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13083 Netherlands - Agreement of Cooperation Concerning Access to and Use of the Facilities in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba for Aerial Counter-Narcotics Activities


   
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TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 13083

 

NARCOTIC DRUGS

 

 

 

 


Agreement of Cooperation
Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and the NETHERLANDS

 

Signed at Oranjestad March 2, 2000

 

 

 

 

 


 

NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

 

NETHERLANDS

Narcotic Drugs


Agreement of cooperation signed
at Oranjestad March 2, 2000;
Entered into force November 2, 2001.

AGREEMENT OF COOPERATION BETWEEN
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND
THE KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS
CONCERNING ACCESS TO AND USE OF FACILITIES IN
THE NETHERLANDS ANTILLES AND ARUBA
FOR AERIAL COUNTER-NARCOTICS ACTIVITIES
Table of Articles
Article I (Definitions)
Article II (Purposes of Agreement; Authorization)
Article III (Implementation Arrangements)
Article IV (Aircraft and Aircraft Overflight Clearance Procedures)
Article V (Respecting National Laws)
Article VI (Immunities of United States Personnel and Dependents)
Article VII (Entry, Exit, and Travel Documentation)
Article VIII (Importation, Exportation, Acquisition, and Use)
Article IX (Land Use, Easements, and Rights of Way)
Article X (Contractors)
Article XI (Construction)
Article XII (Utilities)
Article XIII (Administrative Facilitation)
Article XIV (Uniforms and Weapons)
Article XV (Security)
Article XVI (Landing and Port Fees and Pilotage)
Article XVII (Licenses and Vehicle Registration)
Article XVIII (Tax Exemptions)
Article XIX (Claims)
Article XX (Postal, Services, and Communications Facilities)
Article XXI (Facilitation of Aircraft Riders)
Article XXII (Implementation Facilitation and Amendment)
Article XXIII (Political Consultation)
Article XXIV (Resolution of Disagreements)
Article XXV (Territorial Applicability)
Article XXVI (Entry into Force and Duration)
AGREEMENT OF COOPERATION BETWEEN
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND
THE KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS
CONCERNING ACCESS TO AND USE OF FACILITIES IN
THE NETHERLANDS ANTILLES AND ARUBA
FOR AERIAL COUNTER-NARCOTICS ACTIVITIES
Having regard to the need for heightened international cooperation in the
suppression of illegal narcotics activity called for in international legal and political
instruments, such as the 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and the 1996 Barbados Plan of Action;
Noting the concrete bilateral steps which have already been taken to achieve their
heightened intergovernmental cooperation in this area, in particular the Interim
Agreement concluded on April 13, 1999, between the United States of America and
the Kingdom of the Netherlands to facilitate access to and use of selected airfields in
the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba by authorized United States armed forces and
civilian personnel for counter-narcotics activities;
Desiring to build further upon the Interim Agreement by concluding a longer-term,
more definitive Agreement and to set forth the terms and conditions for a more
enduring United States partnership and cooperative presence in the Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba for counter-narcotics activities;
Recognizing that, in support of this strategic partnership to advance international
cooperation in the suppression of illegal narcotics activities, the United States of
America and the Kingdom of the Netherlands continue to commit significant national
resources, including specialized aircraft, armed forces, civilian personnel, and other
material resources;
Bearing in mind the ongoing and concomitant financial benefits that accrue to the
economies of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba as a result of the activities of the
United States of America in connection with this Agreement;
The Government of the United States of America and the Kingdom of the
Netherlands (hereinafter the "Parties") hereby agree as follows:
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Article I (Definitions)
For purposes of this Agreement:
(a) "Civilian personnel" shall refer to civilian employees of the United States
Government who are present in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba in connection with
this Agreement.
(b) "Military personnel" shall refer to members of the United States Armed Forces
who are present in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba in connection with this
Agreement.
(c) "United States personnel" shall refer to the military and civilian personnel of
the United States Government who are present in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba
in connection with this Agreement.
(d) "Dependents" shall refer to spouses, children and relatives forming part of the
household of permanently assigned United States personnel.
(e) "Contractors" shall refer to business entities and individuals that have entered
into contracts with the United States Government in connection with this Agreement.
(f) "Contractor employees" shall refer to individuals who are employed by any
business entity or individual that has entered into a contract with the United States
Government in connection with this Agreement, who are present in the Netherlands
Antilles or Aruba in connection with this Agreement, and who have not been
residents of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba two years prior to being admitted to the
aforementioned countries in connection with this Agreement.
(g) "Specialized contractor employees" shall refer to contractor employees
