USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance has provided $5.8 million to the U.N. Children's Fund for 640 metric tons of ready-to-use therapeutic Plumpy Nut, which will treat an estimated 64,000 severely acutely malnourished children. If a child has no appetite for the thick peanut paste, she/he is moved to a stabilization center for more intense treatment. USAID
The Department of State and USAID are the lead U.S. Government agencies that respond to complex humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters overseas. The commitment of the United States to humanitarian assistance stems from its sense of shared humanity and demonstrates the Nation's compassion for victims of natural disasters, armed conflict, forced migration, persecution, human rights violations, widespread health and food insecurity, and other threats. The U.S. Government's emergency response to population displacement and distress caused by natural and human-made disasters is tightly linked to all other foreign assistance goals, including the protection of civilian populations, programs to strengthen support for human rights, provision of health and basic education, and support for livelihoods of beneficiaries.
Summary of Performance and Resources
The Department and USAID allocated $3.932 billion toward this Strategic Goal in FY 2011, which is 9 percent of the total State-USAID budget for all strategic goals. The Department and USAID met or exceeded targets for 73 percent of their performance indicators for Strategic Goal 5. Twenty-seven percent of indicators were below target.
Key Selected Achievements
In Afghanistan, efforts to reintegrate returning refugees and internally displaced people passed a milestone in December 2010 with the completion of the 200,000th home for returnee families. The U.S. Government support to shelter programs in Afghanistan began in 2002 and has been an important element in the return of some 4.5 million refugees over the past eight years.. The prospect of a secure home is regularly cited by Afghan refugees in Iran and Pakistan as one of their primary requirements before deciding to return.
In FY 2011, U.S. Government assistance supported over 400,000 migrants and over 50,000 Libyans who fled conflict in Libya to seek safety in neighboring countries, helping ensure that the vast majority of migrants were able to voluntarily return home to their countries of origin, while also providing protection to vulnerable migrants (such as unaccompanied children) and refugees that remained in Tunisia and Egypt. U.S. assistance also supported emergency evacuations of urgent medical cases for vulnerable migrants from Libya during the siege of Misrata.
Haiti - Due to Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)-funded habitability assessments, home repairs, and the construction of transitional shelters, the number of displaced people in Haiti had decreased by an estimated 60 percent, by September 2011.
South Sudan - When conflict erupted in Abyei, OFDA partners were ready to respond using prepositioned supplies located in key hubs. In less than a month, OFDA grantees and other humanitarian partners had distributed plastic sheeting, blankets, water containers, and other supplies to 68,000 people in need.