TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 12946
Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Signed at Berne April 22, 1998
NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—
“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”
Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program
Agreement signed at Berne April 22, 1998;
Entered into force April 22, 1998.
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America
the Federal Department
for Environment, Transport, Energy and Communication
the GLOBE Program
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf of itself and other
U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE Program (hereinafter, the U.S. side), and
the Federal Department for Environment, Transport, Energy and Communication of Switzerland
(hereinafter, the Swiss side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about the global environ-
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment
(GLOBE) Program as follows:
ARTICLE 1 - THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and education program that
brings students, teachers, and scientists together to study the global environment. GLOBE has
created an international network of students at primary, middle and secondary school levels
studying environmental issues, making environmental measurements, and sharing useful envi-
ronmental data with one another and the international science community.
ARTICLE 2 - RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details regarding GLOBE
schools in Appendix A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the GLOBE environmental
measurements and types of measurement equipment (described in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental measurements, and support
the U.S. members of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and educators, GLOBE educational
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures and data repor-
ting protocols into the six United Nations languages, and provide a copy of these plus all
broader GLOBE educational materials to the Swiss side for further reproduction as necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country Coordinators and GLOBE teachers
who will serve as trainers for additional GLOBE teachers in Switzerland;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing capabilities and other neces-
sary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Swiss GLOBE school computers (To the
extent possible, textual material appearing on computer screens will be accessible in the stu-
dent's choice among the six United Nations languages.);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around the world, and develop and
provide resultant global environmental images to the Swiss side; and
10.Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation with international GLOBE
Country Coordinators, and modify the overall program as appropriate.
B. The Swiss side will:
1. Identify Swiss schools that have agreed to participate in the GLOBE Program and conduct the
fundamental activities of GLOBE schools (take GLOBE environmental measurements using
GLOBE measurement procedures and calibrated GLOBE measurement equipment, report data
using GLOBE data reporting protocols, and receive and use resultant global environmental
images, using GLOBE educational materials under the guidance of teachers trained to conduct
the GLOBE Program);
2. Provide an updated list of Swiss GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the beginning of each
3. Name a Swiss Government Point of Contact responsible for policy-level communications with
the Director of the GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day management, oversight, and facilita-
tion of the GLOBE Program in Switzerland;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend GLOBE regional
training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at least one teacher in each Swiss GLOBE
6. Distribute GLOBE educational materials which have been appropriately translated, adapted
and reproduced to all Swiss GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools to take GLOBE measure-
ments meets GLOBE specifications (described in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that Swiss GLOBE schools have the necessary computer and communications systems
to allow Internet/World Wide Web access in order to report GLOBE environmental measure-
ments and to receive and use global environmental images; if such computer and communica-
tions systems are not available in Swiss schools, make agreed alternative arrangements for
such reporting and receipt (At a minimum, the Swiss Country Coordinator will need access to
the Internet so that all measurement data from Swiss GLOBE schools will be reported via
9. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Switzerland periodically and assist the U.S. side in conducting
periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE Program.
ARTICLE 3 - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under this agreement.
Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are subject to its respective funding
procedures and the availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and other resources. The
conduct of activities under this agreement will be consistent with the relevant laws and
regulations of the two sides.
ARTICLE 4 - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images, software, and educa-
tional materials will be available worldwide without restriction as to their use or redistribution.
ARTICLE 5 - RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE GLOBE PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may deem appropriate without
prior consultation with the other.
ARTICLE 6 - CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION
Each side will, to the extent permitted by its laws and regulations, facilitate the movement of
persons and goods necessary to implement this agreement into and out of its territory and accord
entry to such goods into its territory free of customs duties and other similar charges.
ARTICLE 7 - DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will remain in force for
five years. It will be automatically extended for further five-year periods, unless either side
decides to terminate it and so notifies the other side with three months written notice. This agree-
ment may be terminated at any time by either side upon three months prior written notice to the
other side. This agreement may be amended by written agreement of the two sides.
Done at Berne on the 22nd day of April 1998 (Earth Day) in duplicate.
For the National Oceanic and For the Federal Department for
Atmospheric Administration: Environment, Transport, Energy
GLOBE schools throughout the world have agreed that their students will participate in the fol-
lowing fundamental activities: making environmental measurements at or near their schools
using GLOBE measurement procedures and GLOBE calibrated measurement equipment; repor-
ting their data using GLOBE data reporting protocols to a GLOBE data processing site; receiving
vivid graphical global environmental images created from their data and the data from other
GLOBE schools around the world; and studying the environment by relating their observations
and the resulting images to broader environmental topics. All of these activities are conducted
under the guidance of specially trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are made available to GLOBE schools by Country Coordinators.
These materials contain instructional materials detailing procedures for taking environmental
measurements and protocols for reporting data; they also explain the significance of the measure-
ments, guide the use of the global environmental images, and integrate the measurement aspects
of the program into a broader study of the environment.
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the scientific understan-
ding of the dynamics of the global environment. Every GLOBE school, having agreed to partici-
pate in the GLOBE Program, is encouraged to conduct the core set of GLOBE environmental
measurements in the following critical areas: Atmosphere/Climate, Hydrology, and Land
Cover/Biology and Soils. As the GLOBE Program evolves, specialized measurements not
common to all GLOBE schools may be added in order to address local environmental issues.
Students at all skill levels are active participants in the GLOBE Program. The actual participa-
tion is designed so as to be appropriate for primary, middle and secondary school levels. Younger
students make limited measurements which may be qualitative rather than quantitative. Older
students make additional measurements and more sophisticated measurements, as appropriate for
their skill level. Measurement equipment is not standardized; rather, functional and perfor-
mance specifications are provided for GLOBE instruments.
Following is the list of GLOBE core measurements and equipment. This list has been developed
and will be periodically updated as provided in Article 2.A.2, based on experience gained in
implementing the GLOBE Program.
pH Paper, Pen, or Meter
Organic Liquid-Filled Thermometer
Dissolved Oxygen Kit
Water Alkalinity Kit
Electrode-Type Conductivity Tester
Remote Sensing Image
Soils: Soil Sample Cans
Soil Moisture Augur
Soil Characterization Soil Moisture Meter (Optional)
Gypsum Blocks (Optional)
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools are encouraged to use
the Internet, along with classroom computers. The Internet/World Wide Web multi-media
information-access capability has been selected to support the required GLOBE school activities
of data entry, data analysis, and use of global environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require, in some cases, that
environmental measurements be reported via e-mail or in hardcopy and that a variety of media,
including e-mail and hardcopy, be used to distribute global environmental images. All schools
that want to participate in the program will be accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to higher levels and
participants will be encouraged to upgrade over time.