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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Matrix of Department of State Actions to Advance Women, Peace, and Security


Report
Washington, DC
August 15, 2012

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This action matrix is a representative but not exhaustive list of Department actions to advance Women, Peace, and Security that are completed, ongoing, or anticipated to begin with existing resources. The matrix includes diplomatic efforts and programmatic activities, as well as non-programmatic activities that support the institutionalization of Women, Peace, and Security in Department and interagency processes. When multiple bureaus and offices are engaged in an activity, the lead bureaus/offices are identified in bold.


OUTPUT

PROJECTED
START/END
DATE

IMPLEMENTING OFFICE(S)

NATIONAL OBJECTIVE 1 - NATIONAL INTEGRATION AND INSTITUTIONALIZATION: Through interagency coordination, policy development, enhanced professional training and education, and evaluation, the United States Government will institutionalize a gender-sensitive approach to its diplomatic, development, and defense-related work in conflict-affected environments.

Outcome 1.1.

Agencies establish and improve policy frameworks to support achievements in gender equality and women’s empowerment throughout our diplomacy, development, and defense work.

Action
1.1.1

Incorporate NAP objectives in strategic and operational planning, as appropriate. Disseminate guidance to all operating units on gender integration.

 

DoS will integrate gender into strategic planning processes. The Department will continue to enhance gender integration in annual planning and budgeting processes and annual results reporting. This action will include analyzing existing gender inequalities and identifying priority areas of focus and opportunities related to Women, Peace, and Security; and setting concrete goals with clear outcomes and indicators. To assist in implementation, in 2012, the Office of U.S. Foreign Assistance Resources (F), in consultation with S/GWI, included guidance on gender in the Integrated Country Strategy and will continue to work together to provide guidance for the various strategic planning processes and tools for bureaus and embassies.

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

DoS and USAID jointly developed and adopted a Women, Peace, and Security “key issue” (category for planning and reporting) to ensure that Operational Plans and Performance Plan Reviews capture activities that support objectives and outcomes outlined in the NAP. The key issue went into effect in the FY12 Operational Plan and is designated as mandatory for all operating units with applicable activities. The Women, Peace, and Security Key Issue will facilitate tracking and analysis of foreign assistance investments and results supporting objectives in the NAP.

Completed

Secretary Clinton issued the first ever DoS Secretarial Policy Guidance on Promoting Gender Equality to Achieve our National Security and Foreign Policy Objectives, providing the bureaus and embassies with guidance on how to promote gender equality in service of America’s foreign policy.

Completed

Outcome
1.2

Agencies enhance staff capacity for applying a gender-sensitive approach to diplomacy, development, and defense in conflict-affected environments.

Action
1.2.1

Ensure all relevant U.S. personnel and contractors receive appropriate training on Women, Peace, and Security issues, including instruction on the value of inclusive participation in conflict prevention, peace processes, and security initiatives, international human rights law and international humanitarian law, protection of civilians, prevention of SGBV, prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA), and combating trafficking in persons (TIP). Training mechanisms may include:

Action
1.2.1C

Training for State foreign service and civil service personnel, including senior management, and envoys and mediation team members.

 

The Foreign Service Institute (FSI), in coordination with S/GWI and regional and functional bureaus, will develop for foreign and civil service personnel (1) a specific stand-alone training on gender equality and Women, Peace, and Security issues; (2) modules on gender equality and Women, Peace, and Security, which will be integrated in relevant regional, tradecraft, and leadership courses; and (3) an online training course on gender equality and on Women, Peace, and Security issues.

3Q12/

Ongoing

FSI and S/GWI with regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

Bureaus and embassies will integrate training modules on gender and WPS, into relevant bureau- and embassy-specific training programs. For example:

Ongoing

 

· PRM provides training to its program officers and Refugee Coordinators to ensure that they have functional knowledge of gender issues, gender-based violence, and prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse as they relate to PRM programs.

Ongoing

PRM

 

· INL Pre-Deployment Training, which is mandatory for all advisors deploying under contract to serve in INL programs, includes training modules on gender-based violence, human rights, trafficking in persons , legal systems, and ethics.

Ongoing

INL

 

· DoS, together with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), developed an online, interactive training for the entire federal acquisitions workforce on combating human trafficking, and its contributing factors like the demand for commercial sex, using the pertinent provisions of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR).

Ongoing

J/TIP

 

DoS will aim to raise the awareness among employees and contractors of existing regulations related to the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse

4Q2012

S/GWI

 

PRM has undertaken an assessment of its staff and program management policies to strengthen prevention of and response to sexual exploitation and abuse of beneficiaries by humanitarian workers. underscore the importance of compliance with relevant laws, regulations, and policies applicable to PRM staff, just as PRM does with its implementing partners. With the results of the assessment, PRM is working to strengthen PSEA training, as well as monitoring and evaluation tools for its staff.

1QFY12/

Ongoing

PRM

Action
1.2.2

Provide technical assistance to decision-makers in headquarters and in the field on how to develop gender-sensitive programs.

 

PRM will develop a checklist based on internationally-recognized principles and guidelines to ensure that gender issues are being incorporated in crisis response activities.

1QFY13

PRM

CSO will develop gender guidelines to ensure consideration and integration of gender issues at all stages of in-country engagements, including to support interaction with women’s civil society groups and individual women in order to capture their perspectives and pass recommendations to Post and partner governments.

Ongoing

CSO

INL will develop a programmatic guide on gender, justice, and law enforcement to assist INL officers in the design and management of projects that promote the participation and protection of women and girls.

FY11-FY13

INL

INL developed a comprehensive training manual for rule of law practitioners in Afghanistan that includes practical resources for USG officers and contract employees in the field such as instructions for referring Afghan women to shelters, and contact information for family guidance centers and legal aid offices in the provinces.

Completed

INL

The GHI Women, Girls, and Gender Equality Principle was released to provide, for the first time ever, concrete guidance to the field on how to integrate women, girls, and gender equality into country health strategies. This guidance requires that each country team conduct a gender assessment; provide a short narrative on how they will implement the principle; and collect age- and sex-disaggregated data to track progress.

Completed

S/GWI, in collaboration with over 30 members of the WGGE TF across 8 agencies (including PEPFAR)

Outcome
1.3

Agencies establish mechanisms to promote accountability for implementation of their respective gender-related policies in conflict-affected environments.

Action
1.3.1

Designate one or more officers, as appropriate, as responsible for coordination of implementation of the NAP.

 

S/GWI will coordinate implementation of the NAP and its commitments, including gathering bureau and embassy input for annual reporting, through the Department Working Group on Women, Peace, and Security.

Ongoing

S/GWI

DoS bureaus and embassies will have identified Points of Contact on Women, Peace, and Security, at bureau and embassy levels, with appropriate seniority, expertise, and training on Women, Peace, and Security. Department bureaus and embassies, where appropriate, will establish working groups on promoting gender equality and the status of women and girls, with identified gender Points of Contacts in relevant offices/sections. Points of Contact and Working Groups will aim to provide technical assistance and training on Women, Peace, and Security-related issues, review policies and proposals to ensure they are gender sensitive, and conduct periodic assessment of Women, Peace, and Security-related activity.

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

As applicable, DoS bureaus and embassies will aim to incorporate gender expertise skills and competencies requirements into recruitment, training, and evaluations for foreign and civil service staff, as well as locally employed staff.

Ongoing

Action
1.3.2

Establish an annual award to honor individuals or operating units performing exceptional and innovative work to address gender equality and female empowerment in conflict-affected environments, and to promote the principles embodied in UNSCR 1325.

 

DoS bureaus and embassies will aim to include the promotion of Women, Peace, and Security objectives, along with other key objectives outlined in the Secretarial Policy Guidance on Promoting Gender Equality, among the criteria for bureau and Department awards to foreign and civil service employees and contractors, including the Franklin Award, Meritorious Honor Award, Superior Honor Award, Certificates of Appreciation, and the Extra Mile Award.

3Q2012/

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

Bureaus and embassies will aim to nominate appropriate foreign service, civil service, or foreign service national employees for the Swanee Hunt Award for Advancing Women’s Role in Policy Formulation.

