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12886 Namibia - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program






GLOBE Program



Agreement Between the


Signed at Windhoek October 8, 1997


















Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”



Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Windhoek October 8, 1997;
Entered into force October 8, 1997.
With appendices.

Agreement between
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America and
the Ministry of Basic Education and Culture
of the Republic of Namibia
for Cooperation in
the GLOBE Program
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf of itself
and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE Program
(hereinafter, the U.S. side), and the Ministry of Basic Education and Culture of the
Republic of Namibia (hereinafter, the Namibian side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about the global
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the
Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and education
program that brings students, teachers, and scientists together to study the global
environment. GLOBE has created an international network of students at primary,
middle and secondary school levels studying environmental issues, making
environmental measurements, and sharing useful environmental data with one another
and the international science community.
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details
regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the GLOBE
environmental measurements and define specifications for measurement
equipment (detail provided in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental
measurements, and support the U.S. members of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and educators, GLOBE
educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures
and data reporting protocols into the six United Nations languages, and
provide a copy of these plus all broader GLOBE educational materials to the
Namibian side for further reproduction as necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country Coordinators and
GLOBE teachers who will serve as trainers for additional GLOBE teachers
in Namibia;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing capabilities
and other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Namibian GLOBE school
computers (To the extent possible, textual material appearing on computer
screens will be accessible in the student's choice among the six United
Nations languages.);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around the world,
and develop and provide resultant global environmental images to the
Namibian side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation with
international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the overall program
as appropriate.
B. The Namibian side will:
1. Identify Namibian schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program
(details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A) and provide an updated
list of Namibian GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the beginning of each
school year;
2. Ensure that Namibian GLOBE schools conduct the fundamental activities of
GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix A (take GLOBE environmental
measurements, report data, and receive and use resultant global
environmental images, using GLOBE educational materials under the
guidance of teachers trained to conduct the GLOBE Program);
3. Name a Namibian-Government Point of Contact responsible for policy-level
communications with the Director of the GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day management,
oversight, and facilitation of the GLOBE Program in Namibia;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend
GLOBE regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at least one
teacher in each Namibian GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols are utilized in Namibian GLOBE
schools, and that broader GLOBE educational materials are appropriately
translated, adapted, reproduced, and distributed to all Namibian GLOBE
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools to take
GLOBE environmental measurements meets GLOBE specifications
(described in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Namibian GLOBE schools calibrate
GLOBE measurement equipment according to procedures provided in
GLOBE instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Namibian GLOBE schools have the necessary computer and
communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web access in order
to report GLOBE environmental measurements and to receive and use
GLOBE environmental images; if such computer and communications
systems are not available in Namibian schools, make agreed alternative
arrangements for such reporting and receipt (At a minimum, the Namibian
Country Coordinator will need access to the Internet so that all measurement
data from Namibian GLOBE schools will be reported via Internet.); and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Namibia periodically and assist the U.S. side
in conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE Program.
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under this
agreement. Whenever possible, the U.S. side will support Namibian efforts to
generate financial support for the program from private sponsors. Obligations of each
side pursuant to this agreement are subject to its respective funding procedures and
the availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and other resources. The conduct of
activities under this agreement will be consistent with the relevant laws and
regulations of the United States and Namibia.
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images, software,
and educational materials will be available worldwide without restriction as to their
use or redistribution.
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may deem
appropriate without prior consultation with the other.
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons and goods into
and out of its territory and to accord entry to such goods into U.S. and Namibian
territory free of customs duties and other similar charges, as is necessary to implement
this agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws and regulations of the United
States and Namibia.
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will remain in
force for five years. It will be automatically extended for further five-year periods,
unless either side decides to terminate it and so notifies the other side with three
months written notice. This agreement may be terminated at any time by either side
upon three months prior written notice to the other side. This agreement may be
amended by written agreement of the two sides.
Done at Windhoek on the 8th day of October, 1997, in duplicate.
For the National Oceanic and For the Ministry of Basic
Atmospheric Administration: Education and Culture:
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating schools. Schools
should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of the GLOBE Program. In
particular, countries should emphasize the selection of schools that will maximize the
number and geographic distribution of students worldwide participating in the
program. Also, countries should consider involving schools in locations that will
yield measurement data that is important to the international science community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the following
fundamental activities: they make environmental measurements at or near their
schools; report their data to a GLOBE data processing site; receive vivid graphical
global environmental images created from their data and the data from other GLOBE
schools around the world; and study the environment by relating their observations
and the resulting images to broader environmental topics. All of these activities are
conducted under the guidance of specially trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the guidance of
GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain instructional materials detailing
procedures for taking environmental measurements and protocols for reporting data;
they also explain the significance of the measurements, guide the use of the global
environmental images, and integrate the measurement aspects of the program into a
broader study of the environment.
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the scientific
understanding of the dynamics of the global environment. The set of GLOBE
measurements reflects the desire of GLOBE Program management, scientists, and
educators to respond to the needs of the education community as well as to provide
scientifically useful environmental data. All GLOBE Schools are strongly
encouraged to participate in the full range of GLOBE Science measurements.
Instrument costs vary, depending on the optional methodologies selected and on
equipment already available. GLOBE instruments need to meet functional and
performance specifications; they do not need to be purchased from specific vendors.
Air Temperature: current, daily maximum and minimum
Clouds: cloud cover, cloud type
Precipitation: rain/snow daily amounts, pH
Surface Water Temperature
Surface Water Chemistry: pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen,
nitrates, salinity, electrical conductivity
Soil Moisture
Soil Temperature
Soil Characterization: structure, color, consistence, texture, bulk density, particle size
distribution, pH, fertility
Biometery: extent of canopy and ground cover, tree height and circumference,
species identification
Land Cover: correlation of in situ measurements with remote sensing data
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools are
encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom computers. The Intemet/World
Wide Web multi-media information-access capability has been selected to support the
required GLOBE school activities of data entry, data analysis, and use of global
environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require, in some
cases, that environmental measurements be reported via e-mail or in hardcopy and that
a variety of media, including e-mail and hardcopy, be used to distribute global
environmental images. All schools that want to participate in the program will be
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to higher
levels and participants will be encouraged to upgrade over time.

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