printable banner

U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

13088 Honduras - Agreement Concerning Cooperation for the Suppression of Illicit Maritime Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances


   
Share

TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 13088

 

NARCOTIC DRUGS

 

 

 

 


Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and HONDURAS

 

Signed at Tegucigalpa March 29, 2000

 

 

 

 

 


 

NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

 

HONDURAS

Narcotic Drugs


Agreement signed at Tegucigalpa March 29, 2000;
Entered into force January 30, 2001.

Agreement
Between the Government of the United States of America
and
the Government of the Republic of Honduras
Concerning Cooperation for the Suppression of Illicit Maritime Traffic
in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
Preamble
The Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of
Honduras, hereinafter "the Parties";
Bearing in mind the complex nature of the problem of illicit maritime traffic, and having
regard to the urgent need for international cooperation in suppressing illicit maritime traffic,
which is recognized in the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs and its 1972 Protocol, the
1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, the 1988 United Nations Convention Against
Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (hereinafter, the "1988
Convention"), and the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (hereinafter, the
"Law of the Sea Convention");
Recalling that the 1988 Convention requires the Parties to consider entering into bilateral
agreements to carry out or ensure the effectiveness of its provisions;
Desiring to promote greater cooperation between the Parties, thereby ensuring the
effectiveness of combating illicit traffic by sea and air; and
Convinced that illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances is an
international criminal activity, and thus actionable anywhere and under any circumstances in
accordance with international law;
Agree as follows:
Object and Scope of Agreement
Article 1. The object of this Agreement is to promote cooperation between the Parties so
that they will be able to address more effectively the various aspects of illicit maritime traffic in
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. The Parties shall carry out their obligations under
this agreement in a manner consistent with the principles of sovereign equality and territorial
integrity of States and that of non-intervention in the domestic affairs of other States, as provided
in Article 2(2) of the 1988 Convention. The Parties shall cooperate to the fullest extent possible,
subject to the availability of resources and in compliance with their respective laws.
Article 2. The Parties shall enter into implementing agreements as they deem necessary
to fulfill the objectives of this Agreement. None of the provisions of this Agreement, or of the
implementing agreements, shall affect the sovereign rights of the Parties in accordance with the
Law of the Sea Convention.
Article 3. Neither Party shall undertake in the territory of the other Party the exercise of
jurisdiction and performance of functions that are exclusively reserved for the authorities of that
other Party by its domestic law, as provided in Article 2(3) of the 1988 Convention.
Definitions
Article 4. In this Agreement, and in subsequent implementing agreements pursuant to
this Agreement that may be entered into by the Parties, the following definitions shall apply:
2
a. "Illicit traffic" has the same meaning as in Articles 1(m) and 3(1) and (2) of the 1988
Convention;
b. "Waters and airspace thereabove" means the waters and airspace thereabove within
which each Party exercises sovereignty in accordance with its own laws and international law,
including the Law of the Sea Convention;
c. "Law enforcement vessels" means ships of the Parties clearly marked and identifiable
as being on government non-commercial service and authorized to that effect, including any boat
and aircraft embarked on such ships, aboard which law enforcement officials are embarked.
d. "Law enforcement aircraft" means aircraft of the Parties engaged in law enforcement
operations or operations in support of law enforcement activities clearly marked and identifiable
as being on government non-commercial service and authorized to that effect.
e. "Law enforcement authorities" means for the Government of the United States of
America: the United States Coast Guard; and for the Government of the Republic of Honduras:
the competent authorities of the Ministry of National Defense, the Ministry of Public Security,
the Office of the National Merchant Marine with respect to the duties set forth in subparagraph i
of this Article, police entities established for that end pursuant to Article 35(2) of Decree No.
126-89, and the appropriate authorities of the Office of the Public Prosecutor;
f. "Law enforcement officials" means, for the Government of Honduras, uniformed
members, or otherwise clearly identifiable members, of the law enforcement authorities defined
in subparagraph e above, and for the Government of the United States of America, uniformed
