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13024 Hungary - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program






GLOBE Program



Agreement Between the


Signed at Washington March 10, 1999








Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”



Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Washington March 10, 1999;
Entered into force March 10, 1999.
With appendices.

Agreement between
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America and
the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Hungary
for Cooperation in
the GLOBE Program
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf of
itself and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE Program
(hereinafter, the U.S. side), and the Ministry of Education of the Republic of
Hungary (hereinafter, the Hungarian side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about the
global environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the
Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and education
program that brings students, teachers, and scientists together to study the global
environment. GLOBE has created an international network of students at
primary, middle and secondary school levels studying environmental issues,
making environmental measurements, and sharing useful environmental data
with one another and the international science community.
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details
regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the
GLOBE environmental measurements and define specifications for
measurement equipment (details provided in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental
measurements, and support the U.S. members of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and educators,
GLOBE educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols into the six United Nations
languages, and provide a copy of these plus all broader GLOBE
educational materials to the Hungarian side for further reproduction as
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country Coordinators and
GLOBE teachers who will serve as trainers for additional GLOBE
teachers in Hungary;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing
capabilities and other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Hungarian GLOBE
school computers (To the extent possible, textual material appearing on
computer screens will be accessible in the student's choice among the six
United Nations languages.);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around the
world, and develop and provide resultant global environmental images to
the Hungarian side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation with
international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the overall
program as appropriate.
B. The Hungarian side will:
1. Identify Hungarian schools that will participate in the GLOBE
Program (details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A) and provide
an updated list of Hungarian GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the
beginning of each school year;
2. Ensure that Hungarian GLOBE schools conduct the fundamental
activities of GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix A (take GLOBE
environmental measurements, report data, and receive and use resultant
global environmental images, using GLOBE educational materials under
the guidance of teachers trained to conduct the GLOBE Program);
3. Name a Hungarian Government Point of Contact responsible for policy-
level communications with the Director of the GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day management,
oversight, and facilitation of the GLOBE Program in Hungary;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend
GLOBE regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at least
one teacher in each Hungarian GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols are utilized in Hungarian
GLOBE schools, and that broader GLOBE educational materials are
appropriately translated, adapted, reproduced, and distributed to all
Hungarian GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools to take
GLOBE environmental measurements meets GLOBE specifications
(described in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Hungarian GLOBE schools calibrate
GLOBE measurement equipment according to procedures provided in
GLOBE instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Hungarian GLOBE schools have the necessary computer and
communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web access in
order to report. GLOBE environmental measurements and to receive and
use GLOBE environmental images; the Hungarian Country Coordinator
will need access to the Internet so that all measurement data from
Hungarian GLOBE schools will be reported via Internet.); and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Hungary periodically and assist the U.S.
side in conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE Program.
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under this
agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are subject to its
respective funding procedures and the availability of appropriated funds,
personnel, and other resources. The conduct of activities under this agreement
will be consistent with the relevant laws and regulations of the United States and
the Republic of Hungary.
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images,
software, and educational materials will be available worldwide without
restriction as to their use or redistribution.
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may deem
appropriate without prior consultation with the other.
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons and goods
into and out of its territory and to accord entry to such goods into U.S. and
Hungarian territory free of customs duties and other similar charges, as is
necessary to implement this agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws and
regulations of the United States and the Republic of Hungary.
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will
remain in force for five years. It will be automatically extended for further
five-year periods, unless either side decides to terminate it and so notifies
the other side with three months written notice. This agreement may be
terminated at any time by either side upon three months prior written notice
to the other side. This agreement may be amended by written agreement of
the two sides.
Done at Washington, D.C., in duplicate, this tenth day of March, 1999, in
the English and Hungarian languages, both texts being equally authentic.
For the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration of
the United States of America:
For the Ministry of Education
of the Republic of Hungary:
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating schools.
Schools should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of the GLOBE
Program. In particular, countries should emphasize the selection of schools
that will maximize the number and geographic distribution of students
worldwide participating in the program. Also, countries should consider
involving schools in locations that will yield measurement data that is
important to the international science community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the following
fundamental activities: they make environmental measurements at or near
their schools; report their data to a GLOBE data processing site; receive
vivid graphical global environmental images created from their data and the
data from other GLOBE schools around the world; and study the
environment by relating their observations and the resulting images to
broader environmental topics. All of these activities are conducted under
the guidance of specially trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the
guidance of GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain instructional
materials detailing procedures for taking environmental measurements and
protocols for reporting data; they also explain the significance of the
measurements, guide the use of the global environmental images, and
integrate the measurement aspects of the program into a broader study of
the environment.
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the
scientific understanding of the dynamics of the global environment. The set
of GLOBE measurements reflects the desire of GLOBE Program
management, scientists, and educators to respond to the needs of the
education community as well as to provide scientifically useful
environmental data. All GLOBE Schools are strongly encouraged to
participate in the full range of GLOBE Science measurements. Instrument
costs vary, depending on the optional methodologies selected and on
equipment already available. GLOBE instruments need to meet functional
and performance specifications; they do not need to be purchased from
specific vendors.
Air Temperature: current, daily maximum and minimum
Clouds: cloud cover, cloud type
Precipitation: rain/snow daily amounts, pH
Surface Water Temperature
Surface Water Chemistry: pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, nitrates,
salinity, electrical conductivity
Soil Moisture
Soil Temperature
Soil Characterization: structure, color, consistence, texture, bulk density,
particle size distribution, pH, fertility
Biometery: extent of canopy and ground cover, tree height and
circumference, species identification
Land Cover: correlation of in situ measurements with remote sensing data
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools
are encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom computers. The
Internet/World Wide Web multi-media information-access capability has
been selected to support the required GLOBE school activities of data entry,
data analysis, and use of global environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require,
in some cases, that environmental measurements be reported via e-mail or
in hardcopy and that a variety of media, including e-mail and hardcopy, be
used to distribute global environmental images. All schools that want to
participate in the program will be accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to
higher levels and participants will be encouraged to upgrade over time.

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