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13084 Nepal - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program






GLOBE Program



Agreement Between the


Signed at Kathmandu March 3, 2000








Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”



Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Kathmandu March 3, 2000;
Entered into force March 3, 2000.
With appendices.

Agreement between
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America and
the Ministry of Education of His Majesty's Government of Nepal
for Cooperation in
the GLOBE Program
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf of itself
and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE Program (hereinafter,
the U.S. side), and the Ministry of Education of His Majesty's Government of Nepal
(hereinafter, the Nepalese side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about the global
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the
Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and education program
that brings students, teachers, and scientists together to study the global environment.
GLOBE has created an international network of students at primary, middle and
secondary school levels studying environmental issues, making environmental
measurements, and sharing useful environmental data with one another and the
international science community.
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details
regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A):
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the GLOBE
environmental measurements and types of measurement equipment (described
in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental
measurements, and support the U.S. members of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and educators, GLOBE
educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures and
data reporting protocols into the six United Nations languages, and provide a
copy of these plus all broader GLOBE educational materials to the Nepalese
side for further reproduction as necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country Coordinators and
GLOBE teachers who will serve as trainers for additional GLOBE teachers in
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing capabilities and
other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Nepalese GLOBE school
computers (To the extent possible, textual material appearing on computer
screens will be accessible in the student's choice among the six United Nations
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around the world, and
develop and provide resultant global environmental images to the Nepalese side;
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation with
international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the overall program as
B. The Nepalese side will:
1. Identify Nepalese schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program (details
regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A) and provide an updated list of
Nepalese GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the beginning of each school year;
2. Ensure that Nepalese GLOBE schools conduct the fundamental activities of
GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix A (take GLOBE environmental
measurements, report data, and receive and use resultant global environmental
images, using GLOBE educational materials under the guidance of teachers
trained to conduct the GLOBE Program);
3. Name a Nepalese Government Point of Contact responsible for policy-level
communications with the Director of the GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day management, oversight,
and facilitation of the GLOBE Program in Nepal;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend GLOBE
regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at least one teacher in
each Nepalese GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement procedures
and data reporting protocols are utilized in Nepalese GLOBE schools, and that
broader GLOBE educational materials are appropriately translated, adapted,
reproduced, and distributed to all Nepalese GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools to take GLOBE
environmental measurements meets GLOBE specifications (described in
Appendix B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Nepalese GLOBE schools calibrate GLOBE
measurement equipment according to procedures provided in GLOBE
instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Nepalese GLOBE schools have the necessary computer and
communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web access in order to
report GLOBE environmental measurements and to receive and use GLOBE
environmental images; if such computer and communications systems are not
available in Nepalese schools, make agreed alternative arrangements for such
reporting and receipt (At a minimum, the Nepalese Country Coordinator will
need access to the Internet so that all measurement data from Nepalese GLOBE
schools will be reported via Internet.); and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Nepal periodically and assist the U.S. side in
conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE Program.
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under this
agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are subject to its
respective funding procedures and the availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and
other resources. The conduct of activities under this agreement will be consistent with
the relevant laws and regulations of the United States and Nepal.
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images, software, and
educational materials will be available worldwide without restriction as to their use or
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may deem appropriate
without prior consultation with the other.
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons and goods into
