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12949 Spain - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program


   
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TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 12949

 

 

ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION

GLOBE Program

 

 


Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and SPAIN

 

Signed at Madrid May 5, 1998

with

Appendices

 

 

 


 

NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

 

SPAIN

Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Madrid May 5, 1998;
Entered into force May 5, 1998.
With appendices.

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND
ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF
AMERICA AND THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE OF
THE KINGDOM OF SPAIN FOR COOPERATION IN THE GLOBE
PROGRAM
PREAMBLE
The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf of
itself and other US Government agencies participating in the GLOBE Program
(hereinafter, the US side), and the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Kingdom of
Spain (hereinafter, the Spanish side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about the
global environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the
Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
ARTICLE I - THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and education
program that brings students, teachers, and scientists together to study the global
environment. GLOBE has created an international network of students at primary,
middle and secondary school levels studying environmental issues, making
environmental measurements, and sharing useful environmental data with one another
and the international science community.
ARTICLE II- RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. The US side will:
1. Identify US schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details regarding
GLOBE schools in Appendix A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the GLOBE
environmental measurements and define specifications for measurement
equipment (detail provided in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental
measurements, and support the US members of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and educators, GLOBE
educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures and
data reporting protocols into the six United Nations languages, and provide a
copy of these plus all broader GLOBE educational materials to the Spanish side
for further reproduction as necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country Coordinators and GLOBE
teachers who will serve as trainers for additional GLOBE teachers in Spain;

7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing capabilities and
other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Spanish GLOBE school
computers (to the extent possible, textual material appearing on computer
screens will be accessible in the student's choice among the six United Nations
languages);
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9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around the world, and
develop and provide resultant global environmental images to the Spanish side;
and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation with
international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the overall program as
appropriate.
B. The Spanish side will:
1. Identify Spanish schools that have agreed to participate in the GLOBE Program
and conduct the fundamental activities of GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix
A (take GLOBE environmental measurements using GLOBE procedures and
calibrated GLOBE measurement equipment, report data using GLOBE data
reporting protocols, and receive and use resultant global environmental images,
using GLOBE educational materials under the guidance of teachers trained to
conduct the GLOBE Program);
2. Provide an updated list of Spanish GLOBE schools to the US side at the
beginning of each school year;
3. Name a Spanish Government Point of Contact responsible for policy-level
communications with the Director of the GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day management, oversight,
and facilitation of the GLOBE Program in Spain;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend GLOBE
regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at least one teacher in
each Spanish GLOBE school;
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6. Distribute GLOBE educational materials which have been appropriately
translated, adapted and reproduced to all Spanish GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools to take
GLOBE environmental measurements meets GLOBE specifications (described
in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that the teachers and students in Globe Program schools in Spain
calibrate the Globe measuring equipment in accordance with the procedures
indicated in the instructions for the Program;
9. Ensure that the Spanish schools participating in the GLOBE Program have the
necessary computer and communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide
Web access in order to report the Globe environmental measurements and to
receive and use GLOBE environmental images; and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Spain periodically and assist the U.S. side in
conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE Program.
ARTICLE III - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under this
Agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this Agreement are subject to its
respective funding procedures and the availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and
other resources. The conduct of activities under this Agreement will be consistent with
the relevant laws and regulations of the United States and Spain.
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ARTICLE IV - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images,
software, and educational materials will be available worldwide without restriction as to
their use or redistribution.
ARTICLE V - RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE GLOBE PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may deem
appropriate without prior consultation with the other.
ARTICLE VI- CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons and goods
into and out of its territory and to accord entry to such goods into US and Spanish
territory free of customs duties and other similar charges, as is necessary to implement
this agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws and regulations of the United States
and Spain.
ARTICLE VII - DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will
remain in force for five years. It will be automatically extended for further five-year
periods, unless either side decides to terminate it according to the procedure provided
for in the next paragraph.
This agreement may be amended or supplemented by a new agreement signed
by both sides. In addition, either party may terminate it at any time by providing the
other side with three months written notice.
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DONE at Madrid on the fifth day of May, 1998, in duplicate, in the English and
Spanish languages, both texts being equally authentic.
For the National Oceanic and For the Ministry of
Atmospheric Adminstration Education and Culture
of the United States of America: of the Kingdom of Spain:
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APPENDIX A
GLOBE Schools
GLOBE schools throughout the world have agreed that their students will
participate in the following fundamental activities: making environmental measurements
at or near their schools; using GLOBE measurement procedures and calibrated GLOBE
measurement equipment; reporting their data using GLOBE data reporting protocols
to a GLOBE data processing site; receiving vivid graphical global environmental images
created from their data and the data from other GLOBE schools around the world; and
studying the environment by relating their observations and the resulting images to
broader environmental topics. All of these activities are conducted under the guidance
of specially trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are made available to GLOBE schools by Country
Coordinators. These materials contain instructional materials detailing procedures for
taking environmental measurements and protocols for reporting data; they also explain
the significance of the measurements, guide the use of the global environmental
images, and integrate the measurement aspects of the program into a broader study of
the environment.
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APPENDIX B
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the
scientific understanding of the dynamics of the global environment. The set of GLOBE
measurements reflects the desire of GLOBE Program management, scientists, and
educators to respond to the needs of the education community as well as to provide
scientifically useful environmental data. All GLOBE Schools, having agreed to
participate in the GLOBE Program, are strongly encouraged to participate in the full
range of GLOBE Science measurements. Instrument costs vary, depending on the
optional methodologies selected and on equipment already available. GLOBE
instruments need to meet functional and performance specifications; they do not need
to be purchased from specific vendors.
ATMOSPHERE/CLIMATE STUDIES
Air Temperature: current, daily maximum and minimum
Clouds: cloud cover, cloud type
Precipitation: rain/snow daily amounts, pH
HYDROLOGY STUDIES
Surface Water Temperature
Surface Water Chemistry: pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen,
nitrates, salinity, electrical conductivity
Transparency
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SOILS STUDIES
Soil Moisture
Soil Temperature
Soil Characterization: structure, color, consistence, texture, bulk, density, particle size
distribution, pH, fertility
LAND COVER/BIOLOGY STUDIES
Biometery: extent of canopy and ground cover, tree height and circumference, species
identification
Land Cover: correlation of in situ measurements with remote sensing data
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APPENDIX C
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools are
encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom computers. The Internet/World
Wide Web multi-media information-access capability has been selected to support the
required GLOBE school activities of data entry, data analysis, and use of global
environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require, in some
cases, that environmental measurements be reported via e-mail or in hardcopy and that
a variety of media, including e-mail and hardcopy, be used to distribute global
environmental images. All schools that want to participate in the program will be
accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to higher
levels and participants will be encouraged to upgrade over time.
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