TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 12929
Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Signed at Stockholm February 9, 1998
NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—
“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”
Agreement signed at Stockholm February 9, 1998;
Entered into force February 9, 1998.
AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND
THE GOVERNMENT OF SWEDEN FOR PROMOTION OF AVIATION SAFETY
The Government of the United States of America and the Government of Sweden,
hereinafter referred to as the Contracting Parties,
Desiring to promote aviation safety and environmental quality,
Noting common concerns for the safe operation of civil aircraft,
Recognizing the emerging trend toward multinational design, production, and interchange
of civil aeronautical products,
Desiring to enhance cooperation and increase efficiency in matters relating to civil
Considering the possible reduction of the economic burden imposed on the aviation
industry and operators by redundant technical inspections, evaluations, and testing,
Recognizing the mutual benefit of improved procedures for the reciprocal acceptance of
airworthiness approvals, environmental testing and development of reciprocal recognition
procedures for approval and monitoring of flight simulators, aircraft maintenance
facilities, maintenance personnel, crewmembers, and flight operations,
Have agreed as follows:
ARTICLE I - DEFINITIONS
For the purposes of this Agreement:
A. "Airworthiness approval" means a finding that the design or change to a design of a
civil aeronautical product meets standards agreed between the Contracting Parties or that
a product conforms to a design that has been found to meet those standards, and is
in a condition for safe operation.
B. "Alterations or modifications" means making a change to the construction,
configuration, performance, environmental characteristics, or operating limitations of the
affected civil aeronautical product.
C. "Approval of flight operations" means the technical inspections and evaluations
conducted by a Contracting Party, using standards agreed between the Parties, of an entity
providing commercial air transportation of passengers or cargo, or the finding that the
entity complies with those standards.
D. "Civil aeronautical product" means any civil aircraft, aircraft engine, or propeller or
subassembly, appliance, material, part, or component to be installed thereon.
E. "Environmental approval" means a finding that a civil aeronautical product complies
with standards agreed between the Contracting Parties concerning noise and/or exhaust
emissions. "Environmental testing" means a process by which a civil aeronautical
product is evaluated for compliance with those standards, using procedures agreed
between the Contracting Parties.
F. "Flight simulator qualification evaluations" means the process by which a flight
simulator is assessed by comparison to the aircraft it simulates, in accordance with
standards agreed between the Contracting Parties, or the finding that it complies with
G. "Maintenance" means the performance of inspection, overhaul, repair, preservation,
and the replacement of parts, materials, appliances, or components of a civil aeronautical
product to assure the continued airworthiness of that product, but excludes alterations or
H. "Monitoring" means the periodic surveillance by a Contracting Party's civil aviation
authority to determine continuing compliance with the appropriate standards.
I. "Crewmembers" means pilots, flight engineers, flight radio operators, flight
navigators and flight attendants.
ARTICLE II - PURPOSES
A. The Contracting Parties agree:
I . To facilitate acceptance by each Contracting Party of the other Party's
(a) airworthiness approvals and environmental testing and approval of civil aeronautical
(b) qualification evaluations of flight simulators;
2. To facilitate acceptance by the Contracting Parties of the approvals and monitoring
of maintenance facilities and alteration or modification facilities, maintenance personnel,
crewmembers, aviation training establishments, and flight operations of the other Party;
3. To provide for cooperation in sustaining an equivalent level of safety and
environmental objectives with respect to aviation safety.
B. Each Contracting Party shall designate its civil aviation authority as the executive
agent to implement this Agreement. For the United States of America, the executive agent
shall be the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the Department of Transportation.
For the Government of Sweden, the executive agent shall be Luftfartsverket,
Luftfartsinspektionen (LFV), i.e. the Swedish Civil Aviation Administration, Aviation
ARTICLE III - SCOPE
A. The Contracting Parties' civil aviation authorities shall conduct technical
assessments and work cooperatively to develop an understanding of each other's
standards and systems in the following areas:
1. Airworthiness approvals of civil aeronautical products;
2. Environmental approval and environmental testing;
3. Approval of maintenance facilities, maintenance personnel, and crewmembers;
4. Approval of flight operations;
5. Evaluation and qualification of flight simulators; and
6. Approval of aviation training establishments.
B. When the civil aviation authorities of the Contracting Parties agree that the standards,
rules, practices, procedures, and systems of both Contracting Parties in one of the
technical specialties listed in paragraph (A) of this Article are sufficiently equivalent or
compatible to permit acceptance of findings of compliance made by one Contracting
Party for the other Contracting Party to the agreed-upon standards, the civil aviation
authorities shall execute written Implementation Procedures describing the methods by
which such reciprocal acceptance shall be made with respect to that technical specialty.
C. The Implementation Procedures shall include at a minimum:
2. A description of the scope of the particular area of civil aviation to be addressed;
3. Provisions for reciprocal acceptance of civil aviation authority actions such as test
witnessing, inspections, qualifications, approvals, and certifications;
5. Provisions for mutual cooperation and technical assistance;
6. Provisions for periodic evaluations; and
7. Provisions for amendments to or termination of the Implementation Procedures.
ARTICLE IV - SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES
Any disagreement regarding the interpretation or application of this Agreement or its
Implementation Procedures shall be resolved by consultation between the Contracting
Parties or their civil aviation authorities, respectively.
ARTICLE V - ENTRY INTO FORCE, TERMINATION, AND AMENDMENT
This agreement shall enter into force upon signature and shall remain in force until
terminated by either Contracting Party. Such termination shall be effected by sixty days'
written notification to the other Contracting Party. Such termination will also act to
terminate all existing Implementation Procedures executed in accordance with this
Agreement. This Agreement may be amended by the written agreement of the
Contracting Parties. Individual Implementation Procedures may be terminated or
amended by the civil aviation authorities in accordance with provisions developed
pursuant to Article III, section C(7).
ARTICLE VI - 1973 AGREEMENT
The Agreement for reciprocal acceptance of airworthiness certifications, effected by
exchange of notes at Stockholm, on April 24 and 26, 1973, shall remain in force until
terminated by an exchange of notes following completion by the Contracting Parties'
civil aviation authorities of the technical assessments and Implementation Procedures
concerning airworthiness certification, as described in Article In the event of any
inconsistency between the Agreement of April 24 and 26, 1973, and this present
Agreement, the Contracting Parties shall consult.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective
Governments, have signed this Agreement.
DONE at Stockholm, this ninth day of February, 1998, in duplicate, each in the English
and Swedish languages, both texts being equally authentic.
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: SWEDEN: