TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 12988
Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and the PHILIPPINES
Signed at Manila October 22, 1998
NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—
“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”
Agreement signed at Manila October 22, 1998;
Entered into force February 15, 2000.
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
RELATING TO INVESTMENTS SUPPORTED BY
THE OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION
DESIRING to enhance their accord regarding investments made by nationals
of the United States in the Philippines in activities approved by the Philippine
Government covered by investment guaranties provided by the U.S. Government as
evidenced by their Exchange of Notes dated February 18 and 19, 1952 as amended
by an Exchange of Notes which entered into force on August 15, 1966, and
subsequently implemented by an Agreement dated July 29, 1988 on the
Administrative Procedures for OPIC coverage;
REALIZING that the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) is an
agency of the United States of America that makes loans and provides investment
guarantees to U.S. and foreign enterprises investing abroad which involve U.S.
nationals and provides U.S. nationals investing abroad with – insurance against
such risks as currency transfer restrictions, expropriation without compensation and
losses resulting from political violence;
RECOGNIZING that the procedures provided in the 1952 Agreement, as
amended, have to be made current in view of the passage of new investment-
related laws, including, though not exclusively, Republic Act No. 7042, otherwise
known as the Philippine Foreign Investments Act of 1991, as amended; and
ACKNOWLEDGING that making loans and providing investment guarantees
to enterprises doing business in the Republic of the Philippines in which U.S.
nationals have interests, and receiving payment of interest, principal and fees on
account of such loans and guarantees, and providing insurance against such risks
as currency transfer restrictions, expropriation without compensation and losses
resulting from political violence do not constitute "doing business" in the Philippines
as defined in Rep. Act No. 7042, i.e., the Foreign Investments Act of 1991, as
amended, the Corporation Code of the Philippines, or any other law, rule or
regulation of the Philippines,
HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:
As used in this Agreement, the following terms have the meanings herein
provided. The term "Investment Support" refers to any debt or equity investment,
any investment guaranty and any investment insurance or reinsurance which is
supported or provided by the Issuer in connection with a project in the territory of
the Philippines. The term "Issuer" refers to OPIC and any successor agency of the
United States of America, and any agent of either. The term "Taxes" means all
present and future taxes, levies, excises, imposts, stamps, duties and charges
imposed in the territory of the Philippines and all liabilities with respect thereto, in
relation to Article 2(b), Article 2(c) and Article 3 hereof.
(a) For Investment Support and activities as defined in this Agreement made by
the Issuer, the latter shall not be subject to regulation under the laws of the
Philippines applicable to insurance or financial organizations.
(b) All operations and activities undertaken by the Issuer as defined in this
Agreement in connection with any Investment Support and all payments,
whether of interest, principal, fees, dividends, premiums or the proceeds from
the liquidation of assets or of any other nature, that are made, received or
guaranteed by the Issuer in connection with any Investment Support shall be
exempt from Taxes. The Issuer shall not be subject to any Taxes in connection
with any transfer, succession, or other acquisition, which occurs pursuant to
paragraph (c) of this Article or Article 3(a) hereof. Any project in connection
with which Investment Support has been provided shall be accorded treatment
no less favorable than that accorded to projects benefiting from the investment
guarantee program of any other national or multilateral development institution
which operates in the Philippines.
(c) If the Issuer makes a payment to any person or entity, or exercises its rights as
a creditor or subrogee, in connection with any Investment Support, the
Government of the Philippines shall recognize the transfer to, or acquisition by,
the Issuer of any cash, accounts, credits, instruments or other assets in
connection with such payment or the exercise of such rights, as well as the
succession of the Issuer to any right, title, claim, privilege or cause of action
existing, or which may arise, in connection therewith.
(d) With respect to any interests transferred to the Issuer or any interests to which
the Issuer succeeds under this Article, the Issuer shall assert no greater rights
than those of the person or entity from whom such interests were received,
provided that nothing in this Agreement shall limit the right of the Government
of the United States of America to assert a claim under international law in its
sovereign capacity, as distinct from any rights it may have as the Issuer
pursuant to paragraph (c) of this Article.
