PROTECTION, ASSISTANCE, AND SOLUTIONS: Protect vulnerable populations (e.g. refugees, internally displaced persons, and others affected by natural disasters and human-made crises) from physical harm, persecution, exploitation, abuse, malnutrition, disease, and other threats by providing disaster relief, including food aid, and humanitarian assistance.
Analysis: By prioritizing emergency food aid to reach those most vulnerable, the United States is meeting its mission of saving lives, reducing hunger, and providing a long-term framework through which to protect lives and livelihoods. The emergency food aid indicator demonstrates the effectiveness of USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) programs by measuring the percentage of beneficiaries it actually reaches compared to planned levels. Over time, FFP has determined that a fixed annual target of reaching 93% of planned emergency food aid beneficiaries is ambitious, but achievable and realistic. FFP has greatly improved its ability to reach planned food aid beneficiaries in recent years and in FY 2009 reached the targeted 93%.
Analysis: U.S. humanitarian assistance also provides basic inputs for survival, recovery, and restoration of productive capacity in communities that have been devastated by natural and human-made disasters. USAID maintains stockpiles of emergency relief commodities, such as plastic sheeting, blankets, water containers, and hygiene kits, in three warehouses around the world. To ensure that disaster-affected populations receive sufficient relief supplies, USAID’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) manages the provision and delivery of these warehoused commodities and also provides funding to implementing partners to procure relief supplies locally.
Providing these basic inputs is the first and most significant step toward restoring the social and economic capabilities of affected areas, and tracking the percentage of households receiving this support in a crisis is a solid indicator of OFDA’s effectiveness in providing lasting solutions during a humanitarian crisis. Performance in FY 2009 was on target, with 85% of targeted households reached. Plans to improve performance in order to achieve future targets include increasing cooperation with international humanitarian partners to obtain better access for humanitarian assistance from host country government authorities.