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Diplomacy in Action

Strategic Goal 1: Achieving Peace and Security


FY 2007 Department of State/USAID Joint Highlights
Bureau of Resource Management
February 2008
Report
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Photo showing U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, left, and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, right, collaborating to commit Israel and the Palestinian Authority to intensive negotiations towards establishing an independent Palestinian state alongside Israel.

U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, left, and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, right, collaborate to commit Israel and the Palestinian Authority to intensive negotiations towards establishing an independent Palestinian state alongside Israel. AP Photo/United States Embassy, Matty Stern

The United States promotes peace, liberty, and prosperity for all people, and security is a necessary precursor to these worthy goals. The U.S. Government directly confronts threats to national and international security from terrorism, weapons proliferation, failed or failing states, and political violence. In doing so, we strengthen the capability of the U.S. Government and of international partners to prevent or mitigate conflict, stabilize countries in crisis, promote regional stability, protect civilians, and promote the just application of government and law. Our security is best guaranteed when our friends and neighbors are secure, free, prosperous, and at peace.

In the U.S. Government's efforts to protect American citizens and our national interests overseas, our strategic priorities include: fighting transnational crime; countering terrorism; combating weapons of mass destruction; supporting stabilization operations activities and security sector reforms; supporting counternarcotics activities; sponsoring conflict mitigation and reconciliation; and ensuring homeland security.

2007 Resources Invested

STRATEGIC GOAL 1
2007 RESOURCES INVESTED
State
Operations
Foreign
Assistance
Total
$2.896 billion $8.695 billion $11.6 billion


Strategic Priorities

Counterterrorism: In this area the U.S. Government trains law enforcement agencies in partner countries, provides state-of-the art computer database systems that enable identification of suspected terrorists attempting to transit air, land or sea ports of entry, delivers technical finance assistance and training to improve the ability of law enforcement agencies to investigate, identify and interdict the flow of money to terrorist groups, and supports activities that deradicalize youth and prisoners.

The indicator below summarizes the performance of U.S. counterterrorism training activities in eighteen countries. Training allies to battle terrorism is a smart and efficient way to extend a protective net beyond our borders and ensure that terrorism is thwarted before it reaches the U.S., while at the same time strengthening U.S. Government partnerships. One of these countries is Colombia, where terrorism remains a significant threat to U.S. national security. Programs in Colombia provide training to assist the Government of Colombia in detecting and eliminating terrorist threats and in protecting facilities, individuals, and infrastructure.

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR TARGET AND RESULTS SUMMARY FOR 2005-2009
Performance Indicator 2005
Results
2006
Results
2007
Target
2007
Results
2007
Rating
2008
Target
2009
Target
Number of Foreign People Trained in Counterterrorism by U.S. Government Programs N/A N/A 2,192 1,925 Green - on target 2,600 3,000

Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and Destabilizing Conventional Weapons: Activities in this area aim to prevent the proliferation of, and trafficking in, WMD and involve many policy initiatives, such as denuclearization of North Korea, and the Proliferation Security Initiative. This area also includes several foreign assistance programs, including the Global Threat Reduction Program, the Export Control and Related Border Security program (EXBS), and a new program to support partner capacity building to prepare and respond to a WMD terrorist attack.

One of the most important policy initiatives in this area has been restraining Iran's nuclear program. For 2007, the U.S. goal was a full and verified suspension of all of Iran's proliferation-sensitive nuclear enrichment-related activities, Iran's full cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and to enter into good faith negotiations with Iran regarding stopping their pursuit of fuel-cycle capabilities. Results in 2007, however, did not meet expected targets. Iran has continued to refuse to suspend its proliferation of sensitive nuclear activities, violating UN Security Council Resolutions 1737 and 1747, and has failed to fully cooperate with the IAEA to resolve all outstanding questions about its past program. Iran has also refused to admit its past nuclear weapons-related work or to permit verification that this work has halted.

Strong strategic trade and border control systems are the front line of our efforts to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The following indicator measures U.S. progress worldwide in instituting strategic trade and border controls.

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR TARGET AND RESULTS SUMMARY FOR 2005-2009
Performance Indicator 2005
Results
2006
Results
2007
Target
2007
Results
2007
Rating
2008
Target
2009
Target
Cumulative Number of Countries That Developed Valid EXBS Programs Meeting International Standards 5 8 10 12 Blue - 10% or more above target 13 14

Security Cooperation and Security Sector Reform: Responsible governments must deal with threats within their own borders and address international problems in partnership with the U.S. Government and others. Diplomatic and development activities in this area promote U.S. interests around the world by ensuring that coalition partners and friendly governments are equipped and trained to work toward common security goals.

