TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 12989
Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Signed at Washington October 28, 1998
NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—
“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”
Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program
Agreement signed at Washington October 28, 1998;
Entered into force October 28, 1998.
THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AND THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, THE MINISTRY THE OF ENVIRONMENT
AND THE INSTITUTE OF HYDROLOGY, METEOROLOGY AND
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES OF THE REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA
FOR COOPERATION IN THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States of America, acting
on behalf of itself and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE Program
(hereinafter the U.S. side) and the Ministry of Education (MEN), the Ministry of the
Environment (MMA), and the Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies
(IDEAM) of the Republic of Colombia (hereinafter, the Colombian side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about the global
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the
Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
ARTICLE 1- THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and education program that
brings students, teachers, and scientists together to study the global environment. GLOBE has
created an international network of students at primary, middle and secondary school levels
studying environmental issues, making environmental measurements, and sharing useful
environmental data with one another and the international science community.
ARTICLE 2 - RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details regarding
GLOBE schools in Appendix A).
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the GLOBE
environmental measurements and the kinds of measurement equipment for the GLOBE
Program (detail provided in Appendix B).
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental measurements, and
support the U.S. members of the Teams.
4. Develop GLOBE educational materials, in consultation with international scientists and
educators, especially those who have knowledge and responsibility in the areas of
scientific, technological and environmental teaching.
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures and data
reporting protocols into the six United Nations languages, and provides a copy of these
plus all broader GLOBE educational materials to the Colombian side (MEN/MMA)
who will coordinate with the Colombian responsible institutions, for further
reproduction, as necessary.
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Colombia Coordinators and GLOBE
teachers who will serve as trainers for additional GLOBE teachers in Colombia. These
training sessions will be carried out with the advisory, technical and scientific assistance
of the IDEAM, as the supporting institution for Program coordination, exercised by the
MEN-MMA agreement. This Program coordination will be responsible for the
education advisory aspect.
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing capabilities and other
necessary technology and equipment, ensuring that the Colombian institutions that
coordinate the Program are well informed of these processes.
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Colombian GLOBE school
computers. (To the extent possible, textual material appearing on computer screens will
be accessible in the student's choice among the six United Nations languages.)
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around the world, and
develop and provide resultant global environmental images to the Colombian side.
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation with
international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the overall program as
11. Continuously exchange the information and data collected and organized, through the
Program coordinating agency in Colombia.
B. The Colombian side will:
1. Identify Colombian schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details
regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A) and provide an updated list of Colombian
GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the beginning of each school year.
2. Ensure that Colombian GLOBE schools conduct the fundamental activities of GLOBE
schools detailed in Appendix B (take GLOBE environmental measurements, report data
and receive and use resultant global environmental images, using GLOBE educational
materials under the guidance of teachers trained to conduct the GLOBE Program). The
selected schools will send the results of their students' and teachers' observations
to the Globe Program headquarters, after having consulted with the IDEAM, which will
verify the quality and accuracy of the data
3. Ensure that the institutions that are selected are those which meet the infrastructure
standards required to meet the goals of the Program: measurement instruments, the
means of maintaining these instruments, and association with the meteorological
stations of IDEAM.
4 Name a Colombian Government Point of Contact responsible for policy-level
communications with the Director of the GLOBE Program.
5. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day management, oversight.
and facilitation of the GLOBE Program in Colombia.
6. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend GLOBE
regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at least one teacher in each
Colombian GLOBE school.
7. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures and data
reporting protocols are utilized in Colombian GLOBE schools, and that broader
GLOBE educational materials are appropriately translated, adapted, reproduced, and
distributed to all Colombian GLOBE schools.
8. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools to take GLOBE
environmental measurements GLOBE specifications (described in Appendix B).
9. Ensure that teachers and students at Colombian GLOBE schools calibrate GLOBE
measurement equipment according to procedures provided in GLOBE instructional
10. Ensure that Colombian GLOBE schools have the necessary computer and
communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web access in order to report
GLOBE environmental measurements and to receive and use GLOBE environmental
images if such computer and communications systems are not available in Colombian
schools, make agreed alternative arrangements for such reporting and receipt. (At a
minimum, the Colombian Country Coordinator will need access to the Internet so that
all measurement data from Colombian GLOBE schools will be reported via Internet.).
11 . Evaluate GLOBE operations in Colombia periodically and assist the U.S. side in
conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE Program.
C. Specific Aspects of GLOBE Colombia:
1. The Colombian program will begin with an initial phase (microexperience) to be
carried out in 30 educational institutions, which are associated with the IDEAM
meteorological stations. The program will be analyzed and then gradually expanded in
scope as suggested by the evaluation carried out by the Colombian coordinating agency.