Ongoing

Action
1.3.3

Incorporate an assessment of gender integration into after action reviews, and establish processes for addressing cases where gender issues are not being adequately considered in crisis response and conflict prevention environments.

 

DoS will incorporate Women, Peace, and Security objectives in program proposals and program design, as appropriate by aiming to (1) encourage applicants, through requests for proposals/ applications, to address gender considerations in their program design and to better track gender-relevant information; (2) award extra points in the proposal review process to applicants who are able to address gender issues in a meaningful way; (3) include gender-specific data and recommendations in reports, assessments, and after-action reviews; and (4) design programs to support Women, Peace, and Security objectives. For example:

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

- DRL requires, as weighted criteria, that all applicants applying for funds include information on how their programs will address the human rights concerns of at risk and vulnerable populations, including women. DRL will evaluate how proposals identify and address considerations to support and empower women within their program objectives and has requested that applicants provide specific means, measures and corresponding targets, as appropriate.

3Q2012/

Ongoing

DRL

Outcome
1.4

Agencies establish processes to evaluate and learn from activities undertaken in support of WPS initiatives.

 

Bureaus and embassies will adapt the framework on gender analysis outlined in DoS Program Evaluation Policy (February 2012) to implement evaluations of programs, projects, and activities.

3Q2012/

Ongoing

S/GWI with regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

DoS will organize a twice-yearly meeting for PDASs, to be chaired by the Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues, to review progress on implementing the Secretarial Policy Guidance on Promoting Gender Equality, including its relevant provisions relevant to the NAP, and the Department’s gender integration objectives.

Twice yearly

DoS will expand intranet websites to create an accessible repository for gender related issues, including Women, Peace, and Security.

4Q2012/Ongoing

S/GWI

Action
1.4.1

Utilize innovations in foreign assistance coordination and tracking systems where appropriate, including gender cross-cutting indicators, sector-specific gender-sensitive indicators, and revised gender key issue definitions to support budgeting, operational planning, and performance management related to the NAP.

 

DoS and USAID collaborated to ensure that the set of indicators used to measure foreign assistance results includes a range of indicators aligned with core Women, Peace, and Security objectives; these include seven cross-cutting gender indicators addressing gender equality, gender-based violence, and women's empowerment, as well as a broad range of indicators that address Women, Peace, and Security issues in areas such as peace and security; democracy, human rights, and governance; and humanitarian assistance.

Ongoing

F and S/GWI

PEPFAR developed Next Generation Gender Indicators to monitor and evaluate male norms and behaviors, gender-based violence, women’s legal rights, and women and girls’ access to income and productive resources.

Completed

PEPFAR

Embassy Islamabad will develop a ‘gender tracker’ to account for agency interventions, progress toward indicators and success/challenges.

Ongoing

SRAP and Embassy Islamabad

DoS will establish a Department-wide Gender Monitoring and Evaluation working group to support coordination and synergy across bureaus’ gender-specific monitoring and evaluations systems.

1Q2013/

Ongoing

F and S/GWI with regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

NATIONAL OBJECTIVE 2 - PARTICIPATION IN PEACE PROCESSES AND DECISION-MAKING: The United States Government will improve the prospects for inclusive, just, and sustainable peace by promoting and strengthening women’s rights and effective leadership and substantive participation in peace processes, conflict prevention, peacebuilding, transitional processes, and decision-making institutions in conflict-affected environments.

Outcome
2.1

More women are effectively engaged in peace negotiations, security initiatives, conflict prevention, peace-building--including formal and informal processes--and decision-making during all phases of conflict prevention and resolution, and transition.

Action
2.1.1

U.S. Government delegations serve as a model for the inclusion of women in talks and negotiations concerning conflict resolution, peacebuilding, and/or political transitions; and advocate for the integration of women and gender perspectives in processes in which the U.S. is involved.

 

U.S. delegations will aim to model the meaningful inclusion of women in talks and negotiations in which the United States participates. DoS officials, including the Secretary of State, aim to lead by example by regularly meeting, at both the working and leadership levels, with women’s organizations and by participating in women-focused conferences and events.

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

Action
2.1.2

Advocate for the inclusion of women in senior UN positions.

 

DoS will encourage placement of highly qualified women candidates and American citizens into the ranks of the UN, especially in senior positions, and put forward such candidates as appropriate. For example:

Ongoing

IO, INL, PRM, S/GWI

- IO will advocate for recruitment and retention of women in all aspects of peacekeeping, and in particular for career development leading to leadership positions, as it participates in relevant UN forums.

Ongoing

IO

- INL serves on UN panels and workgroups to support steps to increase the number of women in peacekeeping operations and establish a network to support female peacekeepers.

Ongoing

INL

Action
2.1.3

Support the participation and leadership roles of women from all backgrounds, including minorities and women with disabilities, in peace negotiations, donor conferences, security sector reform efforts, transitional justice and accountability processes, and other related decision-making forums including those led by the UN and other international and regional organizations, and including capacity building for such actors as female candidates, female members of government, women in the security sector, and women in civil society.

 

DoS will work to ensure that women are involved in all planning and agenda formation processes of Afghanistan-related conferences. In order to ensure that women’s perspectives are sufficiently considered in Afghanistan, DoS, including the U.S. Embassy in Afghanistan, with support from multiple bureaus and together with interagency and international partners, advocates for the inclusion of female Afghan decision-makers, and male and female civil society leaders in all high-level international conferences regarding the future security and economic development of Afghanistan in order to strengthen the political and economic transition process. By engaging with the High Peace Council’s Joint Secretariat, the U.S. Embassy is also advocating for the inclusion of Afghan women and civil society representatives in the development of strategies for its Afghanistan Peace and Reconciliation Program.

Ongoing

SRAP and Embassy Kabul with S/GWI, DRL, INL, CT

DoS will support the U.S.-Pakistan Strategic Dialogue and Trilateral talks and promote the inclusion of women in all thematic groups and the inclusion of a WPS-specific themed discussion group in the talks.

Ongoing

SRAP with S/GWI

DoS will work to strengthen women’s engagement and empowerment domestically in Sudan and South Sudan – including their ability to participate in international negotiations and in the ongoing constitutional processes in both countries. Targeted programming includes:

Ongoing

S/USSESSS and AF with S/GWI, DRL, INL

• The Africa Bureau, together with S/GWI, will provide targeted assistance to local partners in South Sudan, in follow-up to the 2011 International Engagement Conference, which the U.S. hosted and during which women's participation was featured.

3QFY12

AF with S/GWI, S/USSESSS and Embassy Juba

• The Office of the Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan is awarding grants to promote cross-border engagement between women. The intent of this program is to bring together, for training and network building, civil society organizations from both Sudan and South Sudan that focus on gender equality and female empowerment.

4QFY12

S/USSESSS with Embassies Juba and Khartoum

 

As part of its assessed UN contributions, the United States provides 22 percent of the budget for the various UN Special Political Missions worldwide. Many of these missions support the integration and political participation of women in countries emerging from conflict.

Ongoing

IO

Action
2.1.4

Assist partner governments in improving the recruitment and retention of women, including minorities and other historically marginalized women, into government ministries and the incorporation of women’s perspectives into peace and security policy.

 

In South Sudan, DoS is promoting gender mainstreaming in the defense sector and in the South Sudan Development Plan through a Gender Awareness Workshop that aims to create a baseline understanding of the relationship between gender and defense structures and highlight practical steps that can be taken to transform the defense sector into a democratic security service provider in South Sudan.

4QFY12/

Ongoing

AF and Embassy Juba

 

In Kosovo, the U.S. Embassy, together with USAID Mission, works with key justice sector councils and ministries to ensure that administration of justice sector personnel is free of gender bias and does not discriminate on the basis of sex, marital status, pregnancy or parenthood, and to ensure that recruitment, education and training practices encourage substantial and meaningful participation by women. The Embassy and USAID Mission also support the government in providing training on topics of particular importance to women's equality in Kosovo, including property rights, marital relations and family law, inheritance, labor and employment law, and criminal law and procedure.

Ongoing

EUR

Action
2.1.5

Provide assistance to support women’s political participation and leadership in fragile environments and during democratic transitions, including capacity building for such actors as female candidates, female members of government, women in the security sector, and women in civil society.

