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Independent States in the World


Fact Sheet
Bureau of Intelligence and Research
Washington, DC
April 20, 2016

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See also:
Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty

Total count of independent states: 195
* Diplomatic relations with the United States
+ Member of United Nations
! New change, since previous list

STATE

Short-form name

Long-form name

GENC 2A Code (see Note 2)!

GENC 3A Code (see Note 2)!

Capital

Afghanistan *+

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

AF

AFG

Kabul

Albania *+

Republic of Albania

AL

ALB

Tirana

Algeria *+

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

DZ

DZA

Algiers

Andorra *+

Principality of Andorra

AD

AND

Andorra la Vella

Angola *+

Republic of Angola

AO

AGO

Luanda

Antigua and
Barbuda *+

Antigua and Barbuda

AG

ATG

Saint John's

Argentina *+

Argentine Republic

AR

ARG

Buenos Aires

Armenia *+

Republic of Armenia

AM

ARM

Yerevan

Australia *+

Commonwealth of Australia

AU

AUS

Canberra

Austria *+

Republic of Austria

AT

AUT

Vienna

Azerbaijan *+

Republic of Azerbaijan

AZ

AZE

Baku

Bahamas, The *+

Commonwealth
of The Bahamas

BS

BHS

Nassau

Bahrain *+

Kingdom of Bahrain

BH

BHR

Manama

Bangladesh *+

People's Republic
of Bangladesh

BD

BGD

Dhaka

Barbados *+

Barbados

BB

BRB

Bridgetown

Belarus *+

Republic of Belarus

BY

BLR

Minsk

Belgium *+

Kingdom of Belgium

BE

BEL

Brussels

Belize *+

Belize

BZ

BLZ

Belmopan

Benin *+

Republic of Benin

BJ

BEN

Porto-Novo

Bhutan +

Kingdom of Bhutan

BT

BTN

Thimphu

Bolivia *+

Plurinational State of Bolivia

BO

BOL

La Paz (administrative)
Sucre (legislative/judiciary)

Bosnia and
Herzegovina *+

Bosnia and Herzegovina

BA

BIH

Sarajevo

Botswana *+

Republic of Botswana

BW

BWA

Gaborone

Brazil *+

Federative Republic of Brazil

BR

BRA

Brasília

Brunei *+

Brunei Darussalam

BN

BRN

Bandar Seri Begawan

Bulgaria *+

Republic of Bulgaria

BG

BGR

Sofia

Burkina Faso *+

Burkina Faso

BF

BFA

Ouagadougou

Burma *+

Union of Burma

MM

MMR

Rangoon
Nay Pyi Taw (administrative)

Burundi *+

Republic of Burundi

BI

BDI

Bujumbura

Cabo Verde *+

Republic of Cabo Verde

CV

CPV

Praia

Cambodia *+

Kingdom of Cambodia

KH

KHM

Phnom Penh

Cameroon *+

Republic of Cameroon

CM

CMR

Yaoundé

Canada *+

Canada

CA

CAN

Ottawa

Central
African Republic *+

Central African Republic

CF

CAF

Bangui

Chad *+

Republic of Chad

TD

TCD

N'Djamena

Chile *+

Republic of Chile

CL

CHL

Santiago

China *+ (see note 3)

People's Republic of China

CN

CHN

Beijing

Colombia *+

Republic of Colombia

CO

COL

Bogotá

Comoros *+

Union of the Comoros

KM

COM

Moroni

Congo (Brazzaville) *+
(see note 4)

Republic of the Congo

CG

COG

Brazzaville

Congo (Kinshasa) *+
(see note 4)

