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13040 United Arab Emirates - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program


   
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TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 13040

 

 

ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION

GLOBE Program

 

 


Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and the UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

 

Signed at Abu Dhabi June 6, 1999

with

Appendices

 

 

 


 

NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

 

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Abu Dhabi June 6, 1999;
Entered into force June 6, 1999.
With appendices.

Agreement between the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America
and the
Federal Environmental Agency
of the United Arab Emirates
for Cooperation in the
GLOBE Program
PREAMBLE
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf of itself
and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE Program (hereinafter,
the U.S. side), and the Federal Environmental Agency of the United Arab Emirates
(hereinafter, the U.A.E. side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about the global
environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the
Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
ARTICLE 1 - THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and education program
that brings students, teachers, and scientists together to study the global environment.
GLOBE has created an international network of students at primary, middle and
secondary school levels studying environmental issues, making environmental
measurements, and sharing useful environmental data with one another and the
international science community.
ARTICLE 2 - RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program
(details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the
GLOBE environmental measurements and define specifications for
measurement equipment (detail provided in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental
measurements, and support the U.S. members of the teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and educators,
GLOBE educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols into the six United Nations
languages, and provide a copy of these plus all broader GLOBE
educational materials to the U.A.E. side for further reproduction as
necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country Coordinators
and GLOBE teachers who will serve as trainers for additional
GLOBE teachers in the United Arab Emirates;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing
capabilities and other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on U.A.E.
GLOBE school computers (To the extent possible, textual material
appearing on computer screens will be accessible in the student's choice
among the six United Nations languages.);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around
the world, and develop and provide resultant global environmental
images to the U.A.E. side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation
with international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the
overall program as appropriate.
B. The U.A.E. side will:
1. Identify U.A.E. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program
(details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A) and provide an
updated list of U.A.E. GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the
beginning of each school year;
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2. Ensure that U.A.E. GLOBE schools conduct the fundamental
activities of GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix A (take GLOBE
environmental measurements, report data, and receive and use
resultant global environmental images, using GLOBE educational
materials under the guidance of teachers trained to conduct the
GLOBE Program;
3. Name a U.A.E. Government Point of Contact responsible for
policy-level communications with the Director of the GLOBE Program;
4. Name a U.A.E. Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day
management, oversight, and facilitation of the GLOBE Program in the United
Arab Emirates;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend
GLOBE regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at
least one teacher in each U.A.E. GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols are utilized in U.A.E. GLOBE
schools, and that broader GLOBE educational materials are
appropriately translated, adapted, reproduced, and distributed to all
U.A.E. GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools
to take GLOBE environmental measurements meets GLOBE
specifications (described in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at U.A.E. GLOBE schools calibrate
GLOBE measurement equipment according to procedures provided
in GLOBE instructional materials;
9. Ensure that U.A.E. GLOBE schools have the necessary computer
and communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web
access in order to report GLOBE environmental measurements and to
receive and use GLOBE environmental images; if such computer and
communications systems are not available in U.A.E. schools, make agreed
alternative arrangements for such reporting and receipt (At a minimum, the
U.A.E. Country Coordinator will need access to the Internet so that all
measurement data from U.A.E. GLOBE schools will be reported via Internet);
and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in the United Arab Emirates periodically and
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assist the U.S. side in conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE
Program.
ARTICLE 3 - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under this
agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are subject to its
respective funding procedures and the availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and
other resources. The conduct of activities under this agreement will be consistent with
the relevant laws and regulations of the United States and the United Arab Emirates.
ARTICLE 4 - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images, software, and
educational materials will be available worldwide without restriction as to their use or
redistribution.
ARTICLE 5 - RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE GLOBE PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may deem appropriate
without prior consultation with the other.
ARTICLE 6 - CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons and goods into
and out of its territory and to accord entry to such goods into U.S. and U.A.E. territory
free of customs duties and other similar charges, as is necessary to implement this
agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws and regulations of the United States and
the United Arab Emirates.
ARTICLE 7 - DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will remain in
force for five years. It will be automatically extended for further five-year periods, unless
either side decides to terminate it and so notifies the other side with three months
written notice. This agreement may be terminated at any time by either side upon three
months prior written notice to the other side. This agreement may be amended by
written agreement of the two sides.
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Done at Abu Dhabi on the 6th day of June, 1999, in duplicate, in the English and Arabic
languages, both texts being equally authentic.
For the National Oceanic and For the Federal Environmental Agency:
Atmospheric Administration:
H.E. Theodore H. Kattouf H.E. Hamad Abdul Rahman Al Midfaa
U.S. Ambassador Minister of Health and Chairman of the
Federal Environmental Agency
APPENDIX A
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating schools. Schools
should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of the GLOBE Program. In particular,
countries should emphasize the selection of schools that will maximize the number and
geographic distribution of students worldwide participating in the program. Also,
countries should consider involving schools in locations that will yield measurement
data that is important to the international science community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the following fundamental
activities: They make environmental measurements at or near their schools; report their
data to a GLOBE data processing site; receive vivid graphical global environmental
images created from their data and the data from other GLOBE schools around the
world; and study the environment by relating their observations and the resulting images
to broader environmental topics. All of these activities are conducted under the
guidance of specially trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the guidance of
GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain instructional materials detailing
procedures for taking environmental measurements and protocols for reporting data;
they also explain the significance of the measurements, guide the use of the global
environmental images, and integrate the measurement aspects of the program into a
broader study of the environment.
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APPENDIX B
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the scientific
understanding of the dynamics of the global environment. The set of GLOBE
measurements reflects the desire of GLOBE Program management, scientists, and
educators to respond to the needs of the education community as well as to provide
scientifically useful environmental data. All GLOBE Schools are strongly encouraged to
participate in the full range of GLOBE Science measurements. Instrument costs vary,
depending on the optional methodologies selected and on equipment already available.
GLOBE instruments need to meet functional and performance specifications; they do
not need to be purchased from specific vendors.
ATMOSPHERE/CLIMATE STUDIES
Air Temperature: current, daily maximum and minimum
Clouds: cloud cover, cloud type
Precipitation: rain/snow daily amounts, pH
HYDROLOGY STUDIES
Surface Water Temperature
Surface Water Chemistry; pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, nitrates, salinity,
electrical conductivity
Transparency
SOILS STUDIES
Soil Moisture
Soil Temperature
Soil Characterization: structure, color, consistence, texture, bulk density,
particle size distribution, pH, fertility
LAND COVER/BIOLOGY STUDIES
Biometry: extent of canopy and ground cover, tree height and
circumference, species identification
Land Cover: correlation of "in situ" measurements with remote sensing data
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APPENDIX C
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools are
encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom computers. The Internet/World
Wide Web multi-media information-access capability has been selected to support the
required GLOBE school activities of data entry, data analysis, and use of global
environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require, in some
cases, that environmental measurements be reported via e-mail or in hardcopy and that
a variety of media, including e-mail and hardcopy, be used to distribute global
environmental images. All schools that want to participate in the program will be
accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to higher levels
and participants will be encouraged to upgrade over time.
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