 

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, DoS supports a three-year leadership development program for women politicians across parties. The curriculum includes training on political communication, media relations, platform development, economic and demographic research, policy work, strategic planning, political management, advocacy, and leadership.

FY12/FY14

EUR

The U.S. Embassy in Kosovo partners with the USAID Mission to support the Women’s Caucus of the Assembly on drafting and implementing an annual workplan, and by providing research and organizational resources for the Caucus' roundtable policy discussions and legislative hearings. The Embassy further supports the Caucus as it monitors the implementation of the Gender Equality Law and conducts public outreach activities.

FY11/FY14

EUR

In the Middle East and North Africa, the Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) supports the Arab Women's Leadership Institute, which trains women leaders in order to maximize their political gains during periods of transition. AWLI beneficiaries include women from Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and Yemen.

Ongoing/

3QFY13

NEA

In Libya, the MEPI program, “Strengthening Political Processes through Women and Youth Engagement," provides technical assistance to a network of Libyan CSOs in mobilizing young men and women to conduct the country’s first-ever nationwide, nonpartisan election monitoring effort, and to develop strategies and tools to monitor the National Public Congress and other state institutions between elections.

3QFY12/

1QFY14

NEA and Embassy Tripoli

In Egypt, a Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) project enhances women’s ability to participate in politics by increasing their knowledge of election campaigns and public life. A center works with a number of young women in North Sinai to develop their leadership skills in order to potentially run for public office.

Ongoing

NEA and Embassy Cairo

In Egypt, the U.S. Embassy in Cairo supports dozens of talented Egyptian women of all ages who use their songs and voices to advocate for an increased and equitable role for women in society. This program has attracted a half-million Egyptian fan visits, multiple positive media stories and a dedicated core of talented women supporting the Embassy’s message of women’s empowerment.

Ongoing/

4QFY12

NEA and Embassy Cairo

DoS will provide financial and diplomatic support to multilateral organizations, including UN Women and the UN Democracy Fund, to promote capacity building related to women’s political participation and leadership in fragile environments and during democratic transitions.

Ongoing

IO and DRL

 

SCA jointly with S/GWI sponsored an effort to bring ethnic Uzbek and Kyrgyz women together after the unrest of 2010 in Kyrgyzstan and expose them to successful models of grassroots economic development in India. The Kyrgyz participants received training in management, marketing, and supply chain logistics from an Indian NGO. Participants also interacted with artisans, farmers, and small-business owners throughout Gujarat.

2QFY12

SCA and S/GWI

 

As part of the follow-on activities after the Central Asia and Afghanistan Women’s Economic Symposium, SCA funded a grant in Kazakhstan designed to increase the political participation at the local level. According to the surveys conducted by the Association prior to and after the trainings, the number of women who were running in elections for local government offices increased between three and 14 percent in the regions that participated.

Ongoing

SCA

 

ECA conducts professional exchange programs, including TechWomen, TechGirls, Fortune/U.S. State Department Global Women’s Mentoring Partnership, and Empowering Women and Girls Through Sports Initiative. These exchangeencourage women’s leadership and confidence in a variety of fields in which they can promote peace and stability.

Ongoing

ECA

Action
2.1.6

Provide common guidelines and training to assist partner nations to integrate women and their perspectives into their security sectors.

 

DoS will provide diplomatic support and capacity building for women working in the justice and security sectors, including prosecutors and corrections officers. For example:

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

• DoS supports the work of OSCE’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights to train security sector personnel across Europe and Eurasia with a view to improving compliance with gender equality standards among defense and law enforcement agencies; to improve respect for the rights of security personnel; and to increase the number of women in leadership positions in the security sector.

In Pakistan, INL will continue the provision of training, equipment, and infrastructure support to female police, particularly those serving in Women’s Police Stations. For example, INL funds training for female police in criminal investigation, instructor development, and first aid courses; provides ambulances, radios, protective gear and other equipment; and funded infrastructure refurbishment to Women’s Police Stations. INL also provides ongoing training to female prosecutors to enhance their ability to prosecute criminal cases.

FY10/

Ongoing

INL, SRAP, and Embassy Islamabad

Action
2.1.7

Provide support for NGOs to track, analyze, and advocate on behalf of the engagement of women and women’s organizations in peace processes.

 

DoS will provide diplomatic support and training for women’s networks, including representatives across civil society, government, and the private sector. For example:

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

• In Afghanistan, CT provides opportunities for female leaders in civil society and female police to interact in order to bridge gaps between women in civil society and the security sector in order to build trusted networks of women across communities committed to countering the spread of violent extremism.

• In Iraq, DRL’s program aims to strengthen a nationwide network of grassroots-based women leaders committed to advocating for the advancement of women’s rights in Iraq.

DoS supports alumni networks of women who have participated in U.S. government-sponsored programs, seminars, and conferences, including by hosting/facilitating network gatherings and providing targeted funding.

Ongoing

ECA and AF, EAP, EUR, NEA, SCA, SRAP, SUSSESSS, WHA, and Focus Country Embassies

DoS will support opportunities for women leaders from different countries to connect in order to share common challenges and exchange best practices. For example:

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

• In Eastern Europe and Eurasia, through the Invest for the Future women’s entrepreneurship program, EUR seeks to build networks among female entrepreneurs in conflict, crisis, and transition environments to promote women’s economic empowerment.

• Multiple DoS offices, in partnership with several women’s universities, are supporting the Women in Public Service Project, which brings emerging young female leaders from around the world to the U.S. to discuss global challenges and cultivate their leadership skills.

Action
2.1.8

Expand emphasis on gender analysis and support to local organizations, including women’s peacebuilding organizations, in conflict mitigation and reconciliation programming.

 

Bureaus and embassies will engage with civil society in host countries and will provide a venue for women’s organizations to meet with U.S. and partner nation officials.

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

 

In Pakistan, DRL supports an initiative to set up a core working group of women’s rights organizations and existing cooperatives. An advocacy desk will be established to advocate for the approval of laws and policies for the protection of workers in the informal sector. The lobby will work with home-based worker networks, cooperatives and women associations and unions at the district and provincial level.

1QFY12/

3QFY13

DRL

Action
2.1.9

Leverage the participation of female U.S. military personnel to encourage and model gender integration and reach out to female and male populations in partner nations.

 

The U.S. Embassy in Serbia supported a program on Women in the Professional Armed Forces focused on integrating women into career positions in the Serbian Armed Forces. The Ohio National Guard organized the event under the State Partnership Program, a National Guard program which links partner countries with U.S. states for the purpose of building the capacity of partner armed forces and supporting U.S. national interests and security cooperation goals.

4QFY12

EUR and Embassy Belgrade

Action
2.1.10

Increase partner nation women’s participation in U.S. funded training programs including for foreign police, judicial, and military personnel, including professional military education (PME), as well as exchange programs, conferences, and seminars.

 

DoS will develop model criteria for the inclusion of female candidates in U.S.-funded training programs, which bureaus and embassies can adapt to meet their own purposes. Bureaus and embassies will identify and share the best practices of ways to increase the participation of women in training programs. For example

4QFY12/

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

 

• In Nepal, the U.S. Embassy ensures that INL-funded police programs have at least 15 percent participation from women.

 

ECA will run targeted International Visitor Leadership Programs (IVLPs) and Voluntary Visitor Programs (Volvis) related to Women, Peace, and Security priorities; and ensure gender balance in speakers for its programs. For example:

Ongoing

ECA and AF, EAP, EUR, NEA, SCA, SRAP, SUSSESSS, WHA, and Focus Country Embassies

 

· In Honduras, the U.S. Embassy has nominated women to participate in capacity building IVLP projects on women and justice; journalism; citizen activism; community policing; administration of justice; and foreign policy.

Action
2.1.11

Mobilize men as allies in support of women’s leadership and participation in security-related processes and decision-making.

 

Through diplomatic engagement and outreach, DoS will advocate to male politicians, decision-makers, influential community leaders, religious leaders, among others, on the value of women’s roles in peace and security.