members of the United States Coast Guard;
g. "Shiprider" means one or more law enforcement officials of each of the Parties, duly
authorized to embark on law enforcement vessels or aircraft of the other Party;
h. "Suspect vessel or aircraft" means a vessel or aircraft in the waters or airspace of either
Party, or of the nationality of one of the Parties and located in international waters or airspace,
that is being used for commercial or private purposes and in respect of which there are
reasonable grounds to suspect it is involved in illicit traffic;
i. "Information and Verification Center of the Merchant Marine" means the Honduran
Merchant Marine Center that shall operate 24 hours a day and authorize the boarding of vessels
suspected of engaging in illicit traffic, hereinafter "the Center;
j. "Joint Operations Programs" means programs established by mutual agreement of the
Parties for the purpose of implementing this Agreement.
Joint Activities
Article 5. The Parties shall share information collected by the available means regarding
illicit traffic.
Article 6. Except as otherwise agreed between the Parties, any operation to prevent and
combat illicit traffic conducted in waters and airspace over which one of the Parties exercises
sovereignty in accordance with its domestic laws shall be conducted by the law enforcement
authorities of such Party.
To this end, the Parties undertake to develop procedures and to identify and employ
technical equipment needed to improve timely communication between their operations centers
and the sharing of tactical information, and to identify and employ other assets so that detection
3
and tracking of suspect vessels and aircraft entering or leaving the waters and airspace of each
Party are conducted by its own law enforcement authorities in such a way as to enable them to
bring suspect vessels and aircraft under their control.
The Center, in accordance with Honduran and international law, has sufficient
authority to issue authorizations expeditiously for law enforcement authorities of the Parties to
conduct boarding, search and detention operations of vessels suspected of engaging in illicit
traffic located in waters within which Honduras exercises sovereignty in accordance with joint
operations programs, and outside the territorial sea of any State if the vessel is sailing under the
Honduran flag. The Center shall immediately inform the law enforcement authorities of the
Honduran Government of these authorizations.
Article 7. Vessels and aircraft operated by law enforcement authorities of each Party
shall be free to act in and over the waters of the Parties for the purposes and with the powers
vested in them as may be agreed upon in the joint operations programs or the implementing
agreements, and bearing in mind the laws of the Parties and the objectives of this Agreement.
Article 8. To facilitate implementation of this Agreement, each Party shall ensure the
other Party is fully informed concerning its applicable laws and policies, particularly those
pertaining to the use of force. Each Party shall also ensure that all of its law enforcement
officials are informed of the relevant laws and policies of both Parties.
Seized Assets
Article 9. Assets seized in consequence of any operation undertaken pursuant to this
Agreement in international sea or airspace, or in the sea or airspace of the Parties, shall be
disposed of in accordance with the laws of the Parties and relevant agreements established
between them.
Responsibility
Article 10. Each Party shall ensure that its law enforcement officials, when conducting
boardings and searches pursuant to this Agreement, act in accordance with international law,
including this Agreement, with its domestic law, and with internationally accepted practices.
When conducting a boarding and search, law enforcement officials shall take due account of the
need not to endanger the safety of life at sea or the security of the suspect vessel and its cargo,
and not to prejudice the commercial and legal interests of the flag State or of any other interested
State or legal entity or individual.
Such officials shall also bear in mind the need to observe norms of courtesy, respect, and
consideration for the persons on board the suspect vessel.
Interpretation, Entry into Force, and Duration
Article 11. The Parties agree to hold consultations, on at least an annual basis, to
evaluate the implementation of this Agreement and the implementation agreements and to
consider enhancing their effectiveness, including the preparation of amendments to this
Agreement as the Parties may deem appropriate and that take into account any increased
operational capacity of the Parties' law enforcement authorities and officials. If disputes should
arise concerning the implementation or interpretation of this Agreement or the implementing
agreements, either Party may request consultations with the other Party to resolve the matter.
Article 12. This Agreement shall enter into force upon an exchange of notes indicating
that the pertinent procedures under each Party' s domestic laws have been completed.
Frank Almaguer
Ambassador
Roberto Flores Bedez
Minister of Foreign Relations
4
Article 13. This Agreement shall be of indefinite duration. Either Party may terminate
