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12935 Ghana - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program


   
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TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 12935

 

 

ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION

GLOBE Program

 

 


Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and GHANA

 

Signed at Accra March 20, 1998

with

Appendices

 

 

 


 

NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

 

GHANA

Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Accra March 20, 1998;
Entered into force March 20, 1998.
With appendices.

Agreement between
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America and
the (Organization) of the Republic of Ghana
for Cooperation in the GLOBE Program
PREAMBLE
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf of itself
and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE Program (hereinafter,
the U.S. side), and the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Ghana (hereinafter, the
Ghanaian side).
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about the global
environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the
Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
ARTICLE 1 - THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and education program
that brings students, teachers, and scientists together to study the global environment.
GLOBE has created an international network of students at primary, middle and
secondary school levels studying environmental issues, making environmental
measurements, and sharing useful environmental data with one another and the
international science community.
ARTICLE 2 - RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details
regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A):
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the
GLOBE environmental measurements and types of measurement equipment
(described in Appendix B);
2
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental
measurements, and support the U.S. members of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and educators,
GLOBE educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures
and data reporting protocols into the six United Nations languages, and
provide a copy of these plus all broader GLOBE educational materials to
the Ghanaian side for further reproduction as necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country Coordinators and
GLOBE teachers who will serve as trainers for additional GLOBE teachers
in Ghana;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing capabilities
and other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Ghanaian GLOBE school
computers (To the extent possible, textual material appearing on computer
screens will be accessible in the student's choice among the six United
Nations languages.);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around the
world, and develop and provide resultant global environmental images to
the Ghanaian side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation with
international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the overall
program as appropriate.
B. The Ghanaian side will:
1. Identify Ghanaian schook that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details
regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A) and provide an updated list of
Ghanaian GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the beginning of each school year;
2. Ensure that Ghanaian GLOBE schools conduct the fundamental activities of
GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix A (take GLOBE environmental
measurements, report data, and receive and use resultant global environmental
images, using GLOBE educational materials under the guidance of teachers
trained to conduct the GLOBE Program);
3. Name a Ghanaian Government Point of Contact responsible for policy-level
communications with the Director of the GLOBE Program;
3
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day management, oversight,
and facilitation of the GLOBE Program in Ghana;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend GLOBE
regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at least one teacher in
each Ghanaian GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures and
data reporting protocols are utilized in Ghanaian GLOBE schools, and that
broader GLOBE educational materials are appropriately translated, adapted,
reproduced, and distributed to all Ghanaian GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measure equipment used by GLOBE schools to take GLOBE
environmental measurements meets GLOBE specifications (described in Appendix
B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Ghanaian GLOBE schools calibrate GLOBE
measurement equipment according to procedures provided in GLOBE
instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Ghanaian GLOBE schools have the necessary computer and
communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web access in order to
report GLOBE environmental measurements and to receive and use GLOBE
environmental images; if such computer and communications systems are not
available in Ghanaian schools, make agreed alternative arrangements for such
reporting and receipt (At a minimum, the Ghanaian Country Coordinator will need
access to the Internet so that all measurement data from Ghanaian GLOBE schools
will be reported via Internet.); and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Ghana periodically and assist the U.S. side in
conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE Program.
ARTICLE 3 - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of-fulfilling its respective responsibilities under this
agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are subject to its
respective funding procedures and the availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and
other resources. The conduct of activities under this agreement will be consistent with
the relevant laws and regulations of the two sides.
ARTICLE 4 - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images, software, and
educational materials will be available worldwide without restriction as to their use or
redistribution.
4
ARTICLE 5 - RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE GLOBE PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may deem appropriate
without prior consultation with the other.
ARTICLE 6 - CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION
Each side will, to the extent permitted by its laws and regulations, facilitate the
movement of persons and goods necessary to implement this agreement into and out of
its territory and accord entry to such goods into its territory free of customs duties and
other similar charges.
ARTICLE 7 - DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will remain in
force for five years. It will be automatically extended for further five-year periods, unless
either side decides to terminate it and so notifies the other side with three months
written notice. This agreement may be terminated at any time by either side upon three
months prior written notice to the other side. This agreement may be amended by
written agreement of the two sides.
Done in Accra, Ghana on the 20th day of March, 1998 in duplicate.
For the National Oceanic and For the Ministry of Education
Atmospheric Administration: Ghana:
EDWARD BRYNN DR. MOHAMMED IBN CHAMBAS
AMBASSADOR DEPUTY MINISTER OF EDUCATION
5
APPENDIX A
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating
schools. Schools should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of
the GLOBE Program. In particular, countries should emphasize the
selection of schools that will maximize the number and geographic
distribution of students worldwide participating in the program.
Also, countries should consider involving schools in locations that will
yield measurement data that is important to the international science
community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the
following fundamental activities: they make environmental
measurements at or near their schools; report their data to a GLOBE
data processing site; receive vivid graphical global environmental
images created from their data and the data from other GLOBE
schools around the world; and study the environment by relating
their observations and the resulting images to broader
environmental topics. All of these activities are conducted under the
guidance of specially trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the
guidance of GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain
instructional materials detailing procedures for taking environmental
measurements and protocols for reporting data; they also explain the
significance of the measurements, guide the use of the global
environmental images, and integrate the measurement aspects of the
program into a broader study of the environment.
6
APPENDIX B
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way
to the scientific understanding of the dynamics of the global
environment. Every GLOBE school is encouraged to conduct the core
set of GLOBE environmental measurements in the following critical
areas: Atmosphere/Climate, Hydrology, Land Cover/Biology and Soils.
As the GLOBE Program evolves, specialized measurements not
common to all GLOBE schools may be added in order to address local
environmental issues.
Students at all skill levels are active participants in the GLOBE
Program. The actual participation is designed so as to be appropriate
for primary, middle and secondary school levels. Younger students
make limited measurements which may be qualitative rather than
quantitative. Older students make additional measurements and
more sophisticated measurements, as appropriate for their skill level.
Measurement equipment is not standardized; rather, functional and
performance specifications are provided for GLOBE instruments.
Following is the list of GLOBE core measurements and equipment.
This list has been developed and will be periodically updated as
provided in Article 2.A.2. based on experience gained in
implementing the GLOBE Program.