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

DoS will develop a set of standard talking points on the value of women's participation in public and political life for bureaus and embassies to adapt as DoS principals and embassy officers engage with their counterparts and civil society.

4QFY12/Ongoing

S/GWI

Outcome
2.2

Laws, policies, and practices in partner states promote and strengthen gender equality at national and local levels.

Action
2.2.1

Through high level diplomacy and technical assistance, encourage nations to develop laws that promote and protect women’s rights, including through the criminalization of violence against women and girls and adoption of effective procedural laws, as well as through laws and policies that advance women’s participation in parliaments, the judicial sector, and other political, peace, and/or security decision-making bodies, including those calling for affirmative measures, where appropriate.

 

DoS encourages partner governments to mitigate the use of women’s rights as bargaining chips to achieve counterterrorism goals and of “counterterrorism measures” as vehicles to restrict civil society organizations working on women’s issues. DoS ensures that counterterrorism dialogues with partner governments include discussions on how to effectively protect civilians, including women and girls.

Ongoing

CT and DRL with AF, EAP, EUR, NEA, SCA, SRAP, SUSSESSS, WHA, and Focus Country Embassies

DoS will use public diplomacy and outreach capabilities to help ensure that women understand the rights and opportunities afforded to them. To advance these efforts, DoS will develop a package of outreach materials for public diplomacy officers to engage on WPS.

Ongoing

ECA, IIP, and S/GWI with AF, EAP, EUR, NEA, SCA, SRAP, SUSSESSS, WHA, and Focus Country Embassies

Action
2.2.2

Provide diplomatic, development, and technical assistance to build the capacity of legislative, judicial, and law enforcement actors to develop, implement, and enforce laws that promote and protect women’s rights; and civil society to advocate for the development and implementation of such laws.

 

In Guatemala, through the multi-year Model Police Precinct Program, DoS is supporting the development of a network of Femicide Courts, a multi-institutional initiative promoted by the President of the Supreme Court. The U.S. Embassy participates in the permanent commission established by the Government of Guatemala to monitor the development of the project and has supported the creation of procedural manuals and training for judges, prosecutors and police officers. The embassy has provided office equipment, as well as printed brochures with pertinent information for distribution to victims.

Ongoing

WHA and Embassy Guatemala City with INL

 

SCA funds property rights educational seminars to increase knowledge of property rights among women in several countries, including Kyrgyzstan, strengthening their ability to become economically viable and independent. Young women aged 18-30, older women between 30-65, and village government officials and elders together learned about women’s property rights, including specific laws and procedures for protecting these rights.

Ongoing

SCA

 

In Iraq, DRL funds a program to build the capacity of Iraqi sub-national legislatures to enact critical legislation to promote women’s rights by taking a comprehensive approach that engages research institutions, provincial councils, civil society organizations and the Iraqi electorate.

4QFY11–3QFY13

DRL

NATIONAL OBJECTIVE 3 - PROTECTION FROM VIOLENCE: The United States Government will strengthen its efforts to prevent—and protect women and children from—harm, exploitation, discrimination, and abuse, including sexual and gender-based violence and trafficking in persons, and to hold perpetrators accountable in conflict- affected environments.

Outcome 3.1

Risks of SGBV in crisis and conflict-affected environments are decreased through the increased capacity of individuals, communities, and protection actors to address the threats and vulnerability associated with SGBV.

Action
3.1.1

Work to improve the capacity of the UN system and key protection and humanitarian actors, including members of the Humanitarian Cluster system, to prevent and respond to SGBV in conflict affected and crisis settings, to include development and implementation of training, guidance, and other operational tools; and promote better coordination and sharing of information across UN country teams in order to develop and implement holistic strategies on SGBV.

 

DoS will bolster UN and regional peacekeeping missions’ abilities to understand and assess baseline vulnerabilities for civilians, including women, and the range of threats in the region.

Ongoing

IO with regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

DoS will encourage and support multilateral partners’ efforts to better monitor, analyze, and report on gender-based violence. For example:

Ongoing

- IO supported the UN’s development of indicators on Women, Peace, and Security and the UN Security Council supported in its Presidential Statement PRST/2010/22 UN agencies’ taking forward these indicators, many of which track women’s physical security, for use as an initial framework. The bureau will continue to work with UN Women in developing and tracking these indicators.

DoS will support UN and regional organizations' training programs on the protection of civilians, including from gender-based violence.

Ongoing

DoS will promote better coordination and sharing of information across UN country teams, agencies, bodies, and mechanisms in order to develop and implement holistic strategies to prevent and respond to gender-based violence. For example:

Ongoing

In Haiti, NAS Port-au-Prince promoted gender-based violence as a focus of US UNPOL response activities. U.S. UNPOL are part of the UN’s roving gender-based violence unit in the displaced persons camps. They provide training and mentoring to the Haitian National Police on gender-based violence, and support response to complaints of gender-based violence and/or domestic violence in the camps.

FY10-Ongoing

INL, IO, and Embassy Port-au-Prince

Action
3.1.2

Advocate for UN peacekeeping missions to have strong mandates on protection of civilians (POC), including on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), and provide diplomatic support for initiatives in the UN General Assembly Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C-34) and budget committees to build the capacity and provide operational tools for POC and prevention of SGBV.

 

DoS will prioritize diplomatic engagement with multilateral partners as key levers in the prevention of and response to gender-based violence in countries affected by crisis, conflict, and transition. DoS advances these objectives through engagement with, inter alia, the United Nations Security Council; in the relevant committees of the General Assembly; in the Human Rights Council; at the Commission on the Status of Women; through participation in UN Executive Board meetings, including UN Women; in the Humanitarian Partners Working Group’s Protection Sub-Working Group; as well as at country level through direct engagement with the UN Country Team.

Ongoing

IO with regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

DoS will continue to advocate for UN peacekeeping missions to have strong mandates on protection of civilians, including on protecting civilians from sexual violence.

Ongoing

DoS supports the UN Office of the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General (SRSG) on Sexual Violence in Conflict, including through funding for the Team of Experts.

Ongoing

Action
3.1.3

Incorporate modules on protection, rights, and specific needs of women in conflict into training provided to partner militaries and security personnel.

 

DoS will increase training and capacity building to support human rights, address gender-based violence, combat trafficking in persons, and for other Women, Peace, and Security-related topics for the security and judicial sectors in partner countries to strengthen gender equality and prevent violence. For example:

Ongoing

INL and PM with regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

· The Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI) will support instruction on protection of civilians (POC), including prevention of gender-based violence, and human rights training in its 62 partner countries and in most of the 43 peace support operations training centers (PSOTCs) it supports around the world.

· INL integrates women, peace, and security into its training for partner nation police and international police officers. For example, in Nepal, INL supports training for the police on human rights and democratic policing principles, including on women’s roles in community policing and mediation, as well as on issues related to domestic violence and trafficking in persons. Targeted training has been developed across a broad range of topics, including on enhancing procedural protections for female and male survivors of gender-based violence, in order to professionalize support services; as well as on human rights concerns when searching and arresting.

Action
3.1.4

Require USG humanitarian assistance implementing partners to have Codes of Conduct consistent with the Inter-Agency Standing Committee’s (IASC) core principles on protection of beneficiaries from sexual exploitation and abuse, and monitor and promote partner compliance.

 

PRM has required since 2003 that implementing partners for humanitarian assistance maintain Codes of Conduct consistent with the UN Secretary General’s Bulletin and the Inter-Agency Standing Committee’s (IASC) six core principles on protection of beneficiaries from sexual exploitation and abuse.

Ongoing

PRM

 

PRM will share best practices in training and program management with respect to supporting international standards on PSEA and partner accountability with other bureaus, offices, and embassies with programmatic functions

FY12

PRM

Action
3.1.5

Support education and awareness initiatives for U.S. Government civilian contractors and aid workers on the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse in crisis and conflict-affected environments.

 

PRM supports training, including the development of e-learning tools, for international organization and NGO partners on preventing sexual exploitation and abuse.

Ongoing

PRM

Action
3.1.6

Support research, programming and learning on the use of technology with the potential to improve the safety of women and girls in conflict settings (e.g. solar lighting, solar or methane-conversion cook stoves, provision of cell phones as part of an early warning system, and mobile justice mechanisms), consistent with available best practices and international guidelines.