this Agreement at any time upon written notification to the other Party through diplomatic
channels. Such termination shall take effect six months from the date of notification.
This Agreement shall continue to be applicable after the termination becomes effective
with respect to any administrative or judicial proceedings arising out of actions taken pursuant to
this Agreement during the time it was in force.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective
Governments, have signed this Agreement, which shall be registered with the Secretariat of the
United Nations for purposes of compliance with Article 102 of the United Nations Charter.
SIGNED in duplicate at Tegucigalpa, Municipality of the Central District, Honduras, on
March 29, 2000, in the Spanish and English languages, both texts being equally authentic.
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: REPUBLIC OF HONDURAS:
IMPLEMENTING AGREEMENT BETWEEN
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AND
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF HONDURAS
CONCERNING
COOPERATION FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF ILLICIT MARITIME TRAFFIC
IN NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES
Preamble
The Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of
Honduras (hereinafter, "the Parties");
Recalling that Article 2 of the Agreement concerning cooperation for the suppression of
illicit maritime traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, signed by the Parties in
Tegucigalpa on March 29, 2000 (hereinafter, the "2000 Agreement"), stipulates that the Parties shall
enter into such implementing agreements as they deem necessary to fulfill the objectives of the
Agreement;
Recalling further that Article 17, paragraph 9, of the 1988 United Nations Convention
Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances requires the Parties to
consider entering into bilateral agreements to carry out, or to enhance the effectiveness of, Article
17, Illicit Traffic by Sea (hereinafter, the "1988 Convention"); and
Desiring to promote greater Cooperation between the Parties to achieve effectiveness in
combating illicit traffic by sea and air;
Have agreed follows:
ARTICLE I
NATURE AND SCOPE OF THE AGREEMENT
1. This Agreement implements the 2000 Agreement by establishing a Joint Operations Program
that regulates the conduct of shipboardings, pursuit, entry and overflight, and establishes a shiprider
program.
2. With regard to Article 5 and the second paragraph of Article 6 of the 2000 Agreement, the
Government of the United States of America shall provide the Honduran Government with available
information collected by electronic, air and maritime surveillance means, on the presence of suspect
vessels in the Honduran territorial sea or internal waters or aircraft in Honduran airspace so that the
law enforcement authorities of Honduras may take appropriate control measures.
ARTICLE II
DEFINITIONS
The definitions set out in Article 4 of the 2000 Agreement apply to this Agreement.
ARTICLE III
OPERATIONS IN AND OVER THE TERRITORIAL SEA
Operations to suppress illicit traffic in and over the waters the territorial sea of a Party are subject
to the laws and authority of that Party in accordance with Article 3 of the 2000 Agreement.
- 2
ARTICLE IV
PROGRAM FOR SHIPRIDERS ABOARD THE OTHER PARTY'S VESSELS
1. The Parties shall establish, between their law enforcement authorities, a joint "shiprider" program
for law enforcement purposes. Each Party shall designate a coordinator to organize its program
activities and to notify the other Party of the types of vessels and officials involved in the program.
2. The Government of the Republic of Honduras shall designate legally competent and qualified law
enforcement officials to act as shipriders. Subject to the laws of Honduras, and respecting United
States domestic law, these shipriders may, in appropriate circumstances:
a. embark on United States law enforcement vessels;
b. authorize the pursuit, by the U.S. law enforcement vessels on which they are embarked,
of suspect vessels and aircraft fleeing into the territorial sea of Honduras;
c. authorize the U.S. law enforcement vessels on which they are embarked to conduct patrols
to suppress illicit traffic in the territorial sea and internal waters of Honduras;
d. enforce the laws of Honduras in the territorial sea and internal waters of Honduras, or
seaward therefrom in the exercise of the right of hot pursuit or otherwise in accordance with
international law;
e. authorize the U.S. law enforcement officials to assist with the enforcement of Honduran
law in the Honduran territorial sea or seaward therefrom.
3. The Government of the United States of America shall designate qualified law enforcement
officials to act as law enforcement shipriders. Subject to United States law, and respecting Honduran
domestic law, these shipriders may, in appropriate circumstances:
a. embark on Honduran law enforcement vessels;
b. advise Honduran law enforcement officials in the conduct of hoardings of vessels to
enforce the laws of Honduras;
c. enforce, seaward of the territorial sea of Honduras, the laws of the United States where
