The Department of State and USAID are the lead U.S. agencies responsible for carrying out the President’s foreign policy agenda, which includes developing and executing U.S. foreign policy and interacting with foreign governments and international organizations. The Department of State and USAID budget requests also represent critical components of the U.S. national security budget, along with the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security, and are vital to securing U.S. national security interests.
The diplomatic and development capacity forged with U.S. foreign assistance allows the United States to build its leadership capacity in the global community and address the many challenges of today’s world. Foreign policy and development professionals – working on behalf of the American people – pursue priorities such as responding to humanitarian crises, combating terrorism, advancing democratic values, negotiating nonproliferation and environmental treaties, facilitating free enterprise, promoting U.S. exports, and assisting American citizens abroad.
The annual budget request to Congress for funding is presented in two volumes: the Congressional Budget Justification for Department of State Operations, and the Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations. Both components of the budget and key performance measures link directly to the joint strategic goals of the Department of State and USAID. State and USAID are committed to demonstrating the relationship between their budget requests to Congress and the performance of the programs that these budgets support. The chart on the following page reflects the combined FY 2012 State Operations and Foreign Assistance Budget by strategic goal and includes a table listing the actual FY 2010, estimated FY 2011 and the requested FY 2012 resources.
State Department FY 2012 Budget: The budget request for Department of State operations totals $14.2 billion (not including fees) and includes resources to carry out a robust foreign policy that is leading the world in solving the most complex challenges of our time, from thwarting international terrorism to stopping the spread of catastrophic weapons, strengthening the global economy, advancing human rights and universal values, and assisting American citizens overseas. In keeping with these economic times, the budget reflects hard choices based on a clear view of where a dollar of funding could have the greatest impact. The request represents the Department’s ongoing investments to advance America’s security and economic interests.
Highlights of the State Operations budget include supporting diplomatic operations in the frontline states of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq along with the transition of Department of Defense activities to civilian agencies in Iraq. In addition to the Department’s work in the frontline states, it is focused on preventing and responding to conflict and crises worldwide. So, even as the Department works to prevent and respond to urgent conflicts, it is also responding to longer-term challenges to human and economic security, such as health, hunger, climate change, and humanitarian relief. Moreover, State must build civilian power, and provide employees safe, secure, and functional facilities and the resources they need to do their job.
Foreign Assistance FY 2012 Budget: The FY 2012 foreign assistance appropriations request totals $32.9 billion. The budget will advance U.S. security interests with critical investments in the promotion of stability and security in the frontline states of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq. Other aid investments will be made to create sustained capacity building, peace, and economic growth within nations receiving assistance. Key initiatives in the budget include food security, climate change, health, and gender issues. FY 2012 will also target support for USAID FORWARD, an ambitious reform effort to modernize and strengthen USAID with new partnerships, an emphasis on innovation through science and technology, and major institutional reforms to improve efficiency and program impact.
For additional information and details, please consult The President’s Budget for Fiscal Year 2012 and the Congressional Budget Justifications, the Executive Budget Summary, Function 150 and Other International Programs for Fiscal Year 2012 at State’s Budgets, Performance, Plans and USAID’s Budget/Performance/Accountability.
($ in millions)
|FY 2010 Actual2||FY 2011 CR||FY 2012 Request|
|State Operations||Foreign Operations||State Operations3||Foreign Operations4||State Operations||Foreign Operations|
|Achieving Peace and Security||$4,633||$8,745||$4,064||N/A||$3,899||$8,289|
|Governing Justly and Democratically||821||3,269||692||N/A||684||3,042|
|Investing in People||457||10,524||366||N/A||373||11,043|
|Promoting Economic Growth and Prosperity||892||4,439||768||N/A||770||4,749|
|Providing Humanitarian Assistance||99||4,018||66||N/A||71||3,932|
|Promoting International Understanding||1,509||N/A||1,396||N/A||1,462||N/A|
|Strengthening Consular and Management Capabilities||7,832||1,701||6,146||N/A||6,664||1,825|
|Total Resources Allocated to Strategic Goals||$16,243||$32,696||$13,499||N/A||$13,923||$32,880|
|Office of the Inspector General5||106||N/A||56||N/A||65||N/A|
|Buying Power Maintenance||31||N/A||9||N/A||—||N/A|
|Foreign Service National Separation Liability Trust Fund Payment||44||N/A||44||N/A||45||N/A|
|Foreign Service Retirement & Disability Fund6||159||N/A||159||N/A||159||N/A|
|Total Resources Not Allocated to Strategic Goals7||482||N/A||410||N/A||390||N/A|
1 State Operations resources shown in this table exclude: funding for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) for FYs 2011 and 2012; and fees for all fiscal years. Foreign Operations resources shown in this table exclude funding for OCO for FYs 2010 and 2012. OCO resources for both State and Foreign Operations are shown in a separate table in the FY 2012 Executive Budget Summary for the Department of State, page 132. Summed values contain discrepancies due to rounding. (back to text)
2 FY 2010 Actual for Foreign Operations includes two supplementals. FY 2010 Actual for State Operations does not include these supplementals. (back to text)
3 FY 2011 Continuing Resolution (CR) column represents the annualized amount provided by the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 (P.L. 111-242), as amended. (back to text)
4 At the time of publication, appropriation actions for Fiscal Year 2011 are not complete and agencies are operating under a continuing resolution; therefore, Foreign Operations resources have not been allocated by Strategic Goal. (back to text)
5 State Department Office of Inspector General only. USAID Inspector General budget included in Strategic Goals allocation. The State Department Office of Inspector General budget includes funding for the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction and the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction for FY 2010; for FY 2011 and FY 2012, those requirements are included in OCO funds. (back to text)
6 Mandatory funding for the Foreign Service Retirement & Disability Fund is not added to summed totals. (back to text)
7 Resources for these accounts and offices represent programs that support the Department of State as an institution rather than diplomatic, consular and management programs linked to Strategic Goals and Priorities, and therefore are not allocated by Strategic Goal. (back to text)