and out of its territory and to accord entry to such goods into U.S. and Nepalese territory
free of customs duties and other similar charges, as is necessary to implement this
agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws and regulations of the United States and
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will remain in
force for five years. It will be automatically extended for further five-year periods, unless
either side decides to terminate it and so notifies the other side with three months written
notice. This agreement may be terminated at any time by either side upon three months
prior written notice to the other side. This agreement may be amended by written
agreement of the two sides.
Done at Kathmandu, Nepal, on the third day of March, 2000, in duplicate.
For the Ministry of Education:
For the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration:
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating schools. Schools
should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of the GLOBE Program. In particular,
countries should emphasize the selection of schools that will maximize the number and
geographic distribution of students worldwide participating in the program. Also,
countries should consider involving schools in locations that will yield measurement data
that is important to the international science community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the following fundamental
activities: they make environmental measurements at or near their schools; report their
data to a GLOBE data processing site; receive vivid graphical global environmental
images created from their data and the data from other GLOBE schools around the world;
and study the environment by relating their observations and the resulting images to
broader environmental topics. All of these activities are conducted under the guidance of
specially trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the guidance of
GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain instructional materials detailing
procedures for taking environmental measurements and protocols for reporting data; they
also explain the significance of the measurements, guide the use of the global
environmental images, and integrate the measurement aspects of the program into a
broader study of the environment.
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the scientific
understanding of the dynamics of the global environment. The set of GLOBE
measurements reflects the desire of GLOBE Program management, scientists, and
educators to respond to the needs of the education community as well as to provide
scientifically useful environmental data. All GLOBE Schools are strongly encouraged to
participate in the full range of GLOBE Science measurements. Instrument costs vary,
depending on the optional methodologies selected and on equipment already available.
GLOBE instruments need to meet functional and performance specifications; they do not
need to be purchased from specific vendors.
Measurements Equipment Needed
Cloud Cover/Type Cloud Chart
Air Temperature - Max/Min. & Current Temp. Maximum/Min. Thermometer, Calibration
(also used for Water Temperature, Salinity, and Thermometer, Instrument Shelter
Soil Particle Size measurements)
Precipitation, Liquid, Solid Rain gauge, Snow board, Snow depth pole
Precipitation pH, Water pH, Soil pH pH indicator paper, pH pen, pH 7 butter, pH meter,
pH 4 and pH 10 buffers
Measurements EquipmentNeeded
Dissolved Oxygen Dissolved oxygen kit
Alkalinity Water alkalinity kit
Dissolved Oxygen, Alkalinity, Salinity, Titration Safety Equipment - Plastic gloves and goggles
Electrical Conductivity - Fresh water sites only Total dissolved solids (conductivity) tester,
Calibration solution
Salinity -- Titration Method Salinity kit, Hydrometer, 500 mL clear plastic
graduated cylinder
Nitrate Water Nitrate kit
Transparency -- Deep water site only Secchi Disk, Rope, Turbidity tube
Measurements Equipment Needed
Latitude, longitude and elevation Global Positioning System receiver
Land Cover Mapping Remote sensing image data, MultiSpec software
Species Identification Dichotomous keys
Site Layout, Tree Circumference, I ree Height 50 m tape measure
Free Height, Slope Clinometer
Canopy Cover Densiometer
Grass Biomass Plant clippings drying oven
Measurements Equipment Needed
Particle Size Hydrometer, 500 mL clear plastic graduated cylinder
Profile, Bulk Density, Soil Moisture Dutch auger, Shovel
Soil Profile, Land: Site Layout Camera
Depth, Soil Moisture Meter stick
Soil Color Color chart
Free Carbonates Distilled white vinegar, Acid squirt bottle
Bulk Density, Particle Size #10 sieve (2 mm mesh)
Moisture, Bulk Density Soil drying oven
Gravemetric Soil Moisture, Soil Bulk Density Balance, Soil cans (15), Other soil containers
Particle Size Dispersing solution
Soil pH, Bulk Density 100 mL graduated cylinder
Soil Fertility Soil NPK kit
Infiltration Dual Ring Infiltrometer
Temperature Soil Thermometer
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools are
encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom computers. The Internet/World
Wide Web multi-media information-access capability has been selected to support the
required GLOBE school activities of data entry, data analysis, and use of global
environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require, in some cases,
that environmental measurements be reported via e-mail or in hardcopy and that a variety
of media, including e-mail and hardcopy, be used to distribute global environmental
images. All schools that want to participate in the program will be accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to higher levels
and participants will be encouraged to upgrade over time.
In witness hereof, on the third day of March, 2000:
Secretary of the Ministry of
Population and Environment of His
Majesty's Government of Nepal

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