a school in Chad, February 2006.

Chad Country Manager for Ambassadors Girls' Scholarship Program, Alexandra Zekas, talks to girls in a school in Chad, February 2006. AP/Wide World

By supporting over ten Presidential Initiatives and numerous programs that integrate economic growth with social development and environmental stewardship, the Department and USAID are extending the basic values American citizens hold dear: prosperity, sustainable management of natural resources, good health, and knowledge-based society. U.S. investments have expanded access to skilled childbirth care, immunizations and effective prevention and treatment for diseases like HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, polio and more recently Avian influenza. Through regional dialogues and protection and assistance to vulnerable migrants, the Department and USAID promote effective and humane international migration policies and systems. Investments in basic education are critical to promote a stable, skilled work force, economic growth, and an informed society that demands and participates constructively in democratic institutions. Finally, sound governance and conservation of biodiverse ecosystems provide income, sustainable livelihoods and a healthy foundation for human well-being. U.S. and foreign government agencies, international organizations and the private sector are building broad partnerships to ensure that all of these initiatives reduce the strains on society that lead to conflict and even terrorism, while inculcating democratic values of participatory decision-making, rule of law, and transparency.

 

II. Performance Summary

The table below summarizes the performance ratings for Department of State and USAID results for the Social and Environmental Issues strategic goal.

Strategic Goal Results Achieved for FY 2006
  Significantly Below Target Below Target On Target Above Target Significantly Above Target Totals
Number of Results 1 4 19 3 0 27
Percent of Total 4% 15% 70% 11% 0% 100%

 

III. Resources Invested

 

Human Resources
(Direct Funded Positions)
Performance Goal FY 2005 FY 2006
Global Health 157 159
Environmental Protection 109 110
Access to Quality Education
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
0 0
Migration Policies and Systems 18 18
Total 284 287
Budget Authority
(Dollars in Millions)
Performance Goal FY 2005 FY 2006
Global Health $1,803 $3,099
Environmental Protection $378 $306
Access to Quality Education
(USAID resources not shown in Department of State PAR)
$0 $0
Migration Policies and Systems $125 $137
Total $2,306 $3,542

 

IV. Performance Analysis

Performance Trends. Performance under the President's Emergency Program for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) continued the favorable trend to prevent the spread of AIDS in particularly vulnerable countries and treat those afflicted with the illness. The percentage of the world's population with access to tuberculosis care and treatment continued its steady multiyear upward trend. There was also sustained progress toward more effective implementation of treaties and agreements on natural resources management.

Key Initiatives And Programs. In FY 2006, the Department and USAID continued to demonstrate leadership and commitment to the U.S. Government's social and environmental goals. For example, $1.58 billion was programmed for child survival and health initiatives, $2.5 billion was set aside for HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment programs, $365 million was allocated for basic education activities, and $200 million was made available for drinking water supply projects, including $50 million for programs in Africa.

 

V. FY 2006 Performance Results

 

INDICATOR: Implementation of Measures to Conserve and Protect Vulnerable Marine Species
Department of State seal Output
JUSTIFICATION: U.S. interest in promoting sound management of living marine resources requires the development and verifiable enforcement of agreed international standards. Oceans and fisheries are critical for global food security and for sustaining economic prosperity, particularly in developing countries. Effective conservation of living marine resources must be broader than single-stock management and reflect the complexity of the ecosystem as a whole.
FY 2006 PERFORMANCE Target
  • Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission adopts initial set of conservation and management measures.
  • With science-based input from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species continues to list marine fish species that meet its criteria.
  • International Whaling Commission scientific committee reviews status of bowhead and gray whale stocks to set new catch limit recommendations.
Results
  • First conservation and management measures for Pacific tuna fisheries adopted in December 2005.
  • Proposals prepared to list additional marine species for the next Conference of the Parties in June 2007.
  • Strengthening current co-operation with other relevant organizations to ensure conservation and management of marine living resources in the Convention area in a manner consistent with international law.
  • The Scientific Committee work on status review for bowhead and gray whales will deliver catch limit recommendations in 2007.
Rating On Target
Impact
  • Measures adopted form a basis for management of valuable Pacific yellowfin and bigeye tuna fisheries and slow the decline of these stocks.
  • Controls allow better tracking of non-commercially traded marine species, particularly vulnerable sharks.
  • Global implementation of simple changes to fishing gear or fishing patterns, largely developed in the United States, result in significant reductions in the number of endangered sea turtles killed in longline fisheries.
  • Estimated illegal taking of toothfish decreased and seabird bycatch within the convention area also continued to decrease.
  • The scientific integrity and diligence in bowhead and gray whale stock assessments should eliminate any credible scientific arguments against approving the 2008-2012 aboriginal subsistence quotas in 2007.

 

Photo showing coral in the Aleutions Gardens in Alaska's Aleution Islands.

Coral in the Aleutions Gardens in Alaska's Aleution Islands. AP/Wide World

 

INDICATOR: Multilateral Climate Change Science and Clean Energy
Technology Partnerships and Initiatives
Department of State seal Outcome
JUSTIFICATION: Project execution and cooperation will help reduce the costs of low-carbon technologies, improve understanding of global climate change, and encourage adaptation, thus moving the international community toward greenhouse gas concentration stabilization at a level that would prevent dangerous interference with the climate system.
FY 2006 PERFORMANCE Target
  • Implement the Ten-Year Plan for the Global Earth Observation System of Systems, designed to enhance and sustain environmental observation capabilities.
  • Advance multilateral climate change science and technology partnership project-based activities through the Methane-to-Markets Partnership, the International Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy, the Earth Observation initiative, the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum, and development assistance programs, in cooperation with developed and developing countries.
Results
Ten-Year Plan established and under implementation. Global environmental observation capabilities strengthened. A number of innovative projects were launched in FY 2006, including those under the Methane-to-Markets Partnership and the International Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy.
Rating On Target
Impact
Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, strengthened relations with key developing country partners, and advancement of climate change science and technology.

 

Tsunami Warning System

Photo showing an Indonesian man salvaging wood among wreckage of homes destroyed by the Indian Ocean tsunami, July 2006.United States leadership in natural hazard detection is fostering regional collaboration in tsunami mitigation, building relationships among countries through science partnerships and contributing to the productivity and sustainable development of coastal nations. Since the devastating Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004, the Department of State has coordinated U.S. engagement to build capacity for natural hazard warning systems, building political momentum on a regional basis while addressing the unique needs of individual countries. As a result, countries in the Indian Ocean and the Caribbean are collaborating to create an enabling environment for long-term investment in regional warning infrastructure and community preparedness. While protecting people from disaster, these activities nurture goodwill toward the U.S. in the predominantly Muslim Indian Ocean region, and enhance government resilience and control in the wake of natural disasters.


An Indonesian man salvages wood among wreckage of homes destroyed by the Indian Ocean tsunami, July 2006. AP/Wide World Photo

 


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