authorized to do so; and
d. authorize the Honduran law enforcement officials to assist with the enforcement of the
laws of the United States seaward of the territorial sea of Honduras.
4. The Government of the United States of America shall, whenever feasible, assign as shipriders
persons fluent in Spanish, and to have liaison officials fluent in Spanish on board U.S. law
enforcement vessels on which Honduran shipriders are embarked.
5. When a shiprider is embarked on the other Party's vessel, and the enforcement action being
carried out is pursuant to the shiprider's authority, any search or seizure of property, any detention
of a person, and any use of force pursuant to this Agreement, whether or not involving weapons,
shall be carried out by the shiprider, except as follows:
a. crewmembers of the other Party's vessel may assist in any such action if expressly
requested to do so by the shiprider and only to the extent and in the manner requested. Such request
may only be made, agreed to, and acted upon in accordance with the laws and policies of each Party;
and
- 3
b. such crewmembers may use minimum, reasonable force in self-defense, in accordance
with the applicable laws and policies of their Government.
ARTICLE V
OTHER OPERATIONS IN NATIONAL WATERS AND AIRSPACE
1. The Government of the United States of America may only conduct operations to suppress illicit
traffic in the Honduran territorial sea, internal waters and airspace, in any of the following
circumstances:
a. an embarked Honduran shiprider so authorizes;
b. in those exceptional occasions when a suspect vessel enters the Honduran territorial sea
and no Honduran shiprider is embarked in a U.S. law enforcement vessel, and no Honduran law
enforcement vessel is immediately available to investigate, the U.S. law enforcement vessel may
follow the suspect vessel into the Honduran territorial sea and internal waters, in order to monitor
or board the suspect vessel and secure the scene, while awaiting expeditious instructions from
Honduran law enforcement authorities and the arrival of Honduran law enforcement officials.
c. in those equally exceptional occasions when a suspect vessel is detected within the
Honduran territorial sea or internal waters, and no Honduran shiprider is embarked' in a U.S. law
enforcement vessel, and no Honduran law enforcement vessel is immediately available to
investigate, the U.S. law enforcement vessel may enter the Honduran territorial sea and internal
waters, in order to monitor or board the suspect vessel and secure the scene, while awaiting
expeditious instructions from Honduran law enforcement authorities and the arrival of Honduran law
enforcement officials.
The United States shall provide prior notice to the Honduran law enforcement authority of action
to be taken under subparagraphs (b) and (c) of this paragraph, unless not operationally feasible to
do so. In any case, notice of the action shall be provided to the Honduran law enforcement authority
without delay.
2. Law enforcement vessels of a Party operating with the authorization of the other Party pursuant
to Article IV of this Agreement shall, during such operations, fly, in the case of the United States
of America, the Honduran flag, and in the case of Honduras, the United States Coast Guard ensign.
3. The Government of Honduras, through the Ministry of Defense, may authorize the mooring or
stay of law enforcement vessels of the United States of America at national ports, entry of additional
U.S. law enforcement officials, entry of suspect vessels not flying the flag of either Party escorted
by U.S. law enforcement officials, and U.S. escort of persons from such suspect vessels through and
out of Honduras, on the occasions and for the time necessary for the proper performance of the
operations required under this Agreement or in situations involving force majeure or mutual
assistance in the event of natural disaster.
4. When aircraft of the Government of the United States of America (hereafter, "U.S. aircraft") are
operating to suppress illicit traffic or supporting such operations, the Government of the Republic
of Honduras, without prejudice to Article 3 of the 2000 Agreement and Article 2(3) of the 1988
Convention, shall permit those U.S. aircraft to:
a. overfly its territory and waters with due regard for the laws and regulations of Honduras
for the flight and maneuver of aircraft, subject to paragraph 5 of this Article with the presence on
board of at least one Honduran law enforcement official when possible;
b. land and remain in national airports, after receiving authorization from the Minister of
Defense, on the occasions and for the time necessary for proper performance of the operations
necessary under this Agreement; and
- 4
c. transmit orders from competent Honduran authorities to suspect aircraft to land in the
territory of Honduras, subject to the laws of each Party.
5. The Government of the United States of America shall, in the interest of flight safety, observe
the following procedures for facilitating flights within Honduran airspace by U.S. aircraft:
a. In the event of planned law enforcement operations, the United States shall provide
reasonable notice and communications frequencies to the appropriate Honduran aviation authorities
