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12942 Chile - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program


   
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TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 12942

 

 

ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION

GLOBE Program

 

 


Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and CHILE

 

Signed at Santiago April 16, 1998

with

Appendices

 

 

 


 

NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

 

CHILE

Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Santiago April 16, 1998;
Entered into force April 16, 1998.
With appendices.
AGREEMENT BETWEEN
THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION
OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AND
THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
OF CHILE
FOR COOPERATION IN THE GLOBE PROGRAM
PREAMBLE
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on
behalf of itself and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the
GLOBE Program (hereinafter, the U.S. side), and the Ministry of Education of
Chile (hereinafter, the Chilean side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world
about the global environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth,
and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and
mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to
Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
2
ARTICLE 1 - THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and
education program that brings students, teachers and scientists together to
study the global environment. GLOBE has created an international network
of students at primary, middle and secondary school levels studying
environmental issues, making environmental measurements, and sharing
useful environmental data with one another and the international science
community.
ARTICLE 2 - RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program
(details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators,
the GLOBE environmental measurements and types of
measurement equipment (described in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental
measurements, and support the U.S. members of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and
educators, GLOBE educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols into the six United Nations
languages, and provide a copy of these plus all broader GLOBE
educational materials to the Chilean side for further reproduction
as necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country
Coordinators and GLOBE teachers who will serve as trainers for
additional GLOBE teachers in Chile;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing
capabilities and other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Chilean
GLOBE school computers (To the extent possible, textual material
appearing on computer screens will be accessible in the student's
choice among the six United Nations languages.);
3
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around
the world, and develop and provide resultant global environmental
images to the Chilean side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation
with international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the
overall program as appropriate.
B. The Chilean side will:
1. Identify Chilean schools that will participate in the GLOBE
Program (details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A) and
provide an updated list of Chilean GLOBE schools to the U.S. side
at the beginning of each school year;
2. Ensure that Chilean GLOBE schools conduct the fundamental
activities of GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix A (take GLOBE
environmental measurements, report data, and receive and use
resultant global environmental images, using GLOBE educational
materials under the guidance of teachers trained to conduct the
GLOBE Program);
3. Name a Chilean Government Point of Contact responsible for
policy-level communications with the Director of the GLOBE
Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day
management, training, oversight, and facilitation of the GLOBE
Program in Chile;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers
attend GLOBE regional training and in turn provide GLOBE
training to at least one teacher in each Chilean GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols are utilized in Chilean
GLOBE schools, and that broader GLOBE educational materials
are appropriately translated, adapted, reproduced, and distributed to
all Chilean GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools
to take GLOBE environmental measurements meets GLOBE
specifications (described in Appendix B);
4
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Chilean GLOBE schools
calibrate GLOBE measurement equipment according to procedures
provided in GLOBE instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Chilean GLOBE schools have the necessary computer
and communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web
access in order to report GLOBE environmental measurements and
to receive and use GLOBE environmental images; if such
computer and communications systems are not available in Chilean
schools, make agreed alternative arrangements for such reporting
and receipt (At a minimum, the Chilean Country Coordinator will
need access to the Internet so that all measurement data from
Chilean GLOBE schools will be reported via Internet.); and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Chile periodically and assist the
U.S. side in conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE
Program.
ARTICLE 3 - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities
under this agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are
subject to its respective funding procedures and the availability of
appropriated funds, personnel, and other resources. The conduct of activities