2. The first phase of the project will begin with the measurement of climate variables such
as temperature and precipitation, using the instruments determined by the Globe
Program. Hydrological variables will be added later. This measurement will be subject
to the availability of instruments at the IDEAM and the participating educational
3. The following environmental measurements will not be included in the first phase of
the project: hydrology, water temperature, land cover and biology. Their subsequent
inclusion will be subject to consultations with specialized institutions in Colombia,
which will develop those themes, dependent upon the availability of the required
financial and logistical resources.
4. The frequency with which information will be sent by Colombia in the first phase will
depend on the means available, keeping in mind the fact that the majority of Colombian
schools lack some of the resources stipulated in Appendix B of the agreement.
ARTICLE 3 - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under this
agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are subject to its
respective funding procedures and the availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and
other resources. The conduct of activities under this agreement will be consistent with
the relevant laws and regulations of the United States and Colombia.
ARTICLE 4 - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images, software and
educational materials will be available worldwide without restriction as to their use or
ARTICLE 5 - RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE GLOBE PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program, as it may deem appropriate.
ARTICLE 6 - CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons and goods into
and out of its territory and to accord entry to such goods into U.S. and Colombian
territory free of customs duties and other similar charges, as is necessary to implement
this agreement to the extent permitted by the laws and regulations of the United States
ARTICLE 7 – DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will remain in
force for five years. It will be automatically extended for additional equal periods of five
years, unless either side decides to terminate it and so notifies the other side with three
months written notice. This agreement may be terminated at any time by either side upon
three months prior written notice to the other side. This agreement may be amended by
written agreement of the two sides.
DONE AT Washington on the 28th day of October 1998, in duplicate, in the English
and Spanish languages, both texts being equally authentic.
FOR THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND
OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
FOR THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION,
THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT,
AND THE INSTITUTE OF
HYDROLOGY, METEOROLOGY AND
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES OF THE
REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA:
Each Partner country is responsible for identifying its participating schools. Schools
should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of the GLOBE Program. In particular,
countries should emphasize the selection of schools that will maximize the number and
geographic distribution of students worldwide participating in the program. Also, countries
should consider involving schools in locations that will yield measurement data that is,
important to the international science community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the following
fundamental activities: they make environmental measurements at or near their schools; report
their data to a GLOBE data processing site; receive vivid graphical global environmental
images created from their data and the data from other GLOBE schools around the world, and
study the environment by relating their observations and the resulting images to broader
environmental topics. All of these activities are conducted under the guidance of specially
trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the guidance of
GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain instructional materials detailing procedures
for taking environmental measurements and protocols for reporting data; they also explain the
significance of the measurements, guide the use of the global environmental Images, and
integrate the measurement aspects of the program into a broader study of the environment.
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the scientific
understanding of the dynamics of the global environment. Every GLOBE school is encouraged
to conduct the core of GLOBE environmental measurements in the following critical areas:
Atmosphere/Climate, Hydrology, Land Cover/Biology and Soils. As the GLOBE Program
evolves, specialized measurements not common to all GLOBE schools may be added in order
to address local environment issues.
Students at all skill levels are active participants in the GLOBE Program. The actual
participation is designed so as to be appropriate for primary, middle and secondary school
levels. Younger students make limited measurements which may be qualitative rather than
quantitative. Older students make additional measurements and more sophisticated
measurements, as appropriate for their skill level. Measurement equipment is not standardized;
rather functional and performance specifications are provided for GLOBE instruments.
Following is a list of GLOBE core measurements and equipment. This list has been
developed and will be periodically updated as provided in Article 2.A.3, based on experience
gained in implementing the GLOBE Program.
Measurements and equipment needed:
Air temperature. Maximum/Minimum thermometer.
Precipitation. Rain gauge.
Cloudcover/type. Cloud charts.
Water pH. pH paper, pen or meter.
Water temperature. Organic liquid-filled thermometer.
Dissolved Oxygen. Dissolved oxygen kit.
Alkalinity. Alkalinity kit.
Electrical conductivity. Electrode-type conductivity tester.
Land Cover. Remote sensing image using multispec software.
Species identification. Dichotomous keys.
Biometry. Measuring tape.
Soil moisture. Soil sample cans.
Soil moisture meter (optional).
Gypsum blocks (optional),
Soil characterization. Color chart.
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools are
encouraged to use the Internet. Along with classroom computers. The Internet/World Wide
Web multi-media information access capability has been selected to support the required
GLOBE school activities of data entry, data analysis, and use of global environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require, in some cases, that
environmental measurements be reported via e-mall or in hard copy and that a variety of
media, including c-mail and hard copy, be used to distribute global environmental images. All
schools that want to participate in the program will be accommodated. Technology associated
with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to higher levels and participants will be
encouraged to upgrade over time.