As the President’s chief advisor for foreign affairs and development assistance, I am pleased to present the U.S. Department of State’s joint Summary of Performance and Financial Information for Fiscal Year 2010, created in partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). In 2010, we faced challenges on almost every front, and our diplomacy and development efforts were put to the test. From the Middle East to the Korean peninsula, old conflicts churned. Natural disasters devastated Haiti and displaced more than 20 million people in Pakistan. Around the world, millions of people suffered the ravages of war, famine, poverty, and disease.
In the face of these challenges, we strengthened our commitment and made bold decisions to lay the foundation for sustained American leadership on behalf of the security and prosperity of the American people. We strengthened our bilateral relationships with countries on every continent, especially our most trusted allies in Europe and the Pacific. We deepened engagement with emerging centers of influence and other key partners. We signed the New START Treaty with Russia, an agreement to further reduce and limit nuclear strategic offensive arms, which was ratified by the Senate on December 22, 2010.
We continued to build up our multilateral relationships, participating in the East Asia Summit for the first time and leveraging our strong support for NATO to secure a new Strategic Concept that will modernize the Alliance for the challenges of the 21st century. We worked with the other major economies on national commitments to curb carbon emissions and, in Cancun, joined with 190 nations to advance a global response to climate change. Working with fellow members of the United Nations Security Council, including Russia and China, we put into place the strongest and most comprehensive set of sanctions ever assembled against Iran, sharpening the choices for its actions.
In our critical engagements in Afghanistan and Pakistan, we have strengthened the capacity of the people and governments to take the lead for their countries’ future, to deny al-Qaeda a safe-haven, and to prevent the ability of the Taliban to overthrow their leadership. Our civilian surge in Afghanistan—growing from 300 to a presence of 1,200 civilians—has supported an integrated military and civilian strategy that is promoting Afghan-led reconciliation to end the conflict. In both countries, we have focused on high-visibility, high-impact projects in infrastructure, agriculture, energy, and health that benefit large segments of the population and lay foundations for political and economic stability.
In Iraq, we are on track in our efforts to promote a democratic Iraq that is sovereign, stable, and self reliant. In 2010, the U.S. Government fulfilled its commitment to ending the combat mission in Iraq, with almost 100,000 of our troops returning home and civilians poised to keep the peace. Our efforts supported free and fair elections and assisted Iraqi political leadership to form a new government that represents the will of the Iraqi people, helping the Iraqi people build a stable, democratic country in the heart of the Middle East. And in Sudan, our intensified diplomatic efforts with the Northern and Southern Sudanese in 2010 supported a peaceful independence referendum and helped prevent a return to civil war.
In Haiti, we joined with more than 140 nations to mount one of the largest rescue and relief efforts in history. In Pakistan, we launched a response to the floods that ultimately provided some $500 million in relief support, evacuated nearly 23,000 people, and delivered more than 16 million pounds of relief supplies. We continued to advance global health around the world, providing HIV treatment to 3.2 million men, women, and children living with HIV, and protecting 40 million people against malaria. We launched the President’s Feed the Future Initiative, exceeding FY 2010 targets for the number of farmers applying new technologies for improved agricultural productivity by 67%; and we launched the Global Entrepreneurship program in partnership with the private sector to train business leaders in developing countries, connect them with potential markets, and assist them to find financing.
Across our work in development and foreign policy, we elevated our focus on women and girls. We have increased women’s access to the opportunities and services our programs make available in recognition of the importance of investing in women not merely as beneficiaries but as leaders who are instrumental to sustainable development. In areas of conflict and transition, we have led efforts to recognize the vital role that women play in peace and security, and led multilateral efforts in the United Nations Security Council to more vigorously combat sexual violence against women in armed conflict. We’ve also recognized the vital role that women entrepreneurs play in accelerating economic growth, bringing a strategic focus to their role in our Feed the Future Initiative and in engagements on the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and Pathways to Prosperity in Latin America.
We advanced our core values in democracy and freedom, promoting and supporting internet freedom, freedom of assembly, and human rights. We provided protection to 155 human rights defenders and/or non-governmental organizations in 30 countries around the world by providing legal, medical, relocation, and other forms of urgent assistance. We promoted free and fair elections by training more than half a million observers for national elections around the world. We formed new partnerships with industry, academia, and NGOs to advance connection technologies and empower citizens. We announced the creation of a new fund to support civil society and embattled NGOs, which will provide legal representation, communication technology such as cell phone and Internet access, and other forms of support to NGOs that are under siege, and deepened our dialogue with civil society organizations, ultimately launching the first-ever Strategic Dialogue with Civil Society.
The Department has elevated economic diplomacy as an essential element of our foreign policy, recognizing that the foundation of America’s leadership is a prosperous American economy. We are sharpening our economic statecraft and commercial diplomacy, advocating for fair treatment and a transparent investment climate for U.S. companies, and negotiating agreements to open markets for increased trade, investment, and transportation and communications services. In FY 2010 alone, we concluded seven Open Skies agreements, opening dozens of new markets to American carriers overseas, which will generate billions of dollars in new business.
Together with our achievements in foreign policy and development, we continue to serve, support, and protect U.S. citizens at home and abroad. Consular officers evacuated nearly 17,000 from Haiti after the earthquake, assisted American parents by facilitating the return of or access to children wrongfully taken to or kept in another country, and issued 14 million passports. We strengthened U.S. Government capacity and enhanced screening mechanisms to prevent foreigners from traveling to the United States for terrorist purposes through improved interagency guidance on managing watch lists, creation of a new Visa Revocation and Vetting Unit, and revocation of more than 800 visas based on threat information.
To improve the overall efforts of State and USAID in leveraging diplomacy and development as key pillars of national security alongside defense, I launched the first-ever Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR). The QDDR provides a blueprint for State and USAID to improve our capacity, focus, efficiency, and impact on current and future challenges, making sure we get the most out of every dollar. It calls on State and USAID to adapt to the diplomatic landscape of the 21st century by empowering chiefs of mission; leveraging connection technologies; deploying assets in line with our current strategic priorities; and deepening capacity in economics, energy, civilian security, and counterterrorism. It elevates and modernizes our development work by focusing our investments, improving aid effectiveness, promoting innovation and strengthening USAID. It identifies conflict prevention and response as a core civilian mission; and reforms contracting and procurement practices, and planning, budgeting, and evaluation processes to deliver better results for the American people.
With only one percent of the federal budget, State and USAID deliver real impact for the American people. The advances we made in 2010 leave us with a full agenda for the future. We will continue to strengthen our bilateral and multilateral ties, and remain focused on our many critical priorities around the world, from rebalancing the global economy, to thwarting international terrorism, to stopping the spread of catastrophic weapons, to advancing democracy and human rights. The FY 2012 budget request is a lean budget for lean times. It contains the funding we need – but only the funding we need – to accomplish our mission and advance America’s security interests.
Our priorities are clear and our commitment to deliver has never been stronger. Our progress toward achieving our joint mission and strategic goals provides a solid foundation for the road that lies ahead. In partnership with USAID, I am pleased to offer this summary of key performance and financial information and note that the data herein are complete and reliable in accordance with guidance from the Office of Management and Budget.
I am proud to represent the thousands of employees, including diplomats and development experts, Americans and Foreign Service Nationals, who serve at more than 270 posts worldwide. We will continue to do everything we can to exercise the best traditions of American leadership at home and abroad. If we take this path together and support the missions of our men and women overseas, I have no doubt that we will continue to lead the world toward a more secure, peaceful, and prosperous future.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
April 18, 2011