In 2007, the U.S. had a number of targets regarding compliance with arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements and commitments, which it met by completing and submitting the 2007 Arms Control Report, the 2004-2006 Chemical Weapons 10C Report, and the Report to Congress on the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty Condition Five. Additionally, the U.S. Government resolved replacement issues for Libya's Scud missiles and worked to address other missile-related and long-standing Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty implementation issues.

Foreign military training programs carried out by the U.S. Government increase capacity and skills in host countries and strengthen their ability to enforce peace and security. Performance results from 23 countries receiving U.S. Government assistance are highlighted below. One of the countries reported on is Burkina Faso, where regional stability is the primary goal of the U.S. Government. With U.S. International Military Education and Training (IMET) assistance, Burkina Faso's military officers have undertaken professional development at U.S. military schools, thus enhancing their leadership capabilities and fostering a better understanding of the role of the military in a civilian government. IMET graduates are present in the senior ranks of the military, with the senior-most serving as the Army Chief of Staff.

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR TARGET AND RESULTS SUMMARY FOR 2005-2009
Performance Indicator 2005
Results
2006
Results
2007
Target
2007
Results
2007
Rating
2008
Target
2009
Target
Number of U.S. Trained Personnel at National Leadership Levels N/A N/A 608 958 Blue - 10% or more above target 1,297 1,400

Conflict Prevention, Mitigation, and Response: U.S. Government diplomatic and development activities support conflict mitigation, peace, reconciliation, and justice processes. Programs are designed to meet specific needs of a country's transition, establishing a foundation for longer-term development by promoting reconciliation, fostering peace and democracy, and jump-starting nascent government operations.

The indicator below highlights U.S. Government training assistance that improves the capacities of key stakeholders to negotiate, thereby empowering those individuals to better mitigate conflict both within their group and between groups, as well as training them to be effective in implementing and managing peace processes. The information summarized below is aggregated from nine country programs, including the Philippines. During 2007, over 700 villages in the Philippines were targeted for training in conflict mitigation, elevating the role of women as peace advocates and mediators of dispute. The 2008 and 2009 targets have been adjusted downwards because of program implementation delays in Nepal.

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR TARGET AND RESULTS SUMMARY FOR 2005-2009
Performance Indicator 2005
Results
2006
Results
2007
Target
2007
Results
2007
Rating
2008
Target
2009
Target
Number of People Trained in Conflict Mitigation/Resolution Skills with U.S. Assistance N/A N/A 13,579 17,965 Blue - 10% or more above target 5,449 5,000


Photo showing R. Nicholas Burns, Under Secretary for Political Affairs, shaking hands with United Arab Emirates (UAE) officials as he is received by Abdulaziz Sager, Chairman of the Gulf Research Center, right, after he arrived in the center for a press conference in Dubai, UAE.

R. Nicholas Burns, Under Secretary for Political Affairs, shakes hands with United Arab Emirates (UAE) officials as he is received by Abdulaziz Sager, Chairman of the Gulf Research Center, right, after he arrived in the center for a press conference in Dubai, UAE.
AP Photo/Kamran Jebreili

Transnational Crime: Activities in this area contribute to decreasing cross-border crimes that threaten the stability of countries, particularly in the developing world and in countries with fragile economies. U.S. Government programs provide operational support and training to strengthen countries' ability to detect, investigate, prosecute and prevent transnational criminal activities.

Counternarcotics: Programs in this area help reduce the flow of drugs to the United States, address instability in the Andean region, and strengthen the ability of both source and transit countries to investigate, block, and prosecute major drug trafficking organizations.

The indicator below summarizes one measurement of law enforcement effectiveness and the efficacy of assistance in providing host governments with operational support, equip-ment, and training in the eradication of illicit drug crops. The data are an aggregation of program performance in six countries. Results for 2007 were below target due to Mexico's changes in program emphasis and internal reallocation, which resulted in funds not being expended for eradication in 2007. The decreased 2008 target reflects a reduction of funding for Colombian eradication programs as more funding will be directed to developing alternative livelihoods. The target for 2009 is pending as the U.S. Government is reviewing with host governments the target setting methodology.


PERFORMANCE INDICATOR TARGET AND RESULTS SUMMARY FOR 2005-2009
Performance Indicator 2005
Results
2006
Results
2007
Target
2007
Results
2007
Rating
2008
Target
2009
Target
Hectares of Drug Crops Eradicated Annually in U.S. Government-Assisted Areas N/A N/A 211,650 177,452 Yellow - 10% or more below target 182,975 Pending

Homeland Security: Our mission is to create conditions abroad that serve and protect American citizens and interests. Assistance to consular and infrastructure protection programs plays a critical role in protecting American borders, transportation systems, and essential infrastructure.

 


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