designated by the authorities of the United States Government as providing expertise
required by the United States Government for operations and maintenance of
aircraft, related mission support, and construction activities at the Facilities in
connection with this Agreement.
(h) "Aircraft riders" shall refer to representatives of the host nation or cooperating
third states who are invited to participate in aerial sorties to facilitate the performance
of counter-narcotics detection, monitoring, and interdiction missions in connection
with this Agreement.
(i) "Facilities" shall refer to those sites, installations, structures, and areas to
which the United States Government is authorized access and use, in connection
with this Agreement.
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Article II (Purposes of Agreement; Authorization)
The Netherlands Antilles and Aruba agree to allow the United States Government
access to and use of the Hato International Airport in the Netherlands Antilles and
the Reina Beatrix International Airport in Aruba, as well as authorized ports and
related facilities, solely in connection with aerial counter-narcotics detection and
monitoring, and, as appropriate, interdiction missions in the neighboring region. The
access and use authorized under this Agreement shall be limited to United States
personnel, aircraft riders, contractors, and contractor employees as well as vessels
and vehicles used for direct operational and logistic support, and unarmed aircraft,
operated by or exclusively for the United States Government.
Article III (Implementation Arrangements)
The Parties shall enter into more detailed implementation arrangements as required
to carry out the provisions of this Agreement. Counter-narcotics activities by United
States personnel and aircraft shall be conducted pursuant to existing and further
agreed implementation arrangements (inter alia command and control arrangements)
between the appropriate authorities of the Parties.
Article IV (Aircraft and Aircraft Overflight Clearance Procedures)
Aircraft operated in connection with this Agreement by or for the United States
Government are authorized to overfly, land at, and depart from the Hato International
Airport in the Netherlands Antilles and the Reina Beatrix International Airport in
Aruba without diplomatic clearance. Such activities shall be in accordance with
agreed aviation procedures.
Article V (Respecting National Laws)
United States personnel and dependents shall respect the laws of the Kingdom of
the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba and shall abstain from any
activity inconsistent with this Agreement. In this regard, United States personnel and
dependents shall be briefed regarding applicable laws and customs with a view to
ensure orderly conduct while in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.
Article VI (Immunities of United States Personnel and Dependents)
1. The Kingdom of the Netherlands grants United States personnel and
dependents immunity from its criminal, civil, and administrative jurisdiction. However,
the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba retain civil and administrative jurisdiction over
such personnel for acts performed outside the course of their duties, and over
dependents.
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2. United States personnel and dependents who are entitled to immunity from
the criminal jurisdiction of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba and who are
provisionally detained in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba shall be promptly released
and referred to the appropriate United States Government authorities for
investigation and disposition.
3. The appropriate authorities of the United States Government shall give
sympathetic consideration to a request for a waiver of immunity in cases that the
authorities of the Kingdom of the Netherlands consider to be of particular importance.
Article VII (Entry, Exit, and Travel Documentation)
1. The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba agree to allow United
States personnel unimpeded entry into and exit from the Netherlands Antilles and
Aruba with United States Government identification cards (military or civilian) and
with collective movement or individual travel orders, unless they benefit from more
favorable treatment under international law.
2. The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, respectively, agree to
apply appropriate immigration procedures to facilitate the prompt entry, freedom of
movement, and exit of United States personnel, dependents, contractor employees,
and aircraft riders arriving in and departing from the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
in connection with this Agreement. Such personnel and aircraft riders shall be
exempt from entry and exit fees or other departure taxes.
3. United States personnel and specialized contractor employees shall be
exempt from requirements for working and residence permits for activities conducted
in connection with this Agreement. Dependents of United States personnel shall be
exempt from the requirement for residence permits.
4. United States Government authorities shall provide to the appropriate
authorities of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba, within routinely filed flight plans, the
number of persons on board and information on hazardous cargo aboard aircraft
operated by or exclusively for the United States Government in connection with this
Agreement. United States Government authorities shall provide to appropriate
authorities of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba the passenger and cargo manifest
upon arrival of aircraft operated by or exclusively for the United States Government.
Article VIII (Importation, Exportation, Acquisition, and Use)
