The 12 members of the Wanawake Kwanza (Women First) growers association in Maza village, Morogoro, Tanzania, have received Feed the Future support through USAID to boost their incomes and improve nutrition in the village. USAID
Economic growth is key to transforming the developing world. It is the only way for poor countries to reduce and eventually do away with extreme poverty. Economic growth is the surest way for countries to generate the resources they need to weather global crises—from unstable markets for finance to energy and food crises—and to address their own illiteracy, poor health and other long-term development challenges. Economic growth in developing countries is also important to the security of the United States. Poor countries are more susceptible to conflict, can harbor terrorist activity, and are often sources of illegal immigration, epidemic disease, and international crimes such as the trafficking of narcotics and persons.
Through complementary diplomatic and development efforts, the Department of State and USAID work to help developing countries achieve rapid, sustained and broad-based economic growth. The State Department is leading the effort to develop and implement economic growth, energy, agricultural, oceans, environmental, and science and technology policies to promote economic prosperity and address global challenges in a transparent rule-based system. At the same time, USAID economic growth programs are working in countries to improve the environment for enterprise growth and competitiveness, strengthen economic policy and governance, create sound, well-governed financial systems, support business enabling environments, microfinance programs and business services for micro and small enterprises, and build trade capacity. Through Feed the Future, the U.S. Government's global hunger and food security initiative, the Department of State and USAID, along with the Department of Agriculture, are helping partner countries develop their agricultural exports to spur economic growth, protect the natural resource base upon which agriculture depends, and invest in nutrition for women and young children. Assisting countries to effectively protect and manage their natural resource base and mitigate the adverse impact of climate change is also fundamental to generating sustainable economic growth.
The Department and USAID allocated $5.109 billion toward this Strategic Goal in FY 2012, which is 10 percent of the total State-USAID budget for all strategic goals. The performance of illustrative indicators is provided in the following section.