Democratic Republic
of the Congo

CD

COD

Kinshasa

Costa Rica *+

Republic of Costa Rica

CR

CRI

San José

Côte d'Ivoire *+

Republic of Côte d'Ivoire

CI

CIV

Yamoussoukro

Croatia *+

Republic of Croatia

HR

HRV

Zagreb

Cuba *+

Republic of Cuba

CU

CUB

Havana

Cyprus *+

Republic of Cyprus

CY

CYP

Nicosia

Czech Republic *+

Czech Republic

CZ

CZE

Prague

Denmark *+

Kingdom of Denmark

DK

DNK

Copenhagen

Djibouti *+

Republic of Djibouti

DJ

DJI

Djibouti

Dominica *+

Commonwealth of Dominica

DM

DMA

Roseau

Dominican Republic *+

Dominican Republic

DO

DOM

Santo Domingo

Ecuador *+

Republic of Ecuador

EC

ECU

Quito

Egypt *+

Arab Republic of Egypt

EG

EGY

Cairo

El Salvador *+

Republic of El Salvador

SV

SLV

San Salvador

Equatorial Guinea *+

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

GQ

GNQ

Malabo

Eritrea *+

State of Eritrea

ER

ERI

Asmara

Estonia *+

Republic of Estonia

EE

EST

Tallinn

Ethiopia *+

Federal Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia

ET

ETH

Addis Ababa

Fiji *+

Republic of Fiji

FJ

FJI

Suva

Finland *+

Republic of Finland

FI

FIN

Helsinki

France *+

French Republic

FR

FRA

Paris

Gabon *+

Gabonese Republic

GA

GAB

Libreville

Gambia, The *+

Republic of The Gambia

GM

GMB

Banjul

Georgia *+

Georgia

GE

GEO

Tbilisi

Germany *+

Federal Republic of Germany

DE

DEU

Berlin

Ghana *+

Republic of Ghana

GH

GHA

Accra

Greece *+

Hellenic Republic

GR

GRC

Athens

Grenada *+

Grenada

GD

GRD

Saint George's

Guatemala *+

Republic of Guatemala

GT

GTM

Guatemala City!

Guinea *+

Republic of Guinea

GN

GIN

Conakry

Guinea-Bissau *+

Republic of Guinea-Bissau

GW

GNB

Bissau

Guyana *+

Co-operative Republic of Guyana

GY

GUY

Georgetown

Haiti *+

Republic of Haiti

HT

HTI

Port-au-Prince

Holy See *

Holy See

VA

VAT

Vatican City

Honduras *+

Republic of Honduras

HN

HND

Tegucigalpa

Hungary *+

Hungary

HU

HUN

Budapest

Iceland *+

Republic of Iceland

IS

ISL

Reykjavík

India *+

Republic of India

IN

IND

New Delhi

Indonesia *+

Republic of Indonesia

ID

IDN

Jakarta

Iran +

Islamic Republic of Iran

IR

IRN

Tehran

Iraq *+

Republic of Iraq

IQ

IRQ

Baghdad

Ireland *+

Ireland

IE

IRL

Dublin

Israel *+

State of Israel

IL

ISR

Jerusalem (see note 5)

Italy *+

Italian Republic

IT

ITA

Rome

Jamaica *+

Jamaica

JM

JAM

Kingston

Japan *+

Japan

JP

JPN

Tokyo

Jordan *+

Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan

JO

JOR

Amman

Kazakhstan *+

Republic of Kazakhstan

KZ

KAZ

Astana

Kenya *+

Republic of Kenya

KE

KEN

Nairobi

Kiribati *+

Republic of Kiribati

KI

KIR

Tarawa

Korea, North +

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

KP

PRK

Pyongyang

Korea, South *+

Republic of Korea

KR

KOR

Seoul

Kosovo *

Republic of Kosovo

XK

XKS

Pristina

Kuwait *+

State of Kuwait

KW

KWT

Kuwait City!

