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Diplomacy in Action

65. U.S. statement before IAEA Board of Governors on Republic of Korea (September 2004)


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U.S. Statement (Agenda item 11)

 

 

MY GOVERNMENT WELCOMES THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA’S ACTIONS IN BRINGING TO THE ATTENTION OF THE IAEA IN THE CONTEXT OF ITS REPORTING UNDER THE ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL PREVIOUSLY UNDECLARED URANIUM ENRICHMENT RESEARCH. WHILE THE ACTIVITIES THEMSELVES SHOULD NEVER HAVE OCCURRED, THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA’S TRANSPARENCY IN REPORTING THEM NOW IS A MODEL THAT SHOULD BE FOLLOWED BY OTHERS. WE APPRECIATE THAT THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA GOVERNMENT HAS PLEDGED ITS FULL COOPERATION TO THE IAEA IN INVESTIGATING THESE EXPERIMENTS AND IN VERIFYING THE DECLARATIONS CONCERNING THEM, AND THE FULL PROACTIVE COOPERATION THUS FAR PROVIDED. WE HOPE THAT KOREA WILL HOLD ITSELF TO THE HIGHEST STANDARDS IN IMPLEMENTING THAT PLEDGE.

 

MY GOVERNMENT TAKES NOTE OF THE PARTICULAR VALUE OF THE ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL IN THIS INSTANCE, WHERE IT CAN BE A TOOL NOT ONLY OF THE AGENCY BUT OF THE STATE ITSELF IN ENSURING THAT IT MEETS ITS OBLIGATIONS AND RECTIFIES ANY PROBLEMS THAT MAY OCCUR.

 

MY GOVERNMENT SIMILARLY WELCOMES THE ONGOING ACTIONS BY BOTH THE SECRETARIAT AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA IN INVESTIGATING REPROCESSING EXPERIMENTS THAT HAPPENED OVER TWENTY YEARS AGO. THESE TOO ARE EXPERIMENTS THAT SHOULD NOT HAVE HAPPENED. WE EXPECT THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA TO MAINTAIN ITS LEVEL OF COOPERATION WITH THE IAEA IN RESOLVING ALL REMAINING QUESTIONS.

 

THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA HAS BEEN A STAUNCH SUPPORTER OF INTERNATIONAL NONPROLIFERATION EFFORTS. IT HAS PROVIDED LEADERSHIP, NOT ONLY AS A MEMBER OF THIS BOARD OF GOVERNORS BUT ALSO RECENTLY AS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE NUCLEAR SUPPLIERS GROUP AS THAT GROUP WRESTLED WITH A NUMBER OF DIFFICULT ISSUES, INCLUDING HOW TO RESPOND TO THE GROWING THREAT OF TERRORISM AND THE ILLICITE ACTIVITIES OF THE KHAN NETWORK. THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA’S DISCLOSURE OF PAST INSTANCES OF CONCERN AND ITS COOPERATION IN RESOLVING THEM ARE EVIDENCE OF ITS DESIRE TO ABIDE BY ITS INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS.

 

MY GOVERNMENT HAS FULL CONFIDENCE IN THE SECRETARIAT IN INVESTIGATING THESE MATTERS, AND WE LOOK FORWARD TO RECEIVING A COMPLETE AND ACCURATE REPORT ON THE NATURE OF THE ACTIVITIES AND ON THE DEGREE TO WHICH THEY MAY HAVE VIOLATED SAFEGUARDS OBLIGATIONS. IT IS IMPORTANT IN THIS INSTANCE AND IN EVERY INSTANCE THAT THE INVESTIGATION BE BOTH THOROUGH AND IMPARTIAL. WE BELIEVE THAT THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA’S PLEDGE TO COOPERATE FULLY WITH THE AGENCY AND THE COOPERATION THUS FAR PROVIDED WILL HELP ENSURE THAT THE INVESTIGATION ACHIEVES BOTH OBJECTIVES. AFTER THE INVESTIGATION IS COMPLETE, THE UNITED STATES, ALONG WITH THE REST OF THE IAEA BOARD OF GOVERNORS, WILL CONSIDER NEXT STEPS.

 

THE IAEA STATUTE REQUIRES THAT THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS REPORT NON-COMPLIANCE BY A STATE WITH ITS SAFEGUARDS OBLIGATIONS TO THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL, THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY AND ALL IAEA MEMBER STATES. THERE CAN BE NO DOUBLE STANDARD. WITHOUT PRESUMING THE OUTCOME, WE LOOK FORWARD TO RECEIVING THE AGENCY’S FULL, FAIR AND IMPARTIAL REPORT UPON THE COMPLETION OF ITS INVESTIGATION OF THE ROK’S NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES.

 



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