 

The Department will support research, programming, and learning on technological approaches to protection, such as the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves’ efforts to learn more about how the implementation of improved cookstoves may reduce women’s vulnerability to gender-based violence.

Ongoing

S/GWI and PRM

DRL is funding a program to incorporate communications technology—including satellite phones, cell phones, an early warning system, a reporting hotline, digital mapping, satellite-internet, and video-conferencing—into current programming to increase civilian protection and enhance the investigation and prosecution of SGBV cases in remote areas of North and South Kivu in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Ongoing

DRL

PRM co-funds with USAID/OFDA a World Food Programme project to evaluate the uptake and efficiency of improved cookstoves in refugee camps in Kenya, with a view to adapting stove distribution plans accordingly.

FY11

PRM

Action
3.1.7

Provide support for a range of appropriate services and tools to assist and empower vulnerable women and girls, including medical services, psychosocial services, and legal services, as well as opportunities for livelihood training, education, and rest and recreation (e.g. athletics, art, and play); promote equitable access to these services for women and girls with disabilities.

 

In conflict-affected and refugee-hosting countries around the world, PRM will continue to support non-governmental organizations that provide health, vocational and livelihood skills, education, and child and legal protection activities for refugee and returnee populations, including building the capacities of local mental health and social service providers on combating and addressing gender-based violence.

Ongoing

PRM

In the DRC, the PEPFAR-funded Gender-Based Violence Scale-Up Initiative, implemented through an interagency U.S. government effort, is committed to improving and scaling up activities that prevent and respond to gender-based violence. Activities include engaging health and legal service providers at the clinic and community levels, as well as government representatives, to improve coordination and integration of gender-based violence responses, and increase availability, utilization and quality of services. Concurrently, a range of community mobilization and outreach activities will seek to transform the underlying attitudes and behaviors that perpetuate gender-based violence and increase awareness about its costs and consequences, including its relationship to HIV risk, and strengthen the capacity of social institutions, civil society organizations, and communities to respond to and ultimately end such violence.

Ongoing

PEPFAR

In Iraq, DRL will fund programs to assess prevalence, knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to GBV, provide holistic services to survivors, and build the capacity of local organizations to address GBV.

FY12/FY13

DRL

In El Salvador, the Embassy and USAID Mission support the Government of El Salvador's Ciudad Mujer (Women’s City) program, which provides holistic services to gender-based violence survivors, including health and counseling services, and support to police in evidence collection and the submission of police reports.

FY12/Ongoing

WHA and Embassy San Salvador

Outcome
3.2

Laws, policies, and reconciliation, transitional justice, and accountability mechanisms designed to combat exploitation, abuse, discrimination, and violence against women and girls are developed and implemented at national and locals.

Action
3.2.1

Support the development of effective accountability and transitional justice mechanisms that address crimes committed against women and girls and reduce impunity.

 

In Libya, DoS supports Libyan authorities and civil society (including through the Informal Steering Committee) in documenting wartime human rights abuses, and charting a strategy to support prosecutions, restitution, and reconciliation. Close attention will be paid to address crimes committed against women and girls.

Ongoing

NEA, DRL, and Embassy Tripoli

DoS will aim to ensure that counterterrorism dialogues with partner governments include discussions on how to effectively protect civilians, including women and girls.

Ongoing

CT with AF, EAP, EUR, NEA, SCA, SRAP, SUSSESSS, WHA, and Focus Country Embassies

Action
3.2.2

Support through diplomatic efforts and development and technical assistance the creation of effective measures to investigate SGBV promptly, effectively, independently, and impartially; and to bring those responsible for SGBV to justice. Support the establishment of mechanisms for survivors and witnesses of SGBV so that they can make complaints safely and confidentially, and build capacity so that there can be appropriate follow-up to these complaints. Where appropriate, support compensation or reparations for survivors and their families.

 

In Afghanistan, DoS uses diplomatic tools to encourage the implementation of the Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW) law by the Afghan government as well as development of effective accountability and justice mechanisms that address crimes committed against women and girls.

Ongoing

SRAP and Embassy Kabul

In the DRC, DoS builds the capacity of health, legal and law enforcement professionals to assist gender-based violence survivors; supports improvement of investigations and prosecutions of gender-based violence crimes; trains selected security forces on how to address gender-based violence crimes; and assists the Congolese military justice system to better investigate and prosecute cases of conflict-related sexual violence and other serious crimes.

Ongoing

INL, AF, and DRL

In El Salvador, DoS and USAID fund four Domestic Violence Units in the Salvadoran Justice Centers, a model that combines the National Police, Attorney General’s office and judges in one location. The Domestic Violence Units are unique in offering additional services to survivors – medical and psychological assistance, as well as connecting the survivors to local NGOs that provide additional services (i.e. educational support and counseling for children and professional training for women to increase independence). The Government of El Salvador is providing ongoing funds.

Ongoing

WHA

In Haiti, DoS supports cross-trainings of penal chain actors (police, magistrates, prosecutors) on gender-based violence to raise stakeholders’ awareness about gender-based violence, provided an overview of legislation, introduce techniques for medical evidence collection and victim assistance, and increase collaboration between relevant actors.

Ongoing

WHA and Embassy Port-au-Prince

Action
3.2.3

Use public diplomacy and outreach capabilities to help ensure that survivors of SGBV understand the accountability options available to them and to disseminate the message that perpetrators of SGBV are held accountable and that impunity will not be tolerated.

 

In Afghanistan, DRL supports a program that is working to improve provincial human rights monitoring by enabling Afghan women-focused human rights organizations/institutions to use media technology for monitoring; to use radio programming and journalism training to create a more conducive environment for the work of these organizations; and to inform women about their rights and how to report and track violations.

4QFY11/

4QFY13

DRL, SRAP

In Guatemala, the Embassy supported the development of a documentary film chronicling the story of one Guatemalan woman’s successful fight for justice after her sister was murdered by her husband. The Embassy supported more than 60 screenings country-wide, followed by discussion with trained volunteers who educated audiences about their rights under the law and services available to victims of domestic violence.

FY11-FY12

WHA and Embassy Guatemala City

 

In northern Iraq, S/GWI in coordination with DRL is funding a multidimensional program composed of integrating victim services and a successful educational campaign for village residents and political and religious leaders to address harmful traditional practices such as female genital mutilation/cutting, especially in post-conflict settings.

Ongoing

S/GWI, DRL

Action
3.2.4

Assist multilateral and international organizations in developing appropriate mechanisms for sexual assault prevention, response, and accountability, and combating sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) among their own personnel. Establish standard operating procedures for USG to follow up on cases of SEA by international personnel to ensure accountability.

 

PRM supports training, including the development of e-learning tools, for international organization and NGO partners on preventing sexual exploitation and abuse.

Ongoing

PRM

Outcome
3.3

Interventions are improved to prevent trafficking in persons and protect trafficking survivors in conflict and crisis-affected areas.

Action
3.3.1.

Engage with international and/or civil society organizations to ensure that standard operating procedures are in place to prevent human trafficking, especially among refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), including appropriate assistance and procedures for unaccompanied minors, to identify potential trafficked persons, and to refer survivors to appropriate service providers. As appropriate, provide support to international and civil society organizations to set up emergency care services for trafficking survivors.

 

DoS is integrating attention to TIP in countries in conflict or crisis at every level, from embassies to the U.S. Presidential Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons and the Senior Policy Operating Group on Trafficking in Persons. Whenever possible and appropriate, the TIP Office will: 1) include countries in conflict or crisis as priority countries for funding in the Office’s annual solicitation for proposals; 2) incorporate the establishment of national taskforces in country narratives as part of the TIP Report Recommendations and/or in TIP Office-prepared action plans that are given to foreign governments as guidelines for their future anti-TIP efforts; and 3) meet with new governments in post-conflict countries to ensure anti-TIP measures are included in criminal justice reforms.