responsible for air traffic control of planned flights by its aircraft over Honduran territory, territorial
sea or internal waters.
b. In the event of unplanned operations, which may include the pursuit of suspect aircraft
into Honduran airspace pursuant to this Agreement, the Parties shall exchange information
concerning the appropriate communications frequencies and other information pertinent to flight
safety.
c. Any aircraft engaged in law enforcement operations or operations in support of law
enforcement activities in accordance with this Agreement shall comply with such air navigation and
flight safety directions as may be required by Honduran aviation authorities, and with any written
operating procedures developed for flight operations within its airspace under this Agreement.
ARTICLE VI
BOARDINGS SEAWARD OF HONDURAN TERRITORIAL SEA
1. Whenever U.S. law enforcement officials encounter a suspect vessel flying the Honduran flag or
claiming to be registered in Honduras, located seaward of any State's territorial sea, they shall
request, as expeditiously as possible, authorization from the Government of Honduras, through the
Center, for the boarding and search of the suspect vessel and the persons found on board by such
officials. Authorization shall be understood as having been granted if the Center has not replied to
the request for authorization within two hours.
If evidence of illicit traffic is found, U.S. law enforcement officials may detain the vessel and
persons on board pending expeditious disposition instructions from the Government of the Republic
of Honduras.
2. Except as expressly provided herein, this Agreement does not apply to or limit boardings of
vessels seaward of any State's territorial sea, conducted by either Party in accordance with
international law, whether based, inter alia, on the right of visit, the rendering of assistance to
persons, vessels, and property in distress or peril, the consent of the vessel master, or an
authorization from the flag State to take law enforcement action.
ARTICLE VII
JURISDICTION OVER DETAINED VESSELS
1. In all cases arising in the territorial sea or internal waters of the Republic of Honduras, or
concerning Honduran flag vessels seaward of any State's territorial sea, the State of Honduras shall
have the primary right to exercise jurisdiction over a detained vessel, cargo and/or persons on board
(including seizure, forfeiture, arrest, and prosecution), provided, however, that the State of Honduras
may, subject to its Constitution and laws, waive its primary right to exercise jurisdiction and
authorize the enforcement of United States law against the vessel, cargo and/or persons on board.
2. Instructions as to the exercise of jurisdiction pursuant to paragraph 1 shall be given without delay.
- 5
ARTICLE VIII
IMPLEMENTATION
1. Operations to suppress illicit traffic pursuant to this Agreement shall be carried out only against
suspect vessels and aircraft, including vessels and aircraft without nationality, and vessels
assimilated to vessels without nationality.
2. A Party conducting a boarding and search pursuant to this Agreement shall promptly notify the
other Party of the results thereof. The relevant Party shall timely report to the other Party, consistent
with its laws, on the status of all investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings resulting from
enforcement action taken pursuant to this Agreement where evidence of illicit traffic was found.
3. Each Party shall ensure that its law enforcement and other officials, when conducting boardings
and searches and air interception activities pursuant to this Agreement, act in accordance with the
applicable national laws and policies of that Party and with the applicable international law and
accepted international practices.
4. Boardings and searches pursuant to this Agreement shall be carried out by law enforcement
officials from law enforcement vessels or aircraft. The boarding and search teams may operate from
such ships and aircraft of the Parties, and seaward of the territorial sea of any State, from such ships
of other States as may be agreed upon by the Parties. The boarding and search team may carry
standard law enforcement small arms.
5. While conducting air intercept activities pursuant to this Agreement, the Parties shall not
endanger the lives of persons on board and the safety of civil aircraft.
6. All use of force pursuant to this Agreement shall be in strict accordance with the applicable laws
and policies and shall in all cases be the minimum reasonably necessary under the circumstances,
except that neither Party shall use force against civil aircraft in flight. Nothing in this Agreement
shall impair the exercise of the inherent right of self-defense by law enforcement or other officials
of either Party.
7. When carrying out operations pursuant to this Agreement, in accordance with the 1988
Convention and Article 10 of the 2000 Agreement, the Parties shall take due account of the possible
advantage of conducting boarding and search operations in safer conditions at the closest Honduran
port to minimize any prejudice to the legitimate commercial activities of the suspect vessel, or its