MEASUREMENTS
Atmosphere/Climate:
Air Temperature
Precipitation
Cloud Cover/Type
Hydrology:
Water pH
Water Temperature
Dissolved Oxygen
Alkalinity
Electrical Conductivity
EQUIPMENT NEEDED
Max/Min Thermometer
Calibration Thermometer
Instrument Shelter
Rain Gauge
Cloud Charts
pH Paper, Pen, or Meter
Organic Liquid-Filled Thermometer
Dissolved Oxygen Kit
Water Alkalinity Kit
Electrode-Type Conductivity Tester
Soils:
Soil Moisture
Soil Characterization
Remote Sensing Image
Multispec Software
Dichotomous Keys
Measuring Tape
Clinometer (Optional)
Densiometer (Optional)
Soil Sample Cans
Augur
Soil Moisture Meter (Optional)
Gypsum Blocks (Optional)
Color Chart
Graduated Cylinders
Augur (Optional)
7
Land Cover/Biology:
Land Cover
Species Identification
Biometry
8
APPENDIX C
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all
schools are encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom
computers. The Internet/World Wide Web multi-media information-
access capability has been selected to support the required GLOBE
school activities of data entry, data analysis, and use of global
environmental images.
The diversity of technoiogy accessible by schools worldwide may
require, in some cases, that environmental measurements be
reported via e-mail or in hardcopy and that a variety of media,
including e-mail and hardcopy, be used to distribute global
environmental images. All schools that want to participate in the
program will be accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually
evolve to higher levels and participants will be encouraged to
upgrade over time.



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