“By upholding our own commitments under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, we strengthen our global efforts to stop the spread of these weapons, and to ensure that other nations meet their own responsibilities.”
— President Barack Obama
Consistent with the UN Secretary General’s call to pursue nuclear disarmament through agreement on a framework of separate, mutually reinforcing instruments, Secretary of State Clinton has led the U.S. engagement in strengthening the pillars of the nonproliferation regime — nuclear disarmament, access to civilian nuclear energy, and nonproliferation.
The New START Treaty with Russia advances the goal of bolstering the nuclear nonproliferation regime through further reductions in deployed strategic nuclear warheads by both nations. New START’s verifiable reduction of deployed strategic nuclear warheads by the world’s two largest nuclear powers reflects the U.S. commitment to take concrete steps toward nuclear disarmament.
The Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) reduces the role of U.S. nuclear weapons, provides a strategy for a reduction in their number, and provides negative security assurances to non-nuclear weapons states that are party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and in compliance with their nuclear nonproliferation obligations. As the only legally binding agreement that provides a global barrier to the spread of nuclear weapons, the NPT is the cornerstone of the global nonproliferation regime. It enhances the security of every State as well as global and regional security. The inter-related, interdependent objectives of the NPT are to:
President Obama and Russian President Medvedev signing New START Treaty in Prague, April 8, 2010. ©AP Image
The Nuclear Security Summit highlighted agreement among 47 governments on the critical importance of securing all vulnerable nuclear materials within four years to prevent them from falling into the hands of terrorists.