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12902 Pakistan - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program


   
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TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 12902

 

 

ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION

GLOBE Program

 

 


Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and PAKISTAN

 

Signed at Islamabad November 18, 1997

with

Appendices

 

 

 


 

NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

 

PAKISTAN

Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Islamabad November 18, 1997;
Entered into force November 18, 1997.
With appendices.


AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE NATIONAL OCEANIC
AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION OF
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AND THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT,
LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN
FOR CO-OPERATION IN THE GLOBE PROGRAMME
PREAMBLE
The Ministry of Environment, Local Government and Rural
Development of Pakistan (hereinafter, the Pakistani side), and the U.S.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf of
itself and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE
Program (hereinafter, the U.S. side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world
about the global environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth,
and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and
mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to
Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
ARTICLE 1- THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and
education programme that brings students, teachers, and scientists
together to study the global environment. GLOBE has created an
international network of students at primary, middle and secondary
school levels studying environmental issues, making environmental
measurements, and sharing useful environmental data with one another
and the international science community.
ARTICLE 2 - RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE
Program (details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix
A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and
educators, the GLOBE environmental measurements &
types of measurement equipment (described in Appendix
B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE
environmental measurements, and support the U.S
members of the Teams;


4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and
educators, GLOBE educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to
measurement procedures and data reporting protocols into
six United Nations languages, and provide a copy of these
plus all broader GLOBE educational materials to the
Pakistani side for further reproduction as necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country
Co-ordinators and GLOBE teachers who will serve as
trainers for additional GLOBE teachers in Pakistan;
7. Design, develop, operate and maintain GLOBE data
processing capabilities and other necessary technology and
equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on
Pakistani GLOBE school computers (to the extent possible,
textual material appearing on computer screens will be
accessible in the student's choice among the six United
Nations languages);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools
around the world, and develop and provide resultant global
environmental images to the Pakistani side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in
consultation with International GLOBE Country Co-
ordinators, and modify the overall program as appropriate.
B. The Pakistani side will:
1. Identify Pakistani schools that will participate in the
GLOBE Program (details regarding GLOBE Schools in
Appendix A) and provide an updated list of Pakistani
GLOBE Schools to the U.S side at the beginning of each
school year;
2. Ensure that the Pakistani GLOBE schools conduct the
fundamental activities of the GLOBE Schools detailed in
Appendix A (take GLOBE environmental measurements,
report data, and receive and use resultant global
environmental images, using GLOBE educational materials
under the guidance of teachers trained to conduct the
GLOBE Program);
3. Name a Pakistani Government Point of contact responsible
for policy-level communications with the Director of the
GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Co-ordinator responsible for day to day
management, oversight, and facilitation of the GLOBE
Program in Pakistan;


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5. Ensure that the Country Co-ordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend GLOBE regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at least one teacher in each Pakistani GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures and data reporting protocols are utilized in Pakistani GLOBE schools, and that broader GLOBE educational materials are appropriately translated, adapted, reproduced, and distributed to all Pakistani GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools to take GLOBE environmental measurements meets GLOBE specifications (described in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Pakistani GLOBE schools calibrate GLOBE measurement equipment according to procedures provided in GLOBE instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Pakistani GLOBE schools have the necessary computer and communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web access in order to report GLOBE environmental measurements and to receive and use GLOBE environmental images; if such computer and communications systems are not available in Pakistani schools, make agreed alternative arrangements for such reporting and receipt (At a minimum, the Pakistani Country Co-ordinator will need access to the Internet so that all measurement data from Pakistani GLOBE schools will be reported via Internet.); and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Pakistan periodically and assist the U.S side in conducting periodic evaluations of the overall GLOBE Program.
ARTICLE 3 - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under this agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are subject to its respective funding procedures and the availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and other resources. The conduct of activities under this agreement will be consistent with the relevant laws and regulations of the United States and Pakistan.
ARTICLE 4 - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurements data, global environmental images, software, and educational materials will be available world wide without restriction as to their use or redistribution.

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ARTICLE 5 - RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE
GLOBE PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it
may deem appropriate without prior consultation with the other.
ARTICLE 6 - CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of
persons and goods into and out of its territory and to accord entry
to such goods into U.S. and Pakistani territory free of customs
duties and other similar charges, as is necessary to implement this
agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws and regulations of
the United States and Pakistan.
ARTICLE 7 - DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two
sides and will remain in force for five years. It will be
automatically extended for further five-year periods, unless either
side decides to terminate it and so notifies the other side with three
months written notice. This agreement may be terminated at any
time by either side upon three months prior written notice to the
other side. This agreement may be amended by written agreement
of the two sides.
DONE at Islamabad, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, on the 18th
day of November, 1997, in duplicate.
(MADELEINE K. ALBRIGHT) (GOHAR AYUB KHAN)
U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF
THE UNITED STATES OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF
AMERICA PAKISTAN


APPENDIX A
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating schools. Schools
should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of the GLOBE Program. In
particular, countries should emphasise the selection of schools that will maximise the
number and geographic distribution of students world wide participating in the
program. Also, countries should consider involving schools in locations that will yield
measurement data that is important to the international science community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the following
fundamental activities: they make environmental measurements at or near their
schools; report their data to a GLOBE data processing site; receive vivid graphical
global environmental images created from their data and the data of other GLOBE
schools around the world; and study the environment by relating their observations
and the resulting images to broader environmental topics. All of these activities are
conducted under the guidance of specially trained teachers (GLOBE-trained
teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the guidance of
GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain instructional materials detailing
procedures for taking environmental measurements and protocols for reporting
data; they also explain the significance of the measurements, guide the use of global
environmental images, and integrate the measurement aspects of the program into a
broader study of the environment.

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APPENDIX B
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the
scientific understanding of the global environment. Every GLOBE school is
encouraged to conduct the core set of GLOBE environmental measurements in the
following critical areas: Atmosphere/Climate, Hydrology, Land Cover/Biology and
Soils. As the GLOBE Program evolves, specialized measurements not common to all
GLOBE schools may be added in order to address local environmental issues.
Students at all skill levels are active participants in the GLOBE Program. The actual
participation is designed so as to be appropriate for primary, middle and secondary
school levels. Younger students make limited measurements which may be
qualitative rather than quantitative. Older students make additional measurements
and more sophisticated measurements, as appropriate for their skill level.
Measurement equipment is not standardised; rather, functional and performance
specifications are provided for GLOBE instruments.
Following is the list of GLOBE core measurements and equipment. This list has
been developed and will be periodically updated as provided in Article 2.A.2, based
on experience gained in implementing the GLOBE Program.
MEASUREMENTS EQUIPMENT NEEDED
Atmosphere/Climate:
Air Temperature Max/Min Thermometer Calibration
Thermometer Instrument
Shelter
Precipitation Rain Gauge
Cloud Cover/Type: Cloud Charts
Hydrology:
Water pH pH paper, Pen, or Meter
Water Temperature Organic Liquid-Filled
Thermometer
Dissolved Oxygen Dissolved Oxygen Kit
Alkalinity Water Alkalinity Kit
Electrical Conductivity Electride-Type
Conductivity Tester
Land Cover / Biology:
Land Cover Remote Sensing Image Multispec
Software
Species Identification Dichotomous Keys



Biometry Measuring Tape Clinometer(Optional)
Densiometer (Optional)
Soils: Soil Sample Cans
Soil Moisture Augur
Soil Moisture Meter (Optional)
Gypsum Blocks(Optional)
Soil Characterization Color Chart Graduated Cylinders Augur (Optional)



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