Ongoing

J/TIP with AF, EAP, EUR, NEA, SCA, SRAP, SUSSESSS, WHA, and Focus Country Embassies

Regional and functional bureaus provide grants to organizations to study or fight TIP in specific regions; organizing conferences or public awareness events on the subject of TIP; making public statements against TIP in speeches or on Embassy blogs and websites; and providing technical assistance and training to law enforcement and public officials to enhance countries’ anti-TIP laws and prevention/prosecution efforts on this front.

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

In Timor Leste, the Embassy advocates for the passage of anti-trafficking legislation and implementation of the National Action Plan on Human Trafficking. The Embassy coordinates with local and international NGOs as well as relevant government agencies to push for increased trafficking enforcement and provision of services to victims of trafficking.

Ongoing

EAP and Embassy Dili

 

In Burma, the Embassy through the Small Grants Program supports local organizations that engage women and girls from IDP camps in training on anti-trafficking, peacebuilding and human rights.

Ongoing

EAP and Embassy Rangoon

Action
3.3.2

Advocate for the inclusion of language in UN peacekeeping operations mandates directing a responsibility to report on trafficking, as appropriate.

 

DoS will advocate in the Security Council and other relevant UN bodies for reporting by UN agencies, offices and operations on trafficking, as appropriate. In April 2012, the United States drafted and successfully negotiated a Security Council Presidential Statement that acknowledged the evolving challenges and threats

to international peace and security specifically including human trafficking.

Ongoing

IO and J/TIP with regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

DoS will encourage members of the Inter-Agency Coordination Group against Trafficking in Persons to review ways they can improve their anti-TIP coordination efforts in conflict and crisis-affected areas.

Ongoing

J/TIP

Action
3.3.3

Promote establishment of local coalitions or taskforces comprised of relevant government authorities and civil society organizations to combat human trafficking as part of the justice reform measures in post-conflict areas.

 

In Sierra Leone, DoS supports creation and enhancement of networks among community anti-trafficking groups, local law enforcement and victim service providers; improvement of legal response to trafficking in persons in Sierra Leone; improvement of comprehensive services for victims of trafficking in persons; and the creation and establishment of Village Parent Groups to protect children from trafficking.

FY08/

Ongoing

J/TIP, AF, and Embassy Freetown

Action
3.3.7

Advance collaborative efforts to prevent trafficking in persons by sharing training and public awareness resources with U.S. personnel abroad, embassy staff and other international partners, and by additionally sharing investigative resources with foreign law enforcement counterparts as appropriate.

 

In Guatemala, DoS through the Guatability Project seeks to pair Government of Guatemala agents, officers, and attorneys, with their U.S. counterparts who are involved in processing the same type of cases in the U.S. The teams, initially in Guatemala and then in the U.S., will shadow each other using real case scenarios involving child exploitation, trafficking, and cybercrimes.

Ongoing

WHA and Embassy Guatemala City

In Serbia, Embassy Belgrade implemented a Serbia-Ohio reciprocal expert exchange program on trafficking in persons focusing on inter-agency cooperation in investigation and prosecution of trafficking in persons and organized crime cases, with particular stress on "victim-centered" and "task force" approaches to prosecuting traffickers and other criminals.

Ongoing

EUR, Embassy Belgrade, INL

Action
3.3.8

Coordinate implementation of the anti-trafficking-related items of the NAP with the ongoing work of the U.S. Presidential Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons and the Senior Policy Operating Group on Trafficking in Persons.

 

At the annual President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons and at the Senior Policy Operating Group (SPOG), DoS will raise the NAP and its focus on preventing human trafficking of women and children as a result of conflict and to provide assistance to victims.

Ongoing

J/TIP

Outcome
3.4

Men and boys are themselves better protected from SGBV, and are mobilized as partners in the prevention of SGBV and other risks of harm, exploitation, and abuse in their communities.

Action
3.4.1

Provide support for advocacy campaigns and programs designed to reduce family and community level violence.

 

DoS supports community-level approaches to facilitate discussion among families, community organizations, religious and traditional leaders, and other community leaders on human rights and gender-based violence.

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

Action
3.4.2

Increase attention to the needs of male survivors in SGBV prevention and response programs.

 

DoS will integrate the needs of male survivors and males as agents of change in gender-based violence prevention and response programs. For example:

· DoS will integrate discussion of the needs of male survivors and males of agents of change in diplomatic engagement, including with Ministries of Interior, Justice, and Health.

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

Action
3.4.3

Develop programs that address harmful norms and practices contributing to SGBV and other forms of exploitation and abuse, through the engagement of a broad range of potential allies, including religious and tribal leaders, youth, the business community, and men and boys.

 

DoS supports community-level approaches to change behaviors and attitudes about violence and to facilitate discussion among families, community organizations, religious and traditional leaders and other community leaders about human rights and gender-based violence, and ways to address it. DoS targets and engage men and boys; female leaders; grassroots women’s groups; religious, faith-based, and community leaders; and youth. DoS also seeks to engage men in government, including in the security sector, and in the private sector. For example:

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

- DRL works with religious and traditional community leaders in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh to promote women’s rights by training 450 imams using a curriculum on the compatibility of women’s rights and Islam. Anecdotal evidence from a series of key-informant interviews and focus group discussions showed that community members have seen an increase in the number of imams speaking out about women’s rights in Islam, women’s inheritance rights, and condemning violence against women. Further, focus group participants agreed that since their local imams have started discussing women’s rights to education in Friday sermons, the barriers for women going to school have been reduced.

NATIONAL OBJECTIVE 4 - CONFLICT PREVENTION: The United States Government will promote women’s roles in conflict prevention, improve conflict early-warning and response systems through the integration of gender perspectives, and invest in women and girls’ health, education, and economic opportunity to create conditions for stable societies and lasting peace.

Outcome

4.1

Conflict early warning and response systems include gender-specific data and are responsive to SGBV, and women participate in early warning, preparedness, and response initiatives.

Action

4.1.1

Integrate protocols and support opportunities to share best practices for gender analysis in conflict mapping and reporting, including for mass atrocity prevention and stabilization funding. Review conflict early warning systems and conflict assessment methodologies, including the Interagency Conflict Assessment Framework, to assess and strengthen the integration of gender in these tools.

 

CSO will ensure that gender considerations are incorporated in revisions of the Interagency Conflict Assessment Framework (ICAF) – an internal tool to assess conflict situations systematically and collaboratively to inform interagency planning for conflict prevention, mitigation and stabilization. CSO will share the ICAF with the Department.

Ongoing

CSO

Action

4.1.2

Ensure the inclusion of a broad range of perspectives from women and youth to inform policy, strategy and programming decisions.

 

CSO strives to ensure that in all conflict assessments, including the ICAF, 50 percent of people interviewed in each host country are women/girls and that all demographics are represented (e.g., elites and non-elites, urban and rural). CSO also is developing guidelines for integrating gender analysis in all stages of operations to ensure conflict dynamics and resiliencies affecting or driven by women are recognized in designing and implementing each engagement.

Ongoing

CSO with support of AF, EAP, EUR, NEA, SCA, SRAP, SUSSESSS, WHA, and Focus Country Embassies

CSO, when developing policy recommendations for host-countries based on the core grievances and resiliencies identified in conflict assessments and facilitated meetings with local residents and civil society, will ensure inclusion of both men’s and women’s perspectives in conflict prevention policy.

Ongoing

Action

4.1.4

Actively engage women in planning and implementing disaster and emergency preparedness and risk reduction activities, including regarding how police can better interact with women in their role as first responders.

 

INL and CT will expand support for women’s roles in community-policing.

Ongoing

INL and CT, with support of AF, EAP, EUR, NEA, SCA, SRAP, SUSSESSS, WHA, and Focus Country Embassies.

Action

4.1.5

Provide diplomatic and development support for community-based early warning and response activities, such as empowering local communities to develop strategies to prevent and respond to outbreaks or escalations of violence and conflict.

 

DoS will promote the empowerment of women’s coalitions working in conflict prevention and peacebuilding, and promote their inclusion in formal host government conflict prevention processes. This includes identifying and supporting existing indigenous mediation and negotiation capacities, bringing them to the attention of the host government to develop policy to strengthen these resiliencies and harness them as a part of the host government’s conflict prevention policy, where appropriate

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

IO supports UN peacekeeping engagement with local communities through Security Council mandates and through close consultation with the mission and UN headquarters on appropriate action.

