Released March 9, 2012
Under Section 10 of Public Law 110-286, the Secretary of State is required to submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate "a report containing a list of countries, companies, and other entities that provide military or intelligence aid to the SPDC[*] and describing such military or intelligence aid provided by each country, company or other entity."
In 2010, Burma's primary foreign suppliers of weapons and military-related technology were state-controlled arms companies from China, North Korea, and Russia.
Assistance by Country
China and Chinese companies provided both finished military equipment and assistance in establishing military production plants to Burma.
North Korea and North Korean companies also arranged for Burma to receive military equipment and supported Burma's efforts to build and operate military-related production facilities. North Korea likely delivered military-related equipment in April 2010 on the merchant vessel Chong Gen. North Korea's arms traders also bought production-related equipment for work in Burma from companies based in Taiwan and China.
Russian companies continued to deliver air defense systems to Burma in 2010. Russia also continues to train Burmese students in a wide range of fields with military applications.
Firms based in Singapore and Taiwan have reportedly assisted Burma's defense industry in acquiring production technology.
[*] This report covers the calendar year 2010. The State Peace and Development Committee (SPDC) was dissolved March 30, 2011, after elections in November 2010. President Thein Sein, the former Prime Minister under the SPDC structure, assumed power on April 1, 2011.