1. The Netherlands Antilles and Aruba waive import and export fees, duties,
taxes, and other charges otherwise leviable in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba on
products, equipment, materials, supplies, and other property imported into the
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Netherlands Antilles or Aruba by the United States Government in connection with
this Agreement. Products, equipment, materials, supplies, and other property
imported into the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba by contractors for operations and
maintenance of aircraft, related mission support, and construction activities at the
Facilities in connection with this Agreement shall enjoy the same treatment. The
Netherlands Antilles and Aruba also waive all sales, turnover, and any other post-
import taxes on products, equipment, materials, supplies, and other property
acquired in or used in these countries by the United States Government or by
contractors for operations and maintenance of aircraft, related mission support, and
construction activities at the Facilities in connection with this Agreement. Title to
such property shall remain with the United States Government or its contractors as
appropriate. Such property may be transported out of the Netherlands Antilles or
Aruba at any time exempt from export fees, duties, taxes, and other charges. In
case title to such property is transferred in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba to
persons or entities who are not entitled to exemptions, fees, duties, taxes and other
charges shall be payable in accordance with local laws and regulations by the
transferor.
2. Products, equipment, materials, supplies and other property imported into or
exported out of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba by the United States Government
in connection with this Agreement, shall be exempt from inspection. The importation
or exportation of such goods shall, however, be subject to customs declarations
procedures as agreed to by the appropriate authorities.
3. Baggage, personal effects, products and other property for the personal use
of United States personnel and dependents imported into, used in, or exported from
the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba shall be exempt from import and export fees,
duties, taxes, vehicle registration and licensing fees, and other charges otherwise
leviable in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba. Such personal property may be
transferred to other United States personnel and dependents free from fees, duties,
taxes, and other such charges. In case title to such property is transferred in the
Netherlands Antilles or Aruba to persons or entities who are not entitled to
exemptions, fees, duties, taxes and other charges shall be payable in accordance
with local laws and regulations by the transferor.
4. Fees, duties, taxes, and other charges otherwise leviable in the Netherlands
Antilles or Aruba on services acquired or used in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba by
the United States Government in connection with this Agreement are waived.
Article IX (Land Use, Easements, and Rights of Way)
The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba shall, without cost to the United
States Government, make available to the United States Government for its use
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agreed facilities, land, easements, and rights of way necessary to support activities in
connection with this Agreement, including agreed construction.
Article X (Contractors)
In accordance with its laws and regulations, the United States Government may
award contracts for the acquisition of articles or services, including construction, in
the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba. The United States Government may award
contracts to any source and may carry out construction works and other services with
its own personnel. Contractors may employ United States nationals or nationals of
other countries. In accordance with United States Government policy of full and
open competition in the contract solicitation process, the United States Government
will welcome offers from contractors resident in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.
Article XI (Construction)
1. The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba authorize the United
States Government after prior consultation, and with due regard for existing and
planned facility development and operations, to undertake new construction, or to
improve, modify, remove, and repair existing structures and sites at the agreed
facilities to meet requirements in connection with this Agreement.
2. Should local laws and regulations differ from United States Government
standards, the Parties shall consult with a view to adopt a practical solution to the
issue.
3. Upon termination of this Agreement, the United States Government shall not
be obliged to remove any facilities, buildings, or improvements thereto which have
been constructed with its own funds, unless such an obligation was stipulated by the
Netherlands Antilles or Aruba at the time of construction. At the termination of use of
facilities constructed, improved, modified, or repaired in connection with this
Agreement, the United States Government shall, after due consultation between the
Parties, transfer the use of such facilities to the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba,
respectively.
Article XII (Utilities)
The United States Government and its contractors may use water, electricity, and
other public utilities and services for construction, improvement, and use of the
Facilities provided for in this Agreement. Maximum prices for water, electricity and
other utilities are laid down in laws and are not subject to taxation in the Netherlands