Kyrgyzstan *+

Kyrgyz Republic

KG

KGZ

Bishkek

Laos *+

Lao People's
Democratic Republic

LA

LAO

Vientiane

Latvia *+

Republic of Latvia

LV

LVA

Riga

Lebanon *+

Lebanese Republic

LB

LBN

Beirut

Lesotho *+

Kingdom of Lesotho

LS

LSO

Maseru

Liberia *+

Republic of Liberia

LR

LBR

Monrovia

Libya *+

Libya

LY

LBY

Tripoli

Liechtenstein *+

Principality of Liechtenstein

LI

LIE

Vaduz

Lithuania *+

Republic of Lithuania

LY

LTU

Vilnius

Luxembourg *+

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

LU

LUX

Luxembourg

Macedonia *+

Republic of Macedonia

MK

MKD

Skopje

Madagascar *+

Republic of Madagascar

MG

MDG

Antananarivo

Malawi *+

Republic of Malawi

MW

MWI

Lilongwe

Malaysia *+

Malaysia

MY

MYS

Kuala Lumpur

Maldives *+

Republic of Maldives

MV

MDV

Male

Mali *+

Republic of Mali

ML

MLI

Bamako

Malta *+

Republic of Malta

MT

MLT

Valletta

Marshall Islands *+

Republic of the
Marshall Islands

MH

MHL

Majuro

Mauritania *+

Islamic Republic
of Mauritania

MR

MRT

Nouakchott

Mauritius *+

Republic of Mauritius

MU

MUS

Port Louis

Mexico *+

United Mexican States

MX

MEX

Mexico City!

Micronesia,
Federated States of *+

Federated States
of Micronesia

FM

FSM

Palikir

Moldova *+

Republic of Moldova

MD

MDA

Chisinau

Monaco *+

Principality of Monaco

MC

MCO

Monaco

Mongolia *+

Mongolia

MN

MNG

Ulaanbaatar

Montenegro *+

Montenegro

ME

MNE

Podgorica

Morocco *+

Kingdom of Morocco

MA

MAR

Rabat

Mozambique *+

Republic of Mozambique

MZ

MOZ

Maputo

Namibia *+

Republic of Namibia

NA

NAM

Windhoek

Nauru *+

Republic of Nauru

NR

NRU

Yaren District
(no capital city)

Nepal *+

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

NP

NPL

Kathmandu

Netherlands *+

Kingdom of the Netherlands

NL

NLD

Amsterdam
The Hague (seat of gov't)

New Zealand *+

New Zealand

NZ

NZL

Wellington

Nicaragua *+

Republic of Nicaragua

NI

NIC

Managua

Niger *+

Republic of Niger

NE

NER

Niamey

Nigeria *+

Federal Republic of Nigeria

NG

NGA

Abuja

Norway *+

Kingdom of Norway

NO

NOR

Oslo

Oman *+

Sultanate of Oman

OM

OMN

Muscat

Pakistan *+

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

PK

PAK

Islamabad

Palau *+

Republic of Palau

PW

PLW

Melekeok

Panama *+

Republic of Panama

PA

PAN

Panama City!

Papua New Guinea *+

Independent State
of Papua New Guinea

PG

PNG

Port Moresby

Paraguay *+

Republic of Paraguay

PY

PRY

Asunción

Peru *+

Republic of Peru

PE

PER

Lima

Philippines *+

Republic of the Philippines

PH

PHL

Manila

Poland *+

Republic of Poland

PL

POL

Warsaw

Portugal *+

Portuguese Republic

PT

PRT

Lisbon

Qatar *+

State of Qatar

QA

QAT

Doha

Romania *+

Romania

RO

ROU

Bucharest

Russia *+

Russian Federation

RU

RUS

Moscow

Rwanda *+

Republic of Rwanda

RW

RWA

Kigali

Saint Kitts and Nevis *+

Federation of Saint
Kitts and Nevis

KN

KNA

Basseterre

Saint Lucia *+

Saint Lucia

LC

LCA

Castries

Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines *+

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

VC

VCT

Kingstown

Samoa *+

Independent State of Samoa

WS

WSM

Apia

San Marino *+

Republic of San Marino

SM

SMR

San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe *+

Democratic Republic of
Sao Tome and Principe

ST

STP

São Tomé

Saudi Arabia *+

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

SA

SAU

Riyadh

Senegal *+

Republic of Senegal

SN

SEN

Dakar

Serbia *+

Republic of Serbia

RS

SRB

Belgrade

Seychelles *+

Republic of Seychelles

SC

SYC

Victoria

Sierra Leone *+

Republic of Sierra Leone

SL

SLE

Freetown

Singapore *+

Republic of Singapore

SG

SGP

Singapore

Slovakia *+

Slovak Republic

SK

SVK

Bratislava

Slovenia *+

Republic of Slovenia

SI

SVN

Ljubljana

Solomon Islands *+

Solomon Islands

SB

SLB

Honiara

Somalia *+

Federal Republic of Somalia

SO

SOM

Mogadishu

South Africa *+

Republic of South Africa

ZA

ZAF

Pretoria (administrative)
Cape Town (legislative)
Bloemfontein (judiciary)

