To address the greatest challenges facing European and Eurasian societies today, the Department of State and USAID engage with European and Eurasian partners spanning 50 countries and maintain critical relationships with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the European Union (EU), and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). The European countries are significant partners for the U.S. Government in achieving the leadership, support, and cooperation necessary to attain major foreign policy priorities related to Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, climate change, counterterrorism, and the global economy. Leveraging international support, particularly with key European partners, multiplies the effectiveness of U.S. initiatives worldwide and reduces costs to the U.S. taxpayer.
European Engagement on Global Challenges: To advance its global agenda, the United States works closely with European partners, which are among the most prosperous, democratic, and militarily capable countries in the world. The more those partnerships succeed, the more the United States will succeed, working with Europe as a force multiplier. In Afghanistan, where NATO allies and European partners furnish the overwhelming majority of non-U.S. International Security Assistance Forces, the United States continues to work with Europe to transition lead security responsibility to the Afghan National Security Forces by the end of 2014. The U.S. Government’s collaboration with the OSCE is also critical in the region, with a focus on projects assisting Afghanistan and Central Asia in the areas of democracy, human rights, border management, and counternarcotics.
Balkans Fully Integrated into Euro-Atlantic Institutions and Peace and Stability in Europe’s East: The United States will continue to focus on Balkan integration, with NATO and EU membership prospects remaining credible drivers of democratic and economic reforms. At the same time, the United States will also encourage acceptance of Kosovo as a full and equal partner and real candidate for Euro-Atlantic integration. The United States will continue to promote peace, stability, democracy, and prosperity in the countries of the Caucasus and Europe’s East—Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, and Belarus. In Georgia, conflicts with Russia over disputed territory are ongoing. The United States is working with the OSCE toward a resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh territorial dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Additionally, the U.S. Government continues to promote reconciliation between Turkey and Armenia.
A Strengthened Strategic Partnership with Turkey and Renewed Relationship with Russia: Turkey is a key partner to United States efforts in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq; achieving a lasting peace in the Middle East; and securing European energy independence. Relations with Russia have benefitted from a reengagement across a range of issues, with over 120 high-level visits between Washington and Moscow in FY 2010. The New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) between the two countries will bring serious and verifiable cuts to nuclear arsenals. Substantive cooperation with Russia regarding Afghanistan has been established, as well as on the United States most significant nonproliferation challenges—Iran and North Korea.
Public Support for the United States and U.S. Policies: Public diplomacy is critical to successful foreign policy in Europe and Eurasia, where public opinion is a key factor in government decision making. With accurate information and a better understanding about the United States, the European and Eurasian public will be more accepting and open to collaborating on an array of common global challenges. As the first generation without worldviews shaped by the Cold War and its aftermath matures, U.S. public diplomacy operations must be configured to engage emerging leaders as well. Utilizing the new terrain of social media and other emerging online environments, the Department and USAID will engage European audiences on issues of key importance to their countries and to U.S. foreign policy.