Antilles or Aruba. The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba shall assist the
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United States Government authorities, upon request, in securing the provision of
water, electricity, and other public utilities and services.
Article XIII (Administrative Facilitation)
The United States Government, United States personnel, and contractors, acting in
connection with this Agreement, shall receive from the Netherlands Antilles and
Aruba all necessary cooperation with regard to the prompt processing of all
administrative procedures required by local laws and regulations.
Article XIV (Uniforms and Weapons)
United States personnel are authorized to wear uniforms and carry weapons while on
duty, if authorized to do so by their orders. The carrying of arms shall be limited to
the airfield (to include the designated aircraft parking area and the broader airfield
restricted area) and the weapons storage area for the security of the personnel,
equipment, and facilities.
Article XV (Security)
The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba and the United States
Government shall consult and take such steps as may be necessary to ensure the
security of United States personnel, dependents, contractor employees, and
property. The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba retain overall
responsibility for the physical security of the two designated airports under this
Agreement and shall, by mutual agreement with authorities of the United States
Government, designate specific facilities for which security, access, and use shall be
shared, and those for which security, access, and use shall be the responsibility of
the United States Government.
Article XVI (Landing and Port Fees and Pilotage)
Aircraft, vessels, and vehicles operated in connection with this Agreement by the
United States Government shall not be subject to payment of landing, airside
parking, port, navigation, or overflight charges; however, the United States
Government shall pay reasonable charges for services requested and received.
Aircraft, vessels, and vehicles used by contractors exclusively for the operations and
maintenance of aircraft, related mission support, and construction activities at the
Facilities in connection with this Agreement shall enjoy the same treatment.
8
Article XVII (Licenses and Vehicle Registration)
1. The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba accept in connection
with this Agreement as valid, without a fee or test, drivers' licenses or permits for the
operation of vehicles, issued by the appropriate United States authorities. Vehicles
owned by the United States Government shall be exempt from inspections, licensing,
or registration by the authorities of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba, but shall bear
appropriate identification markings.
2. United States personnel and dependents shall obtain insurance coverage
consistent with the laws of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba for their privately owned
vehicles.
3. Contractors shall obtain insurance coverage consistent with the laws of the
Netherlands Antilles or Aruba for their vehicles.
4. The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba recognize in connection
with this Agreement as valid professional credentials and licenses issued by
appropriate United States authorities.
Article XVIII (Tax Exemptions)
1. Periods during which United States personnel and dependents are in the
Netherlands Antilles or Aruba in connection with this Agreement shall for purposes of
taxation not be considered periods of residence or domicile.
2. Income received by United States personnel as a result of service under this
Agreement or income of such personnel and dependents derived from sources
outside the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba shall not be subject to taxation by the
Netherlands Antilles or Aruba.
3. In order to avoid double taxation, the activities performed in connection with
this Agreement by contractors shall not constitute a permanent establishment in the
Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, to the extent the contractors are subject to tax in
their home country. Income derived by individual contractors from activities
performed in connection with this Agreement shall not be subject to income tax in the
Netherlands Antilles and Aruba provided the aforementioned contractors are subject
to individual income tax in their home country.
4. The Netherlands Antilles and Aruba exempt United States personnel and
dependents from taxation on the ownership, possession, use, transfer to other United
States personnel and dependents, or transfer by death, of property which is present
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in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba due solely to the presence of these persons in
connection with this Agreement in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba.
5. The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2, and 4 of this Article shall also apply to
specialized contractor employees.
Article XIX (Claims)
1. The United States Government and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the
Netherlands Antilles, and Aruba waive any claims (other than contractual claims)
against each other for damage, loss, or destruction of government property arising
out of official activities, or for injury or death suffered by armed forces personnel and
other government personnel while engaged in the performance of their duties.
2. The United States Government shall pay under applicable United States law
compensation in settlement of claims by third parties. United States Government
authorities shall process such claims promptly, in accordance with United States law.
3. The United States Government shall designate the Forward Operating