South Sudan *+

Republic of South Sudan

SS

SSD

Juba

Spain *+

Kingdom of Spain

ES

ESP

Madrid

Sri Lanka *+

Democratic Socialist
Republic of Sri Lanka

LK

LKA

Colombo
Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)

Sudan *+

Republic of the Sudan

SD

SDN

Khartoum

Suriname *+

Republic of Suriname

SR

SUR

Paramaribo

Swaziland *+

Kingdom of Swaziland

SZ

SWZ

Mbabane (administrative)
Lobamba (legislative)

Sweden *+

Kingdom of Sweden

SE

SWE

Stockholm

Switzerland *+

Swiss Confederation

CH

CHE

Bern

Syria *+

Syrian Arab Republic

SY

SYR

Damascus

Tajikistan *+

Republic of Tajikistan

TJ

TJK

Dushanbe

Tanzania *+

United Republic of Tanzania

TZ

TZA

Dar es Salaam
Dodoma (legislative)

Thailand *+

Kingdom of Thailand

TH

THA

Bangkok

Timor-Leste *+

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

TL

TLS

Dili

Togo *+

Togolese Republic

TG

TGO

Lomé

Tonga *+

Kingdom of Tonga

TO

TON

Nuku'alofa

Trinidad and Tobago *+

Republic of
Trinidad and Tobago

TT

TTO

Port of Spain

Tunisia *+

Republic of Tunisia

TN

TUN

Tunis

Turkey *+

Republic of Turkey

TR

TUR

Ankara

Turkmenistan *+

Turkmenistan

TM

TKM

Ashgabat

Tuvalu *+

Tuvalu

TV

TUV

Funafuti

Uganda *+

Republic of Uganda

UG

UGA

Kampala

Ukraine *+

Ukraine

UA

UKR

Kyiv

United Arab Emirates *+

United Arab Emirates

AE

ARE

Abu Dhabi

United Kingdom *+

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

GB

GBR

London

United States +

United States of America

US

USA

Washington, DC

Uruguay *+

Oriental Republic of Uruguay

UY

URY

Montevideo

Uzbekistan *+

Republic of Uzbekistan

UZ

UZB

Tashkent

Vanuatu *+

Republic of Vanuatu

VU

VUT

Port-Vila

Venezuela *+

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

VE

VEN

Caracas

Vietnam *+

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

VN

VNM

Hanoi

Yemen *+

Republic of Yemen

YE

YEM

Sanaa

Zambia *+

Republic of Zambia

ZM

ZMB

Lusaka

Zimbabwe *+

Republic of Zimbabwe

ZW

ZWE

Harare

 

OTHER

Short-form name

Long-form name

GENC 2A Code (see Note 2)!

GENC 3A Code (see Note 2)!

Capital

Taiwan (see note 6)

(no long-form name)

TW

TWN

Taipei

Source: Office of The Geographer and Global Issues, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C


NOTES
Note 1: In this listing, the term "independent state" refers to a people politically organized
into a sovereign state with a definite territory recognized as independent by the US.

Note 2: Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes (GENC) Standard two-letter and three-letter codes. GENC is the replacement standard for FIPS 10-4 and is the U.S. Government profile of the ISO 3166 international country code standard. For more information on GENC please see https://nsgreg.nga.mil/genc/discovery.

Note 3: With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China on January 1, 1979, the
US Government recognized the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government
of China and acknowledged the Chinese position that there is only one China and that
Taiwan is part of China.

Note 4: "Congo" is the official short-form name for both the Republic of the Congo and the
Democratic Republic of the Congo. To distinguish one from the other, the U.S. Department
of State adds the capital in parentheses. This practice is unofficial and provisional.

Note 5: Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950. The United States, like nearly all other countries, maintains its embassy in Tel Aviv.

Note 6: Claimed by both the Government of the People's Republic of China and the authorities
on Taiwan. Administered by the authorities on Taiwan. (see note 3)



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