Ongoing

IO

CT will build the capacity of women in civil society and the security sector to prevent the spread of violent extremism. This includes building the capacity of local, national, and multinational women’s and peace groups committed to working against violent extremism to more effectively conduct public outreach; to provide train-the-trainer opportunities to help sensitize women to the role that they can play in countering violent extremism within their communities; and to recognize signs of radicalization.

Ongoing

CT

Action

4.1.6

Provide diplomatic and development support for women’s coalitions working to mitigate conflict and related activity, helping to ensure active participation by minorities and other particularly marginalized women.

 

CT supports training to Afghan women in civil society and in the Ministry of Interior on women’s roles in preventing the spread of violent extremism ideologies, including education about their resources for reporting potential violent extremism activity.

Ongoing

CT

CT supports a Countering Violent Extremism Local Grants Program, which provides positive alternatives to individuals and communities susceptible to recruitment and radicalization, including local activities specifically tailored for women. These programs range from training exercises to alert women to signs of radicalization, to law enforcement capacity building that offers women the opportunity to help develop community engagement programs.

Ongoing

CT

The U.S. Embassy in Georgia supported a local Women’s Center’s efforts to train up to one thousand volunteers, civil society activists, media, and local government representatives on gender and minority rights. The project aims to support integration of ethnic Azeri minorities through promotion of women’s rights, to advocate for implementation of international law and domestic legislation and policies, and to educate women about existing legislation, and discuss the importance of human rights.

Ongoing

EUR, ECA, and Embassy Tbilisi

 

In Burma, the U.S. Embassy Small Grants program works with ethnic minority women’s organization in Kachin State to enhance women’s participation in ceasefire negotiations, empowering women to participate in peace talks through trainings and establishing connections between marginalized women and community leaders.

Ongoing

EAP and Embassy

Rangoon

 

The U.S. Embassy in Pakistan sponsors documentaries on the impact of suicide bombings and supports media narratives that focus on women’s stories and initiatives, including Think Twice Pakistan, which focused on the impact of terrorism on families and highlighted the profound achievements of women survivors. The U.S. Embassy in Pakistan will also fund a project moderating extremism in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Federally Administered Tribal Areas to gather data on the role of mothers in the process of radicalization and support for holding public discourses on the menace of extremism through the use of print and electronic media.

Ongoing

SCA and Embassy Pakistan

Action

4.1.7

Identify and share relevant multilateral development bank databases, such as the World Bank’s Gender Stats, a one-stop source of information on gender at the country level, drawn from national statistics agencies, UN databases, World Bank surveys, and other sources.

 

EB and S/GWI will share, through intranet sites, links relevant to multilateral development bank databases.

Ongoing

EB and S/GWI

Outcome4.2

Women and girls participate in economic recovery, and have increased access to health care and education services.

Action

4.2.1

Provide diplomatic and development support to advance women’s economic empowerment, including through cash for work programs, increased access to land, credit, and other enterprise support activities.

 

In Iraq, DoS funds the Iraqi Women’s Democracy Initiative ($3 million in FY11) and the Secretary’s War Widows Program ($5 million in FY11) to non-governmental organizations working in Iraq to advance the political, legal, economic and social status of women and single female heads of household. Efforts under the two tranches of Economic Support Funds will focus on advancing economic protection, political participation and prevention of conflict.

2QFY12/

Ongoing

DRL and S/GWI, with NEA and Embassy Baghdad

In Iraq, DoS launched a public-private partnership to expand women’s economic opportunities. Participants will take coursework in entrepreneurship, complete an externship with the private sector partner, and have access to mentoring and leadership development with the goal of launching an entrepreneurship center at a university in Iraq to support the education of future female entrepreneurs.

Ongoing

S/GWI with NEA and Embassy Baghdad

In Tunisia, MEPI will fund the Women’s Enterprise for Sustainability (WES) project, which will provide targeted training in the areas of technology, social media, entrepreneurship, leadership, and organizational management skills to indigenous women-led organizations. Tunisian beneficiaries of this project are women entrepreneurs who are working to launch, build and grow their own businesses.

FY12

NEA

Women’s Entrepreneurship in the Americas was launched at the Summit of the Americas. It emphasizes addressing three key barriers women entrepreneurs in the region face when starting and growing their businesses: 1) Access to training and networks; 2) Access to markets; and 3) Access to credit and finance.

2QFY12/ Ongoing

WHA

In Guatemala, the U.S. Embassy supports training for and outreach to women business-owners to help grow their businesses, including by designing and starting a Pathways to Prosperity Women Entrepreneurs’ Network (WEN), which included the formation of a steering committee with representatives from the private sector and prominent economic associations, and the identification of one hundred female microentrepreneurs from all over Guatemala to participate in the network.

Ongoing

WHA and Embassy Guatemala

The Central Asia and Afghanistan Women’s Economic Symposium (WES) was launched in 2011 by SCA and S/GWI and in partnership with leading international organizations, universities and foundations, and the private sector. It brought together almost 200 women leaders and global experts to discuss challenges and devise strategies to advance women’s economic participation. Follow-on support will promote women’s enterprise and trade, equal property rights, training for women on how to run for government offices (including for disabled women), and protection of vulnerable elderly women.

Ongoing

SCA and S/GWI

SCA, in collaboration with S/GWI and USAID, will support cross-border regional textile and apparel trade hubs focused on women entrepreneurs in each of the five Central Asian countries and Afghanistan. The hubs will focus on value chain development, increasing cross-border sector specific trade, and expanding access to international and regional markets. The goal is to increase women’s economic opportunity, which has been proven to reduce their risk of domestic violence, and increase regional economic ties, which will also increase stability.

3QFY12/

Ongoing

SCA and S/GWI

SCA is sponsoring a Voluntary Visitors Program that will bring women entrepreneurs from Central Asia and Afghanistan to the U.S. to illustrate the success and impact of business associations and networks in the U.S. The program will focus on the mechanisms required to build successful entrepreneur networks to expand their businesses regionally and internationally, advocate for regulatory reform helpful to small businesses, and explore the use of technology.

Ongoing

SCA

The African Women’s Entrepreneurship Program (AWEP) was launched in 2010 is as an outreach, education, and engagement initiative that targets African women entrepreneurs to promote business growth, increase trade both regionally and to U.S. markets through the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), create better business environments, and empower African women entrepreneurs to become voices of change in their communities. Together, AF, EB, ECA, and S/GWI, along with USAID, support professional exchanges, training, and public-private partnerships to identify and build networks of women entrepreneurs across Sub-Saharan Africa who are poised to transform their communities by owning; running; and operating small and medium businesses, and to drive social and economic progress in their communities and countries. AWEP alumnae also have the opportunity to work with the USAID’s three regional trade hubs in Botswana, Kenya, and Ghana (and its satellite in Senegal) to increase international export competitiveness and intra-regional trade. Women participate from a range of countries, including many affected by conflict, crisis, or transition.

FY10/

Ongoing

AF, EB, ECA, and S/GWI

In Serbia, the U.S. Embassy works closely with the Serbian Association of Business Women, an organization working to empower women entrepreneurs throughout Serbia. Association representatives are regularly nominated for PD programs to leverage their individual talents.

Ongoing

EUR

Action

4.2.2

Promote access to primary, secondary and vocational education for children and youth in countries affected by violence or conflict, with special incentives for the attendance and retention of girls, taking into account related special protection needs.

 

The U.S. Embassy in Nepal supports teacher training, English by Radio, and the Embassy Speaker Program, all of which have significant components targeting girls for educational opportunities.

Ongoing

SCA

In South and Southeast Asia, SCA supports a non-governmental organization to expand the local school library, publish local language children’s books, and support girls’ education.

FY09/FY13

SCA

ECA supports both TechWomen and TechGirls, international exchange programs that use technology as a means to empower women and girls worldwide by pairing them with American women in the technology sector who serve as professional and cultural mentors. TechGirls, a DoS initiative, is designed to encourage young girls in the Middle East and North Africa to pursue careers in the science and technology sectors.

