printable banner

U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

13113 India - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program






GLOBE Program



Agreement Between the


Signed at New Delhi August 25, 2000








Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”



Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at New Delhi August 25, 2000;
Entered into force August 25, 2000.
With appendices.

Agreement between
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America and
the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the Republic of India
for Cooperation in
the GLOBE Program
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf
of itself and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE
Program (hereinafter, the U.S. side), and the Ministry of Environment and
Forests, of the Republic of India (hereinafter, the Indian side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about
the global environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit
the Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and
education program that brings students, teachers, and scientists together to
study the global environment. GLOBE has created an international network
of students at primary, middle and secondary school levels studying
environmental issues, making environmental measurements, and sharing
useful environmental data with one another and the international science
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program
(details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the
GLOBE environmental measurements and define specifications for
measurement equipment (detail provided in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental
measurements, and support the U.S. members of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and educators,
GLOBE educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols into the six United Nations
languages, and provide a copy of these plus all broader GLOBE
educational materials to the Indian side for further reproduction as
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country
Coordinators and GLOBE teachers who will serve as trainers for
additional GLOBE teachers in India;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing
capabilities and other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Indian GLOBE
school computers (To the extent possible, textual material appearing
on computer screens will be accessible in the student's choice among
the six United Nations languages.);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around
the world, and develop and provide resultant global environmental
images to the Indian side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation
with international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the
overall program as appropriate.
B. The Indian side will:
1. Identify Indian schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program
(details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A) and provide an
updated list of Indian GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the
beginning of each school year;
2. Ensure that Indian GLOBE schools conduct the fundamental
activities of GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix A (take GLOBE
environmental measurements, report data, and receive and use
resultant global environmental images, using GLOBE educational
materials under the guidance of teachers trained to conduct the
GLOBE Program);
3. Name a Indian Government Point of Contact responsible for policy-
level communications with the Director of the GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day
management, oversight, and facilitation of the GLOBE Program in
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers
attend GLOBE regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training
to at least one teacher in each Indian GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols are utilized in Indian
GLOBE schools, and that broader GLOBE educational materials are
appropriately translated, adapted, reproduced, and distributed to all
Indian GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools to
take GLOBE environmental measurements meets GLOBE
specifications (described in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Indian GLOBE schools calibrate
GLOBE measurement equipment according to procedures provided
in GLOBE instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Indian GLOBE schools have the necessary computer and
communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web access
in order to report GLOBE environmental measurements and to
receive and use GLOBE environmental images; if such computer
and communications systems are not available in Indian schools,
make agreed alternative arrangements for such reporting and receipt
(At a minimum, the Indian Country Coordinator will need access to
the Internet so that all measurement data from Indian GLOBE
schools will be reported via Internet.); and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in India periodically and assist the U.S.
side in conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under
this agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are
subject to its respective funding procedures and the availability of
appropriated funds, personnel, and other resources. The conduct of activities
under this agreement will be consistent with the relevant laws and regulations
of the United States and India.
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images,
software, and educational materials will be available worldwide without
restriction as to their use or redistribution.
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may deem
appropriate without prior consultation with the other.
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons and
goods into and out of its territory and to accord entry to such goods into U.S.
and Indian territory free of customs duties and other similar charges, as is
necessary to implement this agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws
and regulations of the United States and India.
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will
remain in force for five years. It will be automatically extended for further
five-year periods, unless either side decides to terminate it and so notifies the
other side with three months written notice. This agreement may be
terminated at any time by either side upon three months prior written notice
to the other side. This agreement may be amended by written agreement of
the two sides.
Signed in duplicate in New Delhi this 25th day of August, 2000.
For the Ministry of Environment For the National Oceanic and
and Forests Atmospheric Administration
Government of India United States of America
Rajeev Kher
Joint Secretary
Ministry of Environment and
Albert A. Thibault
Charge d'Affaires ad interim
Embassy of the United States
of America
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating schools.
Schools should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of the GLOBE
Program. In particular, countries should emphasize the selection of schools
that will maximize the number and geographic distribution of students
worldwide participating in the program. Also, countries should consider
involving schools in locations that will yield measurement data that is
important to the international science community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the following
fundamental activities: they make environmental measurements at or near
their schools; report their data to a GLOBE data processing site; receive vivid
graphical global environmental images created from their data and the data
from other GLOBE schools around the world; and study the environment by
relating their observations and the resulting images to broader environmental
topics. All of these activities are conducted under the guidance of specially
trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the
guidance of GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain instructional
materials detailing procedures for taking environmental measurements and
protocols for reporting data; they also explain the significance of the
measurements, guide the use of the global environmental images, and
integrate the measurement aspects of the program into a broader study of the
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the
scientific understanding of the dynamics of the global environment. The set
of GLOBE measurements reflects the desire of GLOBE Program
management, scientists, and educators to respond to the needs of the
education community as well as to provide scientifically useful
environmental data. All GLOBE Schools are strongly encouraged to
participate in the full range of GLOBE Science measurements. Instrument
costs vary, depending on the optional methodologies selected and on
equipment already available. GLOBE instruments need to meet functional
and performance specifications; they do not need to be purchased from
specific vendors.
Air Temperature: current, daily maximum and minimum
Clouds: cloud cover, cloud type
Precipitation: rain/snow daily amounts, pH
Surface Water Temperature
Surface Water Chemistry: pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen,
nitrates, salinity, electrical conductivity
Soil Moisture
Soil Temperature
Soil Characterization: structure, color, consistence, texture, bulk
density, particle size distribution, pH, fertility
Biometery: extent of canopy and ground cover, tree height and
circumference, species identification
Land Cover: correlation of in situ measurements with remote sensing data
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools
are encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom computers. The
Internet/World Wide Web multi-media information-access capability has
been selected to support the required GLOBE school activities of data entry,
data analysis, and use of global environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require, in
some cases, that environmental measurements be reported via e-mail or in
hardcopy and that a variety of media, including e-mail and hardcopy, be used
to distribute global environmental images. All schools that want to
participate in the program will be accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to
higher levels and participants will be encouraged to upgrade over time.

Back to Top

Do you already have an account on one of these sites? Click the logo to sign in and create your own customized State Department page. Want to learn more? Check out our FAQ!

OpenID is a service that allows you to sign in to many different websites using a single identity. Find out more about OpenID and how to get an OpenID-enabled account.