flag State or any other interested State; the need not to delay unduly the suspect vessel; the need not
to endanger the safety of life at sea without endangering the safety of the law enforcement officials
or their vessels or aircraft; and the need not to endanger the security of the suspect vessel, aircraft
or cargo.
8. Each Party shall identify to the other Party, and keep current, the coordinator of the joint law
enforcement shiprider program under Article IV, and the points of contact for disposition
instructions under paragraph 1 of Article VI, the exercise of jurisdiction over detained vessels under
Article VII, and requests for assistance under paragraph 9 of Article VIII of this Agreement.
9. The law enforcement authority of one Party (the "first Party") may request, and the law
enforcement authority of the other Party may authorize, law enforcement officials of the other Party
to provide technical assistance to law enforcement officials of the first Party in their boarding and
investigation of suspect vessels located in the territory or waters of the first Party.
10. Pursuant to Article 9 of the 2000 Agreement and to Article VII of this Agreement, assets seized
in consequence of any operation undertaken in Honduran territorial sea or internal waters pursuant
to this Agreement shall be disposed of in accordance with the laws of Honduras. On ships flying the
- 6
Honduran flag found outside the territorial sea of any State, assets shall be disposed of in accordance
with the laws of Honduras unless the State of Honduras, subject to its Constitution and laws, waives
the right to exercise jurisdiction and authorizes the enforcement of United States law against the
cargo on board. Assets seized in consequence of any operation undertaken seaward of the territorial
sea of Honduras pursuant to this Agreement shall be disposed of in accordance with the laws of the
seizing Party. To the extent permitted by its laws and upon such terms as it deems appropriate, a
Party may, in any case, transfer forfeited assets or proceeds of their sale to the other Party. Each
transfer generally will reflect the contribution of the other Party to facilitating or effecting the
forfeiture of such assets or proceeds.
11. Any injury to or loss of life of a law enforcement official of a Party shall normally be remedied
in accordance with the laws of that Party. Any other claim submitted for damage, injury, death or
loss resulting from an operation carried out under this Agreement shall be processed, considered, and
if merited, resolved in favor of the claimant by the Party whose officials conducted the operation,
in accordance with the domestic law of that Party, and in a manner consistent with international law.
If any loss, injury or death is suffered as a result of any action taken by the law enforcement or other
officials of one Party in contravention of this Agreement, or any improper or unreasonable action
is taken by a Party pursuant thereto, the Parties shall, without prejudice to any other legal rights
which may be available, consult at the request of either Party to resolve the matter and decide any
questions relating to compensation.
12. Nothing in this Agreement shall be interpreted to contradict the object and purpose of the 2000
Agreement.
13. Nothing in this Agreement is intended to alter the rights and privileges due any person in any
legal proceeding.
14. Nothing in this Agreement shall prejudice the position of either Party with regard to the
international law of the sea including the Law of the Sea Convention or affect the claims to territory
or maritime boundaries of either Party or third States.
ARTICLE IX
ENTRY INTO FORCE AND DURATION
1. This Agreement shall enter into force, on or after the date of entry of entry into force of the 2000
Agreement, upon exchange of notes indicating that the pertinent procedures under each Party's
domestic laws have been completed.
2. This Agreement shall have the same duration as the 2000 Agreement, unless this Agreement is
earlier terminated by either Party upon written notification to the other Party through the diplomatic
channel. Such termination shall take effect six months from the date of notification.
3. This Agreement shall continue to apply after termination with respect to any administrative or
judicial proceedings arising out of actions taken pursuant to this Agreement during the time that it
was in force.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective
Governments, have signed this Agreement.
DONE AT Tegucigalpa, Municipality of the Central District, Honduras, this twenty-ninth day of
March 2000, in duplicate in the English and Spanish languages, each text being equally authentic.
- 7
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: REPUBLIC OF HONDURAS:
Frank Almaguer Roberto Flores Bermudez
Ambassador State Secretary for the
Ministry of Foreign Relations



Back to Top
Sign-in

Do you already have an account on one of these sites? Click the logo to sign in and create your own customized State Department page. Want to learn more? Check out our FAQ!

OpenID is a service that allows you to sign in to many different websites using a single identity. Find out more about OpenID and how to get an OpenID-enabled account.