Location (FOL) Managers in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba to receive third party
claims. FOL Managers shall ensure:
(a) the prompt processing of claims;
(b) the communication of findings to the claimants; and,
(c) the prompt response to all inquiries by the claimants.
4. In cases where one of the Parties is of the opinion that a claim may be of
unusual seriousness, the Parties shall consult.
5. Contractual claims shall be settled by the arrangements set forth in the
respective contracts.
Article XX (Postal, Services, and Communications Facilities)
1. The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba permit the United States
Government to establish, maintain, operate, and use military postal and other service
facilities for the morale, welfare, and recreation of United States personnel,
dependents, contractor employees, and aircraft riders. The respective authorities of
the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba will not inspect official mail in United States
military postal channels. Any inspection of non-official mail in such channels which
may be required by regulations of the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba will be
conducted by these respective authorities in accordance with mutually determined
procedures.
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2. The United States Government may also establish a satellite receiving station
for the reception of radio and television programs, and other telecommunications
broadcasts. Such programs and broadcasts may be transmitted to its Facilities.
3. The authorities of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba agree to permit the
United States Government to use radio and telecommunications in the course and in
support of its activities in connection with this Agreement. Such radio frequencies
and telecommunications spectrum to be used shall be the subject of separate
discussions and arrangements by the Parties.
4. The activities referred to in this Article shall be exempt from licensing, duties,
taxes, charges, and fees imposed in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. The
activities referred to in paragraph 2 and paragraph 3 shall be exempt from
inspections.
Article XXI (Facilitation of Aircraft Riders)
The FOL Managers shall facilitate the stay of aircraft riders in the Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba and, inter alia, shall inform aircraft riders regarding local laws and
customs with a view to ensure orderly conduct while in the Netherlands Antilles and
Aruba.
Article XXII (Implementation Facilitation and Amendment)
1. Each Party after mutual consultation shall facilitate to the maximum extent
possible the cooperative counter-narcotics activities envisioned by this Agreement,
including cooperation with other nations in the region, and shall consult as
appropriate about further measures that can be taken to enhance such cooperation.
2. In a spirit of close cooperation, the authorities of the Parties shall consult each
other from time to time with a view to ensuring the implementation of, and
satisfactory compliance with, the provisions of this Agreement.
3. When reviewing activities under this Agreement, the Parties shall evaluate
such activities in terms of, inter alia, shared benefits and shared responsibilities.
4. Either Party may request consultations with a view to amend the present
Agreement. Any amendment to the present Agreement agreed upon by the Parties
shall enter into force on the date on which the Parties have informed each other in
writing of the completion of their respective constitutional requirements.
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Article XXIII (Political Consultation)
The Parties shall consult as necessary at the political level or through appropriate
designees with a view to discuss and consider activities under this Agreement and to
assess the consequences at that specific moment in time and possible side effects of
this Agreement. On the basis of these consultations, all or part of the activities
outlined in this Agreement may be reviewed at the request of either Party.
Article XXIV (Resolution of Disagreements)
Any disagreements that may arise from the application or implementation of this
Agreement, or its implementing arrangements, shall be settled through consultation
between the appropriate authorities of the Parties, including, as necessary, through
diplomatic channels.
Article XXV (Territorial Applicability)
With regard to the Kingdom of the Netherlands, this Agreement shall be applicable to
the territories of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.
Article XXVI (Entry into Force and Duration)
1. This Agreement shall be provisionally applied by the Parties as from the
thirtieth day after signature. This Agreement shall enter into force on the date that the
Parties exchange diplomatic notes indicating that all necessary internal procedures
for entry into force of the Agreement have been completed.
2. The Agreement shall remain in force for an initial period of ten years.
Thereafter, it shall be renewable for additional periods of five years, unless
terminated by either Party by giving twelve months' notice in writing to the other.
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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective
governments, have signed this Agreement in the English and Netherlands
languages, both texts being equally authentic.
DONE at Oranjestad, Aruba, 2nd day of March 2000.
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
Richard C. Brown
Special Negotiator
Western Hemisphere Affairs
FOR THE KlNGDOM OF
THE NETHERLANDS:
Miguel A. Pourier
Prime Minister of the
Netherlands Antilles
Jan H. Eman
Prime Minister of
Aruba



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