(e) The Philippine Government shall not be liable for any obligations of the Issuer
by virtue of this Agreement.
(f) The Issuer shall inform in writing the Philippine Government through its Board of
Investments (B0I) of the Investment Support granted by it under this Agreement.
(g) Investment Support provided by the Issuer does not constitute "doing
business" in the Philippines as defined in Rep. Act No. 7042, i.e., the Foreign
Investments Act of 1991, as amended, the Corporation Code of the
Philippines, or any other law, rule or regulation of the Philippines.
(a) Amounts in the currency of the Philippines, including cash, accounts, credits,
instruments or otherwise, acquired by the Issuer upon making a payment, or
upon the exercise of its rights as a creditor, in connection with any Investment
Support provided by the Issuer for a project in the Philippines, shall be
accorded treatment in the territory of the Philippines no less favorable as to
use and conversion than the treatment to which such funds would have been
entitled in the hands of the person or entity from which the Issuer acquired
(b) Such currency and credits may be transferred by the Issuer to any person or
entity and upon such transfer shall be freely available for use by such person
or entity in the territory of the Philippines in accordance with its laws.
(a) Any dispute between the Government of the United States of America and the
Government of the Republic of the Philippines regarding the interpretation of
this Agreement or which, in the opinion of either party hereto, presents a
question of international law arising out of any project or activity for which
Investment Support has been provided shall be resolved, insofar as possible,
through negotiations between the two Governments. If, six months following a
request for negotiations hereunder, the two Governments have not resolved
the dispute, the dispute, including the question of whether such dispute
presents a question of international law, shall be submitted, at the initiative of
either Government, to an arbitral tribunal for resolution in accordance with
paragraph (b) of this Article.
(b) The arbitral tribunal referred to in paragraph (a) of this Article shall be
established and shall function as follows:
(i) Each Government shall appoint one arbitrator. These two arbitrators shall
by agreement designate a president of the tribunal who shall be a citizen
of a third state and whose appointment shall be subject to acceptance by
the two Governments. The arbitrators shall be appointed within three
months and the president within six months, of the date of receipt of
either Government's request for arbitration. If the appointments are not
made within the foregoing time limits, either Government may, in the
absence of any other agreement, request the Secretary-general of the
International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes to make
the necessary appointment or appointments.
(ii) Decision of the arbitral tribunal shall be made by majority vote and shall
be based on the applicable principles and rules of international law. Its
decision shall be final and binding.
(iii) During the proceedings, each Government shall bear the expense of its
arbitrator and of its representation in the proceedings before the tribunal,
whereas the expenses of the president and other costs of the arbitration
shall be paid in equal parts by the two Governments. In its award, the
arbitral tribunal may reallocate expenses and costs between the two
(iv) In all other matters, the arbitral tribunal shall regulate its own procedures.
(a) This Agreement shall enter into force on the date on which the Government of
the Republic of the Philippines notifies the Government of the United States of
America that all legal requirements for entry into force of this Agreement have
been fulfilled. Upon so entering into force, the provisions of the Agreement
between the two Governments effected by the Exchange of Notes dated
February 18 and 19, 1952, as amended by an Exchange of Notes which
entered into force on August 15, 1966 as amended by an Agreement dated
July 29, 1988 on the Administrative Procedures for OPIC Coverage which are
inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement are hereby superseded,
amended or modified accordingly.
(b) This Agreement shall continue in force until six months from the date of receipt
of a note by which one Government informs the other of an intent to terminate
this Agreement. In such event, the provisions of this Agreement shall, with
respect to Investment Support provided while this Agreement was in force,
remain in force so long as such Investment Support remains outstanding, but
in no case longer than twenty years after the termination of this Agreement.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF , the undersigned duly authorized by
their respective GOVERNMENTS, have signed this Agreement.
DONE at , Philippines, on October 22, 1998, in
duplicate in the English language.
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF
THE UNITED STATES OF
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF
THE REPUBLIC OF THE