COUNTERTERRORISM: Prevent terrorist attacks against the United States and its allies and friends, and strengthen alliances and other international arrangement to defeat global terrorism.
Analysis: Terrorism is the greatest challenge to U.S. national security. Combating it will continue to be the focus of development, diplomatic, and defense efforts as long as the proponents of violent extremist ideologies find safe havens and support in unstable and failing states. The United States aims to expand foreign partnerships and to build global capabilities to prevent terrorists from acquiring or using resources for terrorism.
The Department of State supports counterterrorism efforts by working with foreign governments to establish Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs) that meet rigorous standards published by the non-profit Egmont Group. Governments that establish FIUs are more capable of analyzing and disclosing financial information concerning suspected criminal activities and potential financing of terrorist networks. The establishment of an FIU is also an indication that a foreign government is increasingly willing to share counterterrorism information and pass antiterrorism finance legislation. The indicator highlighted here shows that the number of additional countries establishing FIUs has increased slightly according to preliminary results.
SECURITY COOPERATION AND SECURITY SECTOR REFORM: Establish, maintain, and, where appropriate, expand close, strong, and effective U.S. security ties with allies, friends, and regional organizations.
Analysis: The United States supports capacity-building in foreign military partners through the provision of training and equipment. The United States will increase the number of foreign military personnel trained in the United States by continuing relationships across Europe, the Near East, South and Central Asia, East Asia and the Pacific, and throughout the Western Hemisphere. Overall results for FY 2009 were stronger than expected due to larger than anticipated numbers of personnel able to participate in U.S. training.
CONFLICT PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND RESPONSE: Support the prevention, containment or mitigation, and resolution of existing or emergent regional conflicts, as well as post-conflict peace, reconciliation, and justice processes.
Analysis: U.S.-supported activities improve the capacity of citizens, both to better mitigate conflict, and to be more effective in implementing and managing peace processes. Through training and technical assistance, U.S. programs strengthened local capacity to resolve disputes at the lowest administrative level. Training focused on factors that underpin conflicts such as land disagreements, including disputes involving claims by women and indigenous groups. Efforts were also made to involve young people in tolerance, peace, and reconciliation programs. For example, in Nepal, a nine-month youth literacy program emphasizing conflict mitigation and peace building skills attracted 30,381 participants, of which 78% were female. Country program results like these enabled the U.S. to greatly exceed its overall training target.
Analysis: A significant proportion of activities in Conflict Prevention is concentrated in peacekeeping operations in Africa and Near East Asia. Peacekeeping ratings in Africa declined in FY 2009, likely reflecting the increasingly difficult security, political, and economic environment in many parts of Africa. Ratings in Near East Asia, on the other hand, have remained above target.
COUNTERNARCOTICS: Disrupt and reduce international drug trafficking by cooperating internationally to set and implement anti-drug standards, share related financial and political burdens, close off criminal safe havens, and build and strengthen justice systems.
Analysis: Alternative crop development is playing an important role in countering the illicit drug trade and creating jobs in Latin America. The number of hectares of alternative crops under cultivation has a direct relationship to job creation and income levels. In Colombia, the United States is supporting comprehensive training, technical assistance, and co-financing of municipal infrastructure projects. The program also provides assistance to build small businesses, including agribusinesses, to enhance competitiveness in local, regional, and global markets. Similar USAID programs are being carried out in Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru.
U.S. programs reported overall better than expected results in FY 2009. For example, the U.S. supported the production of 93,777 hectares of alternative crops in Colombia exceeding the FY 2009 target by 28,777 hectares. In Peru, the program generated $16.5 million in sales and created 10,629 jobs, 18% of which went to women.