under this agreement will be consistent with the relevant laws and regulations
of the United States and Chile.
ARTICLE 4 - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images,
software, and educational materials will be available worldwide without
restriction as to their use or redistribution.
ARTICLE 5 - RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE GLOBE
PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may
deem appropriate without prior consultation with the other.
5
ARTICLE 6 - PURCHASE OF MATERIAL, CUSTOMS AND
IMMIGRATION
The equipment necessary for environmental measurements, detailed in
Appendix B, may be purchased in Chile or in any other country, in accord
with the specifications and as most convenient.
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons
and goods into and out of its territory and to accord entry to such goods into
U.S. and Chilean territory free of customs duties and other similar charges, as
is necessary to implement this agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws
and regulations of the United States and Chile.
ARTICLE 7 - DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and
will remain in force for five years. It will be automatically extended for
further five-year periods. This agreement may be terminated at any time by
either side upon three months prior written notice to the other side. This
agreement may be amended by written agreement of the two sides.
Done in Santiago, Chile on the sixteenth day of April, 1998, in duplicate,
in the Spanish and English languages, both texts being equally authentic.
For the National Oceanic and For the Ministry of Education
Atmospheric Administration of the Republic of Chile:
of the United States of America:
6
APPENDIX A
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating schools.
Schools should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of the GLOBE
Program. In particular, countries should emphasize the selection of schools
that will maximize the number and geographic distribution of students
worldwide participating in the program. Also, countries should consider
involving schools in locations that will yield measurement data that is
important to the international science community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the following
fundamental activities: they make environmental measurements at or near
their schools; report their data to a GLOBE data processing site; receive vivid
graphical global environmental images created from their data and the data
from other GLOBE schools around the world; and study the environment by
relating their observations and the resulting images to broader environmental
topics. All of these activities are conducted under the guidance of specially
trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the guidance
of GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain instructional materials
detailing procedures for taking environmental measurements and protocols for
reporting data; they also explain the significance of the measurements, guide
the use of the global environmental images, and integrate the measurement
aspects of the program into a broader study of the environment.
7
APPENDIX B
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the
scientific understanding of the dynamics of the global environment. Every
GLOBE school is encouraged to conduct the core set of GLOBE
environmental measurements in the following critical areas:
Atmosphere/Climate, Hydrology, Land Cover/Biology and Soils. As the
GLOBE Program evolves, specialized measurements not common to all
GLOBE schools may be added in order to address local environmental issues.
Students at all skill levels are active participants in the GLOBE Program. The
actual participation is designed so as to be appropriate for primary, middle and
secondary school levels. Younger students make limited measurements which
may be qualitative rather than quantitative. Older students make additional
measurements and more sophisticated measurements, as appropriate for their
skill level. Measurement equipment is not standardized; rather, functional and
performance specifications are provided for GLOBE instruments.
Following is the list of GLOBE core measurements and equipment. This list
has been developed and will be periodically updated as provided in Article
2.A.2., based on experience gained in implementing the GLOBE Program.
EQUIPMENT NEEDED
Max/Min Thermometer
Calibration Thermometer
Instrument Shelter
Rain Gauge
Cloud Charts
pH Paper, Pen, or Meter
Organic Liquid-Filled Thermometer
Dissolved Oxygen Kit
Water Alkalinity Kit
Electrode-Type Conductivity Tester
Remote Sensing Image
Multispec Software
Dichotomous Keys
Measuring Tape
Clinometer (Optional)
Densiometer (Optional)
MEASUREMENTS
Atmosphere/Climate:
Air Temperature
Precipitation
Cloud Cover/Type
Hydrology:
Water pH
Water Temperature
Dissolved Oxygen
Alkalinity
Electrical Conductivity
Land Cover/Biology:
Land Cover
Species Identification
Biometry
8
Soils:
Soil Moisture
Soil Characterization
Soil Sample Cans
Augur
Soil Moisture Meter (Optional)
Gypsum Blocks (Optional)
Color Chart
Graduated Cylinders
Augur (Optional)
9
APPENDIX C
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools are
encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom computers. The
Internet/World Wide Web multi-media information-access capability has been
selected to support the required GLOBE school activities of data entry, data
analysis, and use of global environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require, in
some cases, that environmental measurements be reported via e-mail or in
hardcopy and that a variety of media, including e-mail and hardcopy, be used
to distribute global environmental images. All schools that want to participate
in the program will be accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to
higher levels and participants will be encouraged to upgrade over time.



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