Ongoing

ECA

Action

4.2.3

Support women’s and girls’ increased access to health services, including reproductive and maternal health care.

 

In order to support investments in women’s health, S/GAC through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), is committed to investing in women’s and girls’ health, education, and economic opportunity to create conditions for healthy and stable societies. This commitment is reflected in PEPFAR’s Gender Strategy, which integrates gender throughout prevention, care, and treatment programs, with a focus on increasing gender equity in HIV/AIDS programs and services.

Ongoing

PEPFAR

Action

4.2.4

Advocate for the operationalization within the multilateral development banks of the relevant information from the 2011 and 2012 World Development Reports on the role women can play both in preventing conflict and in promoting stability in post-conflict situations.

 

Working in cooperation with the Department of Treasury, DoS will advocate for continued operationalization within the multilateral development banks of the relevant information from the 2011 and 2012 World Development Reports.

Ongoing

EB

Action

4.2.5

Create and strengthen private sector activities and new market opportunities through U.S. trade and investment programs, such as preference programs and Trade and Investment Framework Agreements, to assist women entrepreneurs grow their businesses.

 

In our trade-related dialogues, including with crisis and conflict affected countries, DoS will encourage a discussion on how our partners are assisting women in business and increasing the capacity of women-owned businesses to trade with the United States and regionally.

Ongoing

EB

NATIONAL OBJECTIVE 5 - ACCESS TO RELIEF AND RECOVERY: The United States Government will respond to the distinct needs of women and children in conflict-affected disasters and crises, including by providing safe, equitable access to humanitarian assistance.

Outcome 5.1

Gender and protection issues are explicitly and systematically integrated and evaluated as part of responses to crisis and disaster.

Action

5.1.1

Promote women’s, men’s, and children’s equal access to aid distribution mechanisms and services, including establishing or strengthening protocols for the safe and equitable delivery of humanitarian assistance.

 

PRM supports many programs and directs diplomatic energies to promote women’s equal access to resources and their participation in managing those resources.

Ongoing

PRM

In Iraq, a PRM-funded NGO, in coordination with the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, is creating a network of local Iraqi NGOs working with female members of the internally displaced, returnee, and host community on gender-based violence and sexual exploitation and abuse issues, aimed at increasing coordination with local authorities.

3QFY2011

PRM

Action

5.1.2

Support capacity building for local and international NGOs and multilateral organizations involved in disaster and crisis response to address the specific protection needs of women and girls, including preventing and responding to SGBV.

 

DoS will special protection considerations for the most vulnerable, including women, children and youth, the disabled, and lesbian, bisexual, gay, and transgender persons in crisis response and programming.

Ongoing

Regional bureaus and offices, focus country embassies, and functional bureaus

DoS will support the work of international organization partners involved in disaster and crisis response to protect women and girls, including UNHCR, ICRC, UNRWA, UNFPA, and IOM.

DoS will explore opportunities to introduce resolution language in international forums to underscore the need to integrate and evaluate gender and protection issues explicitly and systematically as part of responses to crisis and disaster.

Action

5.1.3

Support access to reproductive health in emergencies and humanitarian settings.

 

PRM will emphasize the importance of inclusion of and access to reproductive healthcare when supporting health interventions.

Ongoing

PRM

Action

5.1.4

Promote access to education in emergencies consistent with international guidelines and best practices.

 

PRM will support the work of multilateral and NGO implementing partners to protect conflict-affected children, including through UNHCR’s recently launched 2012-2016 Education Strategy and its development of a Protection Agenda for Children and the Child Protection Working Group’s Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Emergency Response.

Ongoing

PRM

Action

5.1.5

Support measures for the social and economic empowerment of women as part of crisis and disaster response, including support for livelihood activities.

 

In Iraq, a PRM-funded international organization assists women in registering for state-provided social assistance and also provides women with small grants to set up businesses. In 2011, it provided humanitarian relief to over 2,000 female-headed households through micro-enterprise projects, legal and transportation assistance to register for the government’s Welfare State Allowance, and up to six months of interim financial support.

1QFY11/

1QFY12

PRM

Action

5.1.6

Ensure that U.S. Government crisis response and recovery teams have access to appropriate gender expertise, such as a designated gender advisor, to integrate gender considerations in U.S. Government-supported relief and recovery efforts.

 

CSO provides gender guidelines and tools for staff deploying to emergency situations to ensure that gender considerations are well integrated in U.S. Government-supported relief and recovery efforts.

Ongoing

CSO

 

Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), PRM, and UNHCR will work together to conduct gender analysis for PEPFAR-funded refugee programs.

Ongoing

PRM

Action

5.1.8

Advocate that multilateral development banks’ post-conflict assessments, country assistance strategies, and operational programs in countries prone to or emerging from conflict reflect sound gender analysis and address the specific needs of women and girls.

 

Working in cooperation with the Department of Treasury, DoS will review multilateral development banks’ assessments, strategies, and proposed programs when circulated for Board approval, and will advocate for the inclusion of gender analysis and actions to address the specific needs of women and girls, where lacking.

Ongoing

EB

Outcome

5.2

Relief and recovery assistance includes enhanced measures to prevent and respond to SGBV in conflict and post-conflict environments.

Action

5.2.1

Provide support for survivors of conflict, torture, and sexual violence, to include persons with disabilities, their families, and communities, through direct services, including trauma-informed services and sexual and reproductive healthcare.

 

PRM supports projects in the DRC and in Kenya developing community resources for providing mental health services for traumatized refugees and refugee returnee populations and receiving communities while building the capacities of local mental health and social service providers to serve this population, including to better respond to incidences of gender-based violence. The Department recognizes that often, men and women of different ages have different needs and perspectives and therefore may require special outreach, to include adolescents as well as the elderly.

1QFY2012-1QFY2013

PRM

Action

5.2.2

Encourage international organization and NGO partners to provide gender and SGBV training to staff members on existing international guidelines, such as the IASC Guidelines on GBV in Humanitarian Settings, the Sphere Project, and Standards Recommended by the IASC Task Force on Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) in Humanitarian Crises.

 

PRM promotes, in its programmatic and diplomatic engagements, the use of the IASC Plan of Action to protect beneficiaries of humanitarian assistance from sexual exploitation and abuse, adherence to Sphere standards, and application of the IASC Guidelines on gender-based violence.

Ongoing

PRM

 

S/RAP utilizes traditional diplomatic tools to encourage international organizations and NGO partners to provide gender sensitivity training, including on gender-based violence, to staff members.

Ongoing

SRAP

Outcome

5.3

Reintegration and early recovery programs address the distinct needs of men and women.

Action

5.3.1

Support return and reintegration programs for refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) that address the needs of female returnees.

 

As the single largest donor to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), DoS supports UNHCR’s work in aiming to place its persons of concern at the center of decision-making with regard to their own protection and welfare. As a means to ensure better participation, UNHCR has developed a Tool for Participatory Assessment in Operations as part of its Age, Gender, and Diversity Mainstreaming Strategy. The UNHCR tool outlines ten basic steps to ensure that women, girls, boys and men participate in analyzing protection problems together; in discussing capacities to face protection problems; and in finding solutions together

Ongoing

PRM

In conjunction with UNHCR, the EU, the OSCE, the governments of Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia, as well as international donor countries, PRM helped organize and support the Balkans Regional Housing Program. The project will provide durable housing solutions to up to 74,000 refugees and IDPs using vulnerability criteria that include targeting vulnerable women (single mothers, elderly and disabled or chronically ill).

4Q/FY2012

PRM

Action

5.3.2

Support demobilization, disarmament, and reintegration (DDR) programs, including sustainable livelihood alternatives, that address the distinct needs of male and female ex-combatants and those associated with armed forces in other capacities.

 

IO and other bureaus support DDR programs for women and girls through UN peacekeeping mandates and through voluntary contributions to relevant UN agencies and programs, such as UN Development Program (UNDP) and UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) as well as through our national efforts. UN peacekeepers support demobilization and disarmament; reintegration into the community through training, stipends, and counseling is generally funded through bilateral and multilateral assistance. Certain groups, such as adolescents, may require special outreach to meet their distinct